Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 23, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 TKI LEIHSWOGE Tuesday, Ftbruory ZJ, In good company Lethbridge, under strict orders from higher governments to cease polluting her river and being faced with heavy costs to build the re- quired secondary sewage treatment plant, is in good company. Great Falls, under the same pres- sure, must build a million plant, or rather improve and extend its present facilities. Two federal grants have been an- nounced. The first, unconditional, was for half a million. Then there is another federal fund for such pur- poses, offering about a third of the total cost if there is no state grant, and going up to 55 per cent if the state makes a 25 per cent grant. The Montana legislature is now debating whether to make that matching grant So depending on what the state does, the people of Great Falls will pay between 20 and 70 per cent of the total cost. Spokane, a much larger city than Lethbridge or Great Falls, has been ordered to clean up the Spokane River by way of a secondary treat- ment plant and by way of separat- ing its storm sewer system from the sanitary sewers. The cost will be "tens of millions of dollars." It will be financed either by issuing debentures or by increas- ing sewer rates. That statement leaves many unanswered questions but it is all that has been announced pending further City Council study. (Apparently the Spokane City Council sometimes likes to leave its people in the dark too.) Swinging to the right In Polish, Hungarian or Czechoslo- vakian terms a "swing to the right" indicates a return to the more re- pressive forms of communist rule. The attempt to "swing to the right" in all these countries the demon- strations, the street battles and the rest has occurred through at- tempts to liberalize the social and economic climate, to prevail upon the leaders to allow more freedom of speech, of enterprise and contact with the world beyond their borders. None of these Eastern Communist nations has suffered more from re- pression than Czechoslovakia a repression made eyen more insuffer- able because only a few short years ago, the Czechoslovakians tasted the heady wine of freedom, only to have it snatched from their lips by ruth- less Soviet hands. No one knows how much news of the abortive December 1970 Polish uprisings has reached the Czech people. The Czech press is ruthless- ly controlled, the news slanted and censored. Keports reaching the West say that the man-in-the-street in Czechoslovakia seldom bothers to. read what remaining newspapers have to say any more. These reports indicate however, that the purge of those connected with the 1968 Czech uprisings, may not be completed; that there is a movement afoot in government circles to force Mr. Husak to publish the names of those connected with the Dubcek reform movement. Mr. Husak has resisted this be- cause he feels it would lead to public trials for those who have simply had their policies condemned. He prefers to struggle against the "right" with strictly political means which in- cludes firing suspected sympathizers from their jobs and replacing them, when possible with the ideologically faithful. But should the Polish gov- ernment put its dissidents on trial, Husak's "conservative" opposition would point out that the danger of a "right-wing" counter-coup in Czecho- slovakia still exits. The misfortunes of Poland are thus inextricably tied up with those of Czechoslovakia and the barriers on the road to freedom for both countries, becomes more im- penetrable than ever. Fun at the flab lab By Margaret LucMmrst T ETHBRIDGE now has two "reducing clinics" for women which a few cy- nics refer to as "fat farms." I must point out that this label is completely inaccurate and erroneous for the only thing that fat women and farmers have in common is that in their present state both are not particularly happy with their lot. _ T1i e farmer however, is not to blame for his mis- fortunes while a plump chick can only know, (even though she claims she eats like a bird) that the seat of her troubles is in her stomach, so to speak. Last week, 20 pounds overweight, I joined a local flab lab. (I prefer this term to fat farm as it is more exact in that the reducing techniques are scientifically worked out and the failure rate extremely low.) In 28 years of marriage I had put on roughly a pound per year, justifying the increase with the sanctimonious rea- soning that people tend to gain as they get older. However, as I come from a long-lived family, and at the rate I was gaining by the time I qualified for the old age pension I would soon be unable to see my feet. They'd be there, in limbo, doing their job, but we'd be strangers. I was nervous the first time I went to the clinic. Skinny little instructors (each one weighed less than the sum total of all the cream puffs I should have been turning down over the years) weighed in applicants and took measurements, show- ing remarkable restraint in not tut-tutting. All shapes of young girls, middle-aged girls, and old girls were busily engaged in some form of gymnastic exercise de- signed to whomp off bulges, rolls, pouches and bags. Two rather obese con- fided to me that not only had they not seen their feet in years, but they weren't sure where their knees were anymore. They no longer had laps, they complained, but rather large masses of flesh which hang around where their knees were, makiDg it very difficult to sit daintly with knees crossed, buy nicely fitting ho- siery, and hold a child securely without having him slip off. "I got fat from one woman said as she strapped a vibrator belt around her ample hips, "I hate to throw out perfectly good food, so what do I do? I eat up Johnny's left-over apple crisp, and finish up the potatoes because there aren't really enough left for another meal. And so here I am, fat from The clinic is equipped to make women do what they dislike doing at home: exer- cise. There is much to be said for group therapy of this nature, for even the bor- der-line cases who register merely to "keep in trim" find it easier to do so in a group situation. And age dosn't seem to matter; whether you are seventeen or seventy, the problem of keeping in trim bothers us all. Another advantage the clinic has over home exercise is that it is equipped with machines designed to paddle the rolls away. As every figure is different, the di- rectors check to see where the problems are and what exercises are needed io build up or break down. Every person has a chart which she carries around with liar, following the exercises noted down which she should do to accomplish the svelte figure she has in her mind. It is strictly a solo deal, everyone works along at her own rate, slapping, stretching, bending, cycling and counting calories at home. If one works according to the rales, one is rewarded by a tuck in measure- ments. "I lost two inches off my hips last one woman told me happily, then she scowled, "but I think it's been shoved up to my waist! Now I'll have to work harder cm my middle." The instructors keep a sharp eye out for laggards, for those who cheat by doing situps half-heartedly or skimp on the time on the vibrators. They are interested in helping get results but want co-operation from the recalcitrants. Some women how- ever just don't qiu'te give the program their heart and soul, least of all their stomachs. As I was leaving one morning I heard a plumpy say to another. "Gee, I worked like a dog over those exercises, now I'm pooped. How about dropping in somewhere for a double malted a n d a Do unto others The Ottawa Citizen TVOV; iiiat a Peking mission has arrived in Ottawa to set up an embassy, the Canadian government is considering whether travel curbs should be imposed on the Chinese diplomats. A good principle to follow is one (if re- ciprocity. Chinese diplomats should as much freedom to travel in r.-.nada as Canadian diplomats have in China. That .same principle should apply to Soviet diplomats as veil. At present, So- Met diplomats can travel miles from Ottawa v.ithonl seeking ('anadi.in govern- ment approval. And the Soviet ambassador can (ravel anyuhere without .such ap- proval. But in Moscow. Canadian diplo- mats, including the ambassador, are limit- ed to a 25-rr.ile circle, and need Soviet permission to move beyond (bat. Canada .should apply the principle of re- ciprocity in this case also. Without such reciprocity, Canadian Inmats will continue to bo restricted in Moscow. But curbs on .Soviet diplomats in Ollawa could lead to the removal of ourhi on our men in Hie Soviet, t.'nion. That's the way the game of diplomacy works. "Poor old chap he's having a withdrawal problem been on LSD for twelve hundred years." Anthony Westell Control of technoscructure is crucial The Leaders of the National Farmers Union took up the banner of economic nationalism when they met the federal cabinet in Saskatoon and declared firmly that the food processing indus- try must be kept in Canadian hands. Very well, replied Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, and he enquired politely if that meant that the government should control the sale of farms to make sure none passed to U.S. buyers. There was no answer from the NFU spokesmen, perhaps because farmers would be un- derstandably reluctant to sur- render the freedom to sell their property to the highest bidder, be he Canadian or foreigner. The brief exchange in Saska- toon serves only to illustrate that while the rising tide of na- tionalism is probably the most significant political force in Canada at present, there is a vast difference between prac- ticing and preaching, and that extraordinarily difficult ques- tions of policy remain to be answered. It's easy to present a gen- eralized brief to the cabinet, or to sign a petition telling gov- ernment that you are con- cerned about the' problem of national survival, which is all that the Committee for an In- dependent Canada asks of its tens of thousands of supporters. It's far harder to define what the problem really is, and even more difficult to suggest sen- sible solutions. The CIC knows this very well, and is content at this stage to gather signatures to try to convince the politicians that the voters are concerned and do want something done. If it tried to go deeper into the issues, the whole organization would probably fly apart in dis- agreement. So the CIC tells its members that if they want to support a particular policy of national- ism, they should work through a political party, but this .is not very helpful, because the par- ties are far from clear about thier positions. The Liberal policy conference in November voted vaguely for more economic nationalism, but the details of policy will have to await the government statement expected in early summer. The Conservatives have still to publish their views, and ap- pear to be deeply diivided be- tween those who want to see the government lay down laws to regulate foreign business and the unrevised free enter- prise who think it is enough to talk tough in dealing with the U.S. government and cor- porations. The New Democrats are split between the moderate majority and the Waffle radicals, al- though the difference seems to be more rhetorical than real as both groups are quite prepared to use the traditional socialist weapon of nationalization to deal with unwanted foreign companies. So the debate on economic nationalism, although rising in volume and passion, is deeply confused. The problem is often dis- cussed in terms of U.S. tal: how much do we need? How much should we admit? In what sectors of the economy? Under what terms? But this type of broaci question can be more concealing than reveal- ing. What we are really concern- ed about is power. We want to ensure that we have the power to make our own national poli- cies, as far as reasonable in an independent world. We fear that if too much of our econo- my is owned abroad, effective decisions over employment, in- vestment, trade and even for- eign policy, will be made abroad, in the head offices of giant corporations beyond our control. So where do we find the de- cision-making power we want to control? In feudal times, ownership of land on which to grow food and make profits was power. With the Industrial Revolution, power passed to capitalists who owned the fac- tories and mines which pro- duced wealth. Letter To The Editor Other languages help augment English As one begins university life one develops, after a short time, the opinion that another language besides French, such as Latin, or perhaps more pre- ferably German, should be stressed at the high school level. This fact is perhaps obscured in high school but in Univer- sity one suddenly finds himself in strange English classes, where old and middle English is thrown at him. These, he discovers, have developed from the Germanic dialects (which account for the unusual inflec- and, while he laments over the "declensions" of the nouns and the "conjugation" of verbs, he vaguely hears the in- structor mention that anyone with some knowledge of Ger- man (or a bit of Latin) should have no trouble understanding the principles behind old Eng- lish. Then there are the science courses. I am very limited in my knowledge of this field, but I have heard that many re- search texts, papers and so on are written in German. A biolo- gist once remarked that being able to read German elimin- ated the need for her to have her German research papers translated. This leads to another point: I wonder how often a person has trotted to the library and discovered that the reference book he looked up just happen- ed to be in German. This may not be true in all fields of study but, for example, at the Uni- versity of Calgary, in ths music section of the library, at least one quarter of the books are in another language, predomin- antly German. Doctor's income should be restricted Any genuine music lover re- alizes that besides Italian, Ger- man also is associated with music. Most operas are in Ger- man, if not Italian, therefore any prospective opera star has to learn German (it would also be a benefit to the audience if they knew a smattering Ger- For that matter, any person pursuing a music ca- reer will eventually have to take a Gsrman as well as an Italian and French course. It is very frustrating to have to wait till university to dis- cover all these problems. Such problems should be eased for future generations. E. K. Lethbridge. Many nationalists still think in those terms; that if we con- trol capital, we have power. But that is no longer true. John Kenneth Galbraith, the economist, and others have demonstrated that in the mod- ern world, ownership does not give the power to control the giant corporations which are among the most dynamic ele- ments in our economy. The thousands of people who own shares in, for example, Gener- al Motors, have no effective power to control the corpora- tion's policies. Power has passed from the owners into the hands of what Galbraith calls the technostruc- ture: it extends from the most senior officials of the cor- poration to where it meets, at the outer perimeter, the white and blue collar workers whosa function is to conform more or less mechanically to instruction on routine. It embraces all who bring specialized knowledge, talent or experience to group decision-making. This, not the management is the guiding in- telligence the brain of the In other words, the decisions which concern us how many people to employ, what fac- tories to close and what hew ones to build, what goods to export and where to sell them are not made by the owners of capital, or even by boards of directors nominally elected by the owners. The decisions are made by a structure of spe- cialists contributing informa- tion to the group managers, accountants, technologists, pro- duction engineers, lawyers, salesmen and others. This is where business power lies in the modern world, be- yond the control of capital and, increasingly, of governments. If we want to safeguard Ca- nadian control of the technostructure, and not simply of capital, is the real problem. It Is interesting to see the report of both the Minister of Health Mr. J. D. Henderson and also of the Alberta Health Care Insurance Commiss i o n and to note from its contents as published in the press the following facts. They're filed (o whether lie shouts, yells or screams for it. Four Doctors earning each a year and forty eight earning in excess of each a year. Little wonder it is then that when such exhorbi- tant sums are made available to individuals for their remu- neration that the rest of man- kind have to suffer indirectly. I talk here of the state of the local hospitals. They require improvements to make life for the sick more bearable, air con- ditioning whore Uiere is none should be installed, and other dire renovations which are for the benefit of the many. How can such be achieved except if the local taxpayer is bled of his meagre dollars? The doctors have it all just fo nicely their way that with the modern methods of conduct- ing (heir practice they have lost the old touch. The general prac- titioner and the family physi- cian are now a thing of Ihe past; no doctors visit their pa- tients at home, most never even inject their patients them- selves, they see Iheir patients in Ihe quickest time po.ssiblc and nf course the poor arc nev- er even treated free of charge. The cost of Ihe medical pro- fession is all too high and if they find their fees need in: creasing then this is a pity tha' they are incapable of seeing that their paficnfs also need extra consideration. I suggest to the minister of health that he put a ceiling on the fees to ba paid to doctors and make available some further funds for Ihe improvements to the hospitals throughout the prov- ince for the benefit of all sick who are, let us face it, the first consider a t i o n and without whom there would never be any need for physicians. Is the medical profession also heading in the direction of be- ing a money making ramp to be paid for by the poor? "SICK PATIENT" Lethbridge. So They Say Message to the militant Wea- thermen. I'm only point; to lake roles lhat will brins acceptance of the Indian. There's no room fcr any kind or bad will. We're nil human beings on Ibis earth. Chief Dan (Jeorge. slars in "Little liig Man" with Dustin Hoffman. (Toronto Star Looking backward Through the Herald 1921 A movement is on foot to establish a regiment of mounted infantry in the Leth- bridge division. As the 131h O.M.K. regiment was raised in the district it is thought a good many former members would come into Ihe new unit. 1031 The Livingstone river valley "gold" rush is over, so far as government land office officials are concerned. More than 200 licences have been is- sued, but only 15 claims have been registered at Calgary. 1311 Sir Frederick Bant- ing, co discoverer of insulin, has been killed in a military airplane crash in Newfound- land. The Alberta legisla- ture gave first reading to the government sponsored City Act which provides for a uni- form October election clay for Alberta's seven cilies each year. 10B1 _ The I960 operations of the Lethbridge Junior Col- lege produced a surplus of 589 for a cumulative surplus of but the 1961 budget will reduce this surplus to for a cumulative total of G8S. The Letlikidge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published by lion. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and tfio Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and ihe Audit Bureau of Circulations CI EO w. MOWERS, Editor nncl nu fHOMAS H. ADAMS, General Ma JOE BALLA ROY MILTS WILLIAM HAY Av.cctfitfl Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKFR t.tlitorial Pago Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"