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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 21, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 - THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD - Wednesday, February 21, 1973 Educational budgeting For as long as anyone can remember, education in Alberta - or anywhere else, for that matter - has been financed on an annual basis. This is to change. According to the throne speech, the government be-lieves educational budgets should be based on a three year period. Presumably this new motion applies only to education, as nothing has been said about triennial budgets for other departments. One ;cannot help wondering what it is about education that makes this a desirable arrangement Government financing starts with the preparation of a budget, which lists proposed expenditures for the coming year, and indicates how to raise the necessary funds. Both expenditure and revenue figures are estimates, or predictions. After considering these estimates, elected representatives authorize the expenditures they approve of, and set the levels of taxation they think will raise the needed revenues. The point to note is that government action isn't based on actuality or even calculation, but on estimates, which are the best guesses of fiscal experts about what will occur in the ensuing year. Estimating is not an exact science. This is amply demonstrated by the regular incidence of supplementary estimates, unexpected deficits or ;(somewhat less frequently) surpluses and all the other hardy fiscal perennials. Rather, it is somewhat akin to weather forecasting, a matter of making predictions and then explaining why the expected did not happen. If the government's - any government's - record for fiscal forecasting is unimpressive, that of the institutions concerned is hopeless. Judging from what the public has 'been told, impetus for multi-year educational budgeting camc from -the post-secondary institutions, rather than from the government These institutions have been financed since their inception on the basis of their own annual estimates, just as all government departments have been, and will continue to be. One would expect they might have developed some fairly effective methods of estimating, at least to cover a year ahead. But in the 1960s, they were overwhelmed year ' after year by floods of unexpected students it was claimed could never be predicted. Since the turnaround of the 70s, they have been devastated by the regular -but still unpredictable, it seems- decline in student interest. In sum, to date neither the government nor the institutions have been conspiciously successful in predicting the factors that go to make up an accurate single year budget. One wonders, therefore, why either of them should believe they can fio better with three year forecasts. Lake Louise development . Environmentalists, nature - lovers and other outdoorsmen who spoke up vigorously - and effectively - when Imperial Oil planned a development they believed would ruin the Lake Louise area, may be interested in a report published recently in the Chris tian Science Monitor, a journal not generally regarded as a rabble-rousing enemy of the establishment. This report was filed by a Monitor correspondent who was in the Lake Louise area to report on winter sports, and who made some inquiries about the future of the resort, particularly the matter of accommodation for winter sports enthusiasts. It quotes an entrepreneurially minded citizen of Lake Louise, one who happens to have a good-sized stake in the tourist business. Referring to the Imperial Oil project, which readers will recall was to add some 9,000 tourist beds to existing facilities, this gentleman said, simply, "They thought too big." He explained that the very magnitude of the project alarmed people, who thought the planned Lake Louise Village "would be for rich Americans ..." Now Imperial Oil has dropped its plans, he explained, "We'll come back at them again, and this time with a smaller, lower-profile plan. About 2,000 beds - shops, lodges, all down here at the junction, not on the mountain." Sounds reasonable enough? Then listen to his next statement: "In a few years we can come in with a plan for something on the mountain. But we'll never make the mistake of approaching them with a plan for 9,000 beds at a time." Need more be said? ANDY RUSSELL Beautiful and cruel WATERTON LAKES PARK - Recently I stood by a frozen beaver pond on the edge of a meadow alone with three coyotes and a mountain. Frost and new snow glittered in the dying light of the sun up on the rim of the peak at the head of the creek, but down in the valley the light had turned a sombre grey with a bite in the breeze that made me hunker down into the warmth of my jacket collar. A hundred .yards away the coyotes were going through a patch of heavy grass like a trio of pickpockets. They were hunting mice, taking their time about it and treading softly, alert and listening.. Now and again one would freeze and then pounce with front paws held closely together on something rustling in the grass. With infinite finesse born of long practice, the mouse would be extracted from where it was trapped to be -chewed and swallowed. So it went until the Whole grass patch was worked out. Two of them came together and touched noses, and perhaps as a signal of approval for an idea expressed, one lifted its tail to half mast and wagged it slowly like a dog. The other pointed its nose to the sky to howl a long-drawn coyote song - a salute that the mountain answered with an echo. It had just finished its wild paean when the other joined in and another until the whole valley rang and echoed. They wound VP their chorus with a yapping contata, a tricky blending of voices sounding like a pack three times the size - a fierce wild sound telling of the chill, the coming night and a kind of freedom like no other. Then all three trotted away to lose themselves like wraiths of smoke among the willows leaving a profound silence between me and the mountain. These are innovative, enterprising and exceedingly cunning hunters. On my way home while the first pale stars were showing overhead I thought about them, remembering times when their playfulness and cruelty were observed. Once from the point of a rocky bluff overlooking an open slope I saw four coyotes come running out of a grove of aspens. The leader was carrying a dead magpie and the others were pursuing in a sort of tag game, for suddenly he flipped the bird high and another picked it up to be in turn pursued. Back and forth and around they went over the snow until finally their enthusiasm ran out and they just stood looking at each other panting in the warm sun. Many times I have seen pups playing around the mouth of the home den exactly like so many awkward pups and every bit as entertaining. I also recalled a frosty morning in late fall when I trotted a bush trail on the way to school after a weekend holiday. The trail passed a slough where an old emaciated cow was bogged deep in the mud along its edge. A day or two before she had walked out on the frozen mud for a drink, but the ice had prevented this and when she turned to go back the hard crust had broken under her letting her down into the muck, trapped and helpless to move an inch. Sometime the night before, the coyotes found her. Unable to kill her or even tear her tough hide, they improvised by coming up close behind her and eating their way into her pelvic aperture. When I came along she was still incredibly alive. Her owner duly summoned put an end to her suffering with a bullet through her head, softly cursing coyotes all the while. Right then I felt that all coyotes should be killed on sight, but as the years passed and my experience grew along with me, I came to know that all nature is sometimes starkly cruel and that this can be also a trait of men. The little grey yodeller is a part of the wilds, where hunters and hunted take part, and that I too am included. The least we can do is look with open heart and try to understand. Whither the U of L? (9) Jeunne Beaty Let's tell it like it is an The University of Lethbridge has been criticized from within as well as from without for inadequate public relations and recruiting programs. These may not have seemed important in the initial wave of enthusiasm over the establishment of a university here in Southern Alberta when all efforts were directed to seeing that it was an institution of quality with a distinctive approach to education, and when enrolments were increasing. Several factors have combined to make these inadequacies crucial at this time. One is the temporary disadvantage of the site. It was recognized by the board of governors and the university administration that such disadvantages would exist, but in the selection of a site they felt the long-range view should be the operative one. They couldn't have foreseen that a general decline in university enrolments would strike at the precise time when the disadvantages of site wsuld be the greatest. These disadvantages, if they are not apparent to all, include inadequate bus service. The service is on a demand basis and precludes casual use of the campus by residents on this side of the river or casual use of the facilities of the town by campus residents. There is, for intance, no Saturday night bus service. There is no Sunday service except on nights when a film is being shown on campus, and the last regular run from town on weekdays is depressingly early from a student's standpoint. Regular use of the service requires a calendar, a watch and a computer with a constantly updated memory bank. In general, it is not conducive to .good communication between the campus and the town. Hindsight suggests that the city made a mistake in not starting development on the west side soon enough so that by the time the university opened there would be corramercM facilities, recreational facilities and better bus service. The building of the new bridge will alter the picture considerably. Meantime, it is a pretty bleak life for the approximately SO per cent of resident students who do not have cars. The third factor has been a change in the provincial government. This is not invidious in itself, but it has occurred at a time of reappraisal of the whole education scene and in the ooncomittarifc re-orgamza-tion being implemented by the Conservative government - and power plays by groups and individuals with ideas to sell - the universities have been on the defensive, they have suffered financially, and morale has been generally low. If, in this re-organization, decisions are going to be taken on the basis of public opinion, it is up to the universities to see that it is am informed public opinion. It is up to the universities to project an image that will inspire a certain amount of public support. It may be an uncomfortable role, but it is a necessary one and it does not demean the academic nature and purpose of the institution. A university may be dead, as a British educator put it, "if it cannot communicate to students the struggle - and the disappointments as well as the triumphs - to produce out of the chaos of human experience a few grains of order won by the intellect." It is also dead if it cannot communcate to the community and to the entire society in which it exists the excitement that comes from living on the frontiers of knowledge and the contribution of rational thought to individual well-being. A maximum, rather than a minimum, effort is needed here - not just by the administrative staff but by the whole university community, including faculty and students. An internationally renowned dendrochronologist visited the university last fall to talk with students. As is customary, he also gave a public lecture. The talk was announced by brief notices in the media and it was attended by an embarrassed handful of people mostly faculty and wives. Nowhere in the internal or external communications had the message gotten across that dendrochronology, the study of tree rings, is one of the most exciting fields in the world of science and replete with drama. * * ? Significant dates In history have been changed because of the work of the scientist who came to Lethbridge. Dendrochronology has shown, for instance, that Stonehenge is 1,000 years older than supposed, and historians have had to revise their theories of the movement of cultural patterns across Europe. It now seems that culture spread out across the continent from the British Isles, instead of in a reversed pattern. After the lecture, an elderly woman of strong character who belonged to a well-respected British association of people interested in trees, pounded her fist on a table and asked, "Where are the people who ought to have been here?" It may have been community apathy but it may also have been a lack of understanding on the part of people who thought dendrochronology was a dull, esoteric subject of no general interest and who could have been otherwise informed. As an example of what good public relations can do, the university library reported that extramural use nearly doubled after a feature story in The Herald. It may have been the first time community residents realized that they could use the library facilities. Of course, if they planned to take a bus over on Sunday afternoon, they were out of luck. The same maximum effort la needed in the area of recruit" tag.' If education critics are right, if today's students want more control over their existence, if they want teacher-student relationships that are meaningful and not Impersonal, if they want something other than a crowded urban existence - then throughout the province there must be students for whom the University of Lethbridge is the answer and the whole of the province - at least - should be the recruiting area. There are signs that the university ia making efforts to im- prove both its uiformation and recruiting services. Teams have been visiting some 30 high schools in the southern part' o f the province. The iiniversity is also taking part, with other universities, in 11 career fairs (now known as explorations in career planning) in Northern Alberta and it disseminates information through the career centre manned by the Edmonton school board. There is some internal argument that these efforts should be augmented by other less traditional approaches. Recruiting efforts, like all others, depend on available money. After visits to some of the high schools in Southern Alberta, the vice-president of the U of L, Dr. Owen Holmes, said he deplored the decline in morale and loss of personal ambition among teen-age students amd added that he felt young people are being misled today by their elders who are swayed by immediate, transient job statistics and by worry about violent episodes which are a thing of the past. "The welfare and personal growth of young people is at issue," he emphasized. "If some of the efforts now being used in vicious attacks on educational institutions at all levels were used to attempt some positive improvement we would all be better off." Dr. Holmes had some very direct comments to make on the value of educational institutions as such. "1 wish some time our political institutions were as sensitive to the needs of change as our institutions of learning. It's no contest. The relevancy of our educational institutions is much greater than our political institutions at this point in time. "I really can't believe that our formidable socio-politico-economic issues of the day are going to be better dealt with by our society through a subordination of educational institutions." Dr. Holmes' statements reflect the great sense of unease which exists in the university community about decisions which are being made in Edmonton. It is another observable maxim that decisions are usually made on the basis of things which can be counted. It is difficult to count, and plot on a graph, such things as the strengthening of civility in our society and the value of knowledge in opening new vistas to the human spirit and enriching individual lives, all of which one of Canada's foremost educators, J. A. Carry, attributes to the university. It is foreseeable that in the well-quantified, much - charted field of education weU-meaning men may make decisions on the basis of things which are easy to count, like enrolments and job availability, and overlook what society may need, Ashby's "thin clear stream of excellence" and Corry's "new vistas for the human spirit.'" If the situation is to be altered, if the contributions a university makes to society are to be understood by the decision-makers and appreciated by at least a segment of that society, it is up to the universities to bring this about because, as Bill Beckel pointed out, no on* else is doing it for them. Letters High cost of Games The question of the Olympic Games being played "in Canada is one about which the citizens of Canada should be concerned. While the Olympic Games, in the opinion of many, have made a great contribution to the world in the past one wonders whether this is still the case. The competition between athletes, who have trained and persevered to reach a measure of excellence, has been a great thing and at its best has been free of national, racial or econo-mic overtones. Is this still the case? Is there not developing a competition, in a bad sense, between nations of the world with the result that it becomes a matter of nationalistic prestige rather than true sportsmanship? Secondly, we should ask ourselves some questions about the cost involved. A group in the Toronto area has studied the matter and has estimated that it will cost the people of Canada from $600 million $i billion to host the Games. A great deal of concern was expressed recently about the cost of unemployment insurance in Canada in 1972 which was about $800 million. Where do the priorities lie? We may say that the value of such an event as the Olympic Games cannot be measured in dollars and cents but that is rather difficult to explain to someone unemployed or living at the poverty level in our country. The findings of the study reveal the following facts: "The prime minister of Canada agreed to the following expenditures of money: (1) $250 million in free money in the form of coins, which are negotiable, are to be given to the Olympic committee for sale in Canada and throughout the world. They are legal tender. The device of making these coins is simply a way of giving federal funding to the Montreal Olympics. (2) $110 million from a special stamp issue will go directly to the Olympic Games, bypassing our treasury. (3) It is expected that the CBC will have to pay $25 million of our money to televise the Olympics. (4) The Financial Post cal-culates that the $120 million to be spent by CMHC on housing for Olympic athletes will cost, over 23 years, at 8% per cent interest, $320 million. (5) $20 million of our money has been budgeted for security at the Olympic Games. (6) The prime minister has also approved a lottery which is expected to raise $32 million. A lottery is simply another form of taxation. Should not the citizens of Canada express their feelings to the prime minister on a matter involving the expenditure of this amount of money? Lethbridge. KEN JORDAN Editor's Note: The explanation given by the government for turning over the coin and stamp monies to the Olympics committee goes _ something like this: The coins and stamps will quickly get into the hands of the collectors, and will be out of circulation. Bat for the Olympic Games, they would not have been issued and the revenue from them would not have been obtained. The government is merely turning over to the committee the revenue it would not otherwise have ofc tained. Coin and stamp collectors and souvenir purchasers, not the taxpayers of Canada, are really financing thai part of the revenue needed U stage the Olympics. Defends abortion A response must be made concerning an advertisement appearing in the Saturday Feb. 17 issue of The Lethbridge Herald. I refer to the pathetic fairytale inserted by the Picture Butte Knights of Columbus regarding abortion. It is surprising to me, though it probably should not be, to learn that the followers of a theology are more dogmatic than their own theologians. -I would refer this group of Roman Catholic men to the words of Richard Cardinal Cushing of Boston: "Catholics do not need the support of civil law to be faithful to their religious conviction and they do not seek to impose by law their moral views on other members of society." Not by law, perhaps, but with outrageous advertisements such as appeared Saturday. Outrageous because not by law under the Criminal Code of Canada, nor morally accord-tag to the views of churches except the Roman Catholic is an embryo considered a person. There are no thought pro- cesses in an embryo one-eighth of an inch long. Since 1869 only the Roman Church has consistently held to the idea of ensoul-ment at the moment of conception. Furthermore even the Roman Church has vacillated between positions on abortion throughout its history, depending upon who happened to be Pope. Without the necessary legal training, I can only speculate at The Herald's position in this attempt by the Picture Butte Knights of Columbus to libel all those women, physicians, nurses and hospital personnel who have participated in abortion under the aegis of the Criminal Code, by suggesting they were accomplices to murder. "Today my mother killed me." It is this narrow and dehumanizing attitude of the church which has driven women to risk illegal but secret butchery, rather than receive safe medically and legally approved, socially unacceptable surgery. MARILYN ANDERSON Lethbridge. Explains milk quota I would like to comment on an article regarding our communities of Hutterian Brethren in The Lethbridge Herald, January 30. The article made mention of colonies in Alberta having a 2700 lb. fluid milk quota. This, to my knowledge, refers to only one colony which has gone to extensive lengths to build and comply with required regular tions. However, I am not saying that only one colony has a fluid quota. In my position I am responsible for insuring quality fluid milk being supplied to the processing plant for distribution throughout Southern Alberta. This is a free country and anyone who adheres to the regulations and has the ability to produce quality bulk milk may do so. The trend in the past few years has been to convert from shipping manufacturing milk (milk destined for ice cream, cultured products, cheese, etc.) in cans to having it picked up by bulk tank. This is not only more economical but insures a fresher product. The Hutterites took the incentive and moved ahead to comply with the regulations which are as strict as for fluid milk (milk for the bottle). When the problem arose last summer and fall that parts of the province were short of milk, the colonies were in a position to fill the gap in many places. Furthermore, the remark is made that they have no labor problem. This may be so and more power to them; however, most of the colonies have modern equipment where a minimum of labor is required. Money is available through government guaranteed loams to progressive farmers wishing to modify or set up a dairy. Rather than complain that society or our Hutterian Brethren are making life difficult for us, we would rather see the rest of our dairy industry take advantage of ihe same opportunities to progress. Lethbridge W, S, ALEXANDER The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD ^0. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Stcond Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member ef The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS. Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING Managing Editor ROY F. MILES Mvtrtlslng Manager WILLIAM HAY _ Associate Editor editorial Page Editor THE HERALD SMVEf THE SOUTH* ;