Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 21, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta
4-THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Frldcy, Ftbruiry 21, 1975 Some estimates will be sourly regarded Just Ottawa The federal government seems to have been having an identity problem. This has not'been apparent out here on the western prairie, possibly for reasons which are better left unargued at this time in the interests of hospitality. Nevertheless, since 1971, Information Canada, which, newly born, recognized the existence of the problem immediate- ly with the perspicacity of any child genius, has been involved in a federal identity program to standardize logos and names and even stationery sizes among some 250 departments and other government offspring. The purpose has been to save money, to eliminate con- fusion, to distinguish between provincial and federal offices and to co ordinate bilingually. Theoretically, it all sounds great. Simplify the name to something bilingual if possible, add the word, et voila Agriculture Canada, Com- munications Canada, or, with small variations, Environment Canada (En- vironnement Canada Post (Postes Solicitor General Canada (Solliciteur General But the goal of eliminating confusion by standardizing names seems to have been somewhat elusive. In the first place, 20 organizations were eliminated from the change over because they are looked on as competitive commercial operations, entitled to their own habits and stationery. They include CBC, which has just created a new logo, and Air Canada. And among the rest, some of the departments, for one reason or another, have not followed the plan. The Depart- ment of Labor is now Labor Canada (Travail Canada) but the department of justice remains the Department of Justice, instead of Justice Canada. This brings up some unsettling ideas about entrenched thinking in the judicial branch. Adding to the confusion is the fact that, with one exception, departments have retained their old names as their legal identity, while assuming new public names in two languages, giving them, as it were, a triple identity. This is a problem about which even movies have been made, if it is safe to put such a suggestion within the fertile reaches of Information Canada (Information Nevertheless, when all these (and more) criticisms have been made, the standardization elements of the program are most welcome. The new federal symbol that vertical red bar with maple leaf on the right has replaced a motley assortment of designs. The fact that it has also replaced the royal coat of arms in many instances has annoyed some Canadians but it has proved to have saved money, which is the ultimate argu- ment of these times. It must be said, though, that when all the new names have been applied to letterheads and publications, when the general confusion of the change over abates and the federal government emerges with its new, streamlined iden- tity out here in Alberta it will still have the most simplified identity of all. They just call it Ottawa. Brotherhood Week Such has been the interest locally in 'the Canada Winter Games that other things run the risk of being overlooked. Nearly lost sight of is the fact that this is .Brotherhood Week in Canada. For many years the Canadian Council of Christians and Jews has asked Canadians during this week to think a bit more about the ideal of respect for every individual, no matter what his or her background may be. The idea is not to pay lip service to brotherhood in this week and then be. oblivious to it for the rest of the year, but to so focus on the ideal that resolution to act in brotherly fashion will be carried forward. This year's theme for Brotherhood Week is "Do Good." That could lead to some quibbling over definitions; the intention is to get beyond philosophizing to performance. The coincidence of Brotherhood Week with the staging of the Canada Winter Games is a happy accident. What better opportunity for learning about brotherhood, and occasion for practising it, could be afforded than when in- dividuals from all parts of the country and of many backgrounds are brought together? THE CASSEROLE A reduction in the number of escapees from East Germany to West Germany has been linked to the worsening economic con- ditions in the West. Compared with 1973, at least fewer East Germans risked "go- ing over the wall." Typical of the new at- titude towards the West is one advanced by a young man, who previously had plans of es- caping, who said, "I would probably end up on the unemployment lists in West Ger- many." Shortages don't always push prices up. Take money, for instance. Banks and stores all over the country are complaining about shortages of coins; the Royal Canadian Mint just can't meet the demand, even with record production. But in spite of the shortage, money gets to be worth less with every pass- ing day. Just in case you've been wondering It has now been established that the giant panda isn't a.racoon after all, but a really, truly bear. Dr. Vincent M. Sarich, of the Universi- ty of California at Berkeley, recently per formed extensive tests on a deceased giant panda (ailuropoda melanoleuca, if you prefer) and has unequivocally certified that it is as authentic a member of the family as the North American black bear. The nine Latin American countries that produce much of the world's coffee have agreed to keep 30 per cent of the current crop off the market, to keep the price up. Had anyone noticed it falling? Complicating an already difficult labor situation, 80 per cent of Alberta's students start high school in programs leading to uni- versity, a goal only a quarter of them will ever attain. During the time they're struggl- ing unsuccessfully for university entrance, they're not taking the courses that'could help to fit them for making a living in industry. ERIC NICOL Innocents abroad Petrodollars pour into Britain. The Arabs are buying huge office buildings and hotels in London, stately homes and estates in the English countryside. Richard, the Lion- hearted, where are you when we need you? The Saracens are making a strong comeback, after 700 years of waiting for a re- match with the Crusaders. In their first inva- sion of Europe, the Mohammedans reached Venice and the Pyrenees. This time they are planting the crescent flag right in the back yard of the Knights Templar. Which proves that blood is thicker than water, but if you want to make things really sticky, try oil. As every schoolboy knows, the Crusade: that took Europe's mailed knights clanging Into the Middle East helped to end the Dark Ages. The Crusaders brought back all sorts of strange goodies, such as spices, oranges, watermelon, rice, satins, algebra, the windmill and Arabic numerals. Europe benefited enormously from con- tact with the more advanced civilization of the Arab world, but the Arabs didn't gain much, from the boat-loads of Christians who came storming the gates of Jerusalem with a ruthless zeal that set the tone for today's American charter tour. This time around it may be the Arab whose culture is revolutionized, by his economic conquest of the Christian world. If Saladin can get past people like Mr. Turner the Order of St. John in his holy quest for safe investment of the billions the Arabs are looting from the West, the sons of Islam may become many things, including sorry. Among the innovations the Muslim may soon owe to his excursions into the lands of the infidel: fake orange juice, mock meat loaf, plastic flowers, football, rock music, under arm deodorant and the liberation of women. Does the Arab really need these? May he not be better off, in the long run, to forget about the financial plundering of the West and just sit in the desert feeding his petrodollars to the goats? An example of what can happen to the Arab exposed to western influence is Mr. Arafat, leader of the Palestine Liberation Organiza- tion. Arafat turned up at the UN General Assembly meeting with a pistol bulging in his hip pocket, the very picture of a simple Arab terrorist. After only a few days in New York, he returned to the Middle East, and since then the PLO has become a pillar of res- pectability, promising to hang skyjackers and acting as though Camel butter wouldn't melt in its mouth. By and large, during the centuries follow- ing the return of the Christian knights to their chatelaines, the Arabs have had things pretty cozy. Arab men, particularly. They have sat in the little coffee shops, playing with their worry beads and enjoying the blessings of a very stable society. Now the Arab faces the twin curses of great wealth and involvement with a western world in the full flower of decadence. What becomes now of that happy custom of the woman walking a respectful five or six paces behind her man? The Arab teenager, how much longer is he counselled by a pointy slipper applied to his backside? In winning the West, the Arab may be mak- ing an All Booboo. He has every reason to be suspicious of sudden riches that spring from the infernal regions. Manna comes from Heaven. Frum the other direction man- sized headache, Bv Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa coniiiieiiiator OTTAWA The first thing to be said about the presenta- tion of the main estimates for W75-76 is that it is honest. Jean Chretien, to his credit, has given us fair comparisons, ending the con game so long practised on the public. If the old, and shabby, procedures had been followed we should have been told that the estimates (of billion) were up by 11 per cent over forecast expenditures for 1974-75. In fact, as Mr. Chre- tien recognizes, main es- timates can be validly com- pared only with main esti- mates and, on this basis, the increase is 28 per cent. The difference is very great; ac- cording to a Blue Book table about billion. How much will the Govern- ment actually spend? Mr. Chretien is hopeful that he will be able to hold supplementaries to about 200 million and that, with the aid of lapses and shortfalls, he will be able to stay within the billion budgetary spending limits set by John Turner in his November speech. In view of the scale of past miscalculations, it is not easy to share this confidence. Part of the huge unforeseen increase over last year's main estimate calculations was, of course, attributable to the petroleum cushion payments of billion which have been taken into Mr. Turner's ac- counting for 1975-76. But the Government always incurs expenses not foreshadowed in the Blue Book. It is known now that some millions will have to be provided for two-price wheat payments; they are not provided for in the Main Estimates because the Bill has yet to be approved by Parliament. The larger reason for doubt is the progress of inflation, which is now invalidating the calculations of business and government alike. So uncer- tain are the times that Ministers are like men grop- ing in a fog. With the spending momentum which has now developed in Ottawa it will be remarkable if total ex- penditures do not exceed billion, which in fact would represent a slight. slowdown from the acceleration of last year. Although most estimates are up, 72 per cent of the increase is attributable to nine major items. Of these, the the consumer cushion offsetting higher inter- national oil prices. The second is the equalization bill, up by millions, and the third a massive increase of mil- lions to meet the higher costs of carrying the public debt. Then come the additional transfer payments to the provinces for shared programs; amounting to millions. There has been some con- "Well, he said it's Brotherhood Week I said why not Sisterhood Week, and he said Policy lacking for dealing with OPEC By Joseph Kraft, syndicated commentator WASHINGTON The, United States has not put together a coherent national policy for dealing with the oil exporting countries of the Persian Gulf. Instead, departments, agencies and private companies have to fend for themselves. The upshot is a series of crazy contradictions which now seem to surface almost daily. The deal whereby a large share of Pan American is sold to Iran a country that helped get the company in trouble by raising oil prices in the first place is only the latest symptom of the trouble. The biggest role in American policy toward the oil exporting, or OPEC, countries is played by the State Department under Henry Kissinger. Dr. Kissinger counts as his chief concern the negotiations between Israel and the Arabs. He has practiced a subtle, two pronged policy designed to keep the blunt weapon of oil apart from the delicate talks of settlement. First, Dr. Kissinger has called on the monarchs of the Persian Gulf notably the Shah of Iran and King Faisal of Saudi Arabia to use their influence and money to urge upon the Arab neighbors of Israel a policy of moderation. To abet that tactic he has ask- ed other elements of the federal government to be es- pecially nice to the Saudis and the Iranians. Secondly, Dr. Kissinger has tried to show that if matters between Israel and the Arabs turn truly ugly oil would not be the ultimate weapon. Hence his ambiguous threats about the possibility of American military action if the oil exporters tried to "strangle" this country or its allies. Hence, too, his various international, and domestic energy proposals to make this .country and its allies less dependent on Arab oil exports. This fancy footwork has been very hard to follow for the other government depart- ment most intimately involv- ed the Treasury under William Simon. Mr. Simon has been rightly concerned about the impact on the economies of the United States and its allies of the huge oil price increases dic- tated by the OPEC countries. He worked for most of last year to force a break price. Dr. Kissinger seemed to back him but that was only because Mr. Simon's efforts took the attention of the oil ex- porters away from the Arab- Israel problem. When Mr. Simon's efforts collapsed last fall, Dr. Kissinger walked away as if nothing had happened. His latest energy proposals accept the notion that the world will have to live with high oil prices for years. The treasury has also been responsible for helping to arrange orderly and safe reinvestment of the surplus sums being accumulated by the oil monarchs. In keeping with Dr. Kissinger's be-nice approach, the treasury has en- couraged the oil exporters to reinvest their surpluses here and in Europe and Japan. But now the treasury has egg all over its face because at least one Arab kingdom, Kuwait, seems to be practic- ing discrimination against certain Jewish banks. But all the treasury could do was try so far in vain to plant a question which would elicit sharp criticism from the president at. a press conference. The Pentagon has been similarly embarrassed. In keeping with the be-nice approach the defence depart- ment has undertaken a com- plete modernization of the Saudi armed forces. Pentagon negotiators, as part of the deal, wanted a stipulation whereby King Faisal would undertake not to institute an oil embargo again. But Dr. Kissinger vetoed that idea on the grounds it might humiliate the king and ordered the Pentagon to give the Saudis whatever they wanted. One of the things they wanted was million to modernize their national guard. Hence the program for paying American mercenaries to train a force which will protect the oil fields that other Americans might have to attack if it became necessary to make good Dr. Kissinger's am- biguous threats of military ac- tion. The Pan American deal is -others- fusion about the National De- fence budget; up by In fact, James Richardson won an increase of 18.5 per cent in one considerable achievement .when set beside the planned increase of 21 per cent over three. Even so, only million is a net addition to capital expenditure. As the forces are being reduced by with further savings on. the civilian side, it is obvious that the department is being very hard pressed to live with inflation. Some of the projected in- creases may be sourly regard- ed by the public. Our bill for the Post Office, for example, is rising by millions after the spurt of nearly millions the previous year. As it expects a net deficit of million, we can presumably anticipate higher rates for a service which, despite the out- lays for advertising, has fallen far short of universal acclaim. It is of interest that the Post Office will account for no less than 40 per cent of the an- ticipated total growth in the public service. Among the agencies which have come in for much criti- cism recently, CIDA is con- spicuous. Its budget is higher by about This is noteworthy, given the embar- rassing but admitted fact that CIDA was called upon to exert additional efforts only recent- ly in order to expend the large sums entrusted to it last year. Public Works, following its usual custom, has contributed its own little estimates pam- phlet. Its budget is up by roughly million. There may be rather more comment on the distribution of this spending as shown, for ex- ampie, in the table entitled Major Capital Projects and Miscellaneous Highlights of 1975-76. For reasons which may well be sound, Public Works dis- tinguishes between Ottawa and Ontario (excluding Ot- for other, unstated reasons, it lumps together Alberta and the Northwest Territories, British Columbia and the Yukon. There is this to be said for departmental thinking; the breakdown is certainly helpful to an under- standing of one of the realities of confederation. Total spending in Ottawa is given as The total for the entire province of On- tario outside the capital is only A quick tally, however, es- tablishes an even more remarkable fact. Ottawa in 1975-76 will account for more of such spending than all four Atlantic provinces, all four western provinces and the two territories combined. Only Quebec, at first sight, appears to have done better. If Hull is excluded, part of the National Capital may not be true. The figures are slightly confusing but evidently Hull should be credited with at least mil- lions and probably millions of Quebec's 000 total. One might conclude that the National Capital area has become, unofficially a province and one not like the Spring water at hand In the Herald (Feb. 10, P. we read that a bottling company was supplying the athletes in the Canada Winter Games with spring water valued at from the Caledon Mountains at an elevation of feet above Toronto. Just 85 miles from Lethbridge, another spring of such clarity and purity that it defies description, rises seven miles west of Nanton in the Porcupine Hills at an eleva- tion of (eel above Toron- to. From this spring flows the water used by all the for- tunate natives in our town. Nothing added, nothing taken .away, and tested by govern- ment inspectors every month, this elixir of life has long bestowed its goodness on us all. Unselfishly, we have shared nature's wonderful bounty with many thousands of thirsty tourists every summer, through the world famous Nanton TAP a pic- ture of which received top billing in the new 1975 color brochure of the Travel Convention Association of Southern Alberta (headquar- tered in Lethbridge Cost of the water? Eight thousand gallons for (for to the tourists and visitors FREE! Known around the world through press clippings and the dis- tribution of thousands of "tap" postcards, bumper stickers, place-mats, souvenirs, et al, the Nanton Tap beckons like an oasis in the desert to weary and thirs- ty travellers. Just think what it could do for athletes'. The next time Lethbridge stages the Games be our guests! HOWIE ARMSTRONG, Sect. Nanton Economic Industrial Committee more of the same. Various parts of the government rais- ed questions about Iran's own- ing a big share in the com- pany. The main question was whether Pan Am might not be more appropriately saved by a merger with some other American company as part of a restructuring of the whole airline industry. But the state department felt it was more important to stay on good terms with the Shah. What all this means is that the United States has not thought through systematical- ly the new kind of relation it wants to have with the OPEC countries. A basic recon- sideration of policy in a forum where somebody else beside the secretary of state has a voice is required. Un- til that is done, American policy toward OPEC will be a ramshackle collection of in- congruities which nobody can explain or understand. There is no reason to doubt that Canadians generally take pride in their national capital. They may, nevertheless, have reservations about spending distortions of this magnitude. After all, Public Works, ac- cording to its own statement, is endeavouring" to direct spending towards 'soft' areas in the (construction) industry where there is a need of employment." The soft area excelling all the rest as a magnet for funds happens to be a city known for some years as one of (he most com- fortable and prosperous in the nation. See any recent Green Book from the department of national revenue. James Richardson, an oppo- nent of such concentration, has been accused of "pork barrelling" for his efforts to effect some decentralization. He may find the table of value when he next encounters this charge. The LethbricUje Herald 504 7th Si. S. Lethbridge. Alberta LETHBBIDOE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Edilor and Publisher DON. H. PILLING" Managing Edilor ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Pago Editor' DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager I'm beginning to find women my own age attractive. "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"