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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 25, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 - THI WHIRIDGI HERALD - Thursday, February 25, 1971 EDITORIALS Joseph Kraft Ambitious plans afoot in near east No election needed Canada does not need - and should not be subjected to-an election this year. If the talk about a possible election is a way of inviting a reaction from the people, it is to be hoped that a wave of protest will sweep it completely away. A democracy should have periodic elections to test the mood of the electorate but they should not be called too frequently. Nothing is more likely to destroy the public's interest in politics than mere politicking. It is not easy to camouflage the presence of that kind of thing. It would be folly for the present government to try to take advantage of a favorable upswing in seasonal employment to gain an extended mandate for governing. The people who did not immediately recognize the attempt to take them for fools would certainly have it drawn to their attention by the opposition. Thinking people know that unemployment is a difficult thing to effectively avoid on any kind of permanent basis except in dictatorships where individuals lose their freedom in exchange for being occupied at something. Parties can promise panaceas but they wind up only doing their best in the circumstances. If the government is not given credit for doing its best now, a fall election will do it no good since another winter and more unemployment will loom on the horizon. The government can best demonstrate that it is deserving of continued support if it keeps at the job for the term it was accorded. To break off from the work in which it is engaged in order to carry out an election campaign would be irresponsible. The waste of time and money that would be involved would be inexcusable and the government would deserve to be defeated. Cautions optimism Almost imperceptibly, a crack seems to be developing in the Middle East impasse. United Nations peace envoy Gunnar V. Jarring has even permitted himself to express a note of cautious optimism. That, of course, is a significant change inasmuch as he has at times been moved to despair over the situation. Actually, nothing has changed outwardly. Both Israel and Egypt continue to find the other's proposals objectionable, in part at least. The ultimate aim of entering into peace talks has not yet been achieved. What is encouraging is that the talk is about peace negotiations and not merely about a ceasefire. This is a vast change from the time when the only exchange was that of gun- fire or threats of it. There Is a new mood. Joseph Kraft, in his column on this page, says that a favorable constellation of circumstances has made this conciliatory mood possible. But he warns that it is illusory to count too much on the mood lasting. Too many things can go wrong in that unstable part of the world. Although experience certainly should make one put the emphasis on caution rather than optimism, it is nevertheless excusable to be hopeful. There quite evidently has been a remarkable cooling off of that hot spot which only a few weeks ago appeared to be about to erupt into a world conflagration. White mans bear Last year Eskimos in the two communities of Resolute and Sacks Harbor in the Northwest Territories were allowed permits to kill 18 polar bears. The native hunters, could, if they wanted to, sell their hunting permits to white men, for $2,000 each. Four white men bought the licenses; three polar bears were killed. Last summer an article carried by Canadian magazine photographed a white hunters' expedition tracking and killing a bear and made it quite plain that a snowmobile had been involved in the search contrary to a game ordinance prohibiting its use. Conservationists and animal lovers in the south were outraged, and Northwest Territories Commissioner Stuart Hodgson was persuaded that his plan to expand the permit selling to other communities should be suspended. It was the turn of Northerners to become outraged, and the Yellow-knife paper, News of the North, took up the cause of the Eskimos, who, it said should have the right to sell their permits to the white man. The main reasons given were, first, that the Eskimo wanted to sell his license (im- plying that the old custom of proving native manhood by the killing of a bear isn't in fashion any more). Secondly, selling the permits doesn't mean that more polar bears will be killed. International agreement governs the quota. Thirdly the Eskimo, who was richer by $2,000 because of the white man's hunting instinct, benefited his community with the avails thereof. Besides that, all white hunters must be outfitted by Eskimos, bringing more money and more work to the community. Commissioner Hodgson has changed his mind. In view of the arguments brought forth by the Yellow-knife paper, hunting permits for 16 polar bears will be issued to the Eskimos of Resolute and Sachs Harbor this year. As for the use of the banned snowmobile, Mr. Hodgson has distributed a hundred copies of the protest article to the Eskimo hunters to show them what the "outside" thinks about natives who used modern contraptions rather than dog teams in the pursuit of the pride of the Arctic. Plaudits to Commissioner Hodgson- a reasonable and ingenious man. Teacher apathy unrealistic By Louis Burke Over a million encounters with the young is altogether all consuming. Undoubtedly, the classroom teacher is interested in the community, but the community does not show much interest in him because he is the pick-and-shovel man of the entire education structure. The teacher is interested, but only on a limited scale. There is no other way possible. He cannot apply himself fully to both sectors of the community - the emerging and the emerged. A choice has to be made somewhere. Naturally, the teacher is loosing much by the situation, but he ought to be gaining understanding from those who should know better. Teachers, on the whole, are most enthusiastic individuals who spend endless hours working for and with the young. Without enthusiasm, no teacher would survive the classroom world. As for teacher apathy, the idea is to absurd to discuss. JNDIVIDUAL teachers, even entire school staffs, may appear apathetic to many people, including principals, superintendents and parents. Many wonder about this, some complain bitterly, and a few talk too loudly. Nearly all refuse to do any real thinking on the phenomenon. In the first place, very few people really give a damn about the classroom: teacher. The public thinks of education in terms of costs when it is actually an investment with an enormous return. Superintendents are concerned with great broad principles of education which the teacher has to fix to fit the classroom situation. The principal needs timetables and a well-oiled machine where all the bits neatly dovetail to make the whole function smoothly. School board members sign papers in the name of education, wash their hands of the whole deal, and vow never to visit local classrooms. In addition, teachers chase them for a whole year trying to get them to sign their contracts. With all this, people expect teachers to leap enthusiastically into every suggested project and if they don't do it the label "teacher apathy' is flung about. With the attitudes of the adult sector of the so-called modern society, is it any wonder that teachers are turned off just as the kids are? Besides, teachers exhaust all their enthusiasm on the young in the classroom. Few people realize what a staggering thing this is. The average high school teacher handles a class of 35 youngsters, 7 times each day, for 190 days of the year, over a period of 35 years. That little multiplication comes to well over a million encounters in a life time. Even the proverbial parish priest does not have that privilege. WASHINGTON - A couple of years ago a senior American official was sold on the idea of a Rumanian peace initiative in Vietnam. He told the Rumanian Foreign Minister: "If this succeeds, you'll get the Nobel prize and the Stalin prize, too." Another, more sagacious Rumanian diplomat thereupon interjected: "And if it fails, you can write a book and get the Pulitzer prize." That story bears importantly on the initiative for peace now going forward in the Near East. Over the past few months there has been an undoubtedly favorable evolution. But that evolution is in danger of being spoiled again by an American fit of euphoria - a disposition in Washington to shoot too far and too high and too rapidly. A nonentity By Doug Walker I seem to be fated not to have an independent identity. In my early years I was Earle Walker's son - or one of the preacher's kids, Ilirough the teens I lived in the shadow of a popular older brother and became Les Walker's brother. Then I got married and became Elspeth Walker's husband. Now it appears that my offspring are going to take over. After it was reported that Judi had been named to the Board of Governors of the Lethbridge Community College 1 went to work one morning and was greeted as - the governor'* father! The most impressive evolution has taken place in Egypt since the death of President Gamal Abdel Nasser. The new regime headed by President Anwar Sadat has tended to concentrate on Egyptian domestic affairs. It has extended to the ceasefire and recently shown a willingness to open the Suez Canal in return for a partial Israeli withdrawal from lands occupied in the six-day war. Opening the canal, in effect, means an indefinite ceasefire. An equivalent kind of evolution has taken place inside Israel. Prime Minister Golda Meir has rid her cabinet of the extreme hawks grouped in the Gahal party. She had indicated a willingness to talk about opening the canal. Though she has distinct reservations about even a partial withdrawal, some of the younger men in her cabinet - notably Defence Minister Moshe Dayan and Foreign Minister Abba Eban - dr not. Lastly, there seems to have been a notable change in the Soviet Union. The Russians have not been sabotaging peace thrusts by the chief United Nations mediator, Gunnar Jarring, nor in the Big Four talks at the United Nations. Recent visitors to Moscow come away from the talks with Prime Minister Al-eksei Kosygin saying the Russians do not want another confrontation in the Njar East and would like to work out a genuine solution. This favorable constellation of circumstances lends itself to a careful managing of bits and pieces in a long, slow effort to achieve an easing of tension. Negotiations for reopening the canal might well be used to build a sense of confidence in Israel and in Egypt. From there it might be possible to arrange a deal whereby the Israelis withdrew from occupied lands in exchange for some added legitimacy in Arab eyes. And in time the great powers, including the Soviet Union, might be brought to underwrite a new set of security arrangements for the Near Ea*t. But the American officials chiefly involved have much more ambitious plans. They want to seize the moment for a hurryup settlement of the Issues between Israel and Egypt. To that end Ambassador Jarring was gingered up to present to both Cairo and Jerusalem a detailed plan that calls on Israeli withdrawal in return for Arab agreement to peace. As Joseph Sisco, the Assistant Sec- retary of State for the Near East, put it in a CBS television interview, "Ambassador .Tarring is now getting at the very crucial questions that have long divided the Arabs and the Israelis." Not only do American officials want to move rapidly, but they have the notion they can put across an American-made peace in the Near East. They think that this country can deliver an arrangement which will finally cause the Arab states to say, "Goodbye, Ivan," to the Soviet Union. Thus Mr. Sisco in his inter view referred over and over again to the "American pear* initiative." Some State Department officials keep saying that the Russians have missed the boat in the Near East, that they. are passive or evoa through. Maybe these ambitious plans will work. Cairo has supposedly responded to the Jarring initiative in a positive way. Now the heat is on the Israelis to come along. But my feeling Is that fie problems of the Near East are too deeply rooted to be hull-dozed away by an instant solution. I doubt that political evolution has yet proceeded far enough in any of the affected states to yield a quick outcome. On the contrary, the probability is that the Israelis - not just Mrs. Meir but the whole Labor party and a good section of the country - will dig their heels in against pressure for hasty withdrawal. At that point the Egyptians will turn to the United States and ask that this country make the Israelis stand and deliver. The Russians would then inevitably join the chorus for more American pressure on Israel - the more so as they can hardly be pleased with the well-advertised American effort to do a deal without them. If the settlement then did ensue, it would be obtained not minus the Russians, but thanks to the Soviet pressure. That is only one of the possible ways the present effort could misfire. The point is that the time is not yet -that the Russians are very much alive in the Near East, that the Egyptians are not yet sure to make peace with Israel, that the Israelis are not yet ready to withdraw. To believe otherwise is an illusion. It is not a good way to get the Pulitzer prize - not to mention the Nobel prize. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Paul Whitelaw Law and order a major concern in Quebec QUEBEC - Just what effects the shock of North America's first political kidnappings had on French Canada may never be fully known. But indications of a Iaw-and-order backlash across the province of Quebec have been surfacing since the kidnapping of British diplomat James Cross and the abduction and murder of Quebec Labor Minister Pierre Laporte. First, it was a call for compulsory identity cards from Jerome Choquette, the Quebec Letter to the editor justice minister who rose to national prominence because of his televised news conferences during the FLQ crisis. A public opinion survey showed that nearly 90 per cent of the French - speaking Quebecers who were questioned about the issue favored carrying cards which the police could demand to see at any time. A government committee is studying the feasibility of implementing the identity card system (it is estimated it would cost at least $5 million) and Mr. Choquette is still trying to sell his scheme Responsible parents Alderman Joe Balla has given notice of motion of his intentions at the next meeting of City Council. He is going to call for the removal of any mention of fireworks or firecrackers from the fire bylaw currently under consideration by Council. He is quoted in the February 16 edition of this newspaper as having said, "Let the kids have some fun". I maintain that children cannot be depended upon to have the judgment to "play" safely with explosives. The number of accidents that children have with fireworks of all kinds is surely proof of that. Children are not adults, therefore they cannot be expected to have the same judgment or the same rights as adults. A child's rights are increased and expanded as his judgment and maturity develop. If this were not recognized then ten-year-old children might be driving cars and buying liquor. What alwut the rights of the parents? Parents should decide what rights their children should have, but only up to a certain point. For one thing, it requires responsible adults to make some of the necessary decisions. Unfortunately, not all parents are responsible, and of course an irresponsible parent exposes other people's children to the consequences of his irresponsibility. At the risk of boring your readers o;ice again with the story o[ what happened to my own son, I offer his case as a perfect example. He was injured by firecrackers bought for him by an adult neighbor ... a neighbor who said, "Let the kids have some fun", and then left them alone to do so. I feel entitled to protection for my kids against that kind of adult, just as I expect to get protection against drunken drivers. I want protection against the store-keeper who sold firecrackers to a four-year-old boy on the very same day that my son was injured. At the moment there is no protection against such people, and T maintain that a ban on fireworks, subject to specific exceptions and safeguards, is the best way to obtain such protection. If Alderman Balla had even proposed some sort of compromise wording on the section of the fire bylaw dealing with firecrackers then I would view his attitude accordingly. However, his proposal does nothing more than ignore the whole issue. 1 would like to know how lie can justify that position. M. R. HANNA Lethbridge. So They Say It's like an ecological bomb went off under the Golden Gate Bridge. -Dr. John Doss, one of the thousands of volunteers who fought the effects of an oil slick in San Francisco Bay after two tankers collided. with only quiet opposition from within his provincial Liberal party. The most recent indicaiton of a shift to the right among political moderates in the province c a m e at the recent convention here of the Quebec wing of the federal Liberal party. Results of voting by delegates on resolutions discussed at the convention were released in Montreal after they were tabulated and have surprised party officials. One year ago, resolutions calling for compulsory military service and conscription into the civil service for all young people would have been roundly defeated if they had been even discussed. Older voters still remember the bitter anti-conscriptionist fights during the two world wars which spawned whole new political movements in Quebec. But, the' delegates approved - by a vote of 349 to 94 - a proposal that the federal government introduce a two-year period of compulsory civil service. Narrowly defeated, by a vote of 294 to 249, was a proposal for a compulsory draft for all 18-year-olds. The director - general of the federal Liberals in Quebec, Jean-Paul Lefebvre, had admitted to reporters that the results arc 'upsetting" because they "show certain fears about the state of youth." youth." Outright rejection of the military draft resolution had been expected when it aroused a storm of debate at the convention, mainly between middle-aged members of the party and the small number of college-age people who were at the meeting. The federal minister of regional expansion, Jean Marchand - who is considered the party's Quebec leader - stated flatly that the resolution was against government policy. The speakers in favor of military service were typified by Fernard Colombe, a Liberal in the . working-class Montreal riding of St. Jacques, whose association proposed the resolution. "Youth doesn't know what it wants to do . . . it gathers in res- taurants," he said, and military training would provide discipline. A housewife from the Lake St. John region north of Quebec City, Mrs. Helene Belanger, referred to the chronic unemployment in her area and said young people should be conscripted for civil service jobs. The federal secretary of state, Gerard Pelletier, said he was about to issue a report on the aspirations of Canadian youth that revealed they want to serve their country, but without compulsion. He said it would probably lead to a new corps of youth employed in the fight against pollution and other ills. Further indicating the conservative trend in Quebec political thought since last fall was the rejection by the Liberal delegates of a hotly debated Looking Through the Herald 1921 - An Indian giving evidence in Supreme Court here took the, Inoian form of oath, swearing by the Horn. In this he swore to tell the truth by the Horn, so that he and his family may go to the happy hunting ground. 1931 - Montana Horse Products Co. at Butte, expect to process some 6,000 head of Canadian range horses this year at their horse meat cannery. Some 489 horses were inspected for shipment from the Blood and Peigan reservations recently. 1911 - Two new buses are to be purchased by the city. One will have a seating capacity of 27 pasengers and the driver resolution that people found guilty of contempt of court be allowed to appeal the verdict. Under the Criminal Code, they may now appeal only the sentence. The resolution, which was defeated by a narrow nine votes, was clearly inspired by the contempt conviction and one-year prison sentence of labor leader Michel Chartrand. He has since had seditious conspiracy charges arising from last fall's FLQ crisis dropped, and will face trial this spring on an additional count that he belonged to the outlawed terrorist group. Mr. Marchand, a former colleague of Mr. Chart-rand's in the Quebec-based Confederation of National Trade Unions, said the right to appeal the contempt conviction should be a "basic principle of justice." (Herald Quebec Bureau) backward and the other a 21-seat capacity. 1951 - Agriculture Minister David Ure said in the provincial legislature that the net income of Alberta farmers last year was $100,000,000, lower than in 1949. It has been estimated that 25 per cent of the wheat crop would grade No. 5 or lower due to frost, a late season and snow, which disrupted harvesting. 1961 - A new program of school financing was outlined in the Alberta legislature by Municipal Affairs Minister A. J. Hooke. The program included equalized assessment under which all cities, towns and other areas would contribute a uniform 32 mills as their share of education costs. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mill Registration No. 001} Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and tha Audit Bureau of Circulation* CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA Managing Editor ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor "THE HERAtD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;