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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 21, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE February Lawrence Lamb M.D. Dear Dr. Lamb I would like to know something about pericarditis, or which ever carditis affects the outer lining of the heart? If one has the outer lining removed can one expect a complete recovery or can one expect to be a semi-invalid for the rest of one's life? What is the life expectancy of this disease? What causes it? Dear Reader The outer surface of the heart is coated with a thin membrane. This same membrane continues to form a loose fitting outer sac. The entire membrane is called the pericardium (meaning around the When it is inflamed it is called pericarditis. The "itis" means inflammation. Inflammation can have many causes, including a viral infection and even chemical irritation. In many instances the cause of the inflammed pericardium is not known. It cannot be demonstrated to be caused by a virus or a bacteria in those cases. The term "idiopathic" is used in this case, which is a fancy medical term for "I don't know. In many instances, the episode of pericarditis is self- limited and is not serious. In these cases no surgery is needed. In such cases the life expectancy is good It can cause chest pain and even cause confusion with a heart attack, particularly in individuals in the heart attack age group. Rarely fluid will accumulate in the sac, between the membrane part covering the heart itself and the rest of the sac. If enough fluid collects it causes pressure on the heart and can interfere with its normal filling mechanism. This can seriously interfere with the circulation. In such rare problems the doctor can draw off the excess fluid through a needle inserted into the distended sac. It is like draining a large blister. Very rarely the inflamed pericardial sac can undergo scarring and in the process constrict the heart's ability to beat properly. This is literally adhesions of the, heart. This usually occurs much later or with rare cases of pericarditis caused by tuberculosis. In these instances the sac can be stripped away, literally freeing the heart of adhesions. You can't say before the operation just how successful it will be. When the pericardium over the heart muscle is inflamed, the heart muscle itself is usually inflamed. Part of the success of the operation depends upon how much of the heart muscle has also been damaged with the disease. If there is little or no damage then an excellent recovery can be expected. You can't say too much about the prognosis after surgery without knowing what the cause really is, tuberculosis, virus, or idiopathic. However, I would like to reassure you that in many instances of the disease there is little or no important damage to the heart muscle, and after surgery there is usually an excellent recovery with a good outlook for the future. This is an example of another operation that was difficult or impossible not too long ago. Before antibiotics, chest surgery for any reason was done as a last resort. Send your questions to Dr. Lamb, in care of this newspaper, P.O. Box 1551, Radio City Station, New York, N.Y. 10019. For a copy of Dr. Lamb's booklet on losing weight, send 50 cents to the same address and ask for "Losing Weight" booklet. Flashback By THE CANADIAN PRESS Feb. 21, 1974 Robert Southwell, the English poet, was hanged 379 years ago today in 1595 the day after his trial for treason. Southwell had been imprisoned and tortured for three years for being a Roman Catholic priest. The law prohibited any Englishman in Roman priesthood to stay more than 40 days in England. Southwell, trained in Paris, volunteered to defy the ban as a missionary. 1958 Egypt and Syria voted in favor of merging to form the United Arab Republic. Goren on Bridge BY CHARLES H. GOREN Tkc Tritane East-West vulnerable. South deals. NORTH 86542 <9 Q6 A 10 6 3 Q3 WEST EAST A K Q A 10 975 KJ 10843 KOS 0 J74 J 6 5 4 2 K 9 H SOUTH AJ973 A 2 Q82 A 10 7 The bidding: South West North East l 4k Pass 4 4k Pass Pass Pass Opening lead- Nine It is generally advanta- geous to have the 'can decide what suit to play jand probe for the opposi- tion's weak spot. However, South demonstrated ably that this is not always the case when he brought home an ambitious contract on to- day's hand Eu-n tho he held five trumps. North would have lieon wiser to content him- self with a simple raise to two spades The two queens in his short suits tended to decrease the value of his hand, which was not quite distributional enough to mer- it a jump to game West appeared to get his side off to a fine start by attacking the heart suit. De- clarer did not think much of his chances, for if left to his own devices he would have to lose al kast one trick in each suit His only hope was to enlist the services of his opponents to bail him out of his predicament. Accordingly, declarer played low from dummy at trick one and won the ace in his hand. He cashed the ace of vital move in his plan and then led a heart to the queen and East's king. East did not rel- ish the prospect of being on lead. A heart would allow declarer to ruff in his hand while discarding dummy's club loser, and a club would be up to dummy's queen. He decided therefore to lead a low diamond. Declarer played low, and West did well to insert the nine. Dum- my's ten won, and declarer continued with his plan by leading a spade. This time West was on the lead, and he had no safe exit. Whatever he led, declarer would make the contract if he could guess the location of the cards. Suppose West led a d i a m o n would let that ride round to his queen, and so would lose no diamond tricks. A club would be no better, for de- clarer could play low from dummy and so avoid a loser in that suit. Note that best defense for East was to return a heart at trick four. To make the contract, declarer would have to ruff in his hand and discard a club from dummy. After cashing the ace of clubs and ruffing a club, de- clarer throws West in with a trump. He ruffs the club re- turn and then plays a dia- mond, covering any card East plays to endplay West once more. Your horoscope lyJemeOuon FRIDAY, FEB. Your birthday today: Opens a year of frequent exchange of old for new, usually before you feel completely ready. Many of you will enter new vocations this year, or adopt new ways of doing your accustomed work. Relationships are tested, must redevelop into stronger ties if they are to endure. Intuition arises to guide you, if you have the faith to follow it. Today's natives are fond of pleasure, can make a smooth approach to almost any ques- tion ARIES (March 21 April Even people.close to you may mislead you with their confused information. Do your own sorting out, your own researches into confidential matters. TAURUS (April 20 May Make distinctions between the social and the financial, avoid little schemes your friends cook up. Neighborly visiting provides rewarding moments. GEMINI (May 21 Jane Details pile up and have to be carefully noted as you take care of them. People tend to hear only what they want to hear make records along the way. CANCER (June 21 July New questions open for investigation before you're done with the old ones. Negotiations of any sort should be held tentative until next week. LEO (July 23 Aug. Helpful agreements begin but then become knotty, difficult to complete. Give yourself time to see all the fine points. Your money seems determined to escape. VIRGO (Aug. 23 Sept. Do the best you can with the rush of closing out the work week, wasting no time with side issues, starting no new projects. Pace your efforts to avoid fatigue. LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. Impractical ideas abound, with everybody all set to put them to use. You get a chance to use your special skills in coping with the passing scene. SCORPIO (Oct. 23 Nov. Investing is out for the day; even simple payments should be well receipted. Ventures requiring imagination thrive, diverge into fresh directions. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22 Dec. It's a great day for family festivals. Somewhere on the lively scene a general discussion of what to do in the near future takes place. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22 Jan. Decisions come up abruptly and have to be madej Make no promises now as even tentative estimates are apt to be taken as statements of fact. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20 Feb. It's a mixed sort of day with far too many things to take care of, too brief a time to attend to them all fully. Make priorities early. PISCES (Feb. 19 March Clear off belated correspondence, using caution in referring to business transactions. You are into unfamiliar conditions. Make no snap judgments. 1974, The Chicago Tribune I HAVE A "TRIVIA" SPOtfTS QUESTION THAT PRlVE WOODSTOCK THElOAU.! PLAfEP SHORTSTOP FOK ST.PAUL THE AMttlCAN ASSOCIATION PENNANT IN NINETEEN AlOW'D HE EVER HEAR I OFOLLIE PEJMA? -------------3P------ SHORT MIS byfrrto'neal WE MADE 7WAT. WWEAT WITH THE AMERICANS... CALL HI AND LOS by dik brownt WE'RE SUPPOSS? TO CONSERVE ON ENERGY, SO PUT WARM ON WHILE WATCH TV Ask Andy AC AND DC Andy sends a complete 20- volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to David Gerstenfeld, age 11, of Staten Island, New York, for his question: What's the difference between AC and DC? AC and DC, as all of us know, are different kinds of electrical energy. In both cases, the "C" stands for current, electric current. The "A" stands for alternating, the "D" stands for direct. Obviously alternating and direct current differ because applicances and other electric gadgets are designed to run on either AC or DC, but not on both. Before the energy crisis, many of us assumed that an unlimited amount of electric current flowed through the wires and would continue forever. Now we realize that most electric generators are run by fossil fuels, and that these supplies are limited. This makes us curious about electricity in general. And when we get right down to the problem, we learn that our limited electric power never did flow through the wires. This fact is related to the difference between alternating and direct current. Any electric current is the combined energy of zillions of electrons harnessed to move together in formation, like soldiers on parade. Electrons are the negatively charged particles that swarm around the nucleus of the atom. All these negative particles are alike. They have been weighed, which gives some idea of their size. Two electrons weigh one millionth-millionth-millionth- miUionth part of a pound. Normally they are attached to atoms, mainly by the opposite positive charge of the nucleus. But stray electrons in outer lanes tend to leave home. An electric generator uses a pushing power called voltage to control these free electrons. When zillions of them move in formation through a wire circuit, their combined energy creates electric current. In direct current, voltage pressure pushes free electrons to move in the same direction. The voltage power surges through the wire circuit at almost the speed of light. But the moving electrons merely inch along hence the current does not flow through the wires. In alternating current, the moving electrons are forced to move in a fancy two-step. Together, they jog forward, then backward in formation. The -voltage power surges forward to a peak, subsides and reverses the parade to the opposite direction. This forward and backward motion is repeated many times a second. In technical terms, each jog to and fro is called a cycle. The number of cycles per second is called frequency. Electrical appliances have tags to show the frequencies they need. If the tag says 60 cycles, it means that the required AC must jog back and forth 60 times per second. And to keep a reading lamp glowing, more than six billion- billion electrons must stay on the job. An AC generator can equal the output of 100 DC generators and very high voltage is needed to send current over long distances. This high power must be reduced for safe use in homes and factories. AC current can be stepped down by transformers. QiMsHora astod by cMM- nn of HtraU nMdtrt should malted to Aok Andy, P.O. Box. Huntington teach, California 92MS. PuMbMng Co. 1173) Fun with figures By J. A. H. HUNTER Each letter stands for a different digit ROME N OT HOME TO HOM ER Of i knew it! Bat please don't forget that HOMER was truly prime. (Answer tomorrow) Yesterday's answer: Apples 7 cents, pears 11 cents, oranges 12 cents each. BUGS BUNNY HIYA, KIPS! VAET .YET? NO, BUT WHEN WE PO IT'S TO BE AL.ONS' YOU'RE BUT A LOUD- MOUTHED, OVER- BEARING, SHE LEFT OUT BLOMNE by chic young PASWOOD, WAKE UP AND COME TO JT DINNER _. IT'S NOTDAGWOOD- IT'S ALEXANDER HE'SSETTINei LIKE HIS FATHER EVERY .DAY HE EVEN SNORES IN THE SAME KEY by bob HMNitm NOW, THIS WIRE GOES TO THE CARBON....AND WIRE GOES TO THE ZINC I YOOST TOUCH IT TO WHAT THE WORLD NEEDS) INSTEAD ISA WAY OF STORE UP BOAABS.' ELECTRICITY TKHORRHE MUST HAVE PIP PAP EBALLY PUT PEOPLE. Hill! IMLEY by imrt water DID ME WRITE ONE FOR OFFICERS, TOO? CALL BILL MAULDlN AND TEU. MlM OFFICERS MAVENT CMAN6EP TH1MGS BAD SEND j S THAR,