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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 22, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 28 - THE IETHBRIDGE HERAID - Thursday, February 22, 1973 Left-wing victory would set stage Constitutional crisis may follow France's election next month By ROD CURRIE Canadian Press Staff Writer The threat of a constitutional irisis in France, if the parties of the left win the national elections next month, is seen as a legacy from the late Gen. Charles de Gaulle, for whom the constitution was tailor-made. Opposition parties are charging that the Gaullists have deliberately turned the campaign into a constitutional battle to divert attention from the real issues. The Gaullists have proclaimed emphatically that in the event of a Socialist-Communist majority, President Pompidou will not choose his prime minister from among their ranks. Prime Mi^'.ster Pierre Mes-smer has even implied that if the left wins, Pompidou will call a referendum or new elections to force voters to choose between the policies he has pursued since 1969, for which he received a popular mandate, or the new program of the left. Several Paris newspapers have argued that if the left wins a majority, then the people will already have expressed themselves and the constitution does not require them to do so a second tim�. With recent polls indicating the left has a good chance of upsetting the Gaullists and supporting parties, the manoeuvre is broadly interpreted by observers as unwarranted presidential interference in the electoral system. Spokesmen for the Socialist-Communist coalition concede privately that the ultimatum from Pompidou might adversely affect their showing in the two-stage elections March 4 and March 11. Their conclusion is that although their "time for a chance" theme hit a responsive cord among France's 30 million voters, many voters might be tempted to change to a government that includes Communists only if Pompidou remains president as a safety valve. The implication of the president's own statements k that if the people rejected his policies in a subsequent referendum, he would resign. Ifnder the de Gaulle-inspired constitution,- which many say embodies his profound contempt for French political parties, the president is elected for a seven-year term in a separate election. His right to choose his prime minister is absolute and unfettered, but many consider it would be an affront to voters if Pompidou refused to select a prime minister from the coalition, if it gained a parliamentary majority. BORED WITH GAULLISTS To many observers, the an-parent move to the left in France is inspired largely by a simple desire for change and a feeling of boredom with the Gaullists who, many feel, have become jaded after 15 years in power. Aside from such social reforms as a higher minimum wage, lower retirement age and shorter work week, the coalition of the left promises to trim the president's term to five years, _ Who buys an air-conditioner in February? You do, if oyou like to save $20 or $30 and make no' payment 'tilJune. 2-speed, 6,000 BTU horizontal Cddspot Now 194-98 2-speed, 8,000 BTU vertical air conditioner Was 28498 Now ZO _  Ideal for apartments with side-sliding windows. Louvered Woodgrain front  Same dependable features as horizontal model. Dehumidifies up to 55 U.S. pints per day. All Coldspots are fully guaranteed After May 5th> $214.98  Cools up to 350 sq. ft  Dehumidifies up to 41 U.S. pints per day  Automatic thermostat maintains selected temperature. 2-way, air-direction control  Removable filter traps dust and pollen  Air exhaust forces stale air out  Handsome Woodgrain louvered front  Quick-mount installation 8,000 BTU (cools up to 550 sq. ft) 224.98 3-speed, 10,000 BTU Coldspot cools up to 750 sq. ft $284.98 Ma|or Appliances STORE HOURS: Open dally from 9:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m.; Thurs. and F ri. 9:30 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. Centre Village Mall, Telephone 328-9231. generally extend parliament's fearful of too radical a change, powers and seek the simulta-they stress that their program neous disbanding of NATO and covers only an attempt to direct the Warsaw Pact. France toward socialism, not to . But, possibly to appease those achieve it. Simple V.S. law starts controversy WASHINGTON (AP) - A deceptively simple United States law, on the books for 15 years, is behind a controversy which could influence the health of people around the world. The question, which has baffled the world's top sceintists so far, is whether any amount-no matter how small-of a chemical that causes cancer in laboratory animals can be intentionally added to food without risk. The difficulty is that no one can say whether the tests on animals indicate danger to people also, or how much of any element poses a threat. Consumers and Congress are caught in the middle of the long debate between public - interest groups and the food and chemical industry. "No congressman is going to be put in the position of voting for cancer," said a Food and Drug Administration official. "I think we owe it to them to provide an escape route." CLAUSE IS CRUCIAL At the heart of the controversy is a 1958 amendment, the so-called Delaney clause, to the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act which reads in part: "No additive shall be deemed to be safe if it is found to induce cancer when ingested by man or animals, or if it is found, after tests which are appropriate for the evaluation of the safety of food additives, to induce cancer in man or animal____" Animals get most of fish catch VANCOUVER (CP) - Humans will soon be competing with animals for a bite of the same fish, according to two Polish scientists. At present about one third of the world's total fish catch goes into the production of fish meal for pig and poultry consumption, the two scientists, Joseph Popiel and Josef Sosinki, say in a paper presented to the 300 delegates from 60 countries attending an international fisheries conference here. The scientists, members of Poland's Sea Fisheries Institute, say it is tins fish meal industry that is competing with fisheries for human consumption. "Industrial catches presently compete with fisheries for human consumption in only a few fish stocks but in the future more may suffer from such competition," the two scientists say in their paper, a subject of discussion by delegates at conference study sessions, Monday and Tuesday. The conference, sponsored by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, ends Friday. Measures should be taken which would prevent industrial fishermen forcing from the fishing grounds fleets operating for human consumiption, the Polish delegates said. PROTECTION NEEDED ... They stated that when i'ish resources are used both for fish meal and human consumption, regulations should be enforced to protect, first of all the fish used to feed humans. The paper stated that the production of fish meal has risen steadily in recent years with Peru the biggest producer at about two million tons a year, representing about 45 per cent of the world total. However, Peru's production fell drastically last year because of an enormous drop in that country's anchovy catch. The largest amount of meal is produced from anchovies. "Rapidly expanding industrial catches along with steadily increasing fish meal production in the last decade have been watched with anxiety by countries whose fishing fleets operate mainly for fish for human consumption," the scientists said. "No high quality requirements are necessary for fish for industrial purposes, both fish of small size and those not necessarily fresh are utilized. "Accordingly, it is relatively easy to organize fisheries for fish meal on a large scale and these may become more dangerous to fish resources than traditional catches of fish for human consumption." The law takes its name unofficially from Representative James J. Delaney (Dem. N.Y.) who pushed it through Congress after five years of hearings on food chemicals. Twice before the law has come under attack-in 1969 when the popular artificial sweetener cyclamate was banned, and again last year when the livestock-feed additive diethylstilbestrol (DES) was ordered off the market. The FDA said each was present in food and at least potentially carcinogenic. Under the Delaney act, they had to go. USE SUBSTITUTES The loss to consumers has been minute, and relatively inexpensive. Alternatives were available in most cases, although perhaps not as effective. Cyclamates were replaced with saccharin, 10 times sweeter but with a bitter aftertaste. Some diet drinks gained a few calories when sugar was added to overcome 'that complaint. DES has been banned only from livestock feed. Pending results of agriculture department tests, the growth hormone can be used as pellets implanted in the ear although cattle are a month slower in reaching marked weight. Federal regulators, businessmen and increasing rrumibers of congressmen are concerned that refined testing techniques may strike down other chemicals. Consumer groups are equally concerned that any modification jf the law would expose more persons to cancer. Among those threatened are saccharin, the only other sugar substitute on the market, and sodium nitrite, used to preserve, color and flavor smoked fish and cured meat. Rats fed saccharin developed malignant tumors in research at the University of Wisconsin financed by the sugar industry. Similar tests conducted by the FDA and researchers in other countries are rearing completion. All will be evaluated by the National Academy of Sciences. More perplexing is sodium nitrite, which can combine with other common dietary substances called amines in the stomach to form nitrosamines, among the most potent carcinogens known. Recently, federal investigators have found nitrosamines in cooked bacon and ham. Tokyo, Paris are tops in living costs UNITED NATIONS (Reuter) - Tokyo and Paris are the only two major world centres where living costs are higher than in New York, says the February issue of the United Nations monthly bulletin of statistics. In comparison, Montreal is fairly reasonable. With New York represented by an index of 100, Tokyo scores 117 and Paris 103. The figures ai-e contained in a table on retail price com-paiisons used to determine salary differentials for UN officials. Cities almost as expensive as New York include Bonn, with a rating of 99; Tananarive (Madagascar) and Copenhagen each with 97; Bujumbura (Burundi) and Jakarta (Indonesia), with 96 each, and The Hague, with 95. Washington, the U.S. capital, is rated at 90, while London's index is 85. Other cities listed include: Algiers 89, Amman 80, Ankara 79, Athens 81, Beirut 72, Buenos Aires 64, Cairo 69, Mexico City 85, Montrea". 84, Nairobi 78, New Delhi 77, Nicosia 73, Rio de Janeiro 86, Rome 91, Santiago (Chile) 61, Sydney 85, Tehran 85, Tel Aviv 78, Vienna 87 and Nairobi 78. Moscow and Peking are not included'in the table since the study is confined to those centres where a relatively large number of international civil servants are based. GET YOUR ONE BEST DEAL! QUALITY USED CARS IMMACULATE *" 1969 LINCOLN v MARK III-Loaded 1972 METEOR RIDEAU 500 Loaded, stereo, PS, I JT J 1968 CHEV IMPALA 4 dr. sedan. $1597 1965 COUNTRY SQUIRE WAGON PS,PB, radio. $895 WEEK-END SPECIAL 1963 CHEV 299 Vi TON SPECIALS 1972 FORD CUSTOM V8, auto., PS, PB, (frOJ'OT beautiful unit . . . ?00"/ 1970 IHC 4x4 auto., low, iOQUI low miles ...... $ZOO# iX1 $2495 1969 FARGO .. . $1469 r2956o8FORD......$1594 SPECIAL CAB AND CHASSIS OFFER 1966 IHC 1800 2649 1949 CHEV 3-TON Box and hoist. ... $799 TRUCKERS' it DREAM ir 1971 LT 9000 250 CUMMINGS New condition. Priced to Sell GET THE ONE BEST DEAL SUPERIOR MOTORS TABER, ALBERTA 5403 48th Ave. DROP INTO OUR BRAND NEW TRUCK CENTRE Right on Hwy. No. 3 PHONE 223-3537 - 223-2722 ;