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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 23, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 - THE LETHBRtDGE HERALD - Friday, February 23, 1973 Monetary agreement needed The dollar is not convertible to gold, and has not been for a long, long time. Nor is any other currency that is of any consequence on world markets. Accordingly, there is no currency that is universally accepted as the standard monetary unit. For the dollar, and for those people who must trade in its terms, this is probably a good thing. There are distinct risks in being users of the currency that serves as the universal reserve asset, as has been made painfully clear in the past few weeks. In the absence of gold, the dollar or anything physical or countable, the world's money markets have operated on the basis of carefully worked out international monetary agreements, which establish the values of different currencies in relation to each other. The latest of such agreements, which was arrived at in De- cember, 1971 and known as the Smithsonian Agreement, is now a thing of the past. At present, most currencies are free to find their own levels on world markets, a situation that cannot be permitted to last too long. It is dangerous to the whole structure of world trade, and perhaps to world peace, as well. When no agreement exists, nations are free to set their own currency values, at least within certain limits. In the present state of world commerce and politics, that is an open invitation to competitive devaluation, exchange controls, new trade barriers, and all the paraphernalia of protectionism. The world knows, from bitter experience, how damaging that can be, economically, politically and socially. Action needed now With reports of pussywillows in bloom already in Lethbridge thoughts of summer are not far away. Thinking of summer one naturally envisages long summer days spent in the great out-of-doors. But to southern Albertans such opportunities might be at a premium unless steps are taken now to expand existing facilities as well as add new ones. MLA Leighton Buckwell has expressed his concern about crowded campsites in the southern section of the province. Congestion at both Park and Keho lakes are of prime concern to Buckwell as are the crowded conditions in the Waterton townsite. Some of the crowding results from the fact Calgary residents, in increasing numbers, are taking advantage of southern parks, he said. Mr. Buckwell finds it disturbing that persons wishing to get away from the congestion of the city should have to face crowded campgrounds as well. With the unlimited camping possibilities offered in southern Alberta, he feels a long hard look at the camping potential is imperative with a view to creating sprawling park areas. He feels it is foolish to plan for large remote parks when a family can find equal relaxation at smaller parks close at hand. He also feels few individuals are prepared for the ardous hike into remote areas, preferring rather to visit parks easily accessible by automobile. Keho Lake park, near Nobleford is a municipal park with monies for its maintenance contributed by the county of Lethbridge, Picture Butte Nobleford and Barons. This park offers a lot of untapped potential and could be enlarged considerably if more funds were available. Park Lake, which has been terribly congested in recent years, is maintained by the provincial government, as are Little Bow, Police, Chain and Beau-vais lake provincial parks. The Fort Macleod MLA feels provincial aid in developing city parks would perhaps result in the most benefit to city dwellers as is currently being suggested in both Calgary and Edmonton and which he feels is highly feasible for the river frontage in Lethbridge. City parks, in natural settings, provide the city dweller with that touch of freshness offered by remote areas. With so many working families restricted to one or a half day a week in which to enjoy the great outdoors, it might be more relaxing for the entire family if a picnic could be enjoyed close to home. The casserole In case anyone is interested, Sweden Is now the most TV-owning nation. The Swedes own 401 TV sets for every 1,000 Inhabitants; the U.S. is still below 400. Perhaps it has something to do with the'long winter nights. whenever there is talk of an energy crisis, people tend to wonder what happened to Chat glorious promise of the nuclear age, the unlimited power supply that was to come from nuclear generating plants. It turned out to be a bit more complex than was thought. As an illustration, there is a special kind of piping that is required as covering for nuclear fuel elements in one type of reactor. Thousands of feet of this piping is necessary, and is being produced by a special process in Germany. It is so delicately and precisely made that it can be handled only with special gloves, as the moisture of a bare human hand might damage it irreparably. considerable interest because of two important characteristics: it is considerably less costly to build, and it will markedly reduce pollution. In an irrational world, reducing military costs has a kind of rationality. But linking nuclear bombing with curbing pollution can only be interpreted as an indication of how far the world has moved along the road to lunacy. One of Canada's chartered banks has started a new line of ads, depicting various little bits of Canadiana - one sample is a caricature of a banker arriving in the downtown area of a city via dogteam- and featuring the slogan "We deliver Canada." Certainly the ads are attractive. One would have preferred, however, not to have seen the first one, and particularly that slogan, in a U.S. newspaper. Since the National Traffic and Motor Safety Act came into effect in the U.S. in September 1966, more than 36 million automobiles have been recalled by their manufacturers because of some defect or other. That doesn't mean that all 36 million cars necessarily had something wrong with them. To illustrate, one recall occurred when it was discovered that a supplier had shippsd a batch of 2500 defective axles; to find and replace these it was necessary to check 350,000 cars, any one of which might have got one of the bad axles. Still and all, recalling cars on this scale is a massive and expensive proposition, and no one needs to ask who pays for it. For the youngster who has always done his homework to the accompaniment of rock music from the radio, and also for his long-suffering parents, the Fuji Riko Company of Tokyo has some good news. It has produced a ball point pen with a battery-powered transistor radio built in. It . will sell for about five dollars. Such a gadget should stop a lot of hassling. Even the most peculiar parent can hardly claim you don't need a pen of some sort to do your homework. And it comes with an earplug but no speaker, which should bring blessed relief to all. According to various journals, developmental work is continuing in the U.S. on three new and better kinds of nuclear bombs, (Or perhaps that shoud be "device.") One of the new types is exciting In commenting - somewhat sourly - on a B.C. government proposal that there be a majority of Canadians on the boards of directors of B.C. companies, the president of a major forest products firm declared that "directors should be sought for their qualifications instead of where they were born," exactly the same position taken by Canadian universities with respect to the hiring of staff. On the surface that seems reasonable enough. But it is worth noting that in many occupations that are considered important to the country, such as the armed forces, service in federal, provincial or civic governments, and most elective offices, Canadian citizenship is required. Could it be that it isn't all that important who runs industry or the universities? Another fond illusion has been shattered. Those who are beguiled by pleasant dreams of being able to print money will be saddened by a recent report, gleaned from the Wall Street Journal, that in 1972 the U.S. Banknote Company, which prints all U.S. currency, sustained an operating loss of $195,000. That make-shift bird feeder the red shafted flinker discovered a while back must serve a reasonably tasty brand of flicker-fare, and the word has got around. Regu-lar visitors now include a yellow shafted cousin, and an interesting hybrid with most of the red shafted version's characteristics, but no scarlet patches, either on cheek or behind his head. 'Pipe down, buddy - and stay In line." Yukon Indians want a hand in North's future By Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator OTTAWA: Wherever the Tru-deau government looks in this difficult session, it sees Indian troubles. There has been a struggle on two fronts. In the House of Commons Jean Chretien fended off opposition attacks based on the proposition that the government has abdicated its constitutional responsibilities by adopting the role of observer at the James Bay hearings. Outside the chamber the prime minister, assisted by Mr. Chretien, sought to conciliate the Yukon Native Brotherh o o d and appeared, in the process, to move a long way towards acceptance of their policy approach. The Yukon Indians, avoiding the courts, are seeking a direct political settlement. Like the Nishgas, they have no treaty. Although Treaty No. 11 extends theoretically to a corner of the Territory, it has now been established by Mr. Chretien's department that earlier governments, with characteristic negligence, failed to secure the adhesions of bands in that area. In contrast to the Nishgas, who still largely possess their tribal territory, the Yukon Indians have watched the progressive alienation of their lands. This process has greatly accelerated as the petroleum and mineral companies have rushed to take up claims. The pace of recent development has Letter Defends Hutterites I read in The Herald where the businessmen, etc., of Vulcan are staging a motorcade to Edmonton to appeal to Parliament to freeze the sale of land in Alberta. This is really aimed at Hutterites but it does mention corporations from the U.S. and slight mention is made of corporations in Can. ada. My first question is, if Hutterites are forced off the land and their young people (they still have large families) seek jobs in industry and commerce would this be any better? I have made a survey of my community and found that 90 per cent of the families of 50 years ago do not have a son who has stayed with the farm. When these old folks cease to farm who is going to buy and farm this land and produce the food stuff? I have not seen one city family buy a farm in this area and start farming as a means of livelihood in the last 30 years. I am dead against the corporation farm. Many farmers of this area have set up corporations, once, twice, or three times for the purpose of-evading income tax and keeping the income tax divided into the low rate corporate bracket rather than the high rate of single personal income tax. ' Why should the purchasing power of Hutterites be taken out of the market to buy my farm when I get ready to retire? Then I will be at the mercy of greedy self-interest corporations to steal my farm at their own price. Everyone accuses the Hutter. ites of being so rich they can out-buy anyone else. Well around their colonies I don't see snowmobiles, skis, motor boats, campers, trailers, or hundreds of dollars of fishing and hunting equipment. I submit that it is the cost of pleasure and not the cost of living that is bankrupting the average Canadian. I ran a survey in my area and found that 90 per cent of the farm families own much more land than a Hutterite colony does per family. Further I doubt if the Hutterites can borrow money for long periods at low interest from the Farm Credit Corporation as can other farmers. Vulcan mentioned the Hutterites destroy small communities by buying from large centres. I hear the same in my area, but this is not altogether true. I note that people have ceased to do business in the small communities, too. I say good roads, motor cars, and the wanderlust has contributed to this condi. tion. Note the number of Albertans who spend the winter in Arizona, Florida, California, Vancouver, the Bahamas or Hawaii compared with 50 years ago. I don't see Hutterites taking any such money abroad. Another cause of the breakdown of rural communities is the large corporation. In my hometown as a young man there used to be three or four farm machinery agencies and repair shops and two or three garages, car and truck agencies. The large companies have closed out all these agencies and I now have to go to Lethbridge. I do believe all separata schools will have to go or they will bankrupt Canada. But, I do not believe the act allowing separate schools was created for Hutterites; they are only taking advantage of it. If we, of various religious views, cannot rub shoulders in a common school what hope is there of the various cultures of the world establishing world peace? Personally, I cannot see, with the Alberta and Canadian Bill of Rights, how the Hutterites can be forbidden to buy land. Is the Bill of Rights to be treat, en as lightly as Hitler viewed international agreements . . . "Only a scrap of paper?" created a sense of urgency among the people while the American settlements in neighboring Alaska have at the same time greatly influenced their thinking on goals to be sought. The presentation to the government is a moving appeal, eloquent in its very simplicity. It is not a legal argument; it does not even mention "aboriginal rights," an expression still in ministerial disfavor. But this plainly is its basis. The people have been disinherited; in place of economic independence, they now have welfare hand-outs. They have been constantly assured that development is to their advantage but, in their experience, once initial construction is over, the jobs are for whites only. The Yukon Indians are emphatic that: "We want to take part in the development of the Yukon and Canada, not stop it." But they seek a settlement in finality which will enable them to participate as partners, using the resulting resources to plan their own future. To that end, they urge the government now to establish a negotiating committee to work out the details of a settlement with them. Mr. Trudeau, although speaking in general terms as he was bound to do, was very respon-sive. He welcomed the emphasis on tomorrow and praised the approach which he termed "very constructive" and "very welcome to the government." He was impressed by the emphasis on solutions suggested by the Indians themselves and the view that self - development will be assisted if the Indians control their own lands and bank accounts, instead of being subject to an Indian department. He promised an "extremely serious" examination of the brief, not limited by preconceived ideas or the policy paper of 1969. He said that problems, which have been with us for 100 years or more, are now "coming to a head." On principle, he suggested, there is "not a great distance between us." Finally, he agreed to the establishment of a nego-tiating committee, although reserving Ms opinion as to its proper composition. they do not have It now. But they are not in the position of the prairie tribes. The historic treaties, in their view, were attempts to change the Indian from hunter to farmer. They do not propose to farm rocks in the Yukon but they do observe that the development of other resources has made it the richest area in the country at the moment (although 90 per cent of their people live below the poverty line). Since land is of little use without the resources to develop it, they are also seeking a cash settlement; to take account also of past grievances. This would include a continuing flow of funds from hunting revenues, royalty payments, royalties on forest production and a share in proceeds from oil, gas and mineral production. They have fairly detailed plans for the various programs (training, research, development, relocation, municipal) to which these settlement funds would be dedicated over the first ten years. . What is in prospect, there- fore, is a far more meaningful negotiation than anything ever known before in the dealings of the government of Canada with native peoples. It is an illusion to suppose that there can ever be a meeting of equals when one party is sovereign. If the Yukon Indians succeed, however, they will not be at all like the chiefs and band members who in former times set their marks on pieces of paper, the meaning of which they only dimly understood. Their position will be relatively strong, partly because of the planning efforts they have made themselves, partly because of the support they have found in general public opinion, and partly because the Alaskan settlements were bound to have important implications for the n*> Mve peoples in Canada. Something else favors them. There are no provincial complications north of 60 (as there are, for example, in British Col* umbia and at James Bay). The federal government has com* plete jurisdiction over the land and resources and is, therefore, in a position to deal. Stirling FERRIES B. ZAUGG It appears from all this mat the government is moving to a new position. If the prime minister is agreeable to a negotiation, he now must be persuaded that there is something to negotiate. While he has not yet given detailed study to the document, he has certainly been briefed generally on its contents; indeed, he commented favorably on a particular as. pect of it, the definition of an Indian as proposed by the brotherhood. There can, therefore, be little doubt that he was aware of at least the central points proposed for negotiation. As the Indians plainly state in their paper: "The cornerstone of the settlement is land." If they are to develop the land themselves, as the government feels they should, there is an obvious prerequisite; they must have the land to develop and HI "Parties in the cify arc so urbane! In the suburbs peopfo talk about nothing hut diets. Here, they talk about diets AND their own personal safetyl" The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally NewsptMT Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and PubllslW THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS, K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH* ;