Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 24, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
Lobbying pays off A new attack on artificial sweeteners has been launched. The U.S. National Academy of Sciences is to undertake a complete review of all the evidence that saccharine may hava a carcinogenic affect (on laboratory animals) if ingested in sufficiently large quantities. Those on sugar free diets, for either medical or cosmetic reasons, will recall that three years ago there was a great hue and cry about these substances, and that when it was over many of their favorite foods and near-foods bore labels proclaiming the absence of cyclamate, were less -tasty, and more expensive. They may also recall some of tho circumstances. Cyclamate was banished following laboratory discovery that when fed cyclamate in quantities equivalent to human consumption that would be wildly beyond reason and probably impossible for most, people, some laboratory animals developed signs of cancer. Under a little known law dealing with the safeness of food additives, cyclamate was banned in the U.S., and Canada dutifully followed suit. The 1969 action against cyclamate was fomented by the U.S. sugar industry, and it is the same industry that financed recent tests at the University of Wisconsin aimed at finding a connection between saccharine and cancer. Knowing how regularly research projects "find" evidence that pleases those who finance them, it is not hard to predict that U.S. congressmen will be hearing from the small but active sugar lobby in Washington. It is highly likely, therefore, that soon there will be no acceptable artificial sweetner available, except possibly by doctor's prescription, and at prescription prices. It is hard to fault a government's interest in the health of its citizens. Public health and safety are the government's business, and in health matters there is much to be said for a "better safe than sorry" perspective. One cannot help wondering, though, just how this all squares with the tobacco situation. The direct link between smoking and lung cancer has been proven and proclaimed over and over again; it is no longer seriously denied or even questioned by anyone not holding a responsible (sic) position in the tobacco business, though that business still pours money into its own "research" on the matter. But while it bans cyclamate, and probably will soon do the same to saccharine, because of a suspected carcinogenic connection, the government actually subsidizes the cultivation of tobacco, a proven cause of cancer. Why? Well, if the relatively small sugar lobby can arrange one, it should be no trick for the immensely powerful tobacco lobby to arrange the other, one would suppose. More hostels needed With Canadian hostelling initiated in Alberta in 1933 this province should show leadership in pushing for increased hostel facilities. The only tangible support received from the federal government since Catherine and Mary Barclay established the first Canadian hostel at Bragg Creek, has been a string of hostels built in Banff and Jasper National parks. To date there are merely 53 scattered across Canada whereas there are 650 hostels in West Germany alone. Canadians make up 26,000 of the world's two million members of the International Youth Hostels Federation which sponsors the 4,500 hostels scattered throughout the world. Canadian young people returning from European holidays have praised the inexpensive accommodation offered by overseas youth hostels. Travelling on limited budgets they probably could never have enjoyed such a trip if inexpensive overnight lodging had not been available. The movement started in Germany in 1909 by school teacher Richard Schirrmann has brought benefits to millions of young people. Schirr-mann's initial need was for overnight stops for his class when he tools them on a hike from the industrialized Ruhr to the countryside. He decided on accommodation in the schools en route. In Canada, despite the number of briefs to various levels of govern- Weekend Meditation ment, the Canadian Youth Hostel Association has had to develop its own resources and raise funds through membership and activities. Recently with young people "hitting the road" the federal government responded with grants to operate "open" hostels, some of which turned out to be crash pads and hangouts creating the impression they were patronized only by drifters. What is not generally known is that the government ignored the CYHA for two reasons. It did not meet the government's criteria for grants because of the international membership requirement and because the CYHA must meet minimum standards which they felt were lacking in the transient program. The public backlash which has emerged against youth hostels has come from community groups, businesses and government departments where CYHA has traditionally had support. With the coming of the Canada Winter Games to southern Alberta it is an opportune time to focus public attention on the need for a quality, permanent youth hostel system under the international federation rules, in this part of the province and across Canada. Southern Alberta's foothill country offers prime opportunities for hikers, cross-country skiing and cycling. Well equipped hostels located at strategic wilderness locations would be sure to open up new vistas for the outdoor enthusiast. There Js no more exciting or important piece of writing in the world than the fifteenth chapter of Paul's first letter to the church in Corinth. There is nothing else like it in the world's literature. This is the heart of the Christian gospel and without this gospel (good news) of the Resurrection Christianity has no gospel whatever. Christianity does not consist of the Sermon on the Mount, which may be found elsewhere for that matter. Nor does it consist of the parable of the good Samaritan. Nor does it consist of the crucifixion of Jesus. Without the Resurrection, as Paul says, all these are of no importance or -meaning. The Resurrection of Jesus, says Paul, is the promise of the resurrection of all believers. In this new resurrected life the body will be changed. This body in this life is corruptible, subject to the decay and corrosion of life. In the resurrection man will have a body that does not lose its vigor and beauty. The body of this life is subject to dishonor, easily fouled and besmirched. The body of the life to come is unsullied in glory. In this life the body is weak. The strongest man has his limitations and the strength he has soon fades away. He is born a weakling and dies a weakling, but in his strongest moments he is aware of his incapacity. He cannot run as fast as he would like or exert the strength he desires. The body of the resurrection will be unlimited hi its power. Since flesh and blood cannot enter the Kingdom of God, the body is changed from a physical to a spiritual body. It is a real and recognizable body. Jesus told the disciples that they would see him again and their hearts would rejoice. He went to pre. pare a place for them. No one can read the fourteenth chapter of the Gospel according to St John without realizing that the personal friendships and loves of his The Resurrection life are continued in heaven. What that spiritual body will be like no one can say. Jesus told his disciples that it was impossible for them to understand the nature of that life. They did not even understand this life on earth, so how should they understand the life of heaven which they had never seen? Nor is that body of the resurrection some ghostly vapor. It is a real body, capable of work - "His servants shall serve Him," says the writer of the book of the Revelation. Man is changed into a different nature- a higher nature, a new order of development. Now this is a splendid view of life. As Paul says, it gives signficance to all the work and effort of this life. The hopes and dreams, the longings and aspirations of this life, the moral struggle and discipline, all this is not in vain. Consequently whether a man has faith in the Resurrection or not is of vital importance. Faith in the Resurrection changes everything in this 'life. Without such a faith this life is degraded and devalued. It doesn't matter much what one does - "eat, drink, and be merry, for tomorrow we die." But if tomorrow man does not die, if tomorrow man goes into a new order of existence, a life filled with achievement and opportunity, if as Hen-aclitus said, "There await men at death things they have never dreamed of," or, as the Bible puts it, "Eye hath not seen, ner ear heard, neither bath it entered into the heart of man the things that God has prepared for them that love Him," then death is not to be feared but welcomed. As' Jesus said, "Enter thou into the joy of thy Lord." PRAYER: Give us this faith, O God, so that when our summons comes we may answer with excitement ajid hope. F. 5. M. Biggest spending splurge By Manrice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator OTTAWA - The annual presentation of the estimates has become a dismally, dishonest exercise in calculated confusion for partisan purposes. First, we are given the Blue Book, the central horror story in which the diligent reader, c o n s u 11 i n g the appropriate table, will find at least a few clues to additional horrors as yet unrevealed. Then there is a reassuring statement from Charles Drury, president of the treasury board, accompanied by half a dozen "fact sheets" and an admonition to peruse the booklet "How Your Tax Dollar is Spent." This Is designed, according to the minister, "to better inform the public on the use made by the government of the revenues collected." In fact it is propaganda and might as well be issued by the Liberal Federation. "It is no easy matter," we read in the booklet, "to arrive at a total, such as the $18,393 million the government has proposed to Pariiament for 1973-74." Evidently not, or the total, which appears also in Mr. Drury's statement, does not agree with the figure in Mr. Turner's budget, made public the previous day. As shown by the minister of finance, budgetary expenditures will be $18,-975 billion. Overnight an increase of $2,675 billion has slipped conveniently to one of $2.3 billion. The explanation is two-fold. First Mr. Drury, reporting to Parliament, ignores about $200 million represented by the changed equalization formula and an increase in veterans' pensions. Secondly, Mr. Turner has made a small allowance for contingencies-very small in a budget of these huge proportions. In another "fact sheet," Mr. Drury concedes that federal government spending has increased to $18.4 billion from $7.2 billion in 1964-65. This would be awe-inspiring if it was factual; in reality it underestimates the government's genius for spending. If the treasury board is desirous of comparing main estimates with main estimates, then the Blue Book figure for 1964-65 was only $6.7 billion. If it is concerned with actual expenditures, as represented by the earlier $7.2 billion, there is a well-nigh certain prospect of spending in excess of $19 billion in the coming; year. What we arc witnessing is the biggest additional annual spending splurge in our history. About $890 million of this will be payment after the fact of money advanced to the Unen> ployment Insurance Commission. But the government is also planning liberal increases for almost all the departments and agencies. It is the victim, it complains, of inflation."Some of (the increase) results from rising costs of goods and services-costs that government, like an individual, must pay when it buys goods or pays salaries to its employees," said Mr. Drury. This, it may be recalled, was one of the arguments against including an inflation factor in the budget. But now the government is anxious to have it both ways; Mr. Turner has brought up the inflation factor but Mr. Drury will not be deprived of his constant lament. There are many indications in the Blue Book that resistance to inflation has been less than whole-hearted. Thus, under general government services, legislative, we find that there will be a saving this year of $17.9 millions in the expenses of the chief electoral officer. But almost half of this is committed already for the House of Commons and Senate and more will also go for executive services, notably including the privy council, finance and the treasury board. Most of the standard government excuses will be found in Mr. Drury's booklet. Thus it is explained, as always, that half the forecast expenditure has already been decided by Parliaments of the past. That was a theme song last year when the minister (wrongly as usual) assured us that federal spending would be up only $700 million or a bit less than five per cent. It now appears that the increase in actual spending was approximately $1,363 million; a rather different story. Mr. Turner's figures differ; even the past is confused. Last year's supplementaries as recorded in the Blue Book amounted to $791.8 millions. With the generous mood that now characterizes government, it is difficult to believe that we will do much better (if as well) in 1973-74. An interesting calculation also shows that federal spending dipped slightly in 10 years from :15.3 to 14.1. per cent of the gross national product. Mr. Drury, through the approved booklet, wags a disapproving finger at other levels of government which now take more of the national product in percentage terms. Possibly rebuke is merited. But it does come oddly at this moment when Mr. Turner, in his budget speech, is urging the provinces to follow Ottawa and to spend even more for the sake of the Canadian economy. In the matter of expenditures, the philosophy of the government seems relatively simple: The more we take in (even with allowances for periodic tax cutting), the more we can spend. "Where do all the dollars go?", asks the booklet. Not solely for necessities; that at least is clear. It would easily be possible to fund a substantial program with what the government spends on glossy paper, propaganda and fancy packaging. An important reason for increased spending is seldom mentioned. The government has come to regard the public service as an industry serving primarily its own company town of Ottawa. As an industry it is supposed to generate jobs to accommodate an increasing population which might otherwise see its sons and daughters departing for less deserving centres. Moreover, the government must set an example in wages and benefits for other less enlightened industries. Thus Ottawa, as the centre of the service industry, is treated virtually as a separate province and a huge one. Public works, in a handout on the esitmates, makes the distinction official; there is Ottawa and there is "Ontario minus Ottawa." From the tables we find that public works will spend more in Ottawa than in the entire province of Quebec. It will spend more in Ottawa than in the four western provinces, the North-West Territories and the four Atlantic provinces combined. In addition, about $24 million will be spent in Hull, considered now as part of the national capital area. (Total for Manitoba $15.96 million). To disaffected persons in various regions of the country, such a distribution may seem inequitable. It is considered in Ottawa, where glass palaces sprout like mushrooms, that such attitudes are unbecoming if not unpatriotic. After all, any citizen is free, after his reckoning with national revenue, to visit the national capital and glow with pride as he sees on all sides the unbelievably wise and useful purposes to which his tax dollars have been dedicated. Letters Clouding the issue I am writing in regard to the article (Feb. 15) entitled, Giving equal time on evolution, by Doug Walker. First, I would like to say how easy it is for a person to cloud an issue by intellectuali-zation. There are only two issues on the origin of the species, though Mr. Walker infers that there are differing views of religious people on the subject. Either it is evolution, which means all species are derived from one cell through the evolutionary process (controlled by God or otherwise) - or God created man and woman as they are now and as the Bible infers He did. The whole tone of the article was one of self-righteousness, it seems to me. He wrote as if his intellectualized view of this issue were the only one and would put all literalists or conservatives on the run if they tangled with him. He wrote as if these groups have no sensible answer to the scientific or religious evolutionist and of course to him they have not. And as for his statement that a certain Roman Catholic leader sees evolution as fact - I would reply, "So what? What else is old?" There are others just as intellectual as him or perhaps even more skilled in this area who would not agree with him. I suppose you could say that archaeology has proved the historicity of the flood as surely as Mr. Walker or others have proved the fact of evolution - religious or otherwise. I think Mr. Walker's God is science. The idea that the historical and critical approach to the Bible frees people from the notion that they are dealing with history in the early chapters of the Bible is untrue. Where you are supposedly freed from this you then become a slave to a preconceived idea of what the Bible is all about. You go to the Bible in the historical critical approach with /a certain theory about truth (e.g. that such and such is a myth) and interpret it that way. I am sure when young people see all the different denominations they know that there is more than one approach to the issue of evolution and to the truths as found in Scripture. The equal time protagonists have no worry about tangling with anyone about these issues. They have as good an answer as anyone else and just as intellectual. OardstoD C. C. Parole offers protection The announced program of the recently organized Policemen's Wives Association, in some of its aspects, gives cause for serious concern to many of those involved in the correctional services which are just as much a part of the criminal justice system as are the police. The reaction of the police and their wives to the programs of temporary absence of the penitentiary and reformatory services and day parole of the parole service are most unfortunate though understandable, since these programs are designed not out of some maudlin sympathy, though humani-tarianism is present, but with the intention of offering the greatest possible protection to society of which the police are a significant part. The removal of the criminal offender from the community and his imprisonment in a penal institution may provide a salutary lesson which proves effective in some cases; but in most instances it is a tragically damaging experience and scars many of those it is designed to help. Those responsible for the operation of the correctional services are seeking to minimize the damaging aspects as much as possible. By keeping selected offenders in contact with their relatives and other community supports they seek to avoid family breadown and ensure that the ultimate return at the end of a sentence will not prove as stressful and damaging to society as past experience has shown it to be when unassisted by the support of these programs. There have been thousands of temporary absences and many day paroles from both the penitentiaries and reformatories in the past year or so and only a handful have suffered break- down when exposed to the pressures of the community. The record has been well over 95 per cent successful. A few incidents have occurred when the careful predictions made regarding their behavior have been upset by the force of the experience in the community. These are most unfortunate and public confidence must withstand their shocking effect Such modern programs as temporary absence and day parole serve to assist, the return of the offender to his community. Full parole coming towards the end of the sentence provides an even more significant form of assistance as it may be revoked and the parolee returned to prison for failure to abide by the declared conditions. These programs are designed 'To serve and protect" society just as much as the police force which stands at one point of danger in the criminal justice process. No one can estimate how many police lives have been preserved by these new approaches to community re-integration of the offender. Surely it is much wiser to understand and support such developments than leave the whole burden to be carried by such after-care agencies as the John Howard and Elizabeth Fry Societies who, with the Salvation Army, have struggled over the years against great odds and commiunity apathy to provide such guidance and assistance as has been within their power. A forward look to new methods is needed rather than a return to the traditional practices of the past which hava cleary demonstrated their failure. A. M. KIRKPATRICK Executive director John Howard of Canada Toronto Lab work done locally The editorial on "Improved medical care" (Feb. 6) was a* good one with one exception. The second paragraph regarding "lab work" is not at all true. Most lab work for rural hospital patients was in fact done in those hospitals. The Taber General Hospital has performed over 90 per cent of the lab work required for patients of this hospital since its inception. We have now, and have had in the past, highly qualified personnel working in the lab. Those tests sent out to other hospitals and other labs could not feasibly be carried out on the local level due to the expensive equipment required. An article appearing in The Herald a short while ago regarding regional labs mentioned that "laboratory personnel at the other hospitals will be phased out." To use a cliche of today, "no way." A general hospital cannot get along without laboratory technicians. If nothing else, someone still has to procure the various specimens. In Taber a fair amount of lab work of an emergency nature will still be carried out in our lab. Blood cell counting and electrolyte balance determination are examples of those tests the results of which are generally needed right now, not tomorrow. It must have been very disturbing to the patients of the hospital districts of Southern Alberta to learn that their local hospitals were not able to provide them with the results of lab tests in the past. I hope that they take heart in the fact that actually a fairly wide range of lab tests results have been in past years, and still are, available through their own hospitals. D. P. TURTLE, Administrator, Taber General Hospital. The Letlibridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBREDGE HERALD OO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Assoclaie Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAi K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Pago Editor -THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"