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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 24, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta ry 24, 1971 THE 1ETHMICCI HKALD J3 Nationalized ones lose million yearly Survey of railways shows world needs them but can't make them profitable ....._ _ 'tn Va. i iho TnkaWn Line had a olanes or automobiles I Leningrad; the Talgos in Sf By KENNETH L. BAITS LONDON (AP) The para- dox of railways is that the world can't do without them but jtill can't make them pay. In most industrialized coun- tries the government runs the lines, or some of them, such as in Canada. In the United States the taxpayer soon will be under- writing many passenger runs of private companies. An Associated Press survey of seven industrialized countries which run nationalked railways show they lose more than million a year. Canada comes out better than some but still Elton's figures in the red. None has found a way to move the bulk of its freight without railways, and the rails still beat any other means of moving masses of people on chart hauls. The seven countries surveyed were Canada, Britain, France, West Germany, Switzerland, Italy and Japan. Switzerland alone didn't dip Into the taxpayers' pockets to pay rail deficits in 1969. Britain did some book-keeping sleight- of-hand to show a paper profit, but the government still was out millions. The 1S69 figures are the latest available for most countries, hut there is no sign any of the figures chaneed radically in 1971. CNR LOOKS GOOD The Canadian National Rail- ways lost million in 1969, million less than in 1959, a bet- ter record than most. The competing privately- owned CP Rail received mil- lion from the government last year as payment for services ordered continued by Ottawa after the railway wanted to scrap them. This amount was the margin of CP Rail's profit of mil- lion, which was roughly the same as 10 years ago. Only four per cent of CP Rail's income came from pas- sengers, making that a money- losing business. It wants to drop its cross Canada passen- ger train, The Canadian, be- cause it loses million a year. Ihe federal government is studying a plan to coordinate the CNR and CP Rail trans- continental lines. In Italy, the government rail system had a million defi- Education climate changes tensions compared with a ?7? roil-; on loss 10 year- Japan, which has captured ublic fancy with "bullet" ains, didn't do much better with colossal concentra- ens of passengers on short- aul and commuter lines. Japa- ese National Railways Inst illion and private railways Iropped million. Ten years .sriier the national line had a rofit of million. French railways, rated among e best in the wo Id, lost lillion against million in 959. West Germany paid out 5273 million tn balance its rail- ay books; the Germans lost ss than million a decade arlier. The state-owned British Rail .aimed pofit after taies of 5.8 million, first book profit nee 1953. This paper profit idn't take into account rail- on the government granted for liminating surplus track or 146 million it shelled out to uneconomic commut- er and rural passenger ices. Switzerland, a compact coun- ry favored by geography and overnment restrictions on road reight, recorded a >rofit, similar to that shown for ach recent year. VAGES COME HIGH Wages are the single biggest per cent in Canada, 3 per cent in Britain, 64 in rrance, 60 in West Germany, 60 m Switzerland and 52 in Japan. By RON SUDLOW TORONTO (CP) Put an Arab and an Israeli or a Ger- man and a Jew together and there's likely to be tension. But put a young Arab and a young Israeli or a young Ger- man and a young Jew to- gether in an educational cli- mate and you've got a basis for international understand- ing. That's the concept of United World Colleges, a plan that evolved from observing per- sons of various nationalities working harmoniously in such organkations as NATO de- spite cultural, racial and lin- guistic difficulties. A Canadian committee now Is undertaking a fund drive to establish a co-educational United World College of the Pacific on Vancouver Island. The first United World College opened in 1962 in the 14th cen- tury castle of St. Donat's in South Wales. Another is expected to open this year in Singapore and the projected date for the opening of the Canadian college and another in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, is September, 1973. "We want to take students who are in their last two years of secondary said Jack Matthews, who will become headmaster of the Ca- nadian college this June. "We have partly chosen that age group so that the na- tionalistic tendencies of their parents will not be so in- grained. You put Arabs and Israelis, Germans and Jews together and sure they will have preconceived ideas, but they're not completely in- grained by that age." PLAN TO STUDY OCEAN The academic vehicle won't be the only tool used by the college to pursue international understanding. One of the most ambitious projects for the students to participate in will be an un- derwater habitat which will be used for oceanographic re- search. The college is enlisting the help of Dr. Joe MacGinnis, the Canadian oceanographer who has established an under- water habitat in Georgian Bay and is one of the few Canadi- ans to work as a medical ad- viser to the United States Na- tional Aeronautics and Space Administration. Community and social serv- ices are also planned includ- ing a ski patrol and sea res- cue services and a firefighting force. "We are looking for things that require training, some danger and difficulties to overcome." said Mr. Mat- thews. "Put the students in that kind of a situation and it will bring them together more than anything else you can do." His 18-year-old son, Angus, is the head of the sea rescue service at St. Donat's. SETTING IMPORTANT Biggest headache for (.he Canadian committee, whose chairman is Senator Donald Cameron and honorary presi- dent is former prime minister I.. B. Pearson, is finding a site for the collcse. Tho ideal location Is Royal Roads Military College near Colwood, B.C., on the out- skirts of Victoria. Like St. Do- nat's, it too is a castle setting. The castle, being used to train military officers, was built by Ilia pioneer Dunsmuir family. "We need .some place with said Mr. Mat- thews, 42-year-old pipe-smok- ing headmaster of Lakefield College, a boys' boarding school near Peterborough. Ont. "The students may forget their teachers, the courses they take, but they wouldn't forget the setting. "Our top priority is Royal Roads but whether we get it or not is another question. We fully understand the difficult position the provincial and federal governments are in when they have to decide what to do with Royal Roads." JOINT PROJECT He said the federal govern- ment has received reports that recommend Royal Roads be closed gradually and the students sent to Royal Mili- tary College at Kingston, Ont., because the British Columbia college is operating at only 33 per cent of its capacity and is under financial pressure. If Royal Roads is not avail- able on a lease basis, the col- lege committee has taken an option on land 30 miles north of Victoria and is also investi- gating properties on the is- land's west coast, south of Long Beach. The college will be a joint Canadian-U.S. effort and 75 per cent of its initial cost of million will be financed by the U.S. College Committee. It is aiming at an enrol- ment of 300, of which 200 will be boys in the 16-18 age brac- ket. Of the 300, about 100 will come from North America, 100 from Pacific Rim coun- tries and another 100 from Europe. "The million Is just the said Barry Tack- aberry, secretary of the Cana- dian committee. "Eventually we hope to be able to have all our students come here on scholarships." Scholarships to St. Donat's, where 40 Canadian students make up the second-largest contingent, are valued al about a year. Two scholarships have been prov- ided by the New Brunswick government and one each by Ontario, Alberta, British Col- umbia and the Canadian Labor Congress. TEACH IN ENGLISH Academically, the students will progress toward an inter- national baccalaureate, recog- nized international standan for admission into the world's major universities. "The international bacca laureate is courses in all tra ditional subjects with which Canadians arc familiar but, in addition, most languages the world, economics, philoso- phy, anthropolgy and ocean- said Mr. Matthews Instruction by teachers mostly from Canada and the U.S., will be done in English. The college may not bring Canada prestige as an aca demic centre, but it maj bring Canadians a sense o: accomplishment, of contribut ing to world peace and globa understanding, said Mr. Mat thews. "The part that attracts me most, aside from the fact that students of this age will he training, working, studying and living together is that an Israeli will learn that an Arab is a good fellow. "You almost dream of when there will be a world misun- derstanding and the two peo- ple who are in the top position to do something about it are old school buddies." Only Italy, which reported 12'i i per' cent' of income going for wages to employees, fell >elow 5 per cent. National railways often stag- ger along for years losing money, long after a private railway would have been bank- rupt The main reason countries jut up with such losses is that rails are supreme in the rapid transit of people in the mass. In the last 16 years the world's subway systems grew to 60 from 10 and 20 other countries are talking about them. Japan moves 14 million rail and subway passengers in and out of Tokyo each day. Yet pri- vate Japanese railways, which carry only short had and com- muter traffic, lose money along with most commuter services in the world. Passenger fares In general are four cents a mile in West Germany, 32 cents in France and Switzerland, six cents in Britain, between two and five cents in Japan and three and five cents in Canada. Politics takes the profit out of .railroading by what Italians call "dry secondary lines carrying too few passen- gers but kept alive for political reasons. Despite all this, there's a bit of optimism for the future The New Tokaido Line in Japan runs the 320 miles be- tween Tokyo and Osaka with 130-mile-an-hour Bullets. During Expo '70 Japanese Na- onal ran as many as 213 such .rains a day, including 16-car ikari super-expresses carry- ng persons a trip. They ook only three hours and 10 linutes at an average speed of 03 miles an hour and carried persons a day. In LONG-LOST BROTHERS REUNITED The Johnson brothers were reunited in Los Angeles, 28 years after they were abandoned to carnival workers. Now they would like to find their sister and mother. The brothers were last together in 1943. George Dewey Johnson, left, who later became Robert Hart, was five years old. His brother, Frank Delano Johnson, was two years older and their sister, Marlene, was three. "Our mother aban- doned in Stockton southeast of San Francisco to a carnival, out of. Frank recalled. "Our father had died of tuberculosis two years earlier." I the New Tokaido Line had a-planes or automobiles. I the Talgos hi Spain, profit of million. Crack European trains ire uxi miny others. That experience prompts Jap- i creating their own romance i Freight offers fresh hopes for anese rail executives to say i Mistral between Paris! railway systems, too. that lines up to 350 miles be- tween major cities can show a and Nice; Rheingold from The: It provides two thirds of Hook in Holland to Switzerland France's rail income, about 60 profit. and Milan. Italy; six per cent in Switzerland and European tourists incrcas-. hours Rome to Milan: Russia's Japan ami 73 per cent in C? ingly use trains instead of i Red Arrow Express. Moscow to ada. The Lethbridge Herald THIS WEEK'S CHALLENGE! I am the youngest British Member of Parliament, representing a Protestant district in Northern Ireland. Who am I? HOW DO YOU RATE? 91 to 100 SCORE: 71 to 80 felnh Good. to fectlltnt. 41 (o 70 pointi. Ftir. 40 or FAMILY DISCUSSION QUESTION Should our government try to reduceforeignown- ership of Canadian industry? If so, PEOPLE AND PLACES QUIZ PART I NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL Give yourself 10 points for each correct answer. 1 The Apollo 14 astronauts landed safely In the Western (CHOOSE ONE: Atlantic, Pacific) liter completing their moon mission, 2 Commander Alan Shepard and his crewmate Edgar Mitchell spent more time on the surfape of the moon and brought back more samples than any previous lunar explorers. True or raise? 3 The prestigious British engineering firm of went into bankruptcy under the pressure of mounting financial difficulties. a-Vtckers n-Dunlop c-HollB Royce 4 Communist China said the invasion of Laos (CHOOSE ONE: was, was not) a. threat to Its own security, E Who is the federal Minister for Manpower? PART II-WORDS IN THE NEWS Take 4 points for each word that you can match with its correct meaning. l.....facUe 3.....candor 3.....terminate 4.....alien 6.....invective a-bring to an end b-honesty, openness In speech c-insultlng or abusivs language d-foreifrn, strange e-gllb, superficial PART III NAMES IN THE NEWS Take 6 points for names that you can correctly match with the clues. 1.....Men Blen Phu 3.....Plain of Jars 4.....DMZ E.....Tchepone a-regton In Laos b-village in Laos c-North Vietnamese Tillage d-region in Cambodlo e-dlvides North and South Viet Nam 2-22-71 VEC, Inc Save Thii Practice Examination' STUDENTS Valuable Reference Material For Exam. f 1 SMOKE SUE GOOD SELECTION OF WASHERS DRYERS COLOR TVs STEREOS REFRIGERATORS SEWING MACHINES RANGES LWT MISS! THE SAVINGS OF A UFiTlP! PRICES WERE NEVER LOWER APPLIANCE TV CENTRE ALL SALES CASH OR CONTRACT 319 7th Streets.-Phone 328-1673 ;