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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 22, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta John Burns ._ lueidoy, February 22, 1972 THE LETHBRIECf HEKALD f _i Need specia status to get into China pEKING If the celebrated gentleman who conned an innocent in Paris into buying the Eiffel Tower were still alive he would doubtless have a good word about the people who are plying a nice little line in package tours of China, with least a portion of the costs payable in advance. If that seems In be a harsh judgment on tourist agencies in kurope and North America which have advertised group tours it is meant to be, for the simple fact is that most tour- ists have very lillle prosjKct of persuading the Chinese to issue them with the visa they need to enter the country. Nine months after pingpong diplomacy broke upon the world and six months after Ihe Chinese invited President Rich- ard Nixon to visit Peking Ihe authorities are continuing to deny visas to the vast major- ity of those who apply for them. This is not to say that China remains the closed society that it was during the Cultural Re- volution far from it. Every day new visitors cross the linrder from Hong Kong, join- ing the thousands who have been admUted in recent but every one of tlrem has some qualification which lifts him out of the class of the ordinary tourist. An Indian teacher in the U.K. Dave Humphreys of Bri- tish school children arc seeing a real life Indian from Canada for the first time in their lives this winter. And it is an illusion-shattering experi- ence on both sides. Fcr the Indian is black-hair- ed beauty Mrs. Elsie Bour- gaize, here on a lecture tour for the Canadian Teachers' Federation in co-operation with the Commonwealth Institute. Her Indian name, meaning Coming of the Dawn, could well be the theme for talks in 15 British schools every week about Canada and the Indian. "Why did Ihe Indian scalp white men? is the first ques- tion English students usually ask. Most thmk the Indians live in teepees and still hunt with bows and arrows. And Canada is a land of constant cold and forbidding forests. At one school Mrs. Bourgaize was told, "we're ready for the as if they expected an attack. At another she was introduced as z lady from In- dia, Most are disappointed that she doesn't show up wearing feathers and beads. "Its very much the noble exotic image of the Indian based on west- she says. But Mrs. Bourgaize is well suited to bring them back to reality. She grew up on the Red Pheasant reserve near North Battleiord, East. She worked as a bunny girl to pay univer- sity costs in Edmonton and London Out. .something, she ob- serves, that could never hap- pen in a student teacher must keep to the linage. As the first Indian to lake part in the annual teacher ex- change lecture program she is on leave from the Philemon Wright High School in Hull where she taught Indian chil- dren from Ihe Caughnawaga reserve. Previously she taught at the Seven Reserves near London and Hobbema, 55 miles south of Edmonton. Mrs. Bourgaize, niece of Cal- gary lawyer William Wuttunee, brought her lliree children to Britain expecting to find friends and a special under- standing of Canada. She has found neither, she says sadly. For the first time in her Ufa she has experienced real lone- liness, a foreigner without friends among a people noted for their reserve. First there was the problem of finding a "home" for the children. What about Bradford, a town she hnd heard of In Lancashire, 200 miles north of London. Well, said someone at the Commonwealth Institute, Bradford could be a nice place (a comment that requires con- siderable Fortu- nately in the taxi to the station she had second thoughts and decided instead on the small south coast resort town of Sel- sey. There she has someone lo look after Lcta, 14, Pamela, 12 and Cynthia 10 while she is on he-.- weekly tours. She returns for weekends. In England she has yet to be invited into anyone's home or out to in contrast to Scotland where invitations and lunches were the rule. She has visited about 170 schools, with about the same number on her schedule be- tween now and the summer. Her impressions would well change (for the better) by then, although travelling and living out of hotels on S50 a week expenses isn't the sort of experience likely to appeal for long to anyone in any country. Even North Americans well settled hi a home commonly go through a period of "culture shock" when the negative as- pects of living in Britain seem lo overwhelm every other con- sideration. Mrs. Bourgaize has miied feeling on the professional side. Her tour is both learning and lecturing. She is attempting lo analyse the British education system and specifically to study in which British schools integrate immigrant or other minorities. She has encountered some shockingly poor school build- ings. "I couldn't believe my eyes sometimes. I hadn't seen schools like those anywhere in Canada." The system itself is tradi- tion bound, deficient on nu- dio-visual and teaching aids, less open to new ideas than Canada's and class conscious, in spite of denials. "We often hear at home that the U.K. system is much better thau ours. I don't think so." She can see virtue in tradi- tion. "At home we are always searching for identity. We have no concept of tradition or really of history. The Britisher has and knows who he is and I enjoy that." Also, she finds tests are tougher and students are will- ing to work harder. Perhaps this is because the country is less affluent, she suggests. "I would like to know how they get their children so interested in education because they are not force fed." Drugs are not the same problem even in Lon- don high schools, she finds, al- though the explanation is usu- ally simply lhat the North American trend has yet to ar- rive here. OVriltcn for The Herald and The Observer in London) You're milesNahead with Chances are your car needs one or more of these car services. Clip SAVE FRONT END ALIGNMENT Precision alignment by ex- pert mechanics. Price is for most Norih American COTS. (Extra for some cars with air conditioning.) Paris ex- tra, if needed. 5 I I WHEEL BALANCE SPECIAL STATIC BALANCE PER WHEEL TIRE ROTATION We'll rotate all 5 tires, in. flate them to proper air pressure, and remove naili ond olher objecls lhat may cause tire failure. I REPACK and GREASE SEALS S We'll remove and clean your front wheel bearingi and repack with grease. We'll also install new grease seals. Price for drum brake cars- EACH AXLE 10-POINT BRAKE OVERHAUL BRAKE RELINE Includes new lining nnd rebuilding wheel cylinders on all 4 wheels, arc linings, turn drums, repack front bearings ond inspect complete lyslem. DRUM TYPE BRAKES i Includes new lining on oil four wheels, We adjust brakes and inspect complete brake system. Drum type brakes. S 24 _ I DISC BRAKE SERVICE We instoll 4 new fronr brake pads, repack cuter front bearing and inspect calipers, rotors ond rear brakes. Discs machined, calipers rebuilt at extra cost. VOLKSWAGON RELINE Includes new lining on all lour We adjusl brakes, re- pock front wheel bearings and inspect brake system. Drum type brakes. __ GUARANTEED USED SHOCK ABSORBERS Buy 3 at the Regular Price GET THE 4th FOR ONLY I ROCKET BATTERY Fits most Chevs., Ponliacs, Dodges, Darts, Olds, Plymoufhs, etc. 74 monlh guarantee. 15 .49 BRAKE ADJUSTMENT We'll adjust your brakes for full drum conlacl and inspect complele system. Price excludes disc brakes nnd some foreign cars. Offers Good Till March 31, 1972. Corner 3rd Ave. and 8th St. S. Phone 327-8548 I ____I The visitors have included businessmen, academics, polili- cal sympathizers, journalists, old friends (if (he Chinese lead- ers and kind of celebrity, from an Ilalu.r. crooner IQ a Nobel prize -v.inning biologist. Tisy hav: ranged from Newlon, leader of Uie Black r.-.rthc.-. .'i Xr.r.f.7 KW.MI, HOUR Kong-born star of The World of Sirne Wong, but none of them could properly lie styled as louriiLs. The point is worth making, for within the last month there has been another in a series of stories in the Western press which purport to show thtt CSiina is opening up to the tour- ist trade. The siory, widely cir- culated by the wire agencies, dealt with plans for the passengers meting a cruise on the liner France to enter China r.fter Uieir arrival in Hong Kbr.g. French line officials in New York and Paris were quoted as saying that plans [or the China visit were being worked out with the China International Travel Service, which handles the movement of all foreigners in China. The officials said that the Chinese had proposed that the passengers travel bv train from Hong to Canton, spending two nights there be- fore flying on to Singapore to catch up with the ship. One account faid that Thom- as Cook and Son, a British four- cist agency, was hoping to ob- tain a collective visa for the passengers. The account quoted a hue official as saying that the Chinese had not indicated how much the two-day excursion v-ouM cjst, but added thai the official rirablcd that the mat- ter he of much concern to the passengers who were paying up to each for the 91-day cruise. Dinlomats here were aston- hhed when they heard of the plan, for it appeared to m.-.rk a complete reversal of what they have been told by Chinese officials, who have insisted in recent months that China is not in the tourist business and not about to enter it. So it was vritii no great surprise that the officials loarnrd recerMy tnat the plan has been abandoned. Attempts to get the Chinese fade of the story proved un- availing, with officials denying any knowledge of the plan. However diplomatic sources here say that there was exten- sive correspondence between the French line and the travel service, alJ of which came to naught when the lime came to fix details such as timing and accommodation. "I have no doubt that the French line people were sin- cere m thinking that the plan would come one diplomat remarked, "but everything I know about the Chinese attitude towards visa applications indi- cates that it will be some time yet before they are ready to fidmit large tourist groups.1' An interesting sidelight on the story is that Uic Cook com- pany, which was to have se- cured the visa for the group, became last April, the first travel agency to advertise holi- days in China. However, in an ad in The Times of London of- fering an 18-day lour of 350 pounds, the company look care to point out what a number of subsequent imitators have not that the whole thing was ''subjed: to (Chinese) govern- ment approval.'' In explaining their position the Chinese rarely go beyond the simple affirmation that they have other priorities to tl- Ic-iirl to. BnL the. pi'o'.inh'c rcr-.ron is not bsyd to guess: with their resources already strained by the influx of offi- cial visitors they simply cou'd not cope with the de- mands that tourism would im- pore. Hotel accommodation would be tin1 least of their problems since all the cities that, tourisls would be likely to visit are equipped with large hotels, most of which operate far be- low capacity. But experience with official visitors in recent months indicates that there. would he a serious shortage of guides and interpreters, an es- scrlia] for the kind of rlosely- Buperviscd itinerajy tourists would lx> likely to gel. to the future some observers here arc inclined In see signs of a clvingc in policy in the recent publication of an Knclish-language map a n d guide to Peking. The map. Uiv first to go on sale here since the iK-pinninc. of tlv Cultural Revolution, is rontaincd in an at- produced folder iiig the words tourist map of Peking. For the moment, how- ever, it appears that tlw map is intended for Ihe use of resi- dent foreigners and official vis- itors, not tourists in Ihe nor- mal sense of Ihe (llernlrl Peking hiircnu) Be patient about that China visit liy .Jivie Iluckvalc TPIIE HERALD'S Peking correspondent John Burns, whose most recent press release is carried on this page, will dash the hopes of many Canadians who have boen looking forward eagerly to making a trip to China, but his viewpoint is well taken. Although there arc no local travel agencies I know of, which have been ad- vertising Chinese tours, there are one or two in other parts of Canada who have done so. They have not been able to fulfil their promises and many people have been bitterly disappointed. One local travel agency manager tells me that he has found it impossible to ob- tain for Canadians who have no spe- cial qualifications other than the urge to see for themselves what is going on in the country which has isolslcd itself from the rest of the globe for so long. This agency, which was incidentally, instrumental in ar- ranging my lail trip to China about eight years ago (a kind of lucky tour de force which occurs once, and only once, in a life- time and had nothing to do with any per- sonal qualifications giving me social ac- ceptability) has been in communication with the Chinese embassy in Ottawa from the first days of its arrival in Canada. The result has been negative. In other words the ClMiete, right now, are not is- suing visas to lour groups or individuals in whom Ihey have no particular interest. They say quite frankly that they are not in the tourist business. Mr. Burns this oat. I am pleased thrt our correspondent has put in words what I have long felt myself, and that is that the Chinese by large, are not attempting to disguise what is going on in their country with a very few possible exceptions. They simply are quite unprepared for a mass invasion of foreign- ers for whom they must provide accommo- dation, guides and interpreters. The well-heeled group who were looking forward to an exciting two days behind the bamboo curtain in Canton, will ba bitterly disappointed too. It's small oir.fort maybe but I can only thai in my own brief experience, two days spent in Can- ton, is hardly worth the effort and compli- caJEd arrangements involved. Peking is the treasure of China, a glittering display of antiquities, exquisite palaces and splendid parts. In the years to come when the tourist door is open wide, head first for the capital. And in the mean- time don't blame your travel agent if he can't come up with a visa, cf roui-se you have that "special status1' to obtain it. Olympics marked by hypocricy The Rev. J. A. Davidson, In The Ottawa Citizen I HAVE been wondering about Uie ath- letes who participated in the original Olympic Games in ancient Greece. Would they have been eligible for competition if the present amateur had then been in force? The ralher meagre records we linve sug- gest Lhat there may have been a bit of fiddling over expense accounts and subsi- dies ar.d such. And t am a little puzzled by that lOmonth pro-games training camp which is provided for those ancient games- men. TO.o bought the groceries for them? How much pocket money were they given? And who provided it? The tangible honors lieaped on winners when tbey got back home certainly smack of heinous profes- sionalism. Perhaps Avery Brundage, win applies the Olympic Games rules, should look into this. Some retroactive suspensions may be called for The 1972 Olympic Games seem to ba fitting into what has become the tradition- al pattern: pious rhetoric from Uie Olym- pic aristocracy about lire glories o( true amateurism and the actual contests among state-subsidized and college- subsidized "amateurs" and a few simple simoivpures. And we Canadian fans should not be too quick to cast stones at others. Is Ihe simon- purity of our boys and girls or many of them, anyway a mailer of national virtue? Or is it more a matter of na- tional apathy? Then, some of our finest athletes are college-subsidized and by U.S. colleges at that. The late Earl Alexander of Tunis sug- gested about 16 years sgo that the time ted come for the radical re-thinking of (he amateur-professional distinction in spoils. He called for the open and realistic pay- ment of athletes when payment seemed suitable, and without dividing athletes the paid and Hie not-paid with respect to eUgibibty for any competition. There is an element of Ihe farcical In the concern for amateurism in spons and for the inevitable hanky-panky which has developed around it. Hidden pubsid'es Uirough armed forces and educational in- Fiihilions. snb'pi-fuscs dou'jle-talk, the tongue-in-cbeck taking of oaths of amateurism these all add up to one of the more ludicrous hypocrisies nf our time. The distinction between amateurism and professionalism in sport is a relatively modern development. It came to flower during the Victorian age, and in a semi- feudal social order. A liHl? more than a century ago sport was organized on a nalional scale in Eng- land, and Ihe Icrm "gentleman amateur" was U5ed lo designate the man sim- ply lor the love ol it, ran races and jumped over things and played team games and all thai. The English ideal spread through- out the world, and it provided Ihe stan- dard for the first modern Olympic Games in Athens hi in which only amateurs could compete. But society is ordered differently now, and the Victorian amateur-professional dis- tinction in sports is obsolete. Of course, there will always be true amateurs who play competitive games and run competi- tive races for the simple love of them. But in most sports loday the amateur Is generally the man who is not good enough for Big Sport, or not yet good enough or if, he is good enough, would rather be doing something else. The Victorian distinction has become a pretentious archaism in our time, the re- flection of a defunct, aristocratic perspec- tive on sports. It is no longer effectively operative in Big Sport, including the Olym- pic Games, and H does engender a ludi- crous hypocrisy. Its defenders many of whom are pesonally affluent and socially prominent seem to be yearning for a social order that is no more. Canada's vital court The Hamilton Spectator npHE Supreme Court of Canada is again weighed down with more cases than it can handle in its current two month session. Of the ICO appeals facing it. 63 are left-overs from the last session. Most of the ave concerned car accidents, contracts, leases and insur- ance. The (ctal effect of Ihis is Ilia' the court is reduced to the role of referee in financial disputes winch are remote from Uie live of Canadians. Former Justice Minister Turner was con- sidering amendments to ih? Supreme Court Act Nhich he hoped would not only reduce the work load but would clnnfy the purpose of the court in our national life. As tilings are at present, civil appeals K'hich involve or more must auto- matically be beard by Ihe Supreme Court. On the face of it, this places a dispro- portionate importance, on financial eases lo the detriment of Ihe true purposes of a court, of last resort, Tlic Supreme Court has no business spending H> much of its valuable lime IxHng an umpire for insurance companies, fls decisions should make a contribution to Ihe conLinuuig progress of Canada, nour- ishing an evolving constilution with fresh concepts of law in a free society. This is not lo pay that the Supreme Court has not made decisions of this kind in past; it mo.-L cnrlainly ha-c, but they have in Lhe midst o[ loo mudi v, ork. The court's true function should b? [hat oE a law-interpreting body for the nalion, par- ticularly where criminal law is concerned. It must eslablush precedents in areas a precedent can guarantee justice to those facing charges under the Criminal Code. Members of the Supreme Court are cliosen because tlwy ore learned in the law as it stands and believed lo be wise. Both qunliUGs are essentiaj, but they can- cot be properly exercised if I ho court is clicked with appeals thai HIT, aliJuxigli cer- tainly important (o the litigants, of no con- Kcqunnee lo Canadians as a people today or in time lo come. The purposes and functions of Ihe Su- preme Court could scfni lo need moie sharply defined limits. Braver than he looks Walker TllY wife says that Jack McOracken is Ijoughl his wife Anne an outfit for her bnivcr Ulan he looks. I lieheve H. birthday. Indeed I believe lie is about the bravest of am VOTV impressed by that. Klspdli recently pot me out shopping and beforo mcn- it all 'ended I had acquired and Not only did .Tart go shopping, be wc.nt pMts, shoes and rubbers. I bad vro-jHc roping wilJi questions of sire and slv'o re- shopping alone, ami he did his shopping ]UmR (f> fm. fl in Ihe women's wear department, lie must lie rery inUmidatmc. ;