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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 24, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Saturday, Februory 24, 1973 - THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD _ 8 People of the south Chris Stewart Enthusiasm for fishing undiminished The Voice Of One -By. DR. FRANK S. MORLEY The privilege of nearing the century mark belongs to those with the good sense to "pick the right parents" laughs 92-year-old ex-barber Joe Buchan. Although quick to admit he had no choice in his parentage he prides himself in his long line of ripe-aged relatives. His maternal grandmother topped her 100th milestone, his grandfather and several uncles and brothers were nonegenarians like himself with several of his brothers octagenarians. Equally important to longevity is one's own attitude towards life, according to this 65-year Lethbridge resident. He credits his refusal to worry, love of the outdoors and passion for fishing and hunting as the strongest contribution to good health. Joe Buchafl, who marks his 93rd birthday on February 28, is a young-looking nonegenarian with hardly a wrinkle on his interesting face. He credits his 6inooth skin to his war against face soap which he discarded 1.0 years ago in favor of scrubbing his face with towels soaked in hot water. He feels soap robs the face of natural oils which must be replaced with creams and lotions if the skin is to retain its youthful appearance. Observing his smooth countenance is to believe his theory. His childhood was spent on the windswept shores of Bu-chanhaven, adjoining Peterhead, where he fished, hunted and searched for lost treasure 6wept in by the angry North Sea. His earliest recollection is that of fishing with his father on the Peterhead headlands. He sailed as far north as the Shetlands aboard his father's trawler and biked to neighboring areas armed with his 12 gauge shotgun hunting for rabbits, hare and grouse. By all reasoning he should have followed the long family tradition of scouring the North Sea for fish. A landlubber at heart he chose instead to apprentice . under Peterhead jeweler John Smith but later found the eye strain too damaging. Visiting his birthplace two years ago he stopped in at this shop. The clerk was surprised to learn he had apprenticed there 75 years before. He turned to barbering, training under town barber Jimmie Nichol for four years, in what today would take a mere four months. It was this trade that was to supply his livelihood in Canada, where he emigrated in 1907 at the age of 26. Arriving in Montreal, via New York, he obtained a barbering position, later moving on to Brandon before establishing his own barber shop in Idaho. But his desire to reside under the Union Jack brought him back to Canada in 1908. He homesteaded at Purple Springs for five years before acquiring land south of Chin Coulee. When his farm reverted to the government for unpaid taxes he decided farming wasn't for him and returned to his barbering profession. "I was just not cut out to be a farmer," Buchan is quick to admit. He opened his first shop in Lethbridge in what is now the Arcade poolroom before moving to the Buchan Barber shop on Sixth avenue, now occupied by the Colonial bakery. There he fashioned hair styles for the next 40 years. Comparing the styles of yesteryear with those of today is a subject Buchan obviously enjoys discussing. He claims well-groomed men have always desired neatness whereas straggly, long hair gives an unkempt appearance. He has witnessed a tremendous change in men's grooming habits over the last half century. "Fifty years ago a man would come for a shave, haircut and facial massage," he says, "and I would give him a treatment with my electrical vibrator that would send him into the street feeling like a new man. "But today he can't afford the full grooming treatment because his wife is over in the ladies salon being made over." The only annoying memory of his long career is when a mother would bring in her youngster for a haircut and then stand over him directing how and where to use his scissors. Many Lethbridge residents will remember approaching his shop fronted with its revolving electrical barber pole only to find the premises locked. The reason? Buchan and his pals were off hunting or fishing. No explanation given, just a locked premises. Hunting and fishing were his first love with barbering merely necessary to earning a living. His regular customers knew that the next day's business would be spiked with suspense-packed accounts of where and how to get the big ones. Buchan soon became recognized as an authority on fish and game with many an outdoorsman stopping by his 6hop to get up-to-the-minute advice before heading off with his shotgun or line. He would set off for Waterton in his horse and buggy stopping to fish in every stream en-route, pitching his tent in the townsite for as many as five weeks at a time. He fished the Waterton lake and river, covering the wagon road to Upper Cameron lake and even into Glacier in search of the big ones. He recalls bringing in seven pound trout in Waterton and nine pounders in Montana's Duck Lake where he was just as lucky fishing from the bank as from a boat. He fished first in Nelson in 1907 and since then has fished every waterway between Lethbridge, the Kootenays and northern Montana. He has three prized trophies to his credit won six years ago in the San Clemente fishing derby when he hauled in a six pound salmon off the California pier, the first caught in that area in the last 15 years. San Clemente is completely out of the salmon run. But his largest saltwater prize was the 20 pound spring salmon hauled in at Comox, B.C. "Hello Joe, how's the fish tag?" was the usual saluatkm which triggered Buchan's deluge of fishing advice. His bait recommendations of angle worms or miniature marsh-mallows were strictly heeded as was his advice about line length and fishing holes. Soon Buchan's circle of close friends included other. Lethbridge outdoorsemen including the late H. A. McKillop, grocery man; K. D. Johnson, banker; "Happy" Everall, operator of one of the city's first printing presses; the bailiff, Tommy Symans; E. U. Rylands, drygoods merchant; Bob Mc-Pherson, taxi owner; Jack Maynard, bookkeeeper at Ellison Mills; George Wilson of the railway and Ed Rose, city employee. All but the latter two are deceased. Buchan recalls with a chuckle the day be and Tom Symans decided to hunt out near Stirling lake (a big lake in those days) even though they knew it was off season. Hurrying home to get his gun he met his Baptist minister friend who asked if he could join them. The threesome enjoyed a good day and were driving home with their prize when Buchan offered jokingly, "It would be a shame if a policeman stopped us to search our car." The flabbergasted minister learning he had been hunting out of season and was liable to fine was so humiliated he would have jumped from the car and walked home had Symans and Buchan let him. Geese were so plentiful he could observe from his backyard a blackened sky for a full two hours as they made their annual flight north. He blames the scarcity of game and fish today on progress, over-fishing, over-hunting and the scarcity of sloughs. He has observed diminishing game for 65 years as progress has changed Lethbridge from a small town to a sprawling, prosperous city. Wooden sidewalks and dirt roads have been replaced with sleek thoroughfares and concrete walks. The railway has been re-routed from what is now Mayor Magrath drive and the old leaning wooden railway bridge replaced by the famous high-level structure now a poplar Lethbridge landmark. Joe Buchan has seen it all. He and his wife still reside in their 1916 home at 1258 5th Ave. south where his two children, Jane, nee Mrs. C. A. Edwards and son Tom, now of Comox, were raised. There are eight grandchildren. The future? A steady growth with a high standard of living is predicted by this keen observer. Unless additional industry is attracted to the area the city's expansion will settle down offering somewhat more pleasant and leisurely living than that of either Calgary or Edmonton. This is as he would wish it. He fears too hasty progress would further diminish the south's great outdoor opportunities. One of Alberta's most ardent promoters, he recalls disap- pointingly several winter stays in B.C. when continuous cold winter ram drove him' back to the Lethbridge sunshine. "Isn't it great to be back," he shouted as he and his wife alighted from the bus. He believes people live longer and better on the prairies. His own remarkable recovery from ulcer surgery three years ago plus the fact he makes daily trips downtown, cares for a prolific garden and prepares exce'lent meals is an achievement envied by many younger men. He claims he need not have retired 10 years ago if poor leg circulation (caused from standing long periods at his barber's chair) hadn't forced him to do so. From his performance and obvious good health it would appear he'll outlive the record set by his maternal grandmother. Faith and worldly success JOE BUCHAN Photo by Rick Ervin Book Reviews Demythologizing the Olympics "All That Glitters Is Not Gold" by William O. Johnson, Jr. (G. P. Putnam's Sons, S9.25, 308 pages, distributed by Longman Canada Limited). Concluding this somewhat irreverent look at The Olympic Games, the author, says the Games "is no myth, no religion, not even an easily definable ideal. No, the Olympics is simply a large and colorful sports festival which amuses several million spectators at their TV sets, inspires several thousand athletes on the Olympic playing field, and perhaps enriches several dozen other people here and there . . . The Olympics is as imperfect, as poignant, as foolish as funny, as admirable, as fallible as any - as ALL - of the thousands and thousands of mere humans who have at one time or another engaged in the Olympic game ..." Baron de Goubertin, the fouii&r of the modem Olympics, wanted the Games to be more than games. He dreamed of the Games being a source of true peace on earth and was heartbroken in 1936 when he failed to win the Nobel Peace Prize for having instituted the  Olympics. A less exalted view of himself and his creation should have possessed de Goubertin when he saw the statue before the stadium built for the 1896 Games in Athens. It did not. commemorate an athlete or a Greek god or a small French baron but the rich businessman who contributed heavily to the cost of the stadium! For many years until his retirement last year, Avery Brun-dage, president of the international Olympic Committee, and idealist, stubbornly refused to admit the anachronistic nature of his insistence on amateurism. "There is something close to radiance on his face on occasion. True, it is a light beaming from afar, from another time when the works of Horatio Alger were considered pro- found, when ethics could not be conditional and when compromise was a word applied to acts of moral laxity." The gro-tesqueries occasioned by trying to uphold the amateur ideal have become increasingly galling and the reason for wide-spread cynicism about the Olympics. Then there is Jesse Owens, the greatest Olympian of them all. He is an evangelist for the noble view of sports in general, Books in brief "Ojibwa Summer," text by James Houston, photography by B. A. King. (Longman Canada Ltd. $14.50). This is a book of mediocrity - the text is not too bad, the pictures aren't too bad and the price isn't too good. G.A. "Bud Harrclson: How to Play Better Baseball" edited by Joel M. Cohen (Athencum, 144 pages). Mr. Harrelson is one of the best shortstops in baseball and his thoughts about playing that position as well as about baseball in general are worth noting. He runs through positioning, handling grounders, making a proper throw, catching a batted ball, how to drop a ball on purpose, rundowns, tags and errors. Offensively speaking, he tells how to develop strength, switch hitting, picking the proper bat, stance and swing, the hit and run and bunting. He even dicusses proper base running tactics. The book is spiced with adequate pictures which could have been bigger to lend more effect to the publication. It is easy to read and could be termed a must by aspiring baseball players. R. S. the Olympics in particular. "He is a kind of all-around super - combination of nineteenth' - century spellbinder and PR man, a full-time banquet guest and eternal glad-hander." Much as one admires the achievement of Owens in the 1936 Olympics, the kind of talks he gives at sportsmen's dinners can be gagging because it is so out of touch with the realities of sport today. This book even hints at a little tarnish on the Olympic image of Jesse Owens. Two of the 1936 champion American relay teams from which the Jewish runnel's Glickman and Stoller were scandalously dropped, have recently intimated that Owens' ambition to win a fourth gold medal was a factor hi the exclusion of the Jews. Two-thirds of the book consists of stories, in chronological order, of competitors in the Games. In many instances the stories are embellished with recent interviews with the competitors. Some of the athletes, years later, are happy with their memories, some are bitter, and many of them puncture the romantic illusions surrounding the Games. The book is easy to read, often very entertaining, always seeking to let the air out of the inflated mythology of the Games which makes them such a force for cynicism and hypocrisy. This is a difficult thing to achieve because the Olympic Games "seem to return to good, old - fashioned establishmen-tarian simplicities" after which people still hanker. "The Olympic Games give the spectator the illusion of seeing men succeed or fail without a complexity of doubSs and questions and r a t i o n a lized explanations. There is a beginning of the conflict, an end to it; there is a winner and a loser; and if only life could really be that way. Of course, all sports offer this simpljstic illusion, but the Olympic Games have practically defied it." DOUG WALKER Few saints are worldly successes. Frequently rascals flourish. Most men are a mixture of both. A. J. P. Taylor in his biography of Beaverbrook (Simon and Schuster) relates how Beaverbrook's father wrote him early in his career, "I would earnestly advise you to join your church and to attend your church. This, above all else, will ensure to you the esteem, confidence, and trust of your fellow men." Since Beaverbrook's father had lost his faith, the advice was no more than a cynical facade. Nevertheless there was much that was profoundly good and admirable about Beaverbrook. His care of his parents and his family, for example. He carefully anticipated their needs and provided for them at all times, being especially solicitous in times of illness. He wrote a life of Christ, The Divine Propagandist, but when his friend Tim Healy objected that it was doc-trinally unsound Beaverbrook laid it aside because "Tim was my very dear friend. He was my teacher too ... I could not endanger our association by hurting his deep religious principles." It is astonishing to hear him say in reply to a letter, "Calvin's splendor shines out through the years. And were it not for John Knox, then the vision would be much brighter and the fame far greater.' In reply to an enquiry from a Salvation Army journalist, he gave the following answers: (1) Who was the hero of your youth? John Knox. (2) What book has helped you most? Samuel I and II. (3) What is the motto of your life? Do justly, love mercy, and walk humbly. (Micah 6.8).'(4) What is the chief qualification for a successful career? Judg- ment, health, and industry. This is surprising, because he heartily disliked the writings of John Knox and one wonders what it was that inspired him in the books of Samuel, interesting though they are But, as he said, he lacked the philosophic mind, so the writings of St. Paul would have little appeal to him. A most appealing feature of Beaverbrook's character was his faithfulness to his friends. He rescued Sir Samuel Hoare when he was in desperate circumstances and about to drop out of public life. His friends all became wealthy- Isaak Killam, for example, the first clerk in Aitken's investment company, Royal Securities Cor-portion, died worth over 150 million dollars. In "Friends" he tried desperately to make R. B. Bennett an appealing and outstanding historical figure. Beaverbrook was also loyal to his ideals. Imperial unity and imperial preference were a dominating passion. It is a fascinating fact that Churchill at the time of the war would not have been a member of the House of Commons had it not been for Beaverbrook. It says a great deal for him that his friendships could include a man like Aneurin Bevan whose opinions were so opposed to Beaverbrook's. One of his most desirable traits was his ability to forget, if he did not entirely forgive, his enemies. He was a man of great faults, but a man of very great virtues. He insisted that employees be paid high wages. If the way to the top of the business world demands a certain ruthlessness and singlemindedness, as so many believe, it would be hard to prove it in Beaverbrook's case. Many a man and many a cause found him generous. THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE APERTURE DR. O. D. G. DEATHERAGE Psychology or psychologies? Dr. Gary Deatherage has been with the University of Lethbridge as an assistant psychology professor since July 1970. He obtained his BA in English from Norah Texas State University in 1953, his MA in clinical psychology from New Mexico Highlands University In IMS and his PhD in psychobiology from Kansas State University in 1969. He is currently conducting research on the long-term effects of alcohol on behavior. When a person tells me his profession is that of psychologist, I still know very little about the kind of job he performs each day. Within the broad academic discipline called 'psychology' exist a number of sub-disciplines, or specialties, which can require very different kinds of educational background and job presentation. Typically, a psychologist will have spent four or more years of post-graduate training in one of the many areas of specialty within the field of psychology. At the University of Lethbridge, the department of psychology currently consists of 10 "psychologists representing a broad spectrum of specialties in psychology. Such a wide representation of specialties in psychology is very necessary in an undergraduate liberal arts institution like the University of Lethbridge. The undergraduate psychology major must be adequately introduced to each of the specialties, if his education is to be complete. Traditionally, the word psychologist calls to mind a picture of a bearded man questioning a patient - who, naturally, is reclining on a couch - about his or her latest dreams. It is true that a significant proportion of people who call themselves psychologists work directly in the treatment of mental illness. Technically termed 'clinical psychologists,' such specialists might be found actually treating mentally ill patients with one of several different varieties of psychotherapy. That would certainly be a job for the highly skilled and experienced clinical psychologist. However, the clinical psychologist may also be administering and interpreting special psychological tests to aid in diagnosing or treating mentally ill patients. The clinical psychologist may work in a university where Ms main function would be to teach to his students the skills he had acquired in actual psychological practice. In the case of the teaching psychologist, the time devoted to treatment of patienfs would be decreased because of his teaching duties. In Alberta, the clinical psychologist is carefully defined by law and must be certified by the province before he can practice his profession. Certification of psychologists is carried out by the Pycbologists Association of Alberta. Certification is based on the amount of training and experi. ence of the individual applying for regis- tration. The Psychologists Association of Alberta annually publishes the Directory of Certified Psychologists in the Province of Alberta. This directory lists all persons who may legitimately practice clinical psychology in Alberta. The requirements for certification- or the directory or certified psychologists may be obtained from the Psychologists Association of Alberta. The psychologists association is also charged with the responsibility of enforcing the prescribed. "Ethical Standards of Psychologists." While the clinical psychologist represent* the public image of the field of psychology, he is by no means the only specialist within the field. Psychologists, in their attempt to better understand human behavior, have become heavily involved in basic research in every imaginable aspect of behavior. Most of this basic research is carried out within the university setting, where the experimental psychologist may divide his time between teaching and psychological research. The experimental psychologist will be found investigating problems ranging from human memory and human learning capabilities to traffic safety, behavior during riots, racial prejudice, aggression, causes of personality disorders, capabilities of human sensory systems, behavior during space flight, and even the causes of war. Physiological psychologists are even in. vestigating the bio-chemical and physiological bases of behavior within the brain itself in the hope of discovering the direct physical events that produce human behavior. The industrial psychologist sometimes advises the business community in topics ranging from designs for a better air. plane cockpit to what color of- a breakfast cereal box is most likely to maximize sale. The industrial psychologst, too, may be teaching his specialty within the university setting and performing his basic research. Not all psychologists limit themselves to investigating the causes of human behavior. The comparative psychologist is primarily interested in certain varieties of animal behavior such as the migration patterns of ducks, geese, or caribou; or the hibernation patterns of bears, or perhaps even why salmon return such incredible distances to their birthplaces to spawn. The comparative psychologist hopes the knowledge he gains in his basic research into animal behavior will help to conserve species, or even whole ecosystems. If his findings can be generalized to human behavior he will be all the happier. This brief discussion of specialties within the discipline of psychology is bv no means exhaustive' but it pea-haps serves to illustrate the variety within the field. The next time someone tells you he is a psychologist, you should ask what kind of psychologist? That will indicate you're not so easily impressed by professions as he thinks you are. ;