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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 24, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta _ Thursday, February 24, 1972 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD 5 Ewi Hrmvslvr A locx at Israe's irrigation system CARTD, Israel Israel, not long ago, was all desert, but it had not always been so. Not only do excerpts from the Bible (see Kings and Chronicle refer to early endeavors to supply water to the city of David. In 1880, a stone plaque was discovered inside the tunnel to Shiloah on which was commemorated, in ancict Hebrew script, the mo- ment workers cutting the tun- nel from oposite directions, met half-way. This tunnel 583 ycards long, was cut through solid rock and completed around 700 B.C. at the order of Hczekiah, King of Judea, who reigned from 727 to Ml! BC To this day water flows through the tunnel al- though the walls of Jerusalem are no longer where they were. 2 670 years ago. Today it serves the population of the Arab vil- lage of Silwan (the Arab ver- nail section of the rational water carrier in the Judean hills. sion of the ancient Hebrew name: Then as now, water was the first essential for existence and survival. Neglected for cen- turies by succeeding cultures and occupations, the necessity of irrigation projects was never again seriously considered un- til modern Israel, facing the challenge of the desert, created new watering schemes. Of these, the National Water Car- rier is probably the greatest and most ambitious. It has bsen in operation since 1965 and its main purpose is to.con- duct water from the northern half of Israel into the arid, thirsty South. It pumps water out of the Sea of Galilee, Israel's main water reservoir. The water flow-s southward through can- als and tunnels (some 3 yards in diameter cars drove through them for original in- spection) mainly by gravita- tion. On its way, this abundant water supply fills two large re- servoirs and many smaller ones for its network distribu- tion, hut by far the greatest amount is used for irrigation of the Negev, where rainfall is seldom sufficient for the culti- vation of crops. This year, areas still desert when I vis- ited them only years ago, are now green and bearing crops. The highway, built there during the British occupation, still boasts the name "Hunger Koad" for it was originally de- signed to give work and so ease the misery and starvation of Bedouin tribes whose sheep died when not a drop of water or a blade of grass could be found in the desert. Now, the same area has the highest pro- duction of grain per acre any- where in the world and has won international prizes to prove it. The National Water Carrier is a feat of, comparativeiy, low-cost engineering for it util- izes every natural and terri- torial advantage, every hill and valley and is so devised that even the greatest heal does not affect, to any great excnt, its precious contents. Even so, it The World's Leading International Beer required nine years and 2'fi million working days to com- plete. There are many smaller irri- gation projects throughout the country, al'l of which helped Is- rael's flourishing, dynamic ag- riculture and industry. One of the most effective individual projects are the artifical fish ponds. They provide, not only an ever increasing supply of very good fish for the Israeli table, the canning factories and export (including varieties found to adapt easily from sea to sweet water fish, for exam- ple the "Grey but also, in many places, water for thirsty crops. In Hasorea, for instance, a Kibbutz in the Jez- reel valley, south of and just below Mount Carmel, one of their fish ponds, in rotation, is always being cleaned out and emptied to benefit the neigh- boring cotton crops. "Who pays for installation and f asked in a simi- lar settlement where the ponds help to water fields belonging to individually owned farms. "Good said my guide. "We worked on this thorny problem for some years and have now come, arbitrar- ily, to an agreement: Whoever earns more from their crops in any given season, foots the bill. There are times when cotton fetches such high prices that our poor fish can't compete. At oth- er times, our neighbors have such high overhead for seeds, fertilizers, new mechanical equipment or due to some mis- fortune that we, one of the wealthier Kibbutzim, earn more with our fish or simply cut our losses and pay. We have never quarelled and, com- paring notes and balanco sheets at the end of the finan- cial year, both w e and our neighbors have learned to count our blessings." The government, of course, helps with the original installa- tion, advances money at low or no interest rate for the stock- ing of fish ponds where neces- sary. In the case of a Kibbutz like Hasorea, of course, such help is not usually required, They own other industries, such as a furniture factory, plastic works etc. They also ex- port roses and can well afford to finance their own ventures from profits in other fields as well as being generous to their neighbors. Another, now well tried pro- ject, are the high, man-made dunes along part of the coast road bcwtcen Haifa and Tel Aviv. These dunes, effectively, catch much of the heavy, west- ward blowing winter rains in large reservoirs and prevent rainwater from running off into the sea. Works, de-salting seawatcr, are operating in Eilath and oth- er stations in the south and are expected to he vastly increased in number and efficiency when the tremendous amount of pow- er required for their operation will be boosted by atmoic power stations in five or six years time. Effluent is already being treated, cleaned and re-circu- lated in some of the larger ci- ties providing all the water re- quired and this is, I am told, as healthy and germ free as any clear mountain well any- where in the world. I can foresee two questions arising from tliis article: "Is there any connection between a water project, completed 27 centuries ago, and those com- pleted in our And "could such development in a tiny middle-eastern country, thousands of miles away, pos- sibly be of interest to us in Both could be answered sim- ply: Yes, because such efforts arc part of a continuous, posi- tive human endeavor the struggle for survival. As such they are interesting, but, to end on a more practical note: The semi-arid areas of our prairies, such as central and southern Alberta might well benefit from similar schemes, if not a "Na- tional Water at least the idea of fish ponds to help our ecology, economy and ag- ricultural irrigation problems. For Black Label we blend and brew only the finest ingredients...with patience...with care...to bring out all their llavour. Then we give the brew more time, in our cool, quiet cellars so that Black Label slowly ___ matures to perfection. If you like a beer with llavour, try a Black Label ...enjoy the [nil llavour that is conquering thirsts all over the world. Carling Black Label- sold and enjoyed in over do countries around the globe. THE CARLING BREWERIES (ALBERTA) LIMITED pMu H to me! GAVL A rather grand larceny The New York Times N kTOT SINCE THE terry Pranks of Till Eulenspiegel has rascality won as wide and eager an audience as UK alleged deeds of Clifford Irving. There is an added liveliness, even a certain gaiety, in the conversation of dinner guests and literate barflies since the charges first surfaced concerning the obscure writer from Ibiza who sold Life magazine and McGraw-Hill, Inc., an "autobiography" of the recluse Howard Hughes. No doubt the very nature of the vol- ume's subject stimulated advance interest interest intensified when -Mr. Hughes, or reasonable facsimile thereof, disavowed Uic work at a telephonic news conference. But that gentleman has long since teen displaced in the public mind by Mr. Irving himself, not to mention his attrac- tive wife and the several ladies who turn- ed up in the exotic places he visited hi the course of his Mystery, a touch of scandal and the strong possibility of crime these would be enough to account for a fair share of public interest. But what may well have sent tlie case skyrocketing was the nos- talgic sense it conveyed of a simpler and more innocent day, when crime could be absorbing without having to be violent; fascinating without doing irreparable harm except perhaps to the sensibilities of the victim, and, above all, perplexing without being insoluble. After endless and fruitless preoccupation with such seeming- ly unsolvable problems as Vietnam, tho Middle East and tjie like, there was some- thing cheerful about an intriguing puzzle that was certain to be unraveled in tha end. None of this is to say that if a hoax has been committed, the hoaxers should escape paying the price; that grand lar- ceny, mail fraud, forgery and other assort- ed offenses should go unpunished. But the zest with which this highly publicized case is being pursued on all legal (not to men- tion journalistic) fronts seems excessive when the jails are overflowing with ob- scure defendants awaiting their day in court. Can a city many months behind on its criminal calendar really spare six assis- tant district attorneys to probe the Irving case wlren federal prosecutors, similarly hard at work, will in any event take prior- ity? Influence of affluence The Toronto Globe and Mail WISDOM does not necessarily come with old age or even experience, al- though each may have played its part in bringing 77-year old labor leader George Meany to a reappraisal of the strike as a means of achieving a labor objective. When the mail acknowledged to be the leading spokesman for organized labor in the United Stales, the man who leads 16 million members of the AFL CIO, declares that strikes no longer make sense and should be eliminated, one has the dis- tinct feeling that, an important corner has been turned. Perhaps it is a long, steady curve in the road rather than a comer, for there have been instances in recent years when Mr. Meany's awareness of the masochistic nature of the strike weapon flickered through the traditionally militant posture of labor leadership. In August, 1969. for example, Mr. Meany was talking about "people who are constantly worrying about the lack of mili- tancy on the part of His comment was that labor "to some extent has be- come middle class. When you have no prop- erly, you don't have anything; you have nothing to lose by these radical actions. But when you become a person you be- come conservative. And I would say, to that extent, labor has become conserva- tive." In other words, the average union mem- ber's stake in the community has risen over the years to the point where the strike is a double-edged sword. The striker has more to lose than in the lean and hungry days of the labor movement. With this in mind, it is perhaps less than startling to hear Mr. Meany urge the eli- mination of strikes and express favor for the alternative of binding arbitration, vol- untarily agreed upon. Organized labor has evidently not yet caught up with the pres- ident of the AFL-CIO, for not a single contract in recent years has gone to vol- untary arbitration while there have been strikes in many big indrustrics. But there may be light at the end of the tunnel, now thai a committee of Mr. Meany's massive organization is working to find a. formula where binding arbitra- tion would become more or less accepted practice. He seems to concede thai chang- ing times rather than eiilightenmenl are responsible for the new line: "Years ago you put people on strike who were making 50 cents an tour. You could go begging and you could get food. You could keep them going. But now the workers have a little home; they may have a couple of kids going to college. You put them on strike, they're overboard within a week. So we would like to eliminate strikes jutt on thai basis alone." One mighl have hoped for al leasl a small nod in the direction of Ihe third- parly innocents almost always aro mangled in the course cf a strike, but any acknowledgment of the blind folly of most strikes today is encouraging. We wish Canadian union leaders seemed a little more anxious to join Mr. Meany oa this pinnacle of perception. ERIC NICOL record in the 1972 Winter Olym- pics proves once again that we show our besl form in healing our breast. At cross-country soul-searching, we take the gold. Right now our amateur officials are out- distancing the Russian skiers, jumping to conclusions. One of the more spectacular of these leaps is that instead of letting Ca- nadian athletes develop any old which way, as they have in the past, the federal gov- ernment should subsidize an elite in each sport, providing the select few with coach- ing and facilities for 12 months of the year so that: the speed skaters need never leave the ice, Uic bobslcdders can eat, drink and sleep slope. Tire emphasis would then be taken off lielping as many people as possible to en- joy the sports Ihey participate in for the pleasure of the activity, and would be put on training a crack corps of athletes to be mort competitive in international ev- ents such as the Olympic Games. Instead of winning only one silver medal, as Canada did in the just-concluded games, she might win two or three silver medals, a half dozen bronze, perhaps another gold medal to keep Nancy's company. The question that arises from this re- vised approach to government subsidiza- tion of sports is: Which is healthier I" have as many persons as possible taking part in sports for fun, or to improve the physique of our trophy cases? Possibly the elitist program would be in addition to the aid to the mass of perpetual duffers. But there would still he a sublle shift in the philosophy of sporting endeav- or, it seems to me. I'd ask: aside from bolstering the national ego, in what way docs winning an Olympic medal heighten a people's enjoyment of participating in sports? If we win enough medals we may be able to build them into a piece of weight-lift- ing equipment. Or a truly hard-un discus tlu-ower might be glad to have something better to toss than our basic cowflap. But medal-winning, in terms of benefit (o mind and body, hardly justifies the effort and expense of exclusive activity. I have won three medals Leacock medals and I am still in lousy condition. The medals have done nothing for my wisd or pectorals. They don't stimulate me to phys- ical action unless I drop one on my toe. What have their Olympic medals dona for the Russians, as a people? If medal- winning is good for the general populace, the Russians should be the fittest nation on earth with the Americans a close second. In actual fact llie average citizen of both countries doesn't even qualify to compete wilh the native of tiny Tonga. Rather than become terribly uptight aboul Canada's performance in the Olym- pic Games, and create an elitist cult o( athletes whose entire being is geared to winning medals, perhaps we should refer to the llerriain-Wcbstcr definition of ama- teur: "One who engages in a pursuit, study, science or sport as a pastime rather than as a profession." A pastime. Thai is what amateur sport should be. If the Olympic: Games are in fact the contest of profcssionls masquer- ading as amateurs, then that is the fault nf the games, not of Canada, and Cana- dian government support of our Olympic learns should come from the Canadian De- velopment Corporation. In which event I'll first in line 10 buv 60 shares of Karen Magnussen. (Vancouver Province Frnlurrs) The crucial question By Dong Walker 715 were watching a TV stow one night Klspeth added a footnote. She said our recently when an obviously bitter overshoes but woman comincnlnl that she could serve her family toiled overshoes without, any o[ them noticing. tllc (o jf ;