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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 21, 1908, Lethbridge, Alberta -Jf UTA.FHIOAV, F.ItflUAHV 21, EKHT HOUR UW FOR BOS SPEECH Ai AUe fmaUm rf the Fids Sqprt if Tb j f f ___ bpirtist NcMsre Revets Elective Hot tepst Wl Be DeaeaseJ Price _ Gushing in- troduced the bank to bank law last Tuesday hi the 'Legislature1, the newspaper rejwrts of the day its due importance cd by the dohato on the saine dayw ilia transportation resolution of leader of the The cusiohn on the resolution occupied the turns of the House 'oni in. Duiiiiff the "CVM'-JI? t h'jifc i-i bill given UK hnprovehTeni and intellectual progress was if not absolutely stirt by- reason of the and ouh conditions .under which they la- bored. It, is also clear that the, institution of a legal limit of the working day of coal miners cannot be regarded as out 'of harmony with the, tendency of labor countries and in view of tiiis the "coal own- ers of. A Ibertat Jeannot therefore com- plain of excessive -governmental" in Hie burden''of the -frifrtorferencc. number of persons day, except, in the jof eocy "ewploftd below.irui above ground in (and'no fejnatf Is" euipipyed'at and .Vfr all Coal, Miuov Ac's ,of produced. 48 hours a week's tor In1 people weic employed and Act of 1901 that the min-', and ihe; production was er shall not be employed underground while, iho of }x-o- for 'any longer period than eight wnployed had decreased by 12 IIOUM in any day, per, cent, the output The British was as- tons. sontcil to February 10th, 1904 and was fixed 'to' come -into foicCvOrT iho'. A f first day of 1905 ,-it incjeased by A-t YJ., Carty Legislation PreViouiirot the pacing of 7 1878 were employed that no person shall be employed un- ja of la derground in any coal mine for more Khfhlttd and twelvc hours than eight hours from bank to bank'At t'hat tinie theie was a Preat cut- in every twenty-four hours. r ,ery retpectiug any .eduction, i'eti- Exittinf were made to the Uritish PaiHa- lt been of inul the industry over4 and'over again that ruined there wen; any alterations of'the hours be ob.-' number of hours. The hours tho voluntary action were had increased by both parties together to ex- isting Agjin when we look at Kew.Zea-j land, we'find a sirmlai condition of 1905 1906 It as been a from these figures but thiT1 kept of 'lioal'pfT the maikVt und'other, siwfy in. boi- uoiblcs "ihat "fail. affaiis. the output of coal in Now Zealand was tons and in 19QC, tons were pioduced. A'lth the exception of one year, 1889, there has u .steady increase in output' of from minea of tiiat Dominion year Effect in SifUr, Province B. C. j> i v In 1904 the'output in Brit- ish tous. In the year this into foice, there was produced beenX produced ,tin any i. years "since 1902. I might point out too that the Nanaimo collcries were closed down for a number of months during 1906 on 0count of labor disputes. In 1906 the 'output was tons, a larg- er amount. Hum has been pioduced in any year previous going back as far on the minister of public works ,who two lengthy speeches during the day, the first in reply Robert- son's resolution and the second in support of the eight hour coal law.' During the hist represen tativcs of the miners have been reg- ular visitors to the 'gallery and have had several conferences with the min- ister until lust boen de- Action is Austria was -the first country, to legally regulate the hours' of workers in coal mines and in 1884 prescribed u limit to. the miners work shift, a limit.which was greatly i educed by a hub-sequent law -passed in June, "-The French Act brought into effect, in' 1906 provided that the hours of yet the of'the employers or by the of out put'of coal-today is larger tlian the of by" legis-fj" the clays w'ncn 'he hours wore lation. "in this, Province _; two small "mines eight hours has In "this connection 1 may sav that ill i i v j- v no A a A. granted by voluntary action of the the Imperial Coal Commission in as 18S6. THis output .would also have In the majonty ol mines last year Rreail, but it, has been fixed by agreement be- cannot but Conclude that an iabor strikes which closi the operator and the work-of. the men employed in two months OI- th-a't On the other hand the unions haveWl- and West Scotland, Northumberland dom been able to fix the same hours Durham, where the' hours aye The output for tlie yeai 1905! being nearly 200 per cent, than 1901 and the piodnctiou for the year 1906 being over 70 per cent, over that of 1905. In spite of the fact that the number of individuals employed the same in each year. The total retmns for the year 1D07 have not been received bat wo have eveiy reason to wn-will have of "tons in coal production of year. Lalr-bt leturns the output of 1007 up to A Remarkable Showing From these figures J think the lion, members uiJl noif that this is uu showing [or 1900, the tional seventy of the weatJicr fur u of the iiuiK'.s having J'cen_ compelled to entirely for bhorjt periods and otheis could onl> ojjurate reduced tonn.igc', In ync of the lurg ei- mines tna men keptJdla 7' 5 C rtmlieivan hour hank to v- bank would not make any peiccptl- -lip dinaiL'nw Jo UKI orTd- IHT di.stiicts as the; faces in not'a Jong way fjbnfthe [Continuad on Following Page.) vised thatvyni justjee WOrk in miiiel should IKJ gradually to both OjMjrators. reduced from their present number to eight hours day. The proposed He-re is Cushing's speech in Mr. Speaker the second reading of the bill entitled "An Act to Amend the Coal Mines v Act- for the Purpose of. Limiting hours of work tyelow L desire to say a few words as to its significance "and importance, and in -doing so I wish to' point out the rela- tion of the changes with regard to the classes of people interested "first, rthc men, secondly, the employers; and thiidly the consumers. The evidence before 'the coal com- mission showed That the length of time constituting a working day in the Albei tfi 'mines varied "consider- ably. 'The "large portion of the work of gettiug-out coal British Hill of 1907 followedjhis ex- ample. That that the hours of work" below ground in coal mines for the iabor btrikc whch dosed the whicll all over the Province so as'to effective than it is employers all upon the'same footing, and South Wales, The result being" that'''the hours of "where'the hours are longest." j ti 1 i t labor in the mines of this Province An ?ght hou: day was estaMMicd thcir conclusions, toil, to allow- vaned considerably. tlunk it tar in of the South ianc, for 4nv of safe to say-that we may lejert.vj- Mines about In' on th, of either llie workj untarv concession as utoman. The 18CO th.> B was followed by an unusually severe winter which blocked the railways and made it remove the coal. The is some of .the ojx-iators in W1 untary, concession as utopian. The (I860'the "general secretary to the efforts of trade unions' on the other Masters' Association statt-d as "a fact hand has pioved itself to be expensive that cannot be disputed, that the pro- not only to the men employed and duction under' the eight hour system to the employers, but to the consuru- that "has been introduced into the ers of as, witness in! South Yoikshire district, this last six 5n month's ,at some of thc'largest coiler- the. appalling strikes that in the have been found necessary 'to bring owners und men to an agreement. 'I think it is well witiun tth'e-mark to should be gradually untiJ i t- r -.isl'say tlial piactically all advocates of they reached the limit of eight hours. tlie eight tiour day in-the Province The English bill.m the spring went r are in favor of obtaining as far as the second reading, but it _ t was finally decided'to THE FATHER OF THE BILL ialation until the of the Impei- ial Coal Commission was 'received. When parliament met' again" in J ust the .question was deterred until the session of there is every reason hat this legislation will be also stiingcnt colliery legislation. The Geiman government realized-that in the high" ternpera- ture'of pits six hours was long enough work not more than, eight hours perito be'emplpyedjindlergrouncL: