Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 19, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
2-THE LETHBRIDQE HERALD 19, 1974 News in brief West's alienation 'serious threat to federalism9 SALT talks resume GENEVA (AP) United States and Soviet negotiators resumed their stragetic arms limitation talks (SALT) today after a three-month recess. The meeting was the 51st since the launching of SALT II, the second phase of the talks aimed at placing permanent curbs on the offensive nuclear potentials of the two superpowers. The meeting between the two delegations, headed by U S. Ambassador Alexis Johnson and Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Vladimir Semenov, was held at the Soviet mission. The Soviet Union announced Monday it will begin new tests of advanced missiles today. The timing of the testing appeared to be a political decision to influence the deadlocked SALT talks. It was presumed the Soviets are trying to convince the United States that Moscow feels no constraints to curtail advanced weapons research in the absence of a SALT treaty. A five-year interim agree- ment, signed in 1972, placed temporary limits on the number of offensive launchers each side can have, but does not affect qualitative improvements or ex- periments with new weapons systems. TORONTO (CP) Alienation in Western Canada is a more serious threat to federalism than separatism once was in Quebec, Prime Minister Trudeau said Monday. The pendulum of Canadian history is swinging in favor of provincial power, but "I am rather certain the pendulum will swing back very Mr. Trudeau said in an interview on CBC radio. He singled out Alberta as an example of a strong provincial government alienated from federalism. "It is much more than a question of political he said. "The West is alienated from Toronto in a business sense and even in a cultural sense." Cultural and business activities in Central Canada ranging from CBC programs to corporate decisions of large financial institutions seemed to have little bearing on life in Western Canada. For the last 50 years, Alberta had always elected federal opposition members and had never gained the voice that Quebec has in the federal government. Speaking with CBC interviewer Peter Gzowski, Mr. Trudeau said Quebec is re- sponding well to federalism now that many French-Canadians are heads of corporations and executives of the federal government. "Someone had to demonstrate there could be a role for the French in Ottawa' he said "And then we had a backlash, people thinking there was too much French power in Ottawa. "I wish people would work so hard in Alberta that people would start thinking that there is too much Alberta power in Ottawa. The prime minister said there will be "new ways of separatism that will have to be fought." The trend toward provincial power, reinforced by the energy crisis, "will not last forever and people will find they must choose Canada over any province." No single province should be allowed to dominate the country because of an issue such as petroleum. "If you let one province on such a basic issue as energy dictate what is good for Can- ada, the country itself could erode." In spite of the present fluctuation of power between federal and provincial levels of government, there should be no legislative changes to fix the balance between provincial and federal power. SYSTEM 'ELASTIC' The present, elastic system allows for a change in the power balance to accommodate conditions of particular times, the prime minister said. In 10 years' time, the country might want more decentralization, or vice versa, and any legislative changes made in times of stress might jeopardize the present elasticity. The federal and provincial governments discussed constitutional problems from 19WJ to 1971 but the talks "did not succeed.' "They should have succeeded, bat some of the people involved did not have the muscle. Discussing the 1970 separatist crisis in Quebec, Mr. Trudeau said in response to a question that he would likely have been arrested if he had still been a university professor during the crisis which saw many leading Quebec intellectuals jailed. "I have Karl Marx in my library and perhaps I would have been arrested. But I don't think I would have bitched about it.... I wouldn't have wrung my hands about civil liberties democracy comes first." In a television interview Sunday, Mr. Trudeau said the cost of living in Canada may climb just as sharply this year as it did in 1973. f Inflation is mainly beyond the control of the government and is caused by people "who want to take more out of a society than they put into he said in an interview on television station CFTO. Wage and price controls such as have been advocated by the opposition will not work, he said, because of strong external influences on Canada's economy. A "Price and wage controls won't apply to the he said. He criticized opposition parties for contributing to inflation by constantly pressing for more government expenditure. Health ministers confer EDMONTON (CP) Health Minister Marc LaLonde and 10 provincial ministers responsible for welfare begin meeting today behind closed doors for the third in a series of discussions to improve Canada's welfare system. On today's agenda are reports from working groups set up last year to look at income maintenance and social services. A report from the working group on an employment strategy is to be discussed Wednesday, last day of the conference. Also on today's agenda is continuing discussion on the Canada and Quebec pensions plans. There is expected to be emphasis on equal treatment for men and women under the social insurance schemes. Expected to be discussed Wednesday is a community employment program for the hard-core unemployed. Quake reported at Manila MANILA (AP) An earthquake that officials said measured six on the Richter scale shook buildings for 11 seconds in Manila today, but no major damage or injuries were reported. The Philippines geophysical observatory placed the focus of the quake 90 miles southeast of Manila on the island of Alabat, where it registered seven on the Richter scale. That would have been strong enough to cause serious damage had it been in a built- up area, a spokesman said. But Alabat is inhabited mostly by farmers and fishermen. Ford 'not after presidency' CHATTANOOGA, Tenn. (AP) Vice-President Gerald Ford repeated again Monday that he has no intention of running for the presidency. "I have said many times that I have no intention of being a candidate for any particular office in Ford said. He said his present position would be undercut if he were to go out trying to round up delegates as a presidential hopeful. "No. 2, I've made a com- mitment to my he said. Ford has made such a pledge several times, but speculation that he will run in 1976 has increased since recent polls showed him the leading contender for the Republican nomination. Meany still after Nixon MIAMI BEACH, Fla. (AP) AFL-CIO President George Meany says the labor federation will continue campaigning for President Nixon's impeachment despite administrative efforts "to portray us as some sort of sinister force." Clashes at gold mine WELKOM Eighteen African miners have died in more than a week of tribal violence in three South African gold mines and of men have quit work in two of the mines. The latest deaths occurred early today outside a hostel at a Western Holdings mine in a clash between Basotho and Xhose tribesmen. Another man died outside a hostel of the same mine Monday night. The men who quit work were employed at the Freestate Geldud mines and Western Holdings. Most of them will return to their homes in the mountain kingdom of Lesotho. A similar exodus occurred last week after clashes at the Welkom gold mine. Beef embargo possible KINGSVILLE, Ont (CP) Lifting of the United States ban on DES (diethylstil- a growth stimulant used on cattle, could result in restrictions on the importation of American cattle into Canada, says federal Agriculture Minister Eugune Wbelan. "This could mean an BRIDGE RUG DRAPES LTD. FMCeUTIMATtS PHoiw 32t-47M COLLtOCMAU OFFICE FURNITURE dninook 31t-Tlh South PRINTING a Failure may have prompted flight WASHINGTON (AP) A young soldier has indicated his anger at flunking out of flight school may have Medicor decision reserved Nixon helps Alabama governor Governor George Wallace receives help removing his topcoat i Receptive audience greets Nixon during Honor America Day in Dixie WASHINGTON (AP) Without directly mentioning Watergate, President Nixon has told his largest and most enthusiastic audience since the 1972 campaign that "the American people are not a nation of quitters." Joining Gov. George Wallace at an Honor America Day rally Monday in Huntsville, Ala., Nixon told an outdoor crowd estimated by security personnel at to 30000: "Americans have always had strength in adversity there have been times of dis- couragement in America but the American spirit was such that we always became stronger when the going got tougher." Nixon pointed to Wallace as a living example of this, recalling his recovery from a 1972 assassination attempt embargo on all beef coming in from the he told the Essex County Federation of Agriculture Saturday night The one-year ban by the U.S. food and drug administration recently was declared invalid by a federal court The U.S. agriculture department is considering its next move. A ban in Canada continues., DES was banned from consumer groups who said it could have dangerous long- term effects on humans. Woman charged DEWSBURY, England (Ap) A 24-year-old woman was charged with murder that left the governor partially paralysed. Wallace, who has sought the presidency three times and is considered a contender for the 1976 Democratic presidential nomination, seemed careful in his introductory remarks to pay honor to the presidenta! office while sidestepping any praise of Nixon. OFFICE LAUDED in Alabama have always honored the office of the presidency of the United said Wallace. "We are all flag wavers in Alabama." Cheers and welcoming ban- ners far outnumbered evidences of criticism in the rally crowd, although a few persons held aloft placards with such legends as, "Honor America-Impeach Nixon." It was the second Nixon speech of a long six-day week- end in the South, spent mostly at his home in Key Biscayne, Fla. last Thursday in Miami he drew a much more modest crowd, and many more critics, when speaking at a hospital dedication. Flying back to Washington from Huntsville, the president stopped in Indianapolis to pick up his daughter Julie Nixon Eisenhower, recovering from emergency surgery for removal of an ovarian cyst Determined suicide undaunted by obstacles NEW YORK (Reuter) Lila Bliss, 32, was determined to kill herself Monday so she jumped from the lath-floor apartment of her parents in the city's Greenwich Village area. But, police said, she landed on a terrace on the 18th floor. So she picked herself up and jumped time landing on a 16th-storey terrace. Then, police said, she dragged herself to the ledge and jumped, this time succeeding. Police said Miss Bliss had been under psychiatric care. Atlantic balloonist suffers slight setback HARRISBURG, Pa. (AP) Thomas Catch's bid to make the first balloon flight across the Atlantic has suffered a slight setback, but he still is cruising along at feet above the sea. After crossing the coastline north of Atlantic City, N.J., Monday night, Catch reported by radio that one of bis 10 su- per-pressure balloons had rap- tured and was draped over a porthole on his pressurized gondola Light Heart Aides said the timetable will change because the ruptured balloon will force Catch to fly lower than the feet originally planned. VANCOUVER (CP) The British Columbia Court of Ap- peal Monday reserved judgment on an appeal from conviction and sentence by Medicor president Tom Scallen. The hearing lasted six days. Scallen is appealing his con- viction and four-year sentence for alleged theft of million from Northwest Enterprises Ltd., owner of Vancouver Canucks of the National Hockey League. He was also convicted of issuing a false prospectus in connection with the public sale of Northwest stock. The Crown alleges that Scal- len, who was also president of Northwest and its majority shareholder, took million from Northwest's Vancouver bank account and sent it to Chicago by way of San Francisco to pay off a million Medicor debt. The appeal court was told the money was transferred by Scallen to the Bank of America in San Francisco where it was deposited to an account held there by a Medicor subsidiary. From there it was transferred to Chicago, where it was used to pay off a Medicor debt to a financial firm, the court was told. Medicor put up its own collateral with its bank subsidiary to support the transfer and at the same time the subsidiary gave Northwest a certificate of deposit paying a higher rate of interest than the money was earning in Vancouver. Northwest later received payment in full and with interest Allan McEachern, counsel for Scallen, based his appeal mainly on his contention that the trial judge did not ade- quately and fairly place the defence to the jury when he addressed them prior to their retirement for a verdict prompted his two-hour helicopter fiighi around the United States capital, ending in a hail of gunfire on the White House lawn. Army Pte. Robert Kenneth Preston is undergoing psy- chiatric examination at Walter Reed Army Medical Centre in the wake of the chase early Sunday morning. Preston, 20, was taken to the hospital Monday after civilian charges of unlawfully entering the White House grounds were dropped and he was turned over to military custody. Asked at his court appear- ance what prompted the wild chase, Preston did not com- ment. But when reporters asked if it was because of anger at having flunked out of flight school, he responded: "Could be." CHARGES POSSIBLE Military officials said they are studying whether any charges will be placed against Preston for violations of mili- tary regulations. The chase began early Sun- day when an army helicopter was stolen from Fort Meade, Md., about 25 miles from Washington. It ended two hours later when the chopper landed on the south lawn, about 100 yards from the White House, under shotgun fire from officers of the Executive Protection Service and pursued by a helicopter manned by Maryland state police Preston was treated for su- perficial wounds received at that time. President Nixon was in Key Biscayne, Fla., and no mem- bers of his family were at home. bus that killed 12 persons earlier this month. Judith Theresa Ward of Stockport, Cheshire, in north- west England, was ordered held until Feb. 26 by Dewsbury magistrates' court She was charged with the murder of Stephen Whalley, an 18-year-old fusilier who died three days after the blast regarded as the worst act of Irish guerrilla terror in Britain in recent years. The explosion ripped apart a bus taking servicemen and their families back to the Catterick base in Yorkshire after 9 weekend furlough in Manchester Feb. 4. Soviet author harbors hope of returning to his homeland Deaths By THE CANADIAN PRESS Lima Manuel Odria, 77, president of Peru from 1H8 to 1956. ZURICH (AP) Alexander Solzbenitsyn says be will be unable to complete his series of historical novels if the Kremlin does not let his files and archives follow him into exile. But that will not silence his writing. The exiled Russian writer said October 1916, the second volume in his "historical novel of revolutionary times" that began with August 1914, is almost ready for publication. "The third volume is started, and the rich collection of materials, documents, reports of eyewitnesses, photographs, il- lustrations and numerous rare books with my annotations has been he said in an exclusive interview Monday with The Associated Press. "I have gathered these ar- chives ever since 1966 and have put into them an enormous amount of work. If the Soviet authorities confiscate them, even if only partially, it will be spiritual murder." Solzbenitsyn said be is too oia at 55 to collect the materials again, and loss of the archives would mean abandonment of the project. "But then my remaining years and strength, instead of being directed to Russian his- tory, will be directed towards the Soviet present for which I will need no he said. "I knew for myself that my right to Russian earth is no less than the right of those who took upon themselves the audacity to physically throw me out" be said in response to another question. "I have the feeling that in a few years, I will return to Russia. How it will happen, how changed will be the conditions, I cannot foretelL" Solzhenitsyn's second wife, their three sons, her 11-year- old son by a previous marriage and her mother still are in the Soviet Union. Soviet government statements have said they can join him in 'he West "when they deem it necessary." "If one is to believe the statements of members of the Soviet government, my family will be let go without SoUbenitsyn said. "But without my presence, for two women with four children, it is not easy to liquidate an existence of many years, to pack up, and get moving, to find a moment when none of the children are sick." Solzbenitsyn visited a Zurich bank Monday to take care of some business matters that he did not discuss. Then he took a walk and stopped at a house where Lenin plotted the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution. Solzhenitsyn still is consid- ering his future borne. He said he has invitations from several countries and expressed special interest in Switzerland and Scandinavia. Guerrillas will fight reversion BEIRUT (AP) Three major Palestinian guerrilla groups say they will fight to prevent reversion of the Israeli-occupied West Bank of the Jordan River to King Hussein's control, the Lebanese newspaper Al Anwar says. It says the agreement was embodied in a working paper the three groups put before the weekend conference in Damascus of the guerrilla movement's 20-man central council. The groups were Yasir Arafars Al Fatah, the largest guerrilla organization; the Syrian-backed Al Saika, and the Maoist Popular Democratic Front They are considered the moderate camp in the Palestine Liberation Organization, which embraces the five major groups in the movement The moderates favor establishing a "national authority" on the West Bank if Israel agrees to give up the area. The central council, ttie movement's highest policy- making body, recessed for 10 days to give the radicals of the Marxist Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and the Iraqi-backed Arab Liberation Front time to study the working paper, Al Anwar says.