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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 23, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Wedn.iday, February 23, 1972 THE LETHBDIDCE HERALD 19 Cost of keeping 'longest undefended border' safe comes high WASHINGTON (CP) Speech-makers arc prone to call il "lire longest unde- fended border in Ilic hut Uiey haven't tin1 jol) of keeping il safe. Canada and the Unilcd Slates spend some a year to be sure they know where this frontier is thai doesn't need dofendiiiu-iind to protect il from vandalism, greed and nature. Hunters take pot-shots at the boundary markers. Devel- opers nudge Ihcir housing tracts onto lire line. Welling snows, fast-growing forests and wandering rivers or conceal the surveyor's work. Whatever hapjicns out along [he mills of toiler, however, I he real position of almost every foot of Ihe boundary is on record here and in Ottawa, nnnled on -255 finely-detailed maps and bound into volumes Ilic size and v.-eit'lil of toffee tallies. The only border lines not on the maps are in coastal wa- ters. Canada has proclaimed a 12-mile territorial limit at sea, and no agreement has ycl been reached with the U.S. about e x t e n (I i n g the present boundaries pasl Ihcir agreed three miles. Treaties governing the sepn- ralion between Canadian anrl American territory were first, signed in soon after the War of Independence. Uul it wasn't until l'J2f> Ihat the present line WLS finally estab- lished from the St. Croix River in Uie east to the Slrail of Juan dc Fiica in the west and then up the Alaska coast from Dixon ICntranrc lo the Ucauforl Sua. U.NDEII YKAIILV SUHVKY Responsibility Tor keeping the frontier in shape rests with the International Bound- ary Commission, willi offices in both capitals and funds from bolh governments. The commission sends oul working parties every year to survey the line, restore its 8.100 "monuments, buoys and range points, clear off en- eroaching trees and shoo away builders. Soinc of the fascination and frustration of the commis- sion's work came oul during a visit In its Washington office and talks wilh its chief U.S. engineer, Francis X Popper. a scmly-haircd goodesisl who likes to lead survey parties over mountain and field in pursuit of a perfect boundary. The boundary itself, Popper explained, is long and so tliversilied thai Ihe problems of maintaining it can seem endless. Some parts go Ihrough sct- and are crossed every day by hundreds of peo- ple as a mailer of routine. In Ihe Iwin lowns of Rock Island, ljuc., and Derby Line, VI., as just one example, a huge lool-and-dye factory is planted Automatic vegetable fan FOR THE tOVE OF CANADA Olio R. Edelmann, a Czech orlisl who fled from Ihe Russian invaders of his country 3''i years ago, is thanking his new Canadian homeland through poslers entered in an international com- petition in Warsaw. The Toronlo artist's works will be on display by invilalion with those of such distinguished art- ists as Salvador Dali and Canada's Jean-Paul Riopelle. Farm payments plan on the way Bennett dam damage case adjourned EDMONTON (CP) An ap- peal against a decision allow- ing a damage action against Brilisli Columbia Hydro and Power Aulhorily lias been ad- journed May 1. The town of Peace River, Alia., is suing the authority for damages il claims were caused by construction of Ihe W. A. C. Bcnnell Dam on Ihe Peace River in northeastern B.C. B.C. Hydro lias asked the ap- peal division of the Allrerta Su- preme Court to sol aside an or- der by Mr. Justice W. R. Sin- ckir last December allowing the case to proceed in Alberta j courts Mr. Justice Sinclair accepted i an argument by C. A. Camp. i bell, counsel lor the town, that the case must be Iward in Al- bcrta since land in Alberta had allegedly been affected by con- stniction of the dam. offsets farmer TOKYO (Hauler) A fully automatic vegetable farm, where crops are grown wilhoul human labor, is planned in Japan lo counteract a declining number of farmers. The first automated vegetable factory will begin production shortly near Koho, in western Japan. The only human opera- tion will be the decision as to which vegetables lo grow. Five similar factories, sup- ported by flic agriculture and forestry ministry, will be built near large consumer cities dur- ing the next Iwo years. The pilot project involves 13 air-conditioned cultivation houses over an eight-acre site. Basically, it is the old fash- ioned greenhouse on a large scale. But automatic machinery will take over from humans in fumigating the soil, spraying water and insecticides, fertiliz- ing, harvesting and packaging of the products. Officials said the automatic factory would ensure a stable flow of vegetables lo the cities, cost less in labor asid ensure stabilized prices throughout the year. PATIT OF REFORMS Tomatoes and cucumbers will be the mainstays of the first factory, which will produce 500 tons of vegetables annually. Among the buildings will be a separate structure for the pro- duction of seedlings. Ministry officials said the plan for automated vegetable factories was decided on as a part of wide-ranging agricul- tural reforms. shortage Japan was once a predomi- nantly farming country, but the farming population is rapidly declining and now represents only 15 per cent of the labor force. Officials said they believed Ihe project would help stop in- creasing prices Lhat have con- tributed a continuous rise in the cost of living. Attempting lo stabilize prices. Japan now imports many vegc- lables, including onions from Taiwan and greens from China. Last year farmers near Tokyo destroyed hundreds of tons of vegetables as a bumper crop transport alion costs higher lhan prices. right on the line and official monument No. 553 is inside tbe factory. Elsewhere, the border runs through farmers' fields and across plains, and Ihe bound- ary commission has lo keep crops and orchards from Uik- ing over. Others pass Ihrough public f o r e s I s and parks rangers sometimes re- sent keeping Ihe boundary area cleared. TAKES RHITK B.C. drops lax 011 paiii killers VICTORIA (CPi The Brit- ish Columbia government is re- moving tbe five-per-cent sales tax from all drugs and pain killers taken internally or ap- plied externally. Agnes Kripps, Social Credil member of the legislature for Vane o u v e r South, said here. Mrs. Kripps, whose family operates a drugstore in Van- couver, said the tax is being re- moved, effective immediately, from such drugs as aspirin, 22s and cough syrups, and from ointments and linimenls applied externally to alleviate pain. In the pasl, only prescription drugs were exempt from the provincial sales lax. In the west, il plunges up and down the mountains, run- ning across constantly-shifting glaciers or along Ilic edges of precipices where permanent markers would be impractica- ble. Along parts of tbe Alaska Panhandle, where impenetra- ble' foresls and mountains cre- :iU' a no-man's land, the liaundnry may be known only lo Ihe map-makers for stretches of up to CO miles, be- cause its markers are nearly invisible among the Irees and rocks. And up on Ihe Arctic Coast. where the officially-defined border stops at the high-tide mark and the ocean boundary remains lo be agreed upon, some anonymous hunler wilh some long-ago mischievous urge has fired builds into Ihe monument that stands sentinel on Ihe treeless, deso- late shore. In the best of all possible frontier worlds, every inch ol Ihe b o u n d a r y would be cleared for 10 feel on either sifl'1 to provide Ihe 20-foot "vista" which is the official border strip described by treaty. In pniclicc, Popper says, only miles of vista has been cleared. But since of border also runs at ro.-.s waler and many more miles across open fields. Hie amount of border vista is sub- stantially larger. OI'T I1Y INCHES There are triangula- tion stations along tbe Iwrder lo mark lumine points. The shortest distance between turns is 2-Ti inches, at a spot between Maine and Quelwc. The longest is Ml miles slrcldi from Ihe Arctic down lo Mount Elias be f n e en Alaska and the Yukon, highest point on the border. That part of the border fol- lows the Hist meridian, which runs arrow-straight. The thousands of miles along ;be '19th parallel, on the other hand, make up a bast curve from Lake of the Woods lo Ibc Pacific. And il coulrl j well be termed the "so-called 4Dlh." il seems. Since a curving border would require an infinite num- j of surveyed border points, the 1925 treaty has defined the western boundaiT running i in straight lines between cx- isling monuments along the 49lh parallel. Thus, parts of the border arc several inches away from the curve of Lhe j I'M. The horrler is fixed on its current path In international agreement. Since it took nearly 150 years ol disputes, surveys, arbitration and trcat- ics lo B'-rivc al the present boundary, no one sf-ems in a rush to have it altered. C. HURKENS CONSTRUCTION GUARANTEED WORK CITY AND COUNTRY free Estimates Phone 328-6568 OTTAWA (CP) A "very early" announcement "ill be make on the formula in mak- ing payments to farmers under the two price system for the Commons was lold today. Olio Lang, minister responsi- ble for the Canadian wheat board, told questioning opposi- tion MPs he is considering suggestions from IN; three Prairie agriculture ministers and farm organizations on how the money should be distri- buted to avoid encouraging distortions of production pat- terns. He said timing of Ihe pny- {ments had not yel been de- j cided. John Diefenbaker (PC Prince Allwita i had asked whether the subsidy payment would be made lo all cereal grain growers, not JUF! wheat fanners, so that UIOSK who stopped growing wheat under government encouragement in 1970 would get part of the money. Mr. Dicfcnbaker also asked wholher I lie Prairie agri- culture ministers hnd recom- mended such distribution, but j Mr. Lang replied that his dis- 1 cnpsions wilh them were con- i fideiUial. IMarlyii named lo post Boyle's Column CALGARY (CP) Frank Marly n of Edinonlon has been appointed to co-ordinate re- search on urbanization by Al- her la's Progressive Conserva- tive government. Mr. Marly n is to report rii- reclly lo Municipal Affairs Minister Dave Russell. Mr. Russell said the govern- ment is scrapping sonic of Lhe experimenlnt research tech- niques Lhat were left over from (lie Social Credit administra- i tion to introduce "specifically I oriented research work" rie- signed to produce more direct action. ANNIVERSARY SPECIALS at B E HARDWARE 48-PIECE DINNER SET by Johnson Brolhers. Iron 29.95 9 OZ- DECORATED BARRELL WATER TUMBLER in assorted colors. L 1 NOW ONLY for TOAsress AUTOMATIC ELECTRIC 11" FRYING PAN Fully immersible, 2 year worranly. I C QT NOW ON1Y IJ.7J One Table Of Items At PRICE B E HARDWARE 416 13 SI North Phone 328-3541 FREE PARKING FREE DELIVERY OPEN TILL 9 P.M. THURSDAY AND FRIDAY COME SEE WHAT'S FOR SPRING 72 AT SILK See our selection of New Spring Fashion Fabrics such as Seersuckers plaid taffetas super acrylic prints many others. Compare Ihe prices, and you'll be pleasantly surprised on how much you will save on all your Spring clothes. STRIPE and PLAID SEERSUCKERS of polyester and cotton a much sought-afler fabric for new spring dresses and surls ihis season. About 45" wide. Yd- PLAID TAFFETAS Clircmespun taffeta in two lone or in colorful chroma Me colors, lovely for long skirts for bridal gowns. Aboul 50" wide. nd 4'50 PRINTED SHEERS AND GEORGETTES For Bridesmaids' dresses and Spring -formali. 1 ,69 Aboul AS" wide. Priced from yd. I FLOCKED DOTS AND FLORALS For Bridal parlies. A good range Of Colors. Write in For samples if you an .j unable to shop in person. We'll bi j delighted to mail them to you. SiikoLina 320 7th ST. S. LETHBRIDGE, ALTA. Use your CHARGEX Dy HAL BOYLK NEW YORK (AP) Things a columnist might never know if he didn't open his mail: Do leg cramps disturb your nightly sleep? Three Califor- nia doctors have found larpc doses of Vitamin E helpful in treating them. The youngest person lo earn a million dollars in our time was the child film aelross, Shirley Temple, nov. Mrs. Charles Black. By her 10th birthday the little dancer ond sinper had amumilalod more than 51 million. The eyes are supposed lo be the mirror of the soul. They also rctk'd it host of body ills. Among Ilic diseases Ibal may leave telltale sipis in the eyes nrc those affecting Ihe diges- tive system, kidneys, circula- tory system, nervous .system, the nose and Ihroat, endocrine plands and I he metabolism it- self. TO INCH Tccnsy-ueensy: Everyone knows thai n virus is small, but few know how really small. Well, this will give you an idea. One ordinary cell of your body can hold GO million it i.ikes about 2.000 of your body fells put side by side lo reach one inch. to dawn: Many peo- ple as they gel older complain thai the years seem shorter but the days arc gelling longer. Tbe days are probably gelling longer- but not at a rale Ihe average man would notice. Scientists estimate Ihe days nrc polling one second longer rvrvy 1M.QOO yonrs. Know your language: What is a boudoir? Today it is an intimate room where n Inriy can be Alouo or entertain her close friends or lovers. But in the Middle Ages il WHS a room where a girl was exiled when she had the sulks. Bnu- doir comes from Ilic French verb bouder. which means "to poul." Worth remembering. "The most impressive evidence of human tolerance is a golden wedding anniversary." Musk ox to be sen I lo M oscou CALGAKY The CV nadian Hereford Association j has offered lo include in j ncxl shipment to the U.S.S.H. n j f young musk ox Ihat was prc- sen led to Premier Alexoi Ko-; The animal was given lo Ihe Soviet leader when bo visiled Ihe Alberta Game Farm lost fal' bill aiTangemenl.s lo have it delivered have never completed. The usswialion snul H biis discussed its offer with Ihe Rus- sian Irade office and was lold Ihe U.vS.S.R. government may want to purchase more musk oxon for inclusion in Ilic ship- inoiil. Th e Hereford association, which has sold breeding slock i to (lie Soviet Union UirouRh t.hp Alherla Hereford Import Co., said if there are no complica- tions the animals could ship- ped bcforfl Ibo cud of summer. Wildly versatile! Serve them any time you like, any way you like over ice, hot 'n spiced, with mixers, in punches, or light from the bottle. Cap's Old Mountain Jack Wines two wild B.C. fruit flavours. Try them soon, by ;