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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 22, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta lueiday, February 22, 1972 _ THE LETHBRIDOt HERALD I John Burns Need special status to get into China pEKING If the celebrated gentleman who conned an innocent in Paris into buying the Eiffel Tower were still alive he would doubtless have a good word about the people who are plying a nice little line in package tours of China, with tt least a portion of the costs payable in advance. If that seems to be a harsh judgment on tourist agencies in Europe and North America which have advertised group tours it is meant to be, for the simple fact is that most tour- ists have very little prosjrect of persuading the Chinese to issue them with the visa they need to enter the country. Nine months after pingpong diplomacy broke upon the world and six months after (he Chinese invited President Kich- ard Nixon to visit Peking the authorities are continuing to deny visas to the vast major- ity of those who apply for them. This is not to say that China remains the closed society that it was during the Cultural Ee- volution far from it. Every day new visitors cross the border from Hong Kong, join- ing the thousands who have been admiiied in recent innnths, but every one of Item has some qualification which lifls him out of the class of the ordinary tourist. An Indian teacher in the U.K. of Bri- tish school children are seeing a real life Indian from Canada for the first time in their lives this winter. And it is an illusion-shattering experi- ence on both sides. For the Indian is black-hair- ed beauty Mrs. Elsie Bour- gaize, here on a lecture tour for the Canadian Teachers' Federation in co-operation with the Commonwealth Institute. Her Indian name, meaning Coming of the Dawn, could well be the theme for talks in 15 British schools every week about Canada and the Indian. "Why did the Indian scalp white men? is the first ques- tion English studente usually ask. Most think the Indians live in teepees and still hunt with bows and arrows. And Canada is a land of constant cold and forbidding forests. At one school Mrs. Bourgaize was told, "we're ready for the as if they expected an attack. At another she was introduced as a lady from In- dia. Most are disappointed that she doesn't show up wearing feathers and beads. "Its very much the noble exotic image of the Indian based on west- she says. But Mrs. Bourgaize is well-suited to bring them back to reality. She grew up on the'Red Pheasant reserve near North Battleford, Sask. She worked as a bunny girl to pay univer- sity costs in Edmonton and London Out. -something, she ob- serves, that could never hap- pen in a student teacher must keep to the imago. As the first Indian to take part in the annual teacher ex- change lecture program she is on leave from the Philemon Wright High School in Hull where she taught Indian chil- dren from the Caughnawaga reserve. Previously she taught at the Seven Reserves near London and Hobbema, 55 miles south of Edmonton. Mi's. Bourgaize, niece of Cal- gary lawyer William Wultunee, brought her three children to Britain expecting to find friends and a special under- standing of Canada. She has found neither, she says sadly. For the first time in her Ufa she has experienced real lone- liness, a foreigner without friends among a people noted for their reserve. First there was the problem of finding a "home" for the children. What about Bradford, a town she had heard of in Lancashire, 200 miles north of London, Well, said someone at the Commonwealth Institute, Bradford could be a nice place (a comment that requires con- siderable Fortu- Dave Humphreys nately in the taxi to the station she had second thoughts and decided instead on the small south coast report town of Sel- sey. There she has someone lo look after Leta, 14, Pamela, 12 and Cynthia 10 while she is on her weekly mystery tours. She returns for weekends. In England she has yet to be invited into anyone's home or out to dinner in contrast to Scotland where invitations and lunches were the rule. She has visited about 170 schools, with about the same number on her schedule be- tween now and the summer. Her impressions would well change (for the better) by then, although travelling and living out of hotels on a week expenses isn't the sort of experience likely to appeal for long to anyone in any country. Even North Americans well settled hi a home commonly go through a period of "culture shock" when the negative as- pects of living in Britain seem to overwhelm every other con- sideration. Mrs. Bourgaize has mixed feeling on the professional side. Her tour is both learning and lecturing. She is attempting to analyse the British education system and specifically to study ways in which British schools integraie immigrant or other minorities. She has encountered some shockingly poor school build- ings. "I couldn't believe my eyes sometimes. I hadn't seen schools like those anywhere in Canada." The system itself is tradi- tion bound, deficient on au- dio-visual and teaching aids, less open to new ideas than Canada's and class conscious, in spite of denials. "We often hear at home that the U.K. system is much better thau ours. I don't think so." She can see virtue in tradi- tion. "At home we are always searching for identity. We have no concept of tradition or really of history. The Britisher has and knows who he is and I enjoy that." Also, she finds tests are tougher and students are will- ing to work harder. Perhaps this is because the country is less affluent, she suggests. "I would like to know how they get their children so interested in education because they are not force fed." Drugs are not Uie same problem even in Lon- don high schools, she finds, al- though the explanation is usu- ally simply lhat the North American trend has yet to ar- rive here. OVritten for The Herald and TIic Observer in London) rou're milesNahead with Chances are your car needs one or more of these car services. Clip and SAVE This Ad FRONT END ALIGNMENT Precision alignment by ex- pert mechanics. Price is for most North American cars. (Extra for some cars with air conditioning.) Parts ex- tra, if needed. 5 WHEEL BALANCE SPECIAL STATIC BALANCE PER WHEEL TIRE ROTATION We'll rotate all 5 tires, in- flate them to proper air pressure, and remove nails ond other objects that may cause tire failure. 10-POINT BRAKE OVERHAUL s Includes new lining Qnd rebuilding wheel cylinders on all 4 wheels, ore linings, turn drums, repack front bearings ond inspect complete 48 I J I I REPACK and GREASE SEALS We'll remove and clean, your front wheel bearings and repack with grease. We'll also install new grease seals. Price for drum brake cars- EACH AXLE DRUM TYPE BRAKES BRAKE RELENE S Includes new lining on ad four wheels. We adjust brakes and Inspect complete brake system. Drum lype brakes. 24 DISC BRAKE SERVICE We install 4 new front brake pads, repack outer front bearing and inspect calipers, rotors ond rear brakes. Discs machined, calipers rebuilt at extra cost. GUARANTEED ROCKET BATTERY Fits most Chevs., Pontiacs, Dodges, Darts, Olds, Plymouths, etc. 24 monlh guarantee. C.49 15 I I I I J. I I I I J I I I I _ VOLKSWAGON RELINE Includes new lining on all four We adjust brakes, re- pack front wheel bearings and inspect brake system. Drum type brakes. I SHOCK ABSORBERS Buy 3 at the Regular Price GET THE 4th FOR ONLY I BRAKE ADJUSTMENT We'll adjust your brakes for full drum contact and inspect complete system. Price excludes disc brakes and some foreign cars. Offers Good Till March 31, 1972. Corner 3rd Ave. and 8th St. S. Phone 327-8548 J The visitors have included businessmen, academics, politi- cal sympathizers, journalists, old friends of the Chinese lead- ers and every kind of celebrity, from an crooner to a Nobel prize-winning biologist. Thsy have: ranged from I-iucy Newton, leader of the Black Nancy KW.MI, Hong Kong-born star of The World of Suzie Wong, but none of them could properly be styled as tourists. The point is worth making, for within the last month there has been another in a series of stories in the Western press which purport to show that China is opening up to the tour- ist trade. The siory, widely cir- culated by the wire agencies, dealt with plans for the passengers miking a round- the-world cruise on the liner Prance to enter China after their arrival in Hong Kbr.g. French line officials in New York and Paris were quoted as saying that plans for the China visit were being worked out with the China International Travel Service, which handles the movement of all foreigners in China. The officials said that the Chinese had proposed that the passengers travel by train from Hong Kong to Canton, spending two nights there be- fore flying on to Singapore to catch up with the ship. One account raid mat Thom- as Cook and Son, a British tour- cist agency, was hoping to ob- tain a collective visa for the passengers. The account quoted a line official as saying that the Chinese bad not indicated how much the two-day excursion would cost, but added that the official doubled that the mat- ter would he of much concern to the passengers v.-ho wore paying up to each for the cruise. Dinlomats here were aston- ished when they heard of the plan, for it appeared to m.-.rk a complete reversal of what they have been told by Chinese officials, who have insisted in recent months that China is not in the tourist business and not about to enter it. So it was with no great surprise that the learned recently that the plan has been abandoned. Attempts to get the Chinese side of the story proved un- availing, with officials denying any knowledge of the plan. However diplomatic sources here say that there was exten- sive correspondence between the French line and the travel service, all of which came to naught when the time came to fix details such as timing and accommodation. "I have no doubt that the French line people were sin- cere in thinking that the plan would come one diplomat remarked, "but everything I know about the Chinese attitude towards visa applications indi- cates that it will be some time yet before they are ready to fidmit large tourist groups." An interesting sidelight on tile story is that the Cook com- pany, which was to have se- cured the visa for the group, became last April, the first travel agency to advertise holi- days in China. However, in an ad in The Times of London of- ferirg an 18-day tour of 350 pounds, the company took care to point out what a number of subsequent imitators have not that the whole tiling was "subject to (Chinese) govern- ment approval.'' In explaining their position the Chinese rarely go beyond the simple affirmation that they have other priorities to at- tend to. Bnt ihc most probnb'e is not hard to guess: with their resources already strained by the influx of offi- cial visitors they simply cou'd not cope with the additional de- mands that tourism would im- pore. Hotel accommodation would be the least of their problems since all the cities that tourists would be likely to visit are equipped with large hotels, most of which operate far be- low capacity. But experience with official visitors in recent months indicates that there would be a serious shortage of guides and interpreters, an cs- ser.lial for the kind of rloscly- Buperviscd itinerary tourists would be likely to get. IjOOking to the future some observers here are inclined In see signs of a change in policy in the recent publication of an Knglish-language map a n d guide to Peking. The map. the first to go on sale here since Die bopinninfi of tiw Cultural Revolution, is contained in an at- tractively produced (older bear- ing the words tourist, map of Peking. For UK moment, how- ever, it appears that the map is intended for Hie use of resi- dent foreigners and official vis- itors, not. tourists in the nor- mal sense of the. word. (Ilcrnld Peking bureau) Be patient about that China visit By Jwie linckvale THE HERALD'S Peking correspondent John Burns, whose most recent press release is carried on this page, will dash the hopes of many Canadians who have been looking forward eagerly lo making a trip to China, but his viewpoint is well taken. Although there are no local travel agencies I know of, which have been ad- vertising Chinese tours, there are one or two in other parts of Canada who have done 10. They have not been able to fulfil their promises and many people have been bitterly disappointed. One local travel agency manager tells me that he has found it impossible to ob- tain visas for Canadians who have no spe- cial qualifications other than the urge to see for themselves what is going on in the country which has isolated itself from the rest of the globe for so long. This agency, which was incidentally, instrumental in ar- ranging rny last trip lo China about eight years ago (a kind of lucky tour de force which occurs once, and only once, in a life- time and had nothing to with any per- sonal qualifications giving me special ac- ceptability) has been in communication with the Chinese embassy in Ottawa from the first days of its arrival in Canada. The result has been negative. In other words the Chinese, right now, are not is- suing visas to tour groups or individuals in whom they have no particular interest. They say quite frankly that they are not in the tourist business. Mr. Burns iy-ars this out. I am pleased thrt our correspondent has put in words what I have long felt myself, and that is that the Chinese by and large, are not attempting to disguise what is going on in their country with a very few possible exceptions. They simply are quite unprepared for a mass invasion of foreign- ers for whom they must provide accommo- dation, guides and interpreters. The well-heeled group who were looking forward to an exciting two days behind the bamboo curtain in Canton, will bs bitterly disappointed too. It's small comfort maybe but I can only say that m my own brief experience, two da.vs spent in Can- ton, is hardly worth the effort and compli- cated arrangements involved. Peking is the treasure house of China, a glittering display of antiquities, exquisite palaces and splendid parts. In the years to come when the tourist door is open wide, head first for the capital. And in the mean- time don't blame your travel agent if he can't come up with a visa, unless of ronrje you have that "special status'1 to obtain it. Olympics marked by hypocricy The Rev. J. A. Davidson, In The Ottawa Citizen T HAVE been wondering about Uie ath- letes who participated in the original Olympic Games in ancient Greece. Would they have been eligible for competition if the present amateur rule had then been in force? The ralher meagre records we have sug- gest that there may have been a bit of fiddling over expense accounts and subsi- dies such. And I am a little puzzled by that 10-month pre-garnes training camp which is provided for those ancient games- men. bought the groceries for them? How much pocket money were they given? And who provided it? The tangible honors heaped on winners when they got back home certainly smack of heinous profes- sionalism. Perhaps Avery Brundage, who applies the Olympic Games rules, should look into this. Some retroactive suspensions may be called for. The 1972 Olympic Games seem to ba fitting into what has become the tradition- al pattern: pious rhetoric from Uie Olym- pic aristocracy about the glories of true amateurism and the actual contests among state-subsidized "amateurs1'1 and college- subsidized "amateurs" and a few simple simon-pures. And we Canadian fans should not be too quick to cast stones at others. Is the simon- purity of our boys and girls or many of them, anyway a matter of national virtue? Or is it more a matter of na- tional apathy? Then, some of cur finest athletes are college-subsidized and by U.S. colleges at that. The late Earl Alexander of Tunis sug- gested about 16 years ago that the time had come for the radical re-thinking of the amateur-professional distinction in sports. He called for the open and realistic pay- ment of athletes when payment seemed suitable, and without dividing athletes into the paid and the not-paid with respect to eligibility for any competition. There is an element of the farcical !n the concern for amateurism in spons and for Uie inevitable tenky-panky which has developed around it. Hidden subsidies through armed forces and educational in- FiihHions. cynical subterfuccs ?nd double-talk, the tonguc-in-chcck taking of oaths of amateurism these all add up to one of the more ludicrous hypocrisies our time. The distinction between amateurism and professionalism in sport is a relatively modern development. It came to flower during the Victorian age, and in a semi-- feudal social order. A littlo more than a century ago sport was organized on a national scale in Eng- land, and the term "gentleman amateur" was to designate the man who, sim- ply for the love of it, ran races and jumped over things and played team games and all that. The English ideal spread through- out tlie world, and it provided the stan- dard for Uie first modern Olympic Games in Athens in 1896, in which only amateurs could compete. But society is ordered differently now, and the Victorian amateur-professional dis- tinction in sports is obsolete. Of course, there will always be true amateurs who play competitive games and run competi- tive races for the simple love of them. But in most sports today the amateur is generally Uie man who is not good enough for Big Sport, or not yet good enough or if, he is good enough, would rather be doing something else. The Victorian distinction has become a pretentious archaism in our time, the re- flection of a defunct, aristocratic perspec- tive on sports. It is no longer effectively operative in Big S'port, including Uie Olym- pic Games, and it does engender a ludi- crous hypocrisy. Its defenders many of whom are pesonally affluent and socially prominent seem to be yeanling for a social order that is no more. Canada's vital court The Hamilton Spectator "jpHE Supreme Court of Canada is again weighed down with more cases ilian it can handle in its current two month session. Of the ICO appeals facing it. 63 are left-overs from the last session. Most of the cr..-es are concerned with car accidents, contracts, leases and insur- ance. The total effect of this is tha'. the court is reduced to the role of referee in financial disputes which are remole from Uie live of Canadians. Former .Justice .Minister Turner was con- sidering amendments to tha Supreme Court Act which lie hoped would not only reduce the work load but would clarify the purpose of the court in our national life. As things are at present, civil appeals ivhich involve or more must auto- matically be heard by the Supreme Court. On the face of if this places a dispro- portionate importance on financial cases lo the detriment of the true purposes of a court, cf last resort. The Supreme Court has no business spending fa much of its valuable lime beinfi an umpire for insurance companies Its decisions should make a contribution to the continuing progress of Canada, nour- ishing an evolving constitution with fresh concepts of law in a free society. This is not to say that the Supreme (biirt has not made decisions of this kind in past; it most certainly has, but they have come in the midst of loo much v, crk. Tlie court's true function should b? that of a law-interpreting body for the nation, par- ticularly where criminal law is concerned. It must establish precedents in areas where a precedent can guarantee justice to those facing charges under the Criminal Code. Members of the Supreme Court are chosen because they are learned in the law as it stands and believed to be wise. Both qualities are essential, but they can- cot be properly exercised if the court is clicked with appeals thai arc, although cer- tainly important to tlie litigants, of no con- sequence to Canadians as a people today or in time to come. The purposes and functions of the Su- preme Court could seem to need more sharply defined limits. Braver than he looks R> iltmf Walker W''P sil-vs "l'1t Mef'racken is braver Uian he looks. 1 it. Indeed I believe lie is about Uie bravest of men. Not only did Jack po shopping, he went shopping alone, and be did his shopping in flic women's wear department, lie Ixiughl Ins wife Anne an outfit for her birthday. I am very impressed by that. Elspeth recently pot me out shopping and bcforo it all ended I had acquired jacket and pants, shoes and rubbers. I had ivouHe eopinp with questions of and slyle re- must be very iDtimidatmc. ;