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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 21, 1920, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE EIGHT THE ISTlIBRIDGfc DAILY HERALD. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 192 OF INTEREST TO THE FARMER Acres of Sand and Sage Brush Into I'ro- dtKtive Agricultural Tract USE WATER NOW WASTED Irrigation Proposal in History of In- terest Whole Nation (Spoilsman Review.) The Columbia basin proj- ect embraces acres. It will take a portion of the water draining from square miles in !ihe Rocky fountains and carry It ISO nines of la lies, canal a Unneli. The main canal will carry '.cubic (eel of water a second, aud will I be capable of submerging 40.000 I acres one foot deep every 2t tioura. A season's run ot water would make >a lake 100 milei 20 miles wide three deow. U is the largest irrLgatiuu project definiJel.T proposed. It approximates tha total present development of all irrigaiiou projects ,under the Hutted States redamatloii j 1 Son-ice. When developed the irrigated land vould support people. Waste Places Made Fertile AUalfa. divers'.ried crops, dalryijij horticulture inicres-t men who Iplan to change arid lind, now popu- 1 with jnckruhhlts end grown rank with sage. Into product ire dis- tricts. To harness rivers and lakes, r.ow fcedies the Pacific ivith millions of unutilized waters, and irri- gate almoal acres in a por- tion an inlaad empire is the pro- posal In the a'taie of Wash- ington. To opread waste waters, harfve their origin In ibe high Rocky njouauhii, upon the broad stretches of rich but arid laud lying between the Bitter Roots on the east and the Columbia river OB tha nest .will result in plentiful yie'.ds not for a geucra- lioti or two hu' during the coming ages. This wide flung plateau o irrigation as weapon with which to fight drouth. last three years in the Pacific northwest have been dry years and re a 11 ml Ion bat; come that tho only e crop failure is irri- gation. Some who admit' the present of irrigation hesitate TO admit Its permanent value. But the hUtory of irrigation itself Is an answer. Great stretches ot land have been cultivated under irrigation during ihe last -1000 years and are now more productive than ever under improved. of ngricultura. The human race was itured in irrigated vounlrles. Ths proposal to place water tho arid lands of the Columbia basin took definite shape -when the late Oovenior finest Lhter revived the idea o! pio- neers and urged a greater agricul- tural development to meet growing from a production and land set- tlement standpoint.. He pointed out that Washington 1m reached its maximum agricultural development from the standpoint of available lands and mast now turn to irriga- tion In order that an ever increasing ply tor irrigation purples, such, us the L'ouitiibEn river aoO a caiial rout a Irons Lake to ihe thirsty .iliicy district. Although tho cngftieers' have en- uo insiirnumnuble dtlfl- tilled ihe undertakes taree oue--not so huge, however, in these days of big things as when thf1 pro >ail WM first made by Therein A. Noble, a United Suies reclamation engineer, 15 years ego. Insight to Project volume of water ty bt carried the main canal will be ajtproxl" alately '.'0.000 cubic feel a second. It would Hood acres one foot deep every 'J4 It would give the city of Portland. Ore., its daily supply m two minutes and 25 seconds ami would fill the same city's reservoirs in I'l J-i minutes. A, tea- son's run of ihe canal would a lakp 30 miles wide, 100 mites aud three feet deep. To tine the main can ills uml tunnels will require cement enough to keop o (houiand- barrel mill running continuously live and a half years. The Columbia basin irrigation proj- ect it. probably the largest over defi- nitely proposed. Properly to esti- mate ultimate, effocl un and lnjue- fit to iho Pacltk northwest refer once is briefly made lo the highly successful irrigation development in ilia und Kgypt under British direc- tion, The fndtan projects lire sinii- ar to the Columbia proposal in several respects. Xut withstanding the intense) religious and economic prejudices of the brown races tlon has been successfully introduced msly over-populated districts. A .j. .j. v v t SOIL EROSION 4 A A ,5. A .J .J. Q Erosion is (he remoral of toil ma- terial by air or water lu motion, and gen has iU greatest illsfistrous effect the surface soil, two dfetincrt types of erosion caused by water are as sheet erocioa und gullying. Erosion by water is ot minor significance In the western dMrlcts of Canada, wind erotion, or as desi by urban population may adequately supported. v Drain Waters of Mountains The Columbia Imni irrigation proj- ect embraces l.lnO.OOO acres within the great bend ot the Columbia river. The ColumbitLbounds It on the west the Oregon boundary line on the soutli. while en the north and east it will be fringed by nn artificial river la Ibe form of a great" canal flowing ihe iu privfo resulting g in such in produc SERVICE.-Our highly loped service is available at all times forthe beneSt of onr cus- tomers. Every well-grounded business mau appreciates the importance of theco-operation, guidance and information on financialmattersof his THE STANDARD BANK OF CANADA J. C. SCOTT i 13TH NORTH G. r. BCETCHER M 4TH AVENUE SOUTH f. BILUNGTON M NCW DAYTON AND BW L. G, THOMAS M COALHUHST BRAfJCH W. B. FERGUSON M COALOALC KflANCH C. T. MCK1NNON M em A we H at iho foot of abrupt slopes on higher basaltic areas. For sororaK months cadi year the Columbia basin receives sennt rainfall, while 100 miles to the northwest the Clirks Fork drains from the Pend Qreille, priest and Flat head lakes twice the v.-atcr needed (o transform {Ihe sagebrush into alfalfa and replace the bowline coyote with lowing cat-1 ilK. Briefly, ihe Columbia basin will De- ceive a portion of the waters drain- j Ing from square miles in the high ItocVy mountains and carry It through SO miles ot lakes, canals 3tod 4 tunnels from the -Fend OretUe river ial Albeni Falls, Idaho, to Rack lake, j :10 miles soutli of Spokane. Thence westward 35 miles'to Ralston and to the Quincy valley. 100 miles nxvay, and southward to the Pasco land Walla Walla districts, -with u vast network of canals and laterals covering approiimatcly one and million acres of tillable laud, with another half Million acres adjoining am) under water service, bnf sntted only for grazing, j Has Comt to Act A made some years jo by toe United States reclnuinuon M price Indicated the feasibility of Ihe project, but did hot receive favor consideration in view ot the number of smaller and less costly projectR then available and undo valopod. Stace then three considera- tions hare assumed major tauce, The "back to tha movement, accelerated1 by returning successful operation of federal farm loan banks; highly specialized farm machinery has become so powerful that steps must be taken to make arallable large areas of !3nd now un- fitted for settlement. Kaaily developed, anil low cosO irri- gation projects .have been largely completed and those financed by the ledefaJ government have shown such arge returns as to demonstrate their AhEIIly 4'jlckly to refund construction costs. Instead of following the difficult Ine formerly proposed and carrying :ha ctvnal north of and down the pre- cipHaus Spokane river canyon, proposed line will now cross the val- lion as to FUpport an.even larger pop- ulation. Anil construction of irrigation works in tho vast, sparsely populated districts in that country has been very profitable not only in1 actua money returns but also in the trans formation of the arid lands into prds porous communities. Although iro gration to these newly developed dis trlctP was from remote? parts of the couiury by stow moans of transpor riled areas wer> tation, the entir fully Crop Values Exceed Cost The capital cost of governir.enl ir rigation projects in India up to 191 was while the estimatei value of crops raised during the crof year 191G-17 ou areas receiving state irrigation was The esli mate value cf the crops so irrigate' a single year thus exceeded b more than 25 per cent, the total .al outlay expended on these worts. The Gauges canal carries 7000 sec- ond feet ot water, irrigating acres. 'Hie lower Ganges canal car- ries ulOQ second >feet, irrigating acres.- i[ In Egypt tho largest ot the Nile tracts of 35 acres each. In WMhloCton had rbao aad rural population. On a perce-nUge baais an additional 26.WM) rural would sup- another 700.00i> of city popula- Ion. In short, two Sealtles and sev- ral Tacomas could be created ajid be stale's population than oubled. The increase In taxable valuation n farm lands alone would be ap roximately assummj idnms. rranltUa afld Grant counties present average of an acre becomea equal to Yaklma's an acre 3ince a city population of almosl wice tho reported populatloa of King Bounty may added to the slate an ticrease In urban values leas double that ot King county's assessei reil propertr valuation may be as- sumed, (Hereby adding 01 gross increase in city and country assessed real property values of mori than increasing by more than one-half the total aggregate value or all taxable property in th slate of Washington. Unless some effective plan pub lie control Is adopted, those iuterestei say, land speculators will swarm ini tho district like bees and their buzz Lug will more effectively th project thin will any artificial bar rier. Present low values of the arii land--now practically worthless Ii dry with the teem ing protperlty when fully developet present an apparently tempting ittb to the unscrupulous land sbark wh does not care whether his vicli starves long before water can b made available or the arid sagebrns plains subdued to profitable cBltiva tion. farrier, assumes of great algnlUcauc? aud be considered second only lo the uestlou ot moiiiure. of 10 mttnitudu of wind eroeiou may e obtained if. we stop to consider cartful eillmates place the mount oC dust COD tallied In a cubic of %ir during an ordinary breeze, t 225 tons, oad that during a heavy lad Btorm a. cubic mile of air may as much M of under the above mentioned the air over one acre to of one would coctain ?oa too lo 200 tons ot dusi. For Mils the amount turned by ht plow to a depth of iii or seven ucbfii per acre would be approximate- y 1WO tons. Relief from soil blcwinj should be ouud in oq? or a cocubtnatloa ot the olio wing practices. 1. Increase the organic jnatler Content of soils. 3. By resorting to the uw of ftome intertiUed crop. 3. Sow some crop which lets as a shelter or wind break. 4. By using wind breaks such' as eh rub a, trees, etc. 5. By managing tno bare fallow such a manner as to down eeds> molature aud still ,eave the lurface soil in as granular condition as poMlble. Moat of our prairie soils whfch are subjected to wSnd erosion aro very low in organic matter; possibly con- sot more per cent., and witli the advent of a few years of successive cultivation, become re- duced tc a very fine puwder. The addl tlon of organic matter tends to the soil to assume B more granular structure, to more readily absorb mois- ture and to more persistently maintain it. lu sections where irrigation waters may be applisd, the problem of wind erosion will become self-solving, but the great difficulty will be expert In the dry prairie sections. The use even of alternate strips o: fallow aud crop on tha same fiett should act ai a prevention agatns blowing. Cultivation ot the fallow below the surface BO as' to leave the surface granular and irregular should reduce blowing during ills dryer seasons. Plans have been coir'ifeted for tin building of n large addition lo Gait Brass Co. works. The tea-kettle grabbed for there wmia that Hurt like The ilcin came off, too. She At onclputon olattim _..___ toon vtktn itin WM of, k .11 Wtiod b flood canals carries' second leet of water for a few vreehs only, irrigating more than acres. The Columbia basin canal, carrying second feet, falls between the Egyptian and Indian canals, in ca- pacity, but will be capable of water- ng almost acres, and will flow for Ihe entire year if needed. Total development at present un- der the United States reclamation service is acres, with- an additional l.OOO.OBO acres for which water is available. For a single unit project the Columbia basin will ho the giant of them all. Of the land under the proposed main ideal conditions and in propitious wot years, a por- tion of acres have produced fair -wheat yields, but very largely fail in dry years. -And the biblical seven lean years are the rule. If the average acre yield of wheat be ncrensed from five bushel a to ihe average production under federal rec- lamation projects, 20 bushels jo thej acre, OD the partly Improved land in the dry counties of Adams. Franltltn anil Grant alone it win mean an added production of OQO.OOO bushels, Sold at only a bushel the financial return on the Investment would be 12 jior cent, on or C per cent, on neither of which amounts art- given as probable coil figures. Population and Values The comparison in not a fair one. 5 Break Out and thieves break in. Don't risk tha first, or invite the second, by keeping money in the boose. Put it in The Merchants where it will be safe from always earn interest at highest current rates. v' MCRCHANTS BANK Office: OF CANADA. Established 1884.v LETHBPJDGE BRANCH, R. J. DJNNWG, Sab Ali.ney s priiayt, iey'caRt of the city and pierce a low- lying ridge by tunnel directly Into tlie Rock ivatershed, weii- ward, immediately reaching the east- ern of Ihe lands lo be wa- tered, thereby eliminating some ot the construction dilflcultlcH of Ihe earlier plan and greatly reducing Ihe cost. On presentation of these facia the state legislature created a commission of live, with Ruthority to extend to determine the feasibility of. tho Columbia basin project. CommUsFonerE Are Qualified The members of the. commission were appointed by Governor K. i Hart, each being chosen because of- some particular qualification. B. K. Benson, alale commissioner of agri- cultnre, lias for many years .been In- strumental 1a developing Irrigation in the western part of the slate. Pcler McGregor 01 niwper, a direc- tor of the of tho federal reserve bank, la a prominent business man, 0. L. Waller, secre- tary veil as a member of tho com- la head ot the of civil engineering, Slale College of Washington, for many years has a federal and stale Investigator and on irrigation practice ami conditions. The law creating Hie com. mission named Marrln Chase, state hydraulic engineer, chnirman of Hie commlssloir. Mr. Chsto is r.ct only head of All stale work along hy- draulic and engineering lines, but been engineer or manager for a large of th9 irrigation development In central Washington. Arihur D. Jones 14 a business man of wide experience, and -well acquainted with tlie com- mercial s.nd agricultural needs of the Male. Very broad powrtA were given tin- OommUalon by the legislature. It (II- Its chief engineer. Arthur J. Tumor, to Invp.itlgnle not only die Orellle rlvw diversion, 1ml also yosfllile sources, of waier iup- tha j however, as a isrgc portion of Iho I idnri ;s similar in soil quality to the land famous Yakima irrigated district, of which the reclamation service fays: "It is one if thft foremost in gen eral] prosperity r.nd in returning the cost of construction." Judging by other and Bimilar irri. gallon projecta the population of the Columbia basin when fully may increase from or one per- son lo every S3 acres, Including town population, to- or one person to about every three acres, living on HAVE YOU PELTSandFURS A Strong Market Prevails, at Present and You Should Get Our Offer NOW on Any Quantity. We Pay Highest Prices. DEALERS HIDES, PELTS AND FURS ;MONE 442 ADDRESS: 320 eih ST. s. P.O. BOX 5 HEAD OFFICE WINNIPEG, MAN, CARRUTHERS DEALERS AND EXPORTERS OF HIDES, WOOL, SHEEP PELTS, RAW FURS AND TALLOW AGENTS FOR MINED ROCK SALT LETHBRIDGE ALBERTA BUTCHERS, FARMERS, have the opportunity to dispose ol your Hides, Wool, Raw Furs, etc., at highest market prices, Why not grasp it? We are absolutely the largest Dealers in Western Canada selling direct to tanneries. Wnlo today for our quotations and shipping lags, TRY "CARRUTHERS" THEY AWAYS SATISFY A. CARRUTHERS CO., LTD! Phone 595 1251 2nd AvnueS, Lethbridge, Alia. SAVE AND PROSPER The companions of .Work and Thrift. If the people of Canada practise these essentials, onr great problems of reconstruction can be settled to the mutual benefit of all. Don't waste 1 Save and TrlE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE IWUD-UP CAPTTAL RESERVE FUND LRTHBJUDOB BRANCH, R. T. BpcMtr, You Riyuire a Garden tt Rednct Iht Hitk Ctst tf BRUGES SEEDS mm JOHN A. BRUCE CO. LIMITED Hamilton Out. THE ROYAL BANK OF hn for r SAFETY .for the.j saffikeeplpg of valuable papers, ctock I Jewelry, policies, etc. PROTECT YOUR VICTORY BONDS .SOUTHERN ALBERTA BRANCHES hethbrUge E. E. Manager Maerath _....... J. K. Atkinson, Manager Cardslon W. R. McKay, Manager Taber J. W. Doran, .Manager VICTORY BONDS WE BUY -AND SELL THESE BONDS AT THE MARKET PRICE PLUS ACCRUED INTEREST WE. RECOMMEND THE PURCHASE OF THESE SECURITIES W. ROSS ALGER Co, 515 MACLEAN BLOCK CALGARY ALBERTA M-V S THE COST To your Estate is no greater by appointing' a Trust Company as EXECUTOR than an'individual but you are assured at all times of ihe benefit of our experience. Correspond or call on us for further information. The British Canadian Trust Co. PHONE (843 315 FIFTH ST, S., LETHBRIDOE Administrator or Executor If a tnnn ilies wllhout having appointed an Executor, the Court appnluU an Administrator to wind up his affairs. The Administrator, when no Will Is left, distributes tho Kjlslc among the legal helm. The previous owner's wishes are not consulted. An Exficutor carries out the owner's wishes, but receives no more (or his tban the Administrator. This Company acU as Biecutor under Wills. Our Offftcrs arc glad lo hate you write for Information, or hetler still, to have a personal Interview about the ways In which the Com- pany may nerve you. The Trusts and Guarantee Company, Limited CALGARY AND LETHBRIDQE, ALBERTA LETHfiRTDGE OFFICE: BANK OF COMMERCE BUILDtKO, J, W.'MeNICOL, INSPECTOR, Public Administrator and Official Assignee for the Judlelif Dlstrlrtl of Medicine Hal, Calgary, Red Ditr, Hettler, I ;