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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 20, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 - THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD - Tuesday, February 20, 1973 What the voters wanted It was a political budget, designed more to coax the House of Commons and appease the voter than to strengthen the economy. But that is natural, even pardonable. Governments live and die at the whim of the voter and the pleasure of the House rather than on their trusteeship of the nation." The recent election forcibly reminded the existing government that it was neither explaining adequately to the people what it was doing nor listening to what they were saying. In this budget it is communicating in one-syllable words with the people. The conversation may be trite, but it is there. And that is good, for in a democracy it is more important that government be responsive to the people than that it be good government. Mr. Turner spoke nothing more truthful Monday night than that he was taking a risk. The greater benefits and lower taxes, leaving the highest budgeted deficit since the Second World War, he hoped would stimulate expansion of the economy and make up part of the price in more jobs and more business (and therefore more tax revenue ultimately). The earlier Trudeau government showed more concern for inflation than for unemployment, and that did not sit well with the voters. This budget responds to electoral displeasure. Few economic instruments are more inflationary than government deficits. It remains to be seen whether the people will heed Mr. Turner's plea to curb the wage-price spiral and resist their own inflationary inclinations. If history repeats, they will not. Ever since the government survived its first confidence vote early in this session, the budget was established as the next big test. In a sense it was an all-party budget, Mr. Lewis claiming credit for the pension and other benefits for low-income groups, and Mr. Stanfield for the inflation-offsetting features of the new income tax measures. Between the two, the NDP satisfaction seems the greater, and the government's survival on the budget vote seems assured. However one small cloud remains. Mr. Turner reiterated his earlier intention to moderate the burden of corporate taxation as a means of stimulating further employment. Mr. Lewis campaigned on the theme of stiffening the tax burden on corporations, not lightening it. Apparently that will be resolved by Parliament in a separate vote. On that issue alone, the NDP is not likely to support the government. Would the Conservatives dare oppose such a measure? Of course they would, putting thirst for office ahead of principle. On that one point the Liberals and Conservatives should be in agreement - that Canada is essentially a free-enterprise economy, and employment must come mainly from private capital. It will be hailed by many as a good budget. If a further lease on life for the present government is good, then it is a good budget. Certainly some of the detail is excellent, such as better old-age pensions. But it will do more for the reputation of the government than the health of the country. 'We're leaving Everything just the way we found it!" Whither the U of L? (8) Jeanne Beaty Articulation council needed Enlarging Indian Bat tie Park In the speech from th e throne that opened this session of the legislature, the government announced its intention of establishing provin-cial parks in urban areas. This policy is in effect now, as the province has just purchased several acres for this purpose in the Fish Creek area of southwest Calgary. There is an excellent opportunity to press the case for an extension of Indian Battle Park. The history of this park is well known. It is the site of the last great battle between the two Indian nations that ruled the Far West, the Cree and Assiniboine alliance on the one hand, the confederacy of Black-foot, Blood and Peigan on the other. The battle took place in the fall of 1870, and ended the last invasion of Blackfoot territory by Cree war parties from the east. It began v/ith an attack on a Blood encampment on the Belly - now the Oldman - river, two or three miles north of the original Fort Whoop-Up, then became a running battle across the plains, until the two sides took positions in adjacent west side coulees just south of where the railway bridge now crosses the river at Lethbridge. There the main battle was fought, and it ended when the Crees were driven into and across the river, to make their final stand on the flat ground on the east bank. The present Indian Battle Park is not inappropriately named, as it is the site of that last desperate stand. But the battlefield was much larger, and the longest - if not the bloodiest - part of the fighting took place in the coulees on the west side of the river. This important event in the history of the west is quite familiar to local historians; undoubtedly they could1 mark out the actual battle ground with any degree of accuracy requi-. ed. The present owners of the land,] a local group primarily concerned, with a small section of their holdings which is not on the battle site, is sympathetically aware of the historical importance of their property, and at last accounts were more than willing to discuss its becoming parkland. A year or so ago, the city admin-' istration expressed some^ interest in extending the present boundaries of Indian Battle Park to include the west bank coulees in which the main battle was fought. The historical importance of the area has been officially recognized by both federal and provincial governments. All of which doesn't mean the necessary pieces all will fall into place automatically, and that a larger, more faithfully historical Indian Battle Park will materialize. With this newly introduced provincial policy regarding urban parks, it is to be hoped someone is working on it. The casserole If there are still some lingering doubts as to why so many magazines make a big thing of sex, they should be dissipated by some figures released by Time magazine. It seems a couple of weeks ago, Time published an 'illustrated article about a movie that features more than the usual amount of plain and fancy copulation. The article was fairly explicit. No less than 350 subscribers were so enraged or offended as to cancel their subscriptions. Newsstand sales of this particular issue were up by some 54,000. Collectors of random bits of information may be interested in noting that during the past 10 years, while all manner of international conferences and commissions have regularly presented schemes and protocols for limiting armaments, reducing tensions, banning arms proliferation, regulating sales of weapons, and generally striving for world peace, the world has raised the number of men under arms some 20 per cent, to more than 23 million, and its aggregate spending for military purposes by 82 per cent, from $119 billion to $216 billion. bad idea; at any rate, the Australians seem to think so. Their minister of labor, Clyde Cameron, recently announced "two. Canadian-style initiatives to help overcome unemployment," which turn out to be very nearly carbon copies of our LIP and OFY programs. Two headings on the same page of a newspaper, which perhaps it would be best not to name, are rather interestingly juxtaposed. One datelined Kingston, Ontario' read "Convicted murderer fined $5"; the other, from Lima, Peru, was placed next to it, and read "Death penalty re-established." That would seem pretty drastic, to someone far away and weak on geography, wouldn't it? The heading for a story about the replacement of female strip teasers by males -and in Paris, of all places! - reads "Male strippers will at least look different," which may set some sort of a record for understatement. But it is the phrase "at least" that one ponders with some perplexity. What, do you suppose, would justify "at most?" Whatever we in Canada may think of  various programs the federal government has introduced to deal with unemployment, at least they are noticed by our neighbors. In a story dealing with two of our cherished ways of distributing federal money, the Local Incentives Program and Opportunities For Youth, a certain U.S. journal employs the headline "Canada supports ways to keep jobless busy." But keeping people busy may not be a Birdwatchers may be interested in knowing that at least one red shafted flicker does not observe the precepts of the Salt-Wilk Binds of Alberta book, by which the bird and his kind should have been gone from Alberta by the end of September. Notwithstanding frigid nights, and the snow that makes it so awkward for ground - feeding birds, one of these handsome fellows is still a regular visitor to a make-shift feeding platform in a local backyard. . A great deal of emotion, most of it contained in the Worth Report, has been spent on the subject of the college to university transfer problem. There has been little objective reporting of the subject and the only clear public thinking this writer can recall is an editorial in The Lethbridge Herald pointing out that if the college and the university located in this city were both offering courses at a university level, money was being wasted. It is the conclusion of the Worth Report, and also of the Alberta Colleges Commission Master Plan Number One, although the latter puts it in much less subjective terminology, that "the problem of advance standing within the receiving institution can be readily Bolved by giving the sending institution responsbility for certifying student attainment." Any other arrangement, such as the affiliation agreements which already exist between certain of the Alberta colleges and certain of the universities, is called "immoral" and "absurd." An illustration of the thought and language that went into the Report of the Commission oh Educational Planning, as the Worth Report is officially known, is to be found in this excerpt on the subject of intra-level transfer. "In basic education transfer from one school to another is more readily accomplished when the receiving school and its teachers adjust to the achievement level of the student. Within Alberta, the transfer process at the senior school level is even more straightforward because of the credit system; credits being completely transferable regardless of where they were obtained. "However, no such clarity and realism prevails, within higher education. Tradition, emotion and the jealous guarding of academic bailiwicks, particularly on the part of universities, continue to work hardships on students. Frustration, lost time and unnecessary expense is the result. "This insensitivity to the human dimensions of transferability is further reinforced by the apron-strings mentality evi^ dent in current affiliation agreements, and in some recent reports on ths problem." In regard to the first sentence of this excerpt, what may be thought of as "clarity" and "realism" by some may be considered by others, if carried to its full extent, to be education at the lowest common denominator. The report goes on to deplore the "veto power" exerted by the universities on the colleges. What is not mentioned in the Worth Report or Master Plan Number One is that the universities ask no more of the , colleges in the accepting of transfer students than they have always asked of each other. This is spelled out in the universities' reply to this section of the Worth Report, which was passed up through the usual committee channels but has never been reported publicly, at leact in the southern end of the province. "The standard system now in effect for transfer of credits within the university system in Canada is by no means perfect- ly reliable," reports The Universities' Response to the Question of Transfer of Credits. "But it is acceptable to all Canadian universities because it has some measure of regulation associated with it and experience has demonstrated reasonable reliability." "Credits are transferable from one accredited degree granting institution to another. All degree granting Institutions have been inspected by a visiting team from the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada and their financing, library, facilities, governance, their faculty and their students have been declared appropriate by peers from other Canadian universities. "Accreditation of degrees and courses of instruction of foreign institutions is done through The Association of Commonwealth' Universities, the International Association of Universities, and some individual accrediting systems in the U.S., with the assistance of the AUCC. "All this is a form of affiliation similar to the affiliation agreements that have been in effect among colleges and universities in Alberta. Degree granting institutions that' are not prepared to enter into these kinds of affiliations are not recognized for transfer of their credits." It should be noted that Mc-Gill has not yet complained that the U of L holds a veto power over its operations. After clearly spelling out how the transfer program could be arranged, the universities' response contains the comment that this section of the report appears to have been written with an anti-university bias and by someone irrationally angry. It states: "The universities do guard an 'academic bailiwick.' We have a mandate from society and particularly from the students in that society to clearly state the value of what we do and to protect that value in order that all who engage in university education and all who make use of it know what they are doing. "This is called maintaining academic standards, an endeavor that the emotional element of education seems to be attempting to destroy presumably in favor of their philosophy that whatever feels right to the person-centred person must be right." The transfer problem has not erupted suddenly on the scene. It has been under study for sometime. A committee headed by G. L. Mowat of the University of Alberta and com- 'Crazy Capers* Sorry, Lady-my horizontal hold slipped! prising one representative each from Grande Prairie College, Mount Royal OcfUege, Medicine Hat College, the University of Calgary, the University of Lethbridge, the University of Alberta and the Universities Commission submitted a report to the universities co - ordinating council in June 30, 1971, on a suggested laffiliation arrangement between colleges and universities in Alberta. It included the establishment of a permanent articulation council, a type of arrangement which has apparently been quite successful in British Columbia. The universities co-ordinating council accepted the Mowat Report, as it became known, hut the colleges commission refused to accept it without amendments which would guarantee the sending institution the right to certify the standing of a stu-den within the receiving institution. The universities have been adamant on this point. "We examine the credentials of all incoming students," Dr.-A. W. R. Carrothers, president of the University of Calgary, said. "After all, the student is getting our degree and we must have control over the quality of that degree." A report which was commissioned by the Canadian Association of University Teachers, the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, the Canadian Union of Students and the Union generale des etudi-ants du Quebec and published in 1970 states: "It is generally agreed that, while the state has some rights in the sphere of higher education, the universities should possess autonomy in certain key areas. Control over admissions, academic siaff and instructional programs are most frequently cited as the essential ingredients of genuine university autonomy." Mr. James Foster, minister of advanced education, recently told a small assemblage of U of L students that he felt the greatest contribution of the Worth Report was that it had acted as a catalyst. "It got people off their hands," was the phrase he used. He added that sometime during the spring session he and Minister of- Education Lou Hyndman would let Albertans know which parts of the report they intended to implement. In view of the emotional nature of the report - at one point it speaks of "fighting the professional castes and their established rights" in a struggle "with many of the trappings of a revolutionary war or religious crusade" - it is well to recall the advice with which Lord Noel Annan concluded a BBC television lecture last year: "The fate of universities depends on the good sense of politicians, dons and students. Ministers should not try to, take short aits. Dons should not' be intransignent and oppose change simply because it affects their vested interests. Students should not forget that they are in the university first and foremost to learn. "Let us remember the words of Dr. Arnold of Rugby who in the 19th century was one of the leaders among those who wanted to reform Oxford and Cambridge: 'No one ought to meddle with universities who does not know them well and love them :weH.' " On the Hill By Joe Clark, MP for Rocky Mountain I remember once picking up Alvin Hamilton at the airport when he was minister of agriculture. He had just introduced into Parliament a new system of acreage payments, that he had been working on for some time. Hazen Argue, who was then the CCF farm critic (and is now a Liberal senator) had shouted in Parliament that the payment was "peanuts." Alvin picked up a Calgary paper to see how his new program was being reported in the prairies, and the headline read: Government program peanuts. That points out Ir.v easy it is for the meaning of something that happens in Parliament to get changed in the telling. We had another example of that early in February. The government introduced a bill which would retroactively raise the ceiling on advances from the general federal treasury to the unemployment insurance fund. The ceiling had been $800 million,, and the government had spent $890 million. It wanted to make this $90 million overdraft legal, after it had been done. What the government sought was a blank cheque, thereby bypassing or eliminating the approval and consent of Parliament for funds. That raised two important issues: first, it spotlighted the dollar cost of the unemployment insurance fund; second, it brought into question Parliament's power to restrain the spending of a government. But those weren't the issues the press featured. Instead, in much of Canada, the media adopted the government's more spectacular argument that a failure to raise the ceiling would deny unemployment in- surance payments to. thousands of Canadians who legitimately deserved payments. That was a phoney argument - because the money had already (if illegally) been advanced to the fund,, and there was never any question of drawing it back. The real argument was whether or not the government should act within the law. The constitutional issue was obscured by the spectre of payments being denied, and the government won the right to remove a restraint on spenc'V g which it had found uncomfo.^-able. In fact, three Conserv* tive MP's, from Atlantic constituencies where unemployment insurance payments are high, voted with the Liberals, NDP and Creditistes, to support the government. The significance of this action is that it weakens the hold any future Parliament will have over any future government. If a government can draw $90 million more than the law allows, and then get permission later for breaking that law, no ceiling on advances or expenditures will be safe. What makes this precedent even more dangerous is the fact that it occurred in a minority Parliament. When a majority government uses its numbers to force something on Parliament, other parties can claim later that this was, in effect, an act of the government, hot of Parliament. In this case, Parliament gave in, and future Parliaments won't find much comfort in explaining that the capitulation was due to a bad press, or the desire of the NDP and Creditistes to support the government on any matter that might avoid an election. Letters Pseudo-devaluation I was shocked to learn that the devaluation of the U.S. dollar resulted in a similar decrease in the value of the Canadian dollar. The fate of the sterling and several other currencies is not different. In these circumstances, I wonder if devaluation is a viable solution to the economic troubles in the U.S. With the increase in the prices of goods imported from Japan and Germany, there is a danger of increasing inflation. (Those who say that people would stop buying Datsons, Toyotas, Volkswagons, Sony Products, etc. are living in a world of fantasy.) For once, we had a chance to assert our in- dependence, by not letting the Canadian dollar go down, but, it appears that our dependence on the U.S. is so firm and comprehensive that it will take some sort of revolution to secure independence for Canada. The major currencies (e.g. Canadian dollar, British pound, etc.) were kept at their former rate of exchange. This kind of pseudo-devaluation is not going to lead anywhere. It is rather another step toward the vicious circle, started by last year's devaluation, which will continue as long as the policy makers do not look for a realistic solution. S. S. AN ANT Lethbridge Mainly opinion Peter Hunt is an accomplished writer and I can't compete with him in this field. His article in The Herald of recent date titled, Down with evolutionism, is mainly opinion. May I challenge him with some of mine. Mr. Hunt raises the argument, and in some respects he is quite convincing, that Christian faith is superior to the mass of evidence that is put forward by the evolutionists. He says, "That this is incompatible with the belief in God and Christian faith." Physical science is not concerned' with politics or religion but only concerned with facts. If some scientists are dogmatic, that is, assert opinions without proof, they are no better than some clergy, who still cling to fundamentalism, who believe that all the words in the Bible are inspired by God and should be believed and followed literally. I believe that creation was by natural causes. However, there are still some gaps in total proof but these are gradually being taken care of. But those who believe that the world and everything on it was created in seven days as stated in Genesis at about the year 4,000 B.C., according to ecclesiastical chronologists, have the right to their beliefs and if someone were to take away their freedoms I would come to their aid. He says, "That intellect and will cannot evolve and that the nature of man's rational life had to be created." But the fact remains that man's intellect did evolve. For this research we have to thank the paleontologists who studied the fossils of ancient man and near-man and the archeologist who studied his customs and tools by digging into the ruins of ancient places and the anthropologist who studied his origin and beliefs. Early man was dated about three million years ago. He was animal-like and very small brained. About two mil-, lion years ago Homo Erectus evolved. He was larger brained. Homo Sapien, modern man was developed about 42,000 years ago. He has still greater intellect but is still far from being . civilized. The scientists use potassium-argon and other means to date these discoveries. There are a great number of educated people who believe in God and immortality. They have the same right to their belief as I have to mine. I do not wish to downgrade the work the churches are doing in the social field. This is worth supporting and there is great need for increased effort in this connection. Also there should be greater emphasis for Jesus as a man and for his ethics such as the Sermon on the Mount and less of this mythological nonsense. Lethbridge. ART MATSON The Lethtnridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishew Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher  THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Pasta Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH* ;