Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 24, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
Vital Statistics With one-fourth of the world's population (about 750 China occupies a territory in the eastern part of obout one-lhird larger thon the conlinentnl United States. The country is of rolling topography, rising to high elevations in the north. The Eastern half 13 one of the best watered lands in the world. Birth rate: Death rate: Illiteracy: Surfaced road: Motor vehicles: l.odios: TV s Telephones: 34 per pop. 15 per pop. About 60 per cent miles in '65 in '51 Science In 1964, China exploded o low-yield atomic weapon in Sinkiang province. A hydro- gen bomb explosion was announced in 1967. The first orbiting space satellite wos launched in 1970. Language The language is spoken with many regional differ- ences bur written with a uniform script. Mandarin dialects, spoken in Ihe Mao Tse-tung, born in norlh, form Ihe basis of '893, is chairman of Ihe the new national language Central Committee of the being promoted by the gov- Communist Party and has crnment. Wu, Cantonese been leader since 1949. and Hakka dialects are spoken in the south. Largest cities Shanghai, 10.7 million Peking, 10 million Tientsin, 4 million Shenyang, 4 million Lu-to, 3.6 million Canton, 3 million Wuhan, 2.2 mjllion Money The monetary unit is the Chou En-lai Yuan; 2 5 yuan equals I Chou En-lai, born in 1898, U.S. dollar. is premier. Religion Buddhism hos the largest following; Confucianism and Taoism hove wide ac- ceptance. Islam, at one time, had 50 million adher- ents. There were 3.3 mil. lion Christians. Foreign missionaries and church schools are no longer tol- erated. Ancient History In 1027 B.C., when Indians in America were domesti- cating dogs and Greek civi- lization wos dawning, the Chinese Shang dynasty had developed a high civiliza- tion characterized by spe- cialized classes, writing, a medium of exchange, and ancestor worship. Trade Japan accounts for 26 per cent of Chinese imports and nearly 20 per cent of tolal trade. The share of Soviet Union in China trade, once major, hos fal- len to about 1 per cent. Other trading partners in- clude Germany, United Kingdom, France, Australia and Canada. Armed Forces Army: Novy: Air Force: Weapons include 33 sub- marines, 200 torpedo boats, 12 destroyers and escorts, numerous other ships; combat air- craft and other planes of Soviet design. Military service is compulsory for 36 months. Neighbor! Manchuria is administered by China. It was seized by Japan in 1931, returned in 1945. Inner Mongolia became on "autonomous region" in 1947. The population is of which 20 per cent ore Mongol. The capital is Huhehut (Kwei- Tibet fpop. ac- cepted Chinese suzerainty in 1951. Revolt against Chinese regime occurred in 1959, Dalai Lama (spiritual leader) fled to India. Com- munists crushed revolt and, in 1961, International Commission of Jurists ot Geneva charged Chinese regime with genocide. More than Tibetans have fled lo India since the takeover. Rnaurcn Agriculture still a major industry; resources include sfeel, electric power, chem- ical fertilizers, petroleum, cotton, cool, tin, antimony, tungsten, molybdenum, salt.