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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 21, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 42 - THE UTHBRIDGE HERAID - Wednesday, February 21, 1973--___-.-!- Connections begin in southern Burma Smooth operating Chinese gangsters smuggling heroin around the globe (5y IIOLAND DALLAS � The so-called "Chinese It branches through Saigon pect of any improvement in senior American diplomats as the supply of drugs from out of Hong Kong harbor in a contacts who do no HONG KONG (Reuter) - connection" starts in the law- and Manila and operates with the situation. Lo Hsing Han. Thailand has not been re- junk to a secret rendezvous each other, the mor] Smooth and sophisticated less hills of southern Burma all the secrecy and skill of the ^ the nlgEe^ gnan states of Reports of Burmese govern- duced in recent months. with the Thai trawler, often in delivered to a heroin Chinese gangsters are smug- and stretches through Bang- Mafia. e�,+t,^ ,,,,, ment operations against Chinese Thai gangsters, unpatrolled Chinese territorial in_Hong Kong, gling heroin throughout South-' " - - . �� �r���� ~ww*� cast Asia and into North America and Europe. Three-year term The so-called "Chinese connection" starts in the lawless hills of southern Burma and stretches through Bangkok and Hong Kong to the Chinatowns of New York and London. It branches through Saigon and Manila and operates with all the secrecy and skill of the Mafia. Top Hong Kong government officials and veteran narcotics investigators see little pros- pect of any improvement in the situation. In the rugged Shan states of southern Burma, opium poppy growing is controlled by a Cliinese Burmese identified by Canadian named UNESCO director By DONAT VALOIS PARIS (CP) - Geologist James M. Harrison is the first Canadian named a director of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Harrison, 57, has been assistant director of UNESCO's department of natural and environmental sciences since Jan. 1. He said in an interview that the world cannot advance without science and technology and that the importance of these two disciplines should be made known throughout the world. Before accepting this three-year position, Harrison served as senior assistant deputy minister of the department of en- ergy, mines and resources in Ottawa. He is the founder of the international Union of Geological Sciences and served as its president from 1961 to 1964. From 1966 to 1968, he served as president of the International Council of Scientific Unions. Hewas the first Canadian to receive the Kemp Memorial gold medal from Columbia University in 1963 "for exceptional contributions to geology." In 1971 he was named a Companion of the Order of Canada. Harrison said he has been named to his new position at a time when UNESCO is attaching strong importance to the development of the environmental sciences. He said UNESCO devoted most of the last issue of its" publication The Courier to the environment, pollution, and the necessity of maintaining an ecological balance in the world. One of UNESCO's principal objectives is to promote interna- tional co-operation in research in environmental and natural sciences, Harrison said. He is supported by a staff of 200, including 90 professionals from various countries. UNESCO is based in Paris and is composed of 138 member nations. senior American diplomats as Lo Hsing Han. Reports of Burmese government operations against poppy growing Lahu tribesmen were welcomed here but investigators said that the Rangoon government had not made a concerted attempt to ban opium cultivation. TERRAIN DIFFICULT "The terrain is so difficult up there," said one anti-narcotics agent, "that you can hardly land a helicopter. You either walk or ride a donkey." From Burma, the opium is transported secretly through northern Thailand to Bangkok, despite Thai government campaigns to stem the flow and American technical and financial assistance. Officials in Hong Kong say the supply of drugs from Thailand has not been reduced in recent months. Chinese Thai gangsters, mostly from the Chiu Chow region of the south China coast and linked by Mafia-style loyalties, control the Bangkok operation, according to the investigator. They convert the opium into morphine and send a trusted lieutenant by air to Hong Kong to negotiate a sale. At the same time, the morphine -or in some cases, raw opium or manufactured heroin-leaves Bangkok aboard a Thai trawler which chugs slowly up the south China coast. After he makes a sale with one of about 10 Chiu Chow gang bosses in Hong Kong, the man from Bangkok sails out of Hong Kong harbor in a junk to a secret rendezvous with the Thai trawler, often in unpatrolled Chinese territorial waters near here. USES TORN MONEY He produces one half of a torn bank note and matches it with the half held by the trawler captain, whom he has never seen before. The drugs are transferred to the junk, and later to smaller sampans. The trawler sails back to Bangkok and the Thai-Chinese flies home, his work completed. Within hours, the junk and sampans have slipped quietly into the harbors of Hong Kong or Macao, Portugal's tiny territory 40 miles across the Pearl River estuary. Eventually, after a series of secret exchanges between contacts who do not know each other, the morphine is delivered to a heroin factory in Hong Kong. These factories, which can operate in one room of an apartment with little fear of detection, serve both the British colony's addict population of about 80,000 and a growing export market. No one knows how much heroin leaves Hong Kong for North America and Britain. The colony is virtually a free port with little control .over goods being exported, and it is virtually impossible to identify the source of heroin captured in other cities. But an experienced international investigator here said Hong Kong may be supplying up to 10 per cent of all Amer-ca's heroin imports. Quacks called cancer killers London Observer LOS ANGELES - Californi-ans this year will throw away somo $200 million on quack cures, worthless drugs and devices, fraudulent health advice and phoney health foods. A lot of it will come from the pockets of desperate, lower-income people seeking a simple remedy for a complicated disease - cancer. "For the most part, these quacks are, quite simply, murderers," says Mrs. Helen Brown, president of the Ameri-car Cancer Society's California division. "Many of the 345,000 Americans who will die this year of cancer could be saved if they'd take proper treatment, instead of turning to these greedy ghouls." Some vendors put on a white coat and peddle their wares in the ghettos and poor quarters of the city, says Mrs. Brown. They make thousands of dollars. GROTESQUE DEVICE One of the most grotesque devices can be seen at the State Food and Drug Bureau. It has several pointless dials, with a cheap tape - recorder inside. Two wires project from it: to each is attached a Brillo cleaning pad wrapped in cloth. The cancer sufferer places the pads- against the affected part of the body, feels "therapeutic vibrations," and is on the way to a quick recovery. California officials found a tape in the recorder and turned it on. It played an old Harry James recording of Smoke Gets In Your Eyes. A bureau investigator commented: "It was the sickest piece of sick humour I've yet encountered." Dr. Ralph Wallerstein, _ sec-retai-y of the Cancer Advisory Council, which also investigates these schemes, says that the cancer con-game is the most wicked of all the tricks of quackery. "That's because speed is vital. The longer a patient waits, the lower his chance of recovery." The pathetic readiness of seme people to seek desperate remedies when professional treatment is at hand is seen in the case of Linda Epping, an eight-year-old girl whose parents heard of the man who would be responsible for her death in the halls of a hospital which could have cured her. A friend told the Eppings of a Dr. Phillips who had cured her child without an operation. Cigarette sales continue rise LONDON (CP) - Despite an Initial drop among smokers in Britain following a 1971 Royal College of Physicians report that smoking can endanger health, statistics show that cigarette sales were up again last year and are continuing to rise in 1973. So, in ain attempt to put back some of the impetus in the anti-smoking csmpaign, the government-financed Health Education Council plans to spend the equivalent of $400,000 during the next few months on anti-smoking propaganda. It is intended that the height of the campaign should conclude with the government publication, expected in April, on tar and nicotine levels in different brands of cigarettes. Mrs. Epping hastened to Phillip's door. He told her to remove Linda from hospital at once before surgeons "mutilated" the child by removing a sarcoma, one of the fastest-growing cancer forms, from above her eye. CASE HOPELESS Phillips took a $500 advance from the parents and proposed continued treatment, which was to cost between $200 and $300 a month. The cure consisted largely of vitamins, laxatives and meat extracts. In a month the tumor had swollen to the size of an egg. The parents then took Linda ' to a genuine doctor, but by then the case was hopeless. After Linda's death, Phillips was charged first with stealing $739 for falsely promisingthe cure, and .then with murder. He was convicted after a lengthy trial, the jury finding that in promising to cure Linda he had acted with malice and shown wanton disregard for human life. It was, said the district attorney, a case of "murder by words." The only thing unioue about Linda's case was Phillip's murder conviction. Fraud of this kind happens all the time, say state hea'th officials, who complain that judges are too lenient in dealing with the tricksters. "They don't put crimes like these in the same class with crimes of violence," says Mr. Grant S. Leake, who has seen many similar tragedies in his 24 years with the Food and Drug Bureau. "But is there really a difference in taking, a life with words instead of knife or gun, when in either case you're doing it for the money?" The quacks concerned are seldom' short of cash. They can usually afford a costly, long-drawn series of delaying legal actions. They are hard to track down and harder to prosecute. "There's an unfortunate syndrome in which the snake-oil merchant, the fake ' medicine man is seen as a lovable rogue in an old American tradition," says a health official. "He's not condemned outright by society." REJECT PROTECTION There is also the problem that many victims reject legal protection. They want to believe in the quick, cheap, miraculous cure, rather than "mutilating" surgery or "suspect" radiation. A credulous group called the International Associ-sition of Cancer Victims and Friends accuses the Californi-an lawmakers of trying to deprive hopeless cancer patients of the vitamins they say their lives depend on." These groups hold conventions and issue their own journals, fil'ed with scientific jargon backing up unpro-ven remedies. Quackery in this country is a $2,000 million a year industry, according to the American Medical Association, which offers some hints on how to recognise a fraud. The successful quick-cure pusher has usually acouired a professional polish and an understanding, dignified manner. But beware of "doctors" who: -Offer cures available only from themselves. -Object to consultations with other physicians. -Display testimonials for their cures. -Give their own names to a treatment, or use the title of an organisation whose other members are not listed. SIMPSONS bears Save $4 Vivacious cuffed bags. Bright, uninhibited, and fashion straight to the heel in PERMA-PREST* polyester Our bags are the newest - with that-wide leg you love, that just-right cuff, thai extended waistband that hugs your prettiest little tops so well. Practical too, in almost unscrunchable Perma-Prest polyester wa.p Knit. Machine wash and dry. Zip fly front, side pockets. Luxuriously lined in tricot. Black, Brown, Navy, Red, White, Pink, Blue. Sizes 5-15. Soft little sweaters are a neat topping idea. 5 assorted styles. S-M-L. Only $4.99 ea. 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