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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - February 21, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta you: me xi. LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA. Tlll'HSDAY, FliBIU'ARY 21, 1�H8 MMBEU 01 o- Have Great Preponderance of Men-British Captures During the Past Year Include Many Guns. BFWTISH CAPTURES IN ? PAST YEAR ' > London, Feb. 20.-British ? captures in the last year in- ? eluded ].?>(> lieavy howitzers, 1,055 Irtfnch mortars and 2.SU ? machine , guns. This state- ? merit was made - 'by James > t* MncPherson, parliamentary ? ? undue-secretary for war, in in- ? ? traducing the army estimates > > in the house of commons to- . 2W.- Major (.General I'. I!. Maurice, chief director of -military operations at. (ho llritish war office, said today then; had Refill no developments on t.hi! western front during the past fortnight to indicate that, the Guv-man offensive was near. One of the satisfactory features of the last two weeks on the west front, were the liritish successes in the great, aerial activity, ivliicli bad great importance as the preliminary to any battle. General Maurice added that the liritish air predominance hampered the enemy tremendously in gaining information which was required by him before the boginnir,;.', of any battle. General Maurice, speaking of the use of poisonous gasses said: "The Germans have recently been exercising great pressure on the Geneva Red Cross to put. out a protest against the use of poison gas. The: allies are ready a I. any time to give up the use of poison gas. But I ask you to remember the circumstance under which poison gas was introduced into warfare. ')!. was in April, 1!)].". that the Germans made a surprise attack'on the Franco-British at Ypres with gas, which liithpl'tovwas ;i prohibited weapon in war. . Naturally we ltad-no defense ready against, it. The French had lo retire* ami a Canadian division only saWd Yn:"- by desperately costly fighting." "Aftreward the Germans repeated their gas attack at various times, but our defensive measures were rapidly developed and these attacks were less effective. "Meanwhile we began to develop the use of gas on our side as a counter-measure. Our chemists got to work and did so well that today wo have attained distinct, superiority over the Germans both iiv the deadli-ness of our gas and the effoctualnoss in our defensive measures. It was not. until we won this superiority that they started a propaganda for the discontinuance of gas "Yon know the allies' position with respect to German agreements and. promises. If we agreed to abstain from tile use of gas have we any guarantee, can we have any guarantee, upon which the commanders who are responsible for the lives of their men could rely that Germany would not again try to spring a surprise on us as she did Ju 19LV.' : > > ; nd Marry Martin, secretary of Gladstone Local, presided during the remainder of the day. Some preliminary speaking was indulged in before the report was fairly before the convention, which at this point adjourned to meet at 1,45 this afternoon. Mr. h'erry was the first of the visiting committee from llio International io upeak to the delegates upon tins very delicate subject, at the afternoon session, and he scored an unqualified success by his most courteous manne*-and the firm but gentlemanly way, which secured to him the closest attention and the undivided sympathy of Ills audience. Mr. Ferry has the rare advantage of a personality which, with-j out words, speaks in a language, ai ! once understood by men of whatever Ask Thai He Be Removed From Office As Coal Commissioner Petrograd. Feb. 21.--General Van-cusliicevllch, former chief of the general staff, was shot, on his way to prison by a member of the Ited Guard. Will Defend Petrograd Petrograd. Fob. 21.--Holsheviki i leader:, declare if that the German offensive continues they will defend Petrograd with the Hed CJu:.-rtl and har-rass the German advance by guerrilla warfare. No plums have been made for evacuation of the city. Capture Many Autos Berlin, Feb. 21.-The war office announced thiil l,3f>S guns and between London, Fob. 21.--Herman troops having occupied Dvinsk, are advancing toward Pskoff. ISO miles south- I southwest of Pctrogrud. according to h Renter dispatch from Petrograd. They also have occupied llapsal. ifi instead of $!i,27rt,l6'l. Toronto's lebt, including sinking fund, costs the city yearly more than fourteen and three-quarter millions, while interest, alone accounts for about seven anil two-thirds; millions. UNITED FARMERS OF B. C. PASS RESOLUTIONS Newly Formed . Organization Adopt Policy on Lines of Prairie Farmers (Continued on Page 4) Edmonton, Feb. 21.-J. H. Lamb of the municipal hail board and president of the Alberta rural municipalities association, has been appointed municipal commissioner, a new office under the provincial government with special oversight over the rura| municipalities and (ocal improvement districts. HEAVV FLOODS, LONDON, ONT. Lor.dofi, Feb. 21.-Floods caused by ice jamming in the Tham�a rivc.r, caused a loss of thousands) of dollars yesterday and imperilled the lives of many families. Scores of cattle have been drowned in fields and barns.v j A FURTHER ADVANCE LoiUlun, Feb. 21.-A further advance I of three and one-half, miles on a front j of seven nml three-quarters miles has j been by the British forces in i Palestine, the war office announces. The British ar-e now 'jjjthin four miles of .lerichn. The opeialinns are being continued. Losses Slight The. llriiish losses on Tuesday, when an advance was made on a 15-mile front east of Jerusalem, was very slight. Yesterday's losses have not beeu reported. WEATHEK [High ... . Low...... 1 Forecast: Fair and milder. Victoria, 11 Feb. 2lb-Among thu resolutions passed by the United Farmers of P.. ('. were the following: To i#opt a platform and policy free from exist'ug party linos; favoring the exemption from taxation of improvements "on farm lands: that the government, assist the farmers to obtain seed wheat and oats on credit where such would increase production; in opposition to Orientals acquiring possession i>V agricultural lands; urging on the 1 Joiiiii.'ion and provincial governments of the necessity for immediately doing away with all customs duties on tigricullnrul machinery and implement.--.: asking for a government ruling fixing a minimum price for pork in view of the increased hog production; urging the Donjiniou government to take control of the evaporator plants or else force them lo sPt a� minimum price; that steps be taken to conscript foreign labor: and that tin! Dominion government bo asked to insure that no person directly connected Willi the wholesale handling of food products be permitted to sit,on the food control hoard. PORTUGAL TO ELECT A PRESIDENT NOW Paris, Feb. 21.- The Portugese cabinet has decided to hold an election for president of the republic of Portugal toon. Were Not Long Moving Petrograd, Feb. 20.-Dispatches received here indicate continued German movements along all fronts to- _ ward Minsk, Vitebsk, Pskoff and Reval. Cernian airmen arc reported to have raided Hegitsa Monday. Many bombs were dropped and several persons were killed. The raiders disappeared toward Dvinsk. .lust two hours after the armistice ended German troops entered Dvinsk. It was 2 o'clock on the afternoon of: February JX that German patrols unexpectedly appeared around the city and seized the railway stations and oth,er central points. Only small skirmishes with fleeing soldiers took place. The Red Guards offered no resistance while the artillery and infantry were demobilizing and wholly unprepared to fight. 'Attempts to evacuate the city were unsuccessful. Much lieavy artillery and large quantities of ammunition fell into the hands of the Germans. The civil population hud no opportunity lo escape. The commissioners of the local workmen's and soldiers' council tried to escape disguised as soldiers, but they were seized by the Germans, j Not Trusting Russia , Amsterdam, Feb. 21-Dr. Richard ; Von Kuehlmann, the German foreign | secretary, at the opening session of | the German reichstag yesterday de-I livered an address to the members, in I which he dealt at length with the ! peace treaty signed by the central powers Willi the Ukraine and the collapse of the peace negotiations with-Russia. Count: Von Hertling, the imperial German chancellor and Fried-j ericli Von Payer, the vice-chancellor, i were attentive listeners to the ad-j dress. . Dr. Von Kuehlmann asserted that I the pacific intentions of Russia could no longer be credited, but he said that even today Germany was prepared to conclude a "peace which corresponds with our interests." Readiness For Peace Ho instanced the peace agreement witli the Ukraine as*un indication of i the readiness of the central (powers -for peace. He referr-! ed especially to the advantages j which the Teutonic allies would derive during the present year from the economic treaty with the Ukraine and recommended the approval of the compact. Wanted Confirmation. ' Dr. Von Kuehlmann then read the message from the Pnlshevilci offering peace to Germany. "After our experiences with wireless dispatches nml ' frequent denial of the official character of 'Much dispatches," the foreign minister continued, "we requested that confirmation be sent; to our lines. The Petrograd government promised such confirmation forthwith. After the experience of our- negotiations with Trotzky and his cabinet we would not like the impression to arise among wide circles of the public that everything new is smooth and clear-that peace is already in our pockets. My reason for that last remark is that I would like to spare the hondrablo and sincere love of peace of the German people, which is fully shared by the government's disappointment. "Events now will develop comparatively rapidly. Wo have entered into air interchange of views with our allies on this new fact. In view of � the thorough manner in which the matter was dealt with at;, however, that can be completed in a short.-lime. "As far as can be foreseen there will lie presumably no material shifting of the basis of negotiations. If I may define the situation caused* by this communication, as after conscientious consideration, I perceive it, � I should say the prospects of a conclusion of peace with the commissaries is considerably improved by the aonclusion of peace with the Ukraine; by our military pressure and by the ruin of certain hopes that, doubtless had been entertained in Petrograd. "Hope can be expressed that we wll now attain the goal; but wo will not indulge in joy about great result of 'a real conclusion of peace with Russia until the ink of the treaty is dry." Fooling The Soldiers. London. Feb. 20.-An intercepted German wireless message, according to, a Renter dispatch from Petrograd... quotes Prince Leopold of Bavaria, the Austro-Germiui commander on the eastern front, as saying to his troops: . "Russia is sick and is trying to contaminate all the countries in the world with a moral infection. Wi must, fight against the disorder in> I (CoKTINofa) (OK PAG! 4V ;