Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 23, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
Saturday, February 23, 1974 THE LETHBRIDQE HERALD 5 People of the south By Chris Stewart She loves to work for the love of it THE VOICE OF ONE -By Dr. Frank S. Morlev "Doesn't anyone work for love anymore for the sheer joy of doing it without any thought of This question crosses Molly Coupland's mind every time she's approached with "How much are you being paid? (As if nobody works for free" she "People actually believe I get paid for doing volunteer work just for being a friend as if there's a price on that! Isn't volunteering simply pitching in when a need arises, without being Working for love is Molly's life. She welcomed the new teachers at McNally school with a fresh flower bouquet from her garden, organized the campaign and along with v other volunteers collected for the Cancer Society and worked for the Red Cross and exhibition board, not as a paid public relations girl but simply because she wanted to. It's been the same with the 35 volunteer positions she has held during the past 50 years. She wouldn't have it any other, way. When Molly sees a need she "rolls up her sleeves and goes to work" without questioning the cost or possible remuneration. This was true in 1955 while regularly visiting elderly patients at the old Gait Hospital. Recognizing hospital volunteers were needed in various capacities she pushed for the formation of an auxiliary, was one of its first members and continued as a volunteer (filling the presidency in 196849) when the new Auxiliary hospital opened. Her volunteer positions have included the directorship of the Lethbridge Red Cross; executive member of the junior farm organiza- tion; Women's committee member of the Lethbridge exhibition board; vice president of the Farm Women of Alberta, member of the McNally Home and School Association and division superintendent for St. John Ambulance Nursing Division (for which she received the Queen's proficiency medal as a Serving Sister in 1958 in recognition of her 25 years with the She claims she started as a greenhorn, but after taking her first aid and home nursing exams eventually rose to the superintendency. She set up nursing booths at rodeos, fairs and public events, mended bruises and cuts and even sewed on buttons upon re- quest. She has served as secretary-treasurer for numerous organizations including District 14; the east Lethbridge School Fair (for eight years) and for four Mutual Telephone companies (disbanded since underground cable was installed) for which she received a small salary, as well as secretary for the White 4-H Grain club. She is a member of the McNally Women of Unifarm and the session of St. Andrew's Presbyterian church (she was the first president of the church's Women's Federation) is secretary-treasurer for both the Wilson-McNally Blue Cross and the region's Unifarm bonspiel (a position she has held for 22 years, despite the fact she doesn't "An experienced secretary- treasurer and you don't type or take 1 asked? "How do you do "Oh, I just muddle was her relaxed reply. "I take notes and write letters in long hand and do the best I can." Here was the key to her generous personality her willingness! It isn't any wonder people presume die is paid. Most people are reimbursed for far less. Active for 50 years in McNally farm organizations (including junior farm groups) she has worked tirelessly to see that farm women aren't short-changed. "Today's country woman knows more about life than her city counterpart knows about the farm" she says. "They make a point of keeping informed, have all the conveniences of the city girl, grow gardens to augment their food supply and plan ahead for tomorrow whereas some city girls live just for today and expect too much." Molly is amused to hear that her dedication to her parents has ruined her life (opportunities for marriage, that "I just haven't bad time for she scolds, "not that I haven't had chances, but somehow I was too involved to be She considers her opportunity to care for her parents (her father was deceased in 1947 and her mother in 1962) a joy rather than a hardship besides, she felt it her duty as the only daughter. The Couplands had come to Bow Island from Woodhead, Rochsoles, Scotland, in 1910 when father Coupland was appointed manager of the Southern Alberta Land Company. They moved to Lethbridge in 1912 and then to Crystal Lake when he was named manager of the Hornby Conybear farm. "Those were the good old she mused. "We created our own entertainment dances, programs and pie and box socials (with bidding high even in hard "We staged dances to the music of an old gramophone in Jack Ovard's barn in 40 below zero weather and raised enough from admission for a piano down payment to replace the old school organ. Sometimes we hired the Whittaker's orchestra for dances in the one-room Crystal Lake school or school teacher Jennie King and John Thorn played organ and violin duets. Desks, piLd with coats, were stacked to one side and we danced down the centre of the schoolroom." Principal Jim Davidson of the Lethbridge Central School was responsible for changing her name from Mary to Molly. One morning, while marking the register, he called out, "Molly Coupland" (rather than Mary) and Mary has been known as Molly ever since. Each morning she rode her horse, Jean, the seven miles from Crystal Lake to Central, tying her up at Bonnell's 4th Street livery stable. Her baking (she captured second place in the first Coaldale school fair) was equalled by her basketball prowess but her greatest schoolgirl thrill was shaking hands with the late Duke of Windsor when he visited Gait Gardens (she almost went wild when she discovered he shared the same birth When the Couplands hi 1930 left Crystal Lake for McNally, Molly took over the housekeeping (for her parents and eight brothers) tended the large garden and operated what she terms a weekly "Chinese" laundry, complete with scrub board and flat iron day was really she She threw herself into additional volunteer positions and cooked for fall threshing crews (as many as 14 to 26 men) on the McHatton farms at Coaldale and Judson and the CPR farm near the exhibition grounds. She baked Yorkshire pudding to please British appetites and introduced Englishmen to Johnny cake the year of the English harvest excursion. When they asked her about reports of waist-deep snow (so deep, they were told, it was necessary to tie ropes between buildings for guidelines through drifts) she tipped them off secretly that they were being bluffed, but not to let on. As an extra weekly bonus she cleaned their bunkhouse and won their confidence, as well as their hearts, through her friendship, jolly humor and good food. "There were no combines in those she recalls. "We depended entirely on the binder to cut the grain and tie it into bundles. Dozens of men stoked and forked the sheaves into bundle racks before forking them into the separator. When the kernels were hardened thrashing began." She slept in a corner cot in the horse-drawn cook car and began her day at a.m. by waking the men with a load rap on the bunkhouse door. Breakfast consisted of not cereal, a half dozen hot cakes per man (requiring three frying pans to prepare) bacon, ham, eggs, bashed browns and coffee. The mid- morning and mid-afternoon coffee break consisted of sandwiches, cookies and cake with dinner and sapper consisting of soup, meat, vegetables, potatoes, pie or podding. Her coal and wood stove heated the tiny kitchen to blast furnace temperatures but Molly liked the heat, "The hotter the she would say. Her cooler was a covered hole hi the ground, her sink a huge enamel basin and her water tap a buxom wooden barrel near the door. But Molly's chief interest has always been oldsters. she warns, "in a few years we may all be old and needing help." Nothing pleases her more than to see young people show kindness to the aged. Recently in chatting with an elderly bed-ridden patient she was delighted to learn she was visited regularly by some "sweet young girls." "We need more of she says. "Young people, generally, are-too far removed from senior citi- zens." She blames this on working parents, too busy to teach their children to consider the aged. To Molly considering oldsters is as natural as breathing. Molly stayed at home at McNally with her mother until her death when she retired to Lethbridge. She visits patients, flat on their backs for years, who can't converse with her don't even know her, in fact but she visits them anyway, not as part of her job, but because she wants to. She believes she brings sunshine to shut-ins and that's payment enough, according to her values. But her friends don't think so and showed it in 1971 the night 300 of them packed the McNally school for the Molly Coupland Appreciation Night (sponsored by the McNally FWUA in recognition of her volunteer They made speeches in her honor, clapped and cheered her and presented her with a suitcase bulging with dollar bills for her trip to the 13th triennial conference of the Associated Country Women of the World held in Oslo, Norway. She went off to the 10-day affair, not as a volunteer this time, but as one of 1200 world delegates. She may not have carried a lamp (as did Florence Nightingale a century earlier) but Molly1 has offered a helping hand for more than fifty years and her neighbors wanted to say thank you. Photo by Walter Kerber MOLLY COUPLAND Book reviews Archaeology for amateurs "Beginner's Guide to Archaeology: The Modern Digger's Step-by-Step introduction to the expert ways of unearthing the past" by Louis A. Brennan (Stackpole Books, 318 pages, distributed by Geroge J. McLeod In a day when pro- fessionalism is jealously guarded it is refreshing to discover a field in which the pros actually invite amateurs to work with them. I knew that amateurs dabbled in archaeology but I didn't realize they had the encouragement of professionals until I read this book. This author points out that there are not enough professional archaeologists and not enough money to support them to make it possible to get done what ought to be done. Therefore it is an advantage to have amateurs contribute what they can. The present book is designed to help the amateurs be of greater help to the professionals. I wouldn't be surprised if universities came to use it in the training of those aspiring to be professional archaeologists. One of the strong points made in the book is that everyone engaging in digging should keep careful records and make written reports. The author makes a related point that treasure hunters would have more valuable finds if they kept records and made reports. "By themselves, artifacts are mere trinkets and curiosities. It is the scientific information about them that gives them their sheen of value." As an alternative to converting pot hunters Brennan would encourage the counterfeiters because they satisfy the acquisitiveness of the collector without requiring site looting. Aside from a chapter on prehistoric man in the western hemisphere, the book is a genuine manual remarkable for its thoroughness and practicality. In the equipment recommended for the amateur archaeologist, for instance, is a styrofoam pad to kneel on to protect the joints against damp, cool earth. "Rheumatoid arthritis was one of'the commonest of afflictions among Indians and they got it from exposure in the very places in which you will be digging." says the author. Anyone who is fascinated by Indian artifacts will be delighted with the chapter on the classification of these objects, replete with illustrations. There is an enlightening discussion of Carbon-14 dating and of how dendrochronology brought about a revision of dating by this method. In this latter section there is information about the finding, in the 1960s, of bristlecone pine trees in the White Mountains on the southeastern California- Nevada border which are years old by ring count These have proved invaluable in checking the accuracy of the C-14 method. The book is about North American archaeology rather than archaeology in general but much of it would apply elsewhere if anyone had the opportunity to be involved in digging abroad. In that case, of course, odds would be that the archaeologist would be a professional and would have advanced beyond this manual. This is an impressive piece of work, sure to be widely appreciated and praised. DOUG WALKER Firs! War paper "Toe Wipers Times edited by Patrick Beaver (William Heineman, 376 CapL F. J. Roberts of the 12th Battalion Sherwood Foresters was inspired to become a publisher when he found a decrepit printing press at Ypres, Belgium in 1916. He assembled the press a few hundred yards from the front and went to work publishing a monthly newspaper for the 24th Division. Called The Wipers Times after the way the British soldiers pi onuunced Ypres, the publication either gleefully ignored the war or viewed events with tongue-in- cheek optimism. This volume contains reproductions of each issue of The Wipers Times and its successors, The New Church Times, The Kemmel Times, The Somme Times, tbe B E F Times and a hopefully- named Better Times. Literary excellence and accuracy never stood in toe way of a good story for The Wipers Times. Gleefully and heartily, tbe publishers and contributors of this front-line newspaper thumbed their noses at the enemy, the weather, officers and other things which tended to make life a little unpleasant. Anyone with a blow-by-blow knowledge of tbe First World War will be able to follow its progress through the oblique references to various occurences made in the Wipers Times. But the humor and pathos will be obvious to any reader. DAVID B. BLY The way to an early death The hills around Ottawa are white with the bleached bones of the reports of parliamentary commissions and committees. They are so badly written and unbelievably dull that it takes an heroic determination to wade through them. This is a pity since they deal with fascinating topics and contain invaluable information obtained at enormous expense to the Canadian taxpayer. Take, for example, the Report of the Commission of Inquiry into the Non-Medical Use of Drugs The report is crammed with information and is essential for a Canadian study. Teachers, clergymen, social workers, politicians, and the general public should carefully read and digest it That they almost certainly will not do. Yet section III, The Causes of Non-Medical Drug Use, is exceptionally interesting. It needs to be repreated many times that drug use is most frequently associated -with a sense of personal inadequacy, by alienation, and by boredom. Low self-esteem and anxiety have thousands of victims. Sociological or environmental factors, however, are far more important than psychological ones leading to the use of heroin. Also important are the early family influences which produce a vulnerable personality. There probably is' a drug- dependent or dependence-prone type of personality. The stress of modern life with its dehumanizing influences is a strong factor in drug use. The media and the armament of advertising keep up a continuous bombardment of propaganda persuading the public that pleasure is life's chief or only good Yet this hardly applies to Russia where vodka drinking, especially among the women, is frightening authorities Production has been lowered so badly that sale of alcohol is restricted to the hours between 11 a.m. and 7 p.m. on workdays. An army of speculators sell vodka out of hours for double the normal price. The Canadian Report concludes that the effects of the excessive use of alcohol are more harmful than those of any other form of non-medical drug use. "Alcohol is a major factor in a large proportion of traffic accidents, violent crimes, suicides, serious family disruptions, and numerous physiological and psychological disorders." An expert is a man who thinks differently and all experts disagree with one another on any conclusions. Does one class of society use amphetamines, another the hallusigens, or is there no class difference between multiple drug-users? Is criminal law an effective deterrent or not9 One thing sure is that it is a total social problem and a matter of overriding national concern. A woman recently called on me to deliver a book entitled "Go Ask Alice" by an anonymous 15 year old girl. I read it that afternoon and in the evening on a casual visit found it the subject of intense discussion. All the girls are reading it, encouraged by their teachers and parents It is a most remarkable book of extraordinary impact, not a pretty book but realistic, a factual description of what is happening to some of the loveliest girls in your city Read it It will have 10 times the effect of any government report. It begins with the sentence, "Yesterday I remember thinking I was the happiest person in the whole earth, in the whole galaxy, in all of God's and then it tells of the drift into the use of drugs. Almost accidentally it happened Her father was Dean of Political Science at a university Her mother was eager to see her advancing socially. If she could only have seen what the friends were really like1 Desperately Alice struggled against addiction. Drugs had become too strong for her Her whole life crumbled in a sordid wreckage of sex and drug abuse A rebellion against a former friend brought the most vicious student persecution She lived in an agony of fear lest her misdeeds be discovered. She also fears (how pitiful it is') that she'll one day be old without ever having really been young. In one sense this is a horror story, a very intimate story of child destruction and it will shock the everlasting daylights out of you I hope. But it is a true story of your society. It should send you back to the government report and to other reports studying what is rotten in your society Nothing except a profound spiritual revolution is going to rid society of this cursed cancer and give people like Alice a chance for the beautiful life The University of Lethbridge APERTURE .Vim Political economy of power plant Dr. Sam Kounosu joined the U of L faculty in July 1967. He obtained Us BEd in physics from Fukttshima University in 1953, his MSc and PhD in physics from the University of Pennsylvania in 1961 and 1965 respectively. Prior to coming to the U of L, Dr. Kounosu was a physics research associate at Princeton. He has been a close follower of the Lethbridge power plant issue and has written a brief on the subject. The problems concerning the Lethbridge city power plant challenge the intelligence of the community, and test how a democratic community responds to one of its future needs. As such, the power plant issue is a "political" problem in the genuine sense of the word. Citizens of the city are responsible for, and going to pay for, the outcome even by default. From a wider perspective, community involvement in the controversy is a significant event. Since the pollution and energy crises, people have attained some new level of awareness that life is a shared affair in which everybody participates and that the world's resources must somehow be managed with a collective intelligence. The power plant problem is a difficult one: it involves the economy of a public utility and it is complicated further by a contest with a privately owned corporation: Calgary Power Ltd. To begin with, it is hard to evaluate "cost" and "benefits" of public enterprises in terms of dollars and cents. It is like evaluating the work of a housewife, even if she is paid in cash by the household. Technically, it is not impossible to cite a figure for one can define "cost" "benefit" in a number of arbitrary ways but whether such analyses lead to a good family life (or community life) is a different matter. Perhaps the city might take a look at the cash flow in and out of the city with respect to the power plant economy. Salaries for workers and administrators of the power system in the city and. as such, are not "costs" to the city as a community. This approach might seem strange to the average person, but is an accepted method of analysis in economics. I cite this example to show that, even in "dollars and cents" terms, the problem is not simple. Another difficulty is that, unlike usual consumer goods, electric energy is sold through monopolized markets; thus public controls of the power generation and distribution are practiced widely Most of the provinces in Canada operate power plants of their own Alberta is rather exceptional. And Calgary Power Ltd. is the largest privately-owned utility company in Canada. Perhaps, it will be only a matter of time before the Alberta government buys Calgary Power But in the meantime, we must have trading between the city of Lethbridge and Calgary Power. If the city did not own the power plant, it could do very little except to fight about rates through the public utility board. But. because the city has a plant with a capacity to provide half of Lethbridge's peak demand, it can optimize power purchased, within what little freedom of choice there exists in its operational parameters. It is misleading to compare the 7.3 of generating cost and 7.15 of purchased power cost in the city's report, and conclude that the generation is costly. The city has taken advantage of its power plant to lower the price of the purchased power. The two aspects illustrated above are perhaps minor ones. There can and will be more difficulties associated with the power plant issue. For instance, the city's attitude towards informing citizens and co-ordinating community thinking is already visible in remarks such as "three-ring circus." University students and academics learn a great deal from the real life within the community by participating in the "politics" of the city. We are entering the age of sharing, leaving the age of competition. It is hoped the university can offer meaningful contributions towards developing the quality of the community's life So ends the By Don Oakley, NEA service Soviet Defence Minister Andrei Grechko has called for increased military spending by tbe Kremlin. "As a whole, tbe conditions of tbe international situation demand that the Soviet people preserve high, vigilance and tirelessly strengthen tbe defence capacity of tbe Soviet be said in a speech tbe other day which was probably directed as much for Western consumption as for Russian. Throughout history, men have always armed themselves for defence, never for offense. Even Hitler launched World War H in "defence" of Germany's national interests. Ditto for Japan. "Peace is our profession" is tbe motto of tbe Strategic Air Command. The funny thing is that if tbe nations of tbe world really needed armies and bombers and missiles just for defence, then no nation would need any armies or bombers or missiles at all. The trouble is that what is legitimate "defence" to one country is threatening "offense" in tbe eyes of its distrustful neighbor. That has been tbe problem of tbe ages, tbe solution to which continues to etude the peacemakers even as tbe weapons of "defence" become more and more truly offensive to mankind.