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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 22, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDQE HERALD Friday, February 22, 1974 Omnibus welfare Public officials continue to stall on the idea of taking a unitary approach to welfare. Such an approach was rejected again this week by a majority of provincial welfare ministers in conference with federal Health Minister Marc Lalonde. The weakest argument advanced against an omnibus plan was that attributed to Alberta's health minister, Neil Crawford. He contended that a variety of programs is the best way to deal with individual needs. In fact, it may be the worst way. Stories about people getting lost in bureaucratic mazes are legion. Because people frequently have a number of needs, which are covered by separate programs, they find themselves being shunted around and being forced to waste their time and meagre resources. Sometimes it is necessary, under fragmented programs, for people to have to shuttle around in buses or taxis from one service centre or government office to another to have their various needs met and to be kept under appropriate scrutiny. A frequent objection to welfare is that it tends to build dependency into people. This is a highly questionable idea. What is most apt to be true is that people become despairing in the present multiple approach to welfare. They might emerge out of their despair and economic tutelage if they had the opportunity to try to cope on the basis of a single sum of money monthly, calculated on the negative income concept. The human resources minister of British Columbia, Norman Levi, is right in his criticism that what is being done now is simply tinkering with a system already proven inadequate. A bold new approach is required. And it will come, probably as medicare came, with one of the more venturesome provinces showing the way. Trash is cash "It may be garbage to you but it's our bread and butter." This prize bit of graffito on a Montana garbage truck is taking on greater significance these days. The Wall Street Journal detects a flurry of activity south of the border in the matter of recycling trash, particularly newsprint. This does not seem to have happened because of any deep interest in the environment, nor for concern over long-range forecasts of shortages in resources. It is happening because there is money to be made from recycling trash. According to the Journal, old newsprint which sold for a ton last summer and was three months ago now sells for as much as a ton. Scrap steel has risen from a year ago to a ton today. Copper scrap now sells for 68 cents a pound, up 25 cents from a year ago. Two years ago three American cities derived some revenue from old newspapers. Now 75 are disposing of discarded papers at a profit. One Long Island city has passed an ordinance that bundles of newspapers left on the curbside are the property of the city and vandals should beware. A company in Cleveland which makes paper balers and compactors can't keep up with the orders, as an increasingly larger number of companies is retrieving waste paper for resale and recycling. The high price of scrap metal has formed another source of revenue for some cities. In St. Louis a towing company has been paying the city for the privilege of carting away wrecked cars. The city made in less than half a year selling wrecks. As might be expected, the high price for scrap has also led to vandalism. The city of Cleveland is notable for having lost manhole covers ever since a local newscaster mentioned that they were worth each as scrap. It's easy to become emotional about the wasteful consumption habits of North Americans and their overflowing garbage pails, but while emotion may bring about an awareness of the problem it doesn't solve it. Individuals can practice conservative consumption, but the problem needs an over-all economic solution. The same rule of thumb which applies to pollution can be applied to consumption. As long as it is cheaper to pollute than not to pollute, an industry will continue to pollute. As long as it is cheaper to consume new, ie., raw, materials, industries will continue to prefer them to recycling used materials. The economics of pollution control involves the firm application of fines for instances of pollution. The economics of control of wasteful consumption involves the rising cost of raw commodities. When this reaches the point where it is profitable to recycle material, it will be recycled. Meanwhile, perhaps the flurry of activity will spread north and, at the least, Lethbridge will develop an aggressive agency' for collecting old newspapers. A strong-willed boy By Doug Walker A boy is seldom flattered when he is mis- taken for his brother. The cry of outrage that goes up when Keith is called Paul by his very own mother is indicative of that. If people outside our family genuinely have trouble remembering which is which of our two boys I have an infallible method of dis- tinguishing them to disclose. When either of the Walker boys is encountered a friendly gesture will reveal the identity. Keith will respond but Paul will act as though a pole had merely come into view. The studied effort that Paul puts into ignor- ing people is really quite remarkable. You can tell when you look into his eyes that he is strongly tempted to let go and maybe grin a bit or wag a finger while he clumps along. The Heir and the Tory-tease 'Too the only decent things on CBC...' Redistribution proposals By Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator OTTAWA Allan MacEa- chen, warily approaching a problem from which Solomon might have shrunk, has offered the House committee on privileges and elections five alternatives (and in some cases flexible) proposals for redistribution. Of these, the "amalgam method" appeals to the Government as the most practical solution. It was possible, before Con- federation, to argue for a neat system of "Rep by Pop" with every constituency containing more or less the same number of voters. But federalism makes demands on politicians unknown to those who serve in unitary states. Parliaments, as a result, have worked so hard over the past 100 years to scramble this particular omelette that any attempt to unscramble it now would be hopeless and probably senseless as well. When the problem of redistribution came to the fore in this Parliament, it was at once apparent that five provinces were threatened by a loss of seats if the existing, and not very logical, rules were applied without changes. One of the difficulties arises from the fact that past Parliaments, dealing with political problems as they arose, inserted safeguards into the system which apply to some provinces but not to others. The prospect of reduced representation was particularly unwelcome because the five provinces are all disadvantaged in one way or another and thus particularly concerned with the course of national politics For example, the provinces of Manitoba and Saskatchewan which take particular exception to federal tariff and transportation policies, have been losing seats steadily since 1933. While Parliament was sensitive to the protests from threatened areas, the first impulse of the political parties was to seek a painless solution; that is to say, one which met the claims of rapidly growing provinces while taking nothing away from those which stood to lose. This miracle was to be achieved by increasing the size of the House; according to some reports by about 35 seats. It would thu< be at the expense of taxpayers and probably of Parliament itself since the present chamber is already crowded and there is no particular reason to believe that efficiency increases with size. All the MacEachen variants would ensure a larger House. The "amplified method" would come closest to the miracle; it would provide 305 seats (an increase of 41) now and, if the projections are accurate, 528 in the year 2001. Mercifully, the President of the Privy Council favors an alternative, the "amalgam which would add 13 seats now while envisioning a House of 352 members in A.D. 2001. The addition might in fact be somewhat larger; Mr. MacEachen has considered only the relative positions of the 10 provinces but there is a case, based on practical considerations, for dividing the now almost impossibly large constituency of the Northwest Territories. Any such compromise will be, at least in a formal sense, at the expense of the most populous provinces. Mr. MacEachen, however, has taken account of a reality beyond House mathematics. As he told the committee: "The real power of the large provinces is greater than that derived from the size of their representation in the house." In other words, Ontario and Quebec, the two provinces which accommodate most of the nation's head offices and dominate institutions as varied as the chamber of commerce and the great labor unions are practically on Ottawa's doorstep. To put matters in another way. If a province has a mere handful of members, the loss of a voice in Parliament may be serious enough. But is a province likely to suffer very much if it is deprived of two or three seats but still has between 75 and 80 voices to defend its interests in the Hous of Commons? The chances appear good that Parliament in the end, will settle for a solution not too far removed from the MacEachen scheme. Although theoretically imperfect it has the considerable virtue that it ought not to infuriate anyone too much. Voluntary agencies change By Richard Gwyn, Toronto Star commentator In Vancouver, one floor of the YMCA is given over to ex- convicts. In Toronto, the St. Clair Ave. Y building, though still funded by the Y, is run entirely by blacks and West Indians from the neighborhood. In Halifax, school dropouts with drug and delinquency backgrounds join a Y program that puts them into rural communes (except there are no provides special catch-up courses and finds jobs for them on neighbouring farms. None of those programs fit the traditional Y image of T- shirt Christianity plus middle- class do-goodism plus bargain-rate rooms plus a meeting place for lonely men. The programs, all barely a year old, do explain though, a major shift underway in Ottawa: the government is gearing itself to fund established voluntary agencies, a vast and varied group that runs from the YM and its sister, the YW, to the Red Cross, the Boy Scouts and Girl Guides, to Big Brother and Boys Clubs to the Canadian National Institute for {he Blind and the Planned Parenthood Association. Once so powerful and outwardly worthy, voluntary agencies in recent years have been in eclipse. Government expanded into areas once served by volunteers. Top- heavy with businessmen (the Red Cross has a penchant for retired many agencies became self- perpetuating institutions, out of touch with all the ww social issues, from youth and women to Indians and the poor. From this vacuum emerged all the new citizens' and community groups, to teach the poor how to fight their landlords, to block freeways, to open storefront law offices and information centres, to march against city ball. These groups upstaged the voluntary agencies: they got the publicity, and the money, much of it from Opportunities for Youth and the Local Initiatives Program. Six weeks before Christmas the voluntary agencies emerged from their shell. The heads of 16 organizations met privately with Secretary of State, Hugh Faulkner, on the neutral ground of a Rockcliffe borne. Over dinner the agency representatives poured out their complaints about government neglect and, cautiously because their own ranks were deeply divided, asked what Ottawa might do to help. Faulkner himself needed no converting. He believes that voluntary agencies are, "one of the most effective organiza- tions for good in the country." Faulkner believes also that the agencies, "are making positive and considerable changes in themselves." As a first step, Secretary of State this summer will provide million for voluntary agencies (all those at least 18 months old) to hire students for their summer programs. This is a pilot project since some of the money will be spent to allow the agencies to hold national meetings, develop a bilingual capability and spruce up their services. An inter-departmental committee on voluntary organizations has been established at the deputy minister level and directed to report to cabinet by May. The new policy should be out by the end of the year. The partnership won't be easy. Some agencies are virtually private clubs and want to have as little as possible to do with government Public money, and Faulkner is talking about both "special projects" and "core means public scrutiny. The plain fact is that private fund-raising is no longer enough. The United Appeal "organized Reuben Baetz, head of the Canadian Council on Social Development, calls it is falling further and further behind its goals. An obvious risk is that government will switch off the newer, activist groups and turn to the established agencies only because they are safe and conventional. To the first point Faulkner says "No. What after is a and the Secretary of State is -Teasing its grants to, for example, women's groups. The second point amounts to a challenge to the agencies themselves which, when properly directed, represent a huge resource. Letters Public pressure needed The gas and oil shortage is world-wide now and with prices going up all the time, why is it the automotive companies haven't made any changes in their 1974 model cars and trucks? Chrysler Motors reports the largest sales ever and Ford and General Motors can't supply a lot of models fast enough for sale. Why hasn't the government gone after them, for carburetors that will give more gas mileage and oil filters that clean the oil right so the public can get four to five thousand miles to the oil change. Our steel and lumber companies say there is a shortage of their products too, then why are we exporting them out of the country (the same as our gas and It seems to me we should look after our homeland 'first, before we start helping others. It's time the public put pressure on governments and large companies to get things done. Why should Canadians pay more for things made of our natural resources? I believe in helping others, but why should we go short or pay big prices every time there's a shortage. This old world seems to be heading into more trouble and it appears to me it's the rich people and big companies that are putting it that way, not the average Canadian trying to make a living. CROWSNEST PASS RESIDENT Coleman Panic button pushed In recent issues of The Herald it appeared that the panic button had been pushed on the subject of exorcism arising out of a film that has been screened for public viewing. This in turn caused the clergy to run for cover, to try to get something going to stop the film's showing. Now, as I looked to a Bible dictionary for an answer, it says an exorcist is one who pretends to expel evil spirits by conjuration or practise. A thought connected with the exorcist view, was the determination of Satan to get power, suggesting "satan" as being a person, and both the "devil" and "satan" appeared in the paper reports as persons vying with God to rob persons of their souls. The original word "devil" is diabolos, meaning slanderer, or false accuser, the word "satan" means adversary. The Lord Jesus cast out devils and diseases by the Holy Spirit, and gave His apostles power to do the same and though Jesus was accused of casting out the devils by the prince of devils, yet in no way was there a personality involved. The apostle James, tells us the truth regarding sin, sickness, disease and death in James Let us stay strictly to Bible teaching, then we shall not be running when no one persueth, no not even exorcists or exorcism could cause it, which at present appear to be so frightening. W. J. PICKFORD Lethbridge Senior citizens needs Is the proposed senior citi- zens apartment house what is wanted? Rumor has it that senior citizens did not want a high rise in which to maintain a lonely vigil high above us all in a secluded cell. Perhaps this rumor is wrong-, and they are looking forward to a birds- eye view of the city. Remember just as many apartments can be designed around the circumference of a property with a sunny, less windy, central garden area, and only four stories high, as with a pillar-like structure set in a large green and grey barren waste. Will people be able to buy or rent well-designed furniture that does not need teenage agility for domestic maintenance if their own is either not available or cannot be accommodated in limited space? Have senior citizens been asked about their re- quirements, or" have only the few who have established immediate need been surveyed? The city of Lethbridge is not omniscient. The city councillors and the provincial government are elected to do the bidding of the people if it is financially possible. Let us hear from you, the senior citizens. GROWING SENIOR CITIZEN Lethbridge Federal contribution After hearing the comments of the deputy minister of the provincial department of youth, culture, and Front picture With regard to the front page picture in The Herald (Feb. I wonder if the photographer, Bill Groenen, would consent to having his picture taken in the same position. COLBY ARSENE Lethbridge. There doesn't seern to be much wrong with his tongue. recreation, the good people of Southern Alberta will wonder if the federal government had anything to do with putting on the 1975 Southern Alberta Winter Games. The federal government made the selection of Lethbridge for the winter games and the provincial government had nothing whatsoever to do with it. Granted, the province is putting quite a sum of money into the games, but this is very small compared to the amount the federal government puts into it. I think it is time the provincial government woke up and started giving credit where credit is due. If people look closely at any number of worthwhile projects in Lethbridge, they will probably find they are financed by federal money. These games are very important to Southern Alberta as a whole and a lot of credit should be given to the federal government for selecting this site and the money they are going-to spend here; and also to the Winter Games Committee, who presented the excellent brief to the government to make this selection possible. GARRY OSBERG Director Lethbridge Federal Liberal Association The Lethbridge Herald SOt Tlh SI S. LfBhbrtdge. Mbertt LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO LTD and Second dan Mail Regwiralion No 0012 O.EO MOWERS. PuWWner DONH P1LUNG Managing Editor DONALD R OORAM General Manager H0YF MILES Mvwiwng Manager DOUGLAS K WALKER eanortai Page Editor ROBERT M FENTON Otrctflatwi Manager KENNETHE 8ARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;