Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 20, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
District The Lethbridge Herald Local news SECOND SECTION Lethbridge, Alberta, Wednesday, February 20, 1974 Pages 19 to 36 i I If athletes are in same or poorer shape than the average person, where does that leave inactive students? Fitness testing Darryl Langridge, Grade 9 student, performs cardio-respiratory test with Neil Little, of the U of L, supervising. Physical training falls short By JIM GRANT HeraW Staff Writer Schools can't hope to produce physically fit students in one or two hours of physical training a week. That statement, reported earlier in this series was supported by a cardio-respiratory (heart-lung) test of six male students enrolled in Lethbridge public school physical education programs. The test, performed by the physical education department of the University of Lethbridge at The Herald's request, showed that all but one of the students were not in good physical condition for their age. The students cardio-respiratory fitness was evaluated by estimating their ability to utilize oxygen by measuring their steady heart rate during a period of controlled exercise. The results were then compared to a physical fitness chart used at the U of L as the standard of physical condition ideally expected of the average human body. The standards, based on an American study, are grouped by age and indicate levels of fitness, with ratings of poor, average, good, high and very high. Exceptional athletes Three of the students tested are considered to be exceptional athletes, but the additional exercise they gain from team practice and athletic games hasn't put them in much better physical condition than the students who are only involved in physical education classes, according to the results of the U of L test. If the athletes and other students enrolled in the physical education program are in the same shape or in poorer shape than what is expected of the average person, where does that leave the inactive students? Likely in the same poor (unfit) category of fitness that most adult Canadians are in. Even when the test results of the six students are compared with the less stringent recommended standards of cardio- respiratory fitness published by the American Heart Association, they still only rank in the "average" category. The fitness standards on the American study used by the U of L are much more stringent than those published by the association. Girls in Lethbridge schools are very likely in poorer shape than the boys who took the test. Very high rating Canadian studies have shown that the average Canadian female is in poorer cardio- respiratory fitness than the average Canadian male. And females believe they are in better physical condition than they actually are. Only one of the students tested at the U of L proved to he in the type of physical fitness the human body should be in, according to the fitness standards chosen by the U of L. Agnes Davidson School elementary student Martin Kuhn, 10, received a "very high" rating and was within a few percentage points of the highest rating on the charts. He recieves an hour of non-game physical education a week, plays two sports and enjoys being active. Another Agnes Davidson School student ranked somewhat lower than Martin. Joseph Szalavary, 10, only obtained an "average" rating even though he participated in more sports than Martin and takes the same amount of physical education instruction each week. Cardio-respiratory tests have proven that just because some people are active in sports does not necessarily mean they are fit. It is the quality of physical conditioning that directly improves cardio-respiratory fitness. Effect of team sports The two students from Hamilton Junior High School were in "average" and "poor" physical condition. Darryl Langridge, 14, who as a basketball star on his school team practices three times a week and plays one game each week, recieved an "average" rating in the bicycle test. Lee Byam, 14, would have done better than the "poor" rating he received if he wasn't packing so much excess weight, the tester claimed. Before his weight was taken into consideration, Lee, who runs a short distance each day, rated "above average" but when the strain put on his body by the extra weight is taken into consideration his rating drops to the bottom of the chart. Both the Lethbridge Collegiate Institute high school students received "below average" ratings. There were very few percentage points between the ratings Randy Stevens and John McCaskill, both 18, received even though Randy is one of LCI's top athletes. Randy is involved in team practices and games at an average of about 20 hours a week while John, who rated slightly lower on the test, is involved in out-of-school activities for about 10 hours each week. Limited Sample The limited sample of students who participated in the test does not provide for an accurate conclusion to be drawn on whether the physical eduction programs in elementary schools (non-games) are more effective than junior and senior high school physical eduction programs that stress athletic sports. The elementary students gained a higher cardio-respiratory fitness rating on the test at the U of L than did the older students but it may be a reflection of their daily physical activity rather than the type of physical education program they're enrolled in. With only one to two hours per week being allocated to physical education in the public schools, the instructors must concentrate their programs on developing physical co- ordination and a good attitude among the students toward physical fitness. There appears to be a dire need for a program in the schools that would explain what physical fitness is and how it can be achieved. "People don't have a clue at what being in shape is, what work they have to do to get in shape and the amount of work they have to do to stay in says an assistant professor of physical education of the U of L. If they only knew Neil Little, who also heads the physical fitness test centre at the university, says if people knew what shape their heart was in they would likely begin a physical fitness program immediately. He says physical fitness can't be related directly to the slimness of the body. A slim person can be just as physically unfit as an overweight person. That is why Mr. Little calls the cardio- respiratory bicycle test "one of the best methods of testing physical fitness." It measures one of the most important indications of fitness the heart-lung efficiency with which the body operates. Mr. Little suggests the average person could gain a good level of fitness by running for about 30 minutes a day. The best method is "to run hard for three minutes then run slowly or walk for about 3 minutes' throughout the half hour of training. People should start their fitness program gradually and then intensify it as the body becomes accustomed to exercise, he says. Heart works harder If the heart is in good physical condition, the ability of the body to utilize oxygen improves substantially. When in poor condition, the heart must work much harder to obtain the oxygen the body needs even when a person is only involved in the daily routine of living. Mr. Little says some people in the community have asked to take the cardio- respiratory test to determine their level of fitness but it is impossible for the university test centre to accommodate large numbers of people. If the public was to put more emphasis on physical fitness, the department of physical education at the university may find it easier 'to obtain funds to expand its facilities and manpower to accommodate people in special physical fitness programs and testing, observers say. But at the present time the U of L physical education department is in a similar situation as its counterpart in the public schools. There are just not enough people concerned about physical fitness to apply the political pressure needed to encourage the government to put more money into physical education. More fly-and-drive travel predicted The head of the provincial travel department would not give his opinion Tuesday as to whether there should be a full time minister of tourism in the Alberta cabinet Don Hayes, executive director of Travel Alberta, told The Herald it would not be appropriate for him to comment since his job is merely to carry out the current minister's policies. Bob Dowling, minister of consumer affairs, is also responsible for tourism. Mr. Hayes did say, however, he did not think there was any doubt that a department functioned more efficiently with a full-time minister. In Lethbridge Tuesday, Mr. Hayes predicted the Alberta tourist industry would continue to grow at the rate of five to seven per cent per year, though travel patterns might change. Group travel might increase, he said, and more long distance travel might be done by air rather than road. He predicted an increase in fly and drive travel, with cars being rented to tour an area at the end of a plane trip. Marlene Wallace, supervisor of Travel Alberta's new Calgary office, said east west travel might increase, with more Canadians staying in Canada because of fears of gasoline shortages in the United States. More Albertans could also stay in Alberta, she said. "One of our priorities is encouraging more people to see Alberta." Ms. Wallace said the Calgary office had been opened to make Travel Alberta more accessible to people in the South. The office's main function was information, or at least telling people where to get information. "We have to have a large amount of general she said, "But the volume is so great we can't answer everything.'" An interesting inquiry recently was from a woman who wanted to know the locations of nudist camps in the Calgary area, she said. She added the office was currently preparing lists of recreation and tourist facilities, and sources of tourist information. Information can be a problem for the travel industry in smaller centres, said Mr. Hayes. Travellers passing through often ask waitresses or service station attendants what there is to do in a small town, and are told "nothing." But many community events, such as Little Britches rodeos, would interest tourists, he said. Special events do not so much attract people to an area as extend their stay, or stop those passing through to other locations, be said. "Half the battle in tourism is stopping people who are r i. Tl passing tnrougn. City budget will 'open eyes9 Dollars for plant expansion elusive By ANDY OGLE Herald Staff Writer Once the dust settles from Monday's enthusiastic hearing into the future of the city's power plant, the issue may eventually boil down to dollars and sense. City council now readily admits it can't begin to make a choice until it finds out whether or not money will be available to expand the city's generating capacity. If it's not, the issue could resolve itself and all the crying over failures of past city council's to spend money on the plant when it was needed, the 1969 contract with Calgary Power, and the channeling of electrical department surpluses into other city projects, won't make a whit of difference. City Manager Allister Findlay, the man upon whose shoulders rests the responsibility of uncovering potential sources of money for pursuit of alternatives to total purchase of power, says it's not going to be an easy task. But in the same breath he adds: "Nothing is impossible." The city manager points out that one alternative that received a lot of attention Monday plan A-l in the CH2M Hill report, the construction of a 180 megawatt coal-fired plant would mean capital expenditures of about million over 12 years. "It's easy to quote such astronomical sums of money, but where is it going to come he asks. "I wish I knew." Even meeting the first expenditure for the initial GO MW unit estimated in the CH2M Hill report at in 1977 could be difficult, he says. "I talked with a person working with a major city that has gone on the open market and had to pay better than nine per cent interest and was lucky to get a loan over 20 years. "In his opinion, even if we went just for the 60 MW unit, we would have to go for it over a four-year period. "That's nearly million each year." The question of money for power plant expansion comes just as the city administration is pulling the city's 1974 operating budget together. And, according to Mr. Transient jailed for theft A 35-year-old transient, who pleaded guilty in provincial court Tuesday to breaking into two offices in the Metcalf Building Friday, was sentenced to 2% years in prison. Robert Pelletier was arrested Saturday in Calgary and charged with possession of an unregistered firearm. A check with the Canadian police information centre computer revealed that the pistol in question was one stolen during the break-in of the Metcalf Building, 303 5th St S. Pelletier admitted breaking into the offices of the Gun Runner newspaper and stealing a .22 semi-automatic pistol and in cash. He then broke into an insurance office and stole in cash. The pistol and the money were ordered returned to the uwiicli. A 17-year-old Lethbridge youth who pleaded guilty in provincial court Jan. 30 to the breaking and entering of two Leihbridge residences last fall was given an 18-month suspended sentence Tuesday. Peter Herbert Overlander, 826 27th St N.. was with two juveniles when the break-ins occurred. Findlay, the budget is going to open eyes at council. "It's not exactly what you could call an election-year he says. "The city just can't build bridges and sportsplexes without affecting the operation of the he said. Increased debt charges, employee wage hikes and escalating material costs are going to take their toll on the city's mill rate this year, he has warned. And expenditures such as those on the 6th Avenue S. bridge and the Canada Winter Games Sportsplex have eliminated the city's easiest source of funds the Alberta Municipal Finance Corporation. The city's borrowing capacity there is all used up or already committed on other projects. Capital expenditures in plan D of the CH2M Hill report, which involves installation of a 66.4 MW gas turbine in 1974, would not be so staggering Mr. Findlay admits about million in 1977 and more later for purchase of a used steam turbine. But, he says, the question remains, given the current policy of the provincial government, whether or not the city would be allowed to install gas turbines. It could cost more than to find out from the Energy Resources Conservation Board, he says. At least two other government bodies would likely be involved in any effort by the city to expand its generating capability, says, Mr. Findlay, leading him to wonder aloud whether it could all be accomplished by the 1977 start envisioned by the CH2M Hill projections. Mr. Findlay says the Local Authorities Board would closely scrutinize efforts by the city to raise money for power plant expansion. They would want to know the city's ability to finance it and how the city would sell the debentures, he said. And the Environment Conservation Authority would probably get into the act if the city opts for a coal-fired plant, the city manager says, But whatever the outcome of the search for funds, which could in itself take some time, it seems likely given the impetus of Monday's public hearing, that council will have to carefully explain each step it takes. County pupils start classes early this fall Children attending Lethbridge County schools next year will begin classes a week earlier than usual to make up instruction time to be lost when schools close during the Canada Winter Games. At its regular meeting Tuesday, county school committee rejected a proposal from the Alberta Teachers Association which would have extended the school day by 14 minutes a day in the second semester while keeping the traditional September opening. Both the teachers' suggestion and the trustees' action shorten the Easter holiday by four days. Chick Burge, county superintendent, told the meeting he doubted whether the ATA proposal would have made up for the lost instruction time. But trustees stressed they were not setting a precedent to cut summer vacation. Jim Nicol, school committee chairman, said he has already received some calls from parents opposing a longer school day. "I can't help feel that the teachers are thinking more of themselves than they are of the he said. Under the contract with the teachers, the county is required to consult them about changes in the school year but retains authority to make whatever decision it feels best. Some trustees were upset that the ATA scheduled the 1974-75 teachers' convention in May, instead of during the Winter Games. The May convention means another two days of lost classroom time. Under the school year adopted by the county, the first semester begins Aug. 26 and ends Jan. 23. Classes finish for the year June 27. Additional reports on Page 20. 9 Hat residents offered U of L studies program Medicine Hat and area residents will be able to study part-time toward a University of Lethbridge degree without leaving their home community. The university announced today it will offer senior courses at Medicine Hat College as an extension of the two-year university transfer program already offered by the college. Under the two-year university transfer program, students could only take the first two years toward a U of L degree before being required to transfer to Lethbridge to complete their degree requirements. The new co-operative program allows students to study in Medicine Hat toward undergraduate degrees in arts and science and education. The students may even be able to complete a U of L classes at the university, if the right combination of courses can be made available. To discover the academic needs and interests of potential students, the two institutions will determine which courses will be offered at Medicine Hat College through jointly-conducted surveys. The U of L is able to expand its programs to places like Medicine Hat, despite a restricted operating budget, because it will only offer courses at the college in programs where it now has ample staff, the U of L vice- president said Tuesday. The university made a plea in November to the department of advanced education for in addition to the operating budget that it has already been granted this year. The department is still considering the request. Owen Holmes says the university isn't short of staff on the basis of the number of students attending the institution. But it is limited hi staff for certain programs, be adds.