Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 24, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 'SW UTHttlBGE HHtALO Welnesday. February Jf Anthony Westell It's a big gamble The invasion of Southern Laos by South Vietnamese troops (with Am- erican air cover) is a huge gam- ble. Its purpose is to cut off sup- ply lines of the North Vietnamese along the Ho CM Minh trail, leav- ing North Vietnamese troops strand- ed and helpless. With the Kampong Son supply route in Cambodia closed, there would simply be no way Hanoi could send in vital re- placements, if the Laotian trails were effectively shut off. The future security of South Vietnam, and of Cambodia is entirely dependent on preventing the steady flow into their territory of men, organizers, pro- pagandists, guns, ammunition, and everything else it takes to win a war. The war in Laos is bound to be as bloody, as cruel and repulsive as the continuing fight in South Viet- nam. There will be an emphasis on guerrilla warfare; there will be troop units cut off from their fellows and slaughtered; there are bound to be civilian victims. If North Vietnamese infiltration into the South can be slowed down to a trickle, it will be a triumph for the ARVN forces, a giant step towards peace in Indochina. But Hanoi's General Giap has already proved himself to be a guerrilla strategist beyond compare and it is unlikely that the Laotian invasion has caught him by surprise. The ques- tion that must haunt the United States president, who is determined to avoid sending any American soldiers into Laos, is what will hap- pen if the Laotian venture is un- successful? Can the United States continue to assist its allies only with air support? Alyeska has the answer Construction of the Alaskan pipe- line from Prudhoe Bay to the port of Valdez is held up by a court in- junction acquired by conservation- ists. Before the injunction is lifted there are a number of questions which ought to be answered to the satisfaction of the Americans questions like what precautions will have to be taken against misuse of the accompanying roadbed? How will trucks be prevented from trav- elling over the permafrost making tracks that will deepen into gullies because the tundra cannot renew it- self? Where will the gravel for the road come from and will the wilder- ness be pocked with gravel pits? These are of concern to the Ameri- cans. Canada has a deep concern of her own. What will happen if tank- ers spill the oil along the Pacific coast on its way from Valdez to Se- attle refineries? An advertisement carried in the Jan. 30th issue of the New Yorker magazine indicates that no one has anything to worry about. The Al- yeska Pipeline Service Company is going to build the pipeline. It gives its solemn pledge that "the environ- mental disturbances will be avoided where possible, held to a minimum where unavoidable and restored to the fullest practicable extent. "Fur- says the company, "the pipe- line will be the most carefully engi- neered and constructed crude oil pipe- line in the world." Either the company is totally dis- regarding the hearings on the pipe- line or the hearings themselves are a farce. Canadians would like to know the answer. Reggio Callabria Most people who have watched the TV coverage of riots in Reggio Cal- abria the town in Southern Italy, whose citteens have been protesting because their city will no longer be the provincial capital have been puzzled as to what is behind the whole affair. It seerns, frankly, like a kind of sour grapes affair, noth- ing that should spark the destruc- tion that has been going on for weeks. In fact, the causes for it all are longstanding, representing the bitterness that exists between the poverty-riddled south and the more prosperous industrial centres of the north. The Italian government has been attempting to decentralize, to create regional power centres to re- pair the errors of an overcentralized system. But the therapy isn't work- ing. Local jealousies within the south have been inflamed, encourag- ing extremists of all kinds to make use of them. There has been some suspicion that the Fascists have had a hand in encouraging and organiz- ing the troubles. Although the riots have subsided, no one is predicting that there will be no more. South- ern Italy generally is suspicious and resentful of the power, authority and above all of the prosperity of Rome. And Rome is going to have to take note. The government's majority is tenuous and could very easily be up- set by another Keggio Callabria. Art Buchwald WASHINGTON When Vice-President Spiro Agnew criticized the news me- dia a few years ago for playing up bad news instead of good news, he knew what be was talking about. A perfect example of the way the press and TV media showed total irresponsibility took place at the Bob Hope Golf Classic when the vice-president drove two golf balls into the crtnvd in succession, bopping three fans in the process. NBC television, covering the golf classic, trained its cameras on this ignominious event and later put it on its news shows. The eastern establishment press lords, particularly the Washington Post and the New York Times, published front page photos of the vice-president's anguished look after his second drive. The implication given by both television and the newspapers was that Vice-Presi- dent Angew was not a very good golf player. Now it's interesting to note that the N3C-TV cameras reported that incident rather than show all the balls that Agnew drove that did not hit anybody. A small elite band of men in York decided among themselves that Agnew hitting a spectator was news, wiien even-- one knows that Agnew not hitting a spec- tator with a golf ball is ncv.s. The impression the average person got from watching the golf classic on TV was that the vice-president was a very dan- gerous man with a driver. The self-opinion- ated commentators not only discussed the drives that Vicc-President AKncw had just made, but also reminded viewers that this was not the first time he had bopped someone with a golf ball. They cited the Incident with Doug Sanders, the golf pro Reality of foreign ownership in Canada rjTTAWA When foreign capital came into Canada simply to build a factory or dig a mine and to start producing and selling in our market, un- der our laws, few Canadians were concerned. Most of IB, in fact welcomed the money from abroad, the jobs it cre- ated, the taxes it generated and the new goods it brought us. We began to worry when the foreign, mostly U.S., compa- nies grew into complex giants which monopolized more and more of our business and seemed to respond to direction and decision abroad, rather than in Canada. This national concern is on several levels. At the govern- ment level, we are humiliated and we feel our sovereignty threatened when the U.S. gov- ernment orders U.S. corpora- tions to follow certain policies in Canada to send profits home, for example, thus caus- ing a payments crisis here, or whom Agnew had managed to hit in the bead a few years back. Now it is a known fact that on the same Saturday people played golf some- where hi the United States. Not one of them hit a spectator with a golf ball. Did the networks show these people playing golf? Did the newspaper stories concen- trate on all the duffers in America that were playing safe and sane golf that day? The answer is obviously NO! They chose instead to report on Agnew's golf game. Why? Because it was bad news. The fact that no one else that Saturday had hit anyone with a golf ball was good news, and therefore in the eyes of these sell- styled editors it was not news. These editors, who talk only to each otter and watch the same golf matches on television, decided the Agnew story was more important. How can the American people get an ob- jective view of golf when all they see on their news programs and in their papers is the violence committed on the course by the vice-president? What about the children who were watch- ing that day? Did anyone point out to them that for every spectator Vice-President Agnew hit tlicre were that had never been struck by one of his golf balls? Nothing could better dramatize the point Spiro Agnew tried to make a few years ago about the irresponsibility of the, media which choose to show only those parts of the vice president's golf game that are hopeless. It behooves the networks to give the vice-president a full hour on a driving range to prove that every ball Vie hits doesn't necessarily go into the crowd. (Toronto Telegram News Service) not to fill an export order to. which is an enemy of the United States but not of Can- ada. While these encroachments are not serious in themselves and are usually corrected by a neighborly govern roent in Washington, they do show bow dependent we have become on U.S. goodwill and how exposed we are to political pressure. On the private level, many Canadians have discovered some of the disadvantages of foreign ownership in the most painful way during the current business recession when head offices abroad decided to close down their plant and put them out of work. Canadian man- agement might have made ex- actly the same decision, but at least there could have been a confrontation, a chance to ar- gue and appeal. On the cultural level, there is growing realization that busi- ness corporations impose their own values on society, and that a Canadian society dominated by U.S. corporations is likely to be very similar to U.S. so- ciety. There is therefore a growing demand for policies which will regain for Canadians the pow- er to make their own decisions. This is often expressed in terms of limiting or controlling U.S. capital, but we have seen in a previous column that ef- fective power in modern so- ciety rests not with capitalists but with the the g r o u p of managers, tech- nologists, market experts, pro- duction eng i n e e r s and other specialists who combine to make decisions in the modern corporation. The technostructure is pow- erful precisely because it is a dynamic form of business or- ganization. It succeeds because it is more efficient than older types of companies. U.S. corporations- gobble up Canadian companies, not just because they have more capi- tal to invest, but because they are better able to make effi- cient use of resources. The Economic Council of Canada put it this way in a re- cent report: "A feature of in- dustrial organization and trade among advanced countries is tte emergence of more and larger firms that have manu- facturing operations, frequent- ly on a specialized and inte- grated basis, in several coun- tries. "In general, such firms have significant competitive advant- ages arising from their ability to combine large amounts of capital, competent manage- ment, skilled professionals and advanced technology, and to move these to economic loca- tions for production." The multinational corpora- tions already account for about 15 per cent of the total pro- duction of the free world. They are g r o w i n g so fast that the council says they may control half the total production by 1990. This is the reality of foreign ownership in Canada. It is not simply a question of capital. but of management and tech- nology to make the most effi- ccnt mid profitable use of capital. The recent report of the Sen- ate's Special Committee on Science Policy suggested the- same thing from a different angle when it quoted with ap; proval a statement by a Brit- ish cabinet minister that the organization of science U the central source of power for our generation, comparable with the ownership of industry and land in times past. In other words, power is the result of harnessing science to industry in the most produc- tive way, and this is achieved by the'technostructure of ex- perts. Operating in several coun- tries, they often control the process of production from tak- ing the raw materials from the ground to refining to manufac- turing and retailing, avoiding the normal disciplines of the commercial market, setting trade patterns by selling goods from one subsidiary to another across international borders, shifting profits to get the best tax deal, and moving vast sums of capital and teams of highly skilled personnel. The influence of the corpora- tions is pervasive also in other and more subtle ways. They produce the organiza- tion man, the employee who identifies strongly with his company image and accept! its goals as defined by head of- fice. If the employee is in Can- ada, he is thus importing the values of U.S. society. By creating demand for their products', corporations also tend to reproduce abroad the U.S. type of consumer econ- omy, with all that implies.in wasteful use of resources, pol- lution of the environment and emphasis on private pleas u r e rather than social service. The giant corporations which move into Canada, or expand their operations here by taking over Canadian firms, thus bring us all the advantages of efficient use of at the price of encroaching on national sovereignty and val- ues. There is no simple solution to such a complex problem, but the next column (on page five today) will examine some of the policy proposals being of- fered to Canadians in this time of rising nationalism. (Toronto Star Syndicate) Maurice Western Huge increases in government spending estimates The govern- ment has responded to unemployment, and to other needs entirely unrelated to unemployment, with huge in- creases in its spending esti- mates. According to the blue book tabled Wednesday by C. M. Dniry, spending will rise by million over the fore- cast expenditures for 1970-71. But experience has shown that mam estimates must be com- pared with main estimates; last year, for example, the gov- ernment had to meet unexpect- ed bills of S528.5 million far more than the federal costs of medicare. What taxpayers are confronted with, therefore, is an increase of million, with an additional mil- lion on the non-budgetary side. Mr. Drury usually makes a point of assuring the House that supplementary estimates will be held to a minimum. (This was the case last year when he set himself a restraint target of million, which the government missed. On the present occasion, the assur- ance is lacking. Thus it would be unrealistic to antici- pate additional spending on a scale below that of the present year. What is probably in pros- pect, therefore, is a billion increase in a single year; an achievement never matched even in the stirring days when the government spent on the apparent assumption that mon- ey grows on We have an interesting ad- dition this year; a glossy pa- per effort by Information Can- ada to place the taxpayer in the picture. When that agency was created, it was freely charged that it would be used for the partisan purposes oi the government. This is amply borne out by the latest publica- tion, which ought to have been printed in rosy hues, this being tho light in which it regards every aspect of the spending program of a benevolent gov- ernment. "Like the homeowner, the government of Canada has to be paid. The homeowner has his mortgage payment, taxes, heat, water, light. Then there's the family's up- keep. The groceries, clothing, medical bills, insurance. And the monthly car payments. By the time he's paid all these bills, there's not enough left of the pay cheque to buy anything new for the house or the fam- ily. "It's the same with the gov- ernment But not quite. To mention one trifle taken at random from the haystack, additional spending by the privy council office (program expenditures and contributions including maintenance and operation of the prime minister's residence, etc.) will amount to F e w taxpayers enjoy such elasticity in regard to spending plans. There is also the puzzling fact, revealed by Mr. Drury, that the ordinary rules of ad- dition and subtraction do not apply in the case of govern- ment. We arc to have a new department of the environment made up from fisheries and forestry and from certain pro- grams and activities drawn from the departments of en- ergy, mines and resources, transport, Indian affairs and northern development and na- tional health and welfare. "In examining the year to year changes in estimates levels for these Mr. Drury cautions, "these transfers should be borne in mind." So They Say I am not a traditional femi- nist. I don't want equality, I want privileges for Mrs. Barbara Castle, British MP, This seems reasonable. The new department is to cost about million. We should not, however, be alarmed since these costs are largely being subtracted from the other de- partments mentioned. How does this work out? The department of fisheries and forestry is to disappear but spending for these purposes will remain about the same. We find, however, that energy, mines and resources is up by roughly million; Indian affairs and northern develop- ment by about million; transport by about million, national health and welfare by million. Obviously this is no ordinary subtraction; we take away but everything goes up. One quarter of the budget now goes for welfare. No less than 14 cents of every dollar goes for interest and other charges. According to Informa- tion Canada: "This interest payment is almost wholly a return on investments in Can- ada by Canadians." Yes, but the government unlike private business does not use this in- vestment money for particular- ly productive purposes and must therefore extract almost billion from us in tax dollars to carry its indebtedness. We expect the government to spend more in times of un- employment and the classic way is through public works. The estimate for capital pro- jects is Where is the money being used? The biggest allocation by far is for needy! Ottawa. It will get million. This compares to million for the entire province of Quebec, which happens to have the largest number of unemployed. It is more than five times as much as the sum allocated for the Maritimes, where unem- ployment rales are extremely high. It is almost six times as much as Manitoba gets; about 21 times as much as the total listed for Saskatchewan. And so on. Not bad, for a single city. The government has been assuring us that inflation may re-emerge as a threat later this year. What effect will spending on this scale have on the expected price surge. Over the longer term the government worries about the adequacy of investment in Canada and our reliance on outside capital. Tljus we are to have the Canada Development Corporation, although no pro- vision for it has apparently been made in the estimates. But its tax proposals as ori- ginally developed were clearly calculated t o accommodate higher spending and the new structure, according to provin- cial critics, will have that ef- fect when inflation is taken isto account. The more it takes from us (in forced savings largely for non-productive pur- the less saving there will be for development and the more it will be necessary to rely on outside funds. One set of policies seems completely at variance with another set. The government has developed a strange talent for meeting itself coming around the mulberry bush. All this makes it more difficult for the taxpayer when he is sum- moned to the annual reckoning wilh government. Small won- der that Information Canada has been called in to persuade us that the apparent pain is mere illusion. How fortunate we are to be able to contribute to government, the giver of all good things and to maintain it in a fashion which betters ev- ery year the style to which it has become accustomed. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Looking backward Through the Herald 1921 Rainmaker Hatfield is all the talk in Bow Island. The purse is already in the bank to be handed over to Mm when he arrives in the area in the summer. 1931 Closing of one of the three Pro v i n c i a 1 Normal Schools in operation in the province is suggested to relieve the over supply of teachers at the present time. 1041 All civic employees will automatically receive an increase of four per cent in wages and salaries commenc- ing March 1. 1951 The Public School Board has approved a record budget for this year. Britain's proposals for increased representation in the Northern Rhodesian legislature have been criticized by the Ne- groes as not going far enough and denounced by whites as go- ing too far. The Lethbrtdge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0013 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA Managing Editor ROY F. MILEi Advertising Manager WILLIAM HAY Associate Pditor DOUGLAS K. WALKER Ldilorlal Page Edilor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"