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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 21, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Wednesday, February 21, 1973 - THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD - %%. American's book published By THEODORE SHABAD New York Times Service MOSCOW - Guidebooks of almost any kind are hard to come by in the Soviet Union, and it has been up to an American historian to publish one of the most unusual of all - a detailed directory to the complex system of archives and manuscript, collections. Long sought by but closed to foreign scholars, the Soviet state archives have been gradually opening their doors in recent years, and the 436-page guide by Mrs. Patricia K. Grimsted of Washington is designed to help locate ancient documents, ranging from medieval manuscripts and maps to the personal papers of Beading writers and historical figures. The boolcT "Archives and Manuscript Repositories in the," is designed to aid western scholars in finding their way through the, collections. As the most complete directory in any language, it is also expected to be welcomed by Russian researchers. Published by Princeton University Press and selling for $22.50, Mrs. Grimsted's guide describes the content of more than 75 instiutions in Moscow and Leningrad. She is at work here on a sequel covering collections in the various republics and regions. One of the most useful features of the published volume is guidance to western visitors on how to obtain access to archives and overcome some of the problems posed by traditional soviet secrecy. 'The Soviet Union has traditionally viewed archival research, especially by foreigners, as a special privilege, not as an unrestricted public right," Mrs. Grimsted. writes. "But despite difficulties, prospects for fruitful archival work in the Soviet Union appear brighter than they have in many years." The American historian, who is associated with Columbia University's Russian Institute, contrasts Soviet policy with what she describes as the "relatively open-door and open- catalogue policies" of the National Archives in the United States. Although master inventories or shelf lists are usually the most important catalogue device in Soviet archives, Mrs. Grimsted reports, foreign readers are often not permitted to consult'them, especially in the central archives. "Thus for the actual location of documents in state archives, the researcher must rely on what guides and surveys have been published," she says. The book lists hundreds of published guides and general descriptions, describes the history and content of each archive and discusses working conditions for foreign scholars. On the basis of published' sources, Mrs. Grimsted also gives a general account of the history and content of some of the mare sensitive collections, such as the central party archives and the central state archive of the Soviet army, noting that such repositories are closed to foreign researchers. Severe food shortage adds to misery Worst drought in decade hits India By BERNARD WEINRAUB New York Times Service NEW DELHI - India, struck by the worst drought in a decade, is facing severe food shortages and rising prices and criticism of the government is growing. Although the food shortage has raised the specter of famine in such states as Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Mysore, Gu-jerat, Andhra Pradesh a n d pockets of Orissa, government officials deny that there is widespread starvation. At. this point, however, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's government, as well as critics, western economists and food experts agree that the monsoon season, which starts in June, will be the most crucial in years and that a scarcity of rain could stir famine across the country. "The drought now is serious, it is there," said T. P. Singh of the agriculture ministry. "We can only hope that the monsoon will be good." One western farm expert said simply: "India can just about squeak through now and we're holding our breath for the monsoon. If there's a bad one - like the past few years - then we'll have a famine, a bad one." The balance between food and population - a fundamental one in India - is especially perilous in view of the drought. Farmers have swarmed into crowded cities like Bombay, set up makeshift tents and turned to begging. Hundreds of thousands of farmers have been placed on government relief projects - widening roads, excavating c a n a ls, breaking stones - at salaries as low as 30' cents a day. There have been reports of families in remote villages living on one meal every two days, and of half-starved farmers eating lana, a shrub normally com sumed by camels. There Ls a shortage of fodder, and hundreds of head of cattle are perishing daily. Drinking water is rationed in droudrt - stricken EATON'S Crimplene for Spring at our Lowest Price Ever! areas, forcing families to spend hours on line waiting to fill their buckets from government tankers and bullockcarts. BLOW TO PRIDE The drought has also been a harsh blow to India's pride. Just two years ago India seemed on the verge of self-sufficiency, a profound yearning since independence in 1947. Now, facing a crisis, India is importing grain. Last month the government announced the purchase of at least, two million tons of food grains. Mostly from the United States. What makes the current drought even more depressing is the fact that India's 9.5 million - ton buffer grain stock, carefully saved as a cushion against shortages has dropped by six million tons, possibly niiore. "It is now a perilous situation." said one western economist who has worked closely with the Indian government. Although prominent govem-mert officials, including A. P. Shinde, the agriculture min- ister, insist that the food situation is now "manageable." a rising chorus of voices is now grumbling about the handling of the drought by Mi's. Gandhi's government. These voices were heard Monday when Indian parliament opened amid protest and sharp opposition. Five of the major political parties boycotted the opening, protesting the government handling of the drought situation. The parties also protested the "all-round failure of government policy" in A'asing unemployment, fend shortages, price rises and the problems of the stricken state of Andhra Pradesh, where troops have clashed violently with demonstrators seeking to split up the state. It. was the first time since independence in 1947 that five major opposition groups - ranging politically from left to right - boycotted the president's traditional opening address to the two houses of parliament. PARTSMEN REQUIRED! FOR INTERNATIONAL HARVESTER SALES AND SERVICE IETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA Contact KEN SUPINA or STEVE MOLNAR at . ... 304 STAFFORD DRIVE, NORTH LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA Yard... We've just received a shipment of good quality regular weight crimplene from Ireland and we're offering it at our lowest price ever. It's an all purpose polyester crimplene for great Spring Fashions- . . . crease-resistant, machine washable and in a large assortment of the newest Spring colors 60 inches wide. 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