Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 24, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
Thunday, Febrvary 24, 1977 THE lETHeRIDSE HERAtD 29 Decolonisation era Group aids British dependents By JOHN CROCKER London Observer Service BRIDGETOWN, "You name it, we aid it." That might well be the slogan of a hard-working group of men and women who, from their suite of modern offices to the waterfront area here are to a considerable extent responsible for the prosperity and well- being of five British dependen- cies (a more acceptable word these days than colonies) in the Caribbean and six former colonies which are now States "in association" with Britain. Their official title is the Brit- ish Development Division in the Caribbean and the story of their brief existence throws some in- teresting light on the present Btage of the decolonisation era. For example, they tell you that in the period from the be- ginning of 1966 to the end of 1971 they provided no less than (about 295 million East- ern Caribbean dollars) in aid to 11 territories. Of this amount some million went hi free grants for development, in technical assistance, and in budgetary aid (some- times called FIGURES STARTLING These figures are the morn startling because at this late stage in the decolonisation pro cess it comes' as something of a surprise to be told that Britain still has so much responsibility in the Caribbean, ibbean. Under her direct administra- tion are Montserrat, the Cay- man Islands, the Turks and Cai- cos Islands, the British Virgin Islands, and British Honduras (or Belize a? it now likes to call itself) on the mainland of Central America. The other six territories, or "Associated States" as they are officially called, which still rsaintain the British connection in that London is responsible for defence and foreign affairs, are the islands of Grenada, St. Vincent, St. Lucia, Dominica, Antigua and St. KHts-Nevis- Anguilla. (Despite almost total separation from the Govern- ment in St. Kilts, the name Anguilla is still officially hyph- enated to St. Kilts-Nevis.) A visitor to any of these ter- ritories would doubtless not be surprised to see British made bulldozers dozing away on new roads or sites for hotel and lousing construction, an instal- ation of British made tele- communications equipment, or a British expert supervising the construction of a science labor- atory or a police training es- tablishment. "After as an official con- nected with the receipt of aid in one of the islands put it to me, "if you accept aid from Britain to build, say, a radio station or to extend the runway of your airport, it is natural to expect that the machinery used for these purposes will be made in Britain. There is no such thing as totally, absolutely stringless aid." Nevertheless, at the develop- ment division office here yoi: are told about some significant figures and policy trends which indicate considerable progress to the stringless direction. For instance, during the six year period mentioned no less than 36.275 urgently needed new school places have been provid ed by the Division; and ci tizens of tha 11 territories were trained at post-school level, in eluding those doing post-gradu ate and similar advanced worl down to those learning, say, t be stenographers. Perhaps most important of al is the fact that only about of those trainees went to the United Kingdom to study, ant all the others got their training in the West Indies, about 1.30C of them in one campus or th other of the University of the West Indies. I was told that, untU abou the middle of the sixties, ou of every six West Indians wh went to train in England ai average of only one (hospita nurses included) returne home. TRAINING GOOD With the shifting of emphasi to training locally, skilled Wes Indians are not now lost to their omclands to anything like the ormer extent. Furthermore, the training they receive, I was told, was just as good, some- mcs even better, than that vailable in Britain; and it was heaper for the reason that ex- pensive travel and boarding sts were not incurred. One important result of the money spent by the Division on echnical assistance has been hat premiers and ministers in he 11 territories have been get- ing out of the old colonial habit of rushing to London to seek advice on their financial and development problems. Now they have their own experts on land whom they can consult making their own deci sions. Indeed, the future pattern of British aid-giving is likely to emphasize the fact that, as the various schemes in the various territories grow bigger and more complex, increasing at- tention needs to be paid to pro- viding more and more exper- tise. Another significant aspect o the division's development aid policy has been the success which it has achieved in getting rid of budgetary aid that is aid given annually so that a Government can balance its ac counts. This is essentially a relict of the colonial era and the govern ments of the 11 territories, pro vided they can get on reason ably well without it, are only too happy to see it come to an end. Only five of the territorie (St. Vincent, Dominica, Mont serrat, St. Kitts' and the Turk and Oaicos Islands) receive budgetary aid in 1971, and it i expected that this year Domin ica and St. Vincent will be self supporting. St. Kitis is a good exampl of how development aid is link ed with budgetary aid. At th moment the Bradsbaw govern ment gets an annual subsidy of about E.C. dollars. Its sugar-based economy is in trou ble, and the only alternative to go in for tourism in a muc rigger way than has so far been possible. To get lots of tourists you must have an airport capable f taking the big jets; so Britain grees to spend some million on strengthening and lengthen- ng the St. Kitts airport; and n the strength of this private investors have already begun to evelop the mast suitable part of the island, Frigate Bay, and to plan hotel construction there. When the airport is completed and the hotels have gone up, hen it is hoped the need for nidgetary aid will cease. Britain's Minister of Overseas Development, Richard Wood made a tour of the Caribbean recently and the indications now are that the division's policv rere unlike aid headquarters in other areas it has executive wwers to approve local pro- jects worth up to and s involved in the actual hand- ing and management of some mjjects will be to continue to give aid at the astonishinglv high level of more than annually to each of the odd inhabitants of the terri- tories for which it is responsible Jews sentenced MOSCOW (Eeuter) Four Jews have been sentenced to 15 days' imprisonment on charges of hooliganism after a scene a a synagogue in Kiev, capital o! the Ukraine, last Saturday, Jew ish sources said today. Ths sources said the Jews were among a total of nine person: arrested after a number o other men attacked them, shout ing insults. CRASH KILLS 4 HONOLULU (Reuter) Four persons were killed and four are missing and presumed dead after a two-engined private plane crashed yesterday in shark-infested waters near the Hawaiian island of Molokai. The plane was a chartered aircraft carrying Honolulu construction workers. old style his style The LctMnrldge Herald The Lethbrtdge Heral CLASSIFIED AD SPECIALS! A mighty man was he -with a mighty thirst to match. His style? Lethbridge Old Style Pilsner! The beer big enough to quench a thirst that was hammered out of heat and fired in the forge. Beer slow-brewed and naturally aged for honest old-time flavour. Old Style Pilsner: you can't beat it! TRADITION YOU CAN TASTE FROM THE HOUSE OF LETHBRIDGE rffr Now's the time to raise EXTRA CASH Phone 328-4411 FOR FURTHER DETAILS! BETTER HURRY! -Offer Ends Feb. 28th! 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