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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 19, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 - THE 1ETHBRIDGE HERALD - Monday, February 19, 1973 Chaos in Uganda The way things seem headed in Uganda, the lucky people may be the Asians who were forced to leave the country under the edict of its strongman General Idi Amin. Indications are strong that the country is heading rapidly into chaos. With the expulsion of the Asians the economy has experienced a sag. Most of the Africans whom General Amin said would take over the businesses abandoned by the Asians have neither the capital nor the know-how to cope with the new opportunities. In consequence, much of the economy is languishing. Prospects are that the poor, -of whom there are great numbers, will become even poorer. Fears are mounting that what little dignity and security the individual now has may disappear as the regime becomes more repressive. Already people are vanishing unaccountably and the army is being deployed to impose an oppressive and terrorist watch over all centres. Few foreigners remain in Uganda. Those who have not been expelled have got out as fast as possible. They expect the worst from General Amin. It may be that some of the bleakness of the picture has been painted in by opponents of the general but the fact is that those in the best position to know the truth aren't counting on benignity from the regime. Canadian officials, for instance, have announced that, for security reasons, no Canadians will remain or go to Uganda under the aid programs of the Canadian International Development Agency and the Canadian University Services Overseas. Only a coup by moderate forces or a dramatic change in General Amin holds promise of arresting the collapse of this East African state. Even that might now be too late. Troubled subcontinent Indications are that the next laceration of the sensitive will emanate from the Indian subcontinent. A severe famine is in the making in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. The coming harvest in all three nations will be the worst in many years. Only India is in any way capable of trying to cope with the food shortage by shopping on the world markets. But with international wheat prices at an all-time high, due to massive purchases by China and the Soviet Union, India's resources are not likely to be adequate. While food supplies dwindle, the population explosion continues relatively unchecked. In the next quarter century the populations of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh will double if the present trend continues. Starvation may accomplish what birth control programs to date have been unable to do and thus cancel the population projection- but that is not a prospect anyone welcomes. Meanwhile the unrest that is bound to precede starvation could plunge much of the subcontinent into chaos. Already in India there have been demonstrations and protest actions. As food prices climb, workers are resorting to strikes in seeking higher wages. Electrical workers recently plunged Uttar Pradesh, India's most populous state, into darkness by closing down all power stations; the army had to intervene in the situation. Despite the dire outlook, money is still being diverted into military expenditures. External and internal threats of strife are used as justification. No new outbreak of hostilities between India and Pakistan or between Pakistan and Bangladesh is anticipated but a peace treaty has not been signed and the 93,000 Pakistani troops captured in Bangladesh and being held in India constitute a provocation. The greatest fear is that civil war could engulf Pakistan. A small-scale rebellion has already broken out in the province of Baluchistan and it could escalate. The Indus River div-vides what has been left of Pakistan into two regions which are culturally, ethnically and geographically distinct. Cool heads are needed to prevent another attempted secession. This is a gloomy picture of the subcontinent. It may be too pessimistic but it is hard to be optimistic when a scratching of the surface of the problems shows them to be of staggering dimensions. Getting prepared for another onslaught of sympathetic suffering seems to be in order. ART BUCHWALD Bigger and better WASHINGTON - The fate of the Anglo-French Concorde SST appears very grim. Most airlines, with the exception of BOAC and Air France, have dropped their options on the supersonic plane, and this could strain relations between the French and British who have poured billions of dollars into the project. A summit meeting between the two countries was held in London last week to discuss the problem. Pierre LaFrance, speaking for the French, said, "Messieurs, we are in serious trouble, No one will buy the Concorde." Sir Reginald Bottomly, spokesman for the British, said, "Well, let's all have a cup of tea." "Zut alors," said LaFrance, "this is no time to drink tea. The situation is desperate. I propose we have a glass of cognac." "Tea," said Bottomly. "Cognac," said LaFrance. One of the British delegates said, "Gentlemen, let us get on with the meeting. "I think we should look to the brighter side of things. After all, BOAC and Air France have ordered the Concorde." "That is correct," said another French delegate, "And now it will take only three minutes for an Air France plane to fly from Paris to London." . "Now wait a minute," Bottomly said. "I might remind you that it will take only three minutes for a BOAC plane to fly from London to Paris. If we're going to prove that this plane is profitable, we should have only one airline fly the London-Paris and Paris-London routes." "Exactment," said LaFrance. "Therefore, it should be Air France." "BOAC," said Bottomly. "Air France is noted for its food. We can serve a better dinner." "In three minutes?" Bottomly asked. "Gentlemen," said one of the British delegates, "I don't believe getting from Lon- don to Paris in three minutes will impress the other airlines. We must do something more dramatic. "It seems to me that the Issues, besides the unprofitable load factor, are the noise as well as the breaking of the sound barrier. These are ecological problems that must be overcome before we can sell the Concorde. If we solve these, we will sell your plane to every airline in the world." "That is brilliant," LaFrance said. "We need English partners to tell us this?" "Wait. I did not raise the issues without a solution," the British delegate said. "What I suggest we do is make a much larger airplane, twice the size of the Concorde." "It's impossible," LaFrance said. "You cannot have a supersonic plane twice as large as the Concorde." "You can," said Bottomly, "if you cut down the speed of the plane to 600 miles per hour." "But that is not supersonic," a French delegate protested. "Quite," said Bottomly. "Therefore there won't be any complaints about the sonic boom." "Maignifique," the French delegate said. "We could have an upstairs bar on the plane." "And a piano in the tourist lounge." The British delegation unrolled a large blueprint. "By slowing down the plane to 600 miles per hour and doubling the passenger capacity, your fuel costs can be cut in half." The French delegation studied the plans. LaFrance said, "I think we have solved our. problem. We shall give orders to build a prototype immediately. What shall we call the plane?" Bottomly said, "We need something that �will fire up the public's imagination. Our people suggest we call it the Concorde 747- \ 2." La France jumped with joy. "We have made aviation historyV Whither the U of L? (7) Jeanne Beaty Offers Canada's widest choice options Three basic factors were considered in the establishment of the University of Lethbridge, according to MLA Robert Clark, who was minister of ecuation at the time. One, there was a tremendous growth in the university system and the provincial government was committed to decentralizing the system. Two, Southern Alberta is a unique region within the province, which otherwise is grouped around two very large urban centres.. Three, there was a strong interest in new approaches to post-secondary institutions and education. Members of the universities commission said that while it is a Canadian tradition to build universities in large, urban centres, it was felt there would be an attractiveness in having a small institution in an alternative setting. i Premier Peter Lougheed said in January, 1967, before he was in a position to determine the future of the school, "We have here a rare opportunity to develop a truly outstanding university." And Dr. Sam Smith, who achieved almost legendary status locally as the first president of the University of Lethbridge, told a Waterton conference in the summer of that year, "As we strive to select an area in which we can achieve distinction in this province and hopefully within this country, I submit to you that we must become known as the university where you get the best undergraduate foundation in the entire province." The statement of philosophy of the U of L which came out of that conference and which appears in the university calendar, asserts, among other things, that "flexibility and BERRY'S WORLD openness to innovation will be the distinguishing feature," that the university "regards learning as an end in itself, not merely as a means to material ends;" and that its primary aims are "to foster the spirit of free inquiry and the critical interpretation of ideas." "The undergraduate is, and should remain, the focus of the umversity's endeavor," the statement reads. It' speaks of exposure to diverse cultures and cosmopolitan influences as best enabling a scholar "to evaluate his own social and cultural milieu." How does the University of Lethbridge look today in the framework of these expectations? It is too early to make a definitive judgment. If a former member of the Lethbridge school board was correct in commenting that it takes 100 years to make a great university, it is 95 years too soon. But it is not too soon or too presumptuous to ask: Is it innovative? Is it relevant? Is it a school of quality? Does it have something distinctive to offer Alberta? In the few years of its existence, the U of L has pioneered many innovations in the field of education. It introduced the semester system to Canada and still is the only university in the province with such a system, which allows much greater flexibility in curriculum than the single session approach. Although' other institutions have both the 30- and 40-course BA degrees in arts and sciences, it introduced the concept of the 40-course degree as the only option. The U of L was the first in the province to require educa- c mi v, vxkht&fc&tay* "If you must know, I'm writing e book thai will blow tion students to have two years in arts and science before entering the faculty of education. This is a very liberalizing approach to teacher training. . It has a far more liberal admissions policy than most institutions. It carries on an experimental program with high school students who have not completed high school matriculation. It admits so-called"ma-ture" students at the age of 19 without high school matriculation if they have been out of school for a year. Following in the U of L's footsteps, Queen's University dropped the age to 18. In the 1972-73 calendars of the two institutions, the University of Calgary gives the minimum age for mature students as 23 and the University of Alberta uses the teminology "normally at least 24 years." No compulsory courses are required at pe University of Lethbridge, another educational innovation which makes it unique in Canada. The only requirement is a certain breadth and depth in course selection. A student must have 10 courses in Ms major, as a minimum, and must also take at least 20 courses in other disciplines. The uraversaty's colloquium 6tudies, in which a student can set his own route to an education which may or may not contain formal courses, is the only one of its kind in Canada. And the variety of routes that can lead people at their own pace through a university education set this university apart from its sister institutions in Calgary and Edmonton. The faculty of education has pioneered hi teacher training methods. Its emphasis on field training for students, in which it works in close association with schools scattered throughout the southern part of the province, is unique within the province and has had an effect all across Canada, according to President Bill Beckel, Although the university is not the experimental and highly non-structured institution which was Dr. Smith's original conception, it is doubtful that any school of that nature could have survived as a public-supported institution. Nevertheless, as it has evolved, it is leading the way to the future for university education. "To come to college willingly, as and when you want some intellectual nourishment, and to leave college willingly when you have got what you came for: this should be the aim of colleges and universities in the 1980s. Universities, like museums and libraries, should be entered through a revolving door." Thus Sir Eric Ashby envisaged the university of the future, as he wrote of the interim findings of the Carnegie Commission under the title, The Great Reappraisal. Its liberal admission policies, its varying routes of progress .through a wide-open curriculum, its public service courses, gem* inars nnd symposia - even the fact that its library is available to all adults in the community and not restricted to student and faculty use - all indicate that even in the 70s the U of L begins to fit the picture of Ashby's institution. In line with .another popular recommendation of recent years in regard to university governance, a genuine attempt has been made for broad participation on the part of faculty and students in formulating policies and programs. To be included in meaningful decisions about their own programs has been looked on by the university as part of the educational process for students. A student coming to this school is faced with a wider option of choices than at any other undergraduate institution in the country. In addition to the broad requirements for majors and the option of colloquium studies, independent study courses may be taken in any department. There are four multi-disciplinary majors (earth sciences, psyche-biology, urban and regional studies and English-drama) and the machinery exists for student initiated courses. The initiative and independence which are generated by this flexibility of curriculum are considered to be exceptionally relevant in today's complex world. Dr. Owen Holmes, vice-president of the university, Has commented that students have shown great resistance to this idea and only a small proportion are prepared to accept the responsibility of deciding their own curriculum when they arrived, but as time goes on, he sreid, they become more appreciative of the opportunity. Asked what should bring students to this particular university, he mentioned its total absorption with undergraduate education and the benefits to the student of a small institution. "We are not distracted by a sizeable graduate program and multiplicity of profession faculties," he said. "Relative intimacy between students and be� tween students and faculty is a reaEty here and students who come here after attending larger institutions don't hesitate to say this," he added. In Sam Smith's words, it may well be "the university where you get the best undergraduate foundation in the entire province." Letters Competition I get awfully tired of reading'the same old thing in the paper all the time. City council puts down this; city council votes out that. Doesn't a -city of 42,000 people look a little ridiculous operating with such small town thinking? Recently a local chain of stores decided that there was a need for 24 hour service in a city this size. The need for this service was shown by the fact that 30 per cent of their business / was transacted between midnight and 7 a.m. In some cities huge supermarkets and department stores stay open on a 24 hour basis to serve the needs of those who work on various shifts. These places don't operate if it doesn't pay well. Isn't it about time we looked after the wishes of the public' rather than the protection of the few who are afraid of a little competition? We hear lots of talk about high prices but lack of competition sure helps to keep them sky-high. GORDON HALL Lethbridge. Cat-nappers? "Hey, that's my cat!" He looked up, shrugged, dropped her to the ground, got back in his car, and left. He had actually come up on our front step, picked her up and was about to put her in his car when the call stopped him. Unsuccessful then, did he succeed two weeks ago? She's disappeared without a trace. There is definitely some person or persons in Lethbridge stealing neutered cats. What they do with them is questionable, but in the past year at least 50 well - cared - for house cats have been reported missing, advertised for and never traced. Nearly all were neutered, well - groomed pets, not accustomed to wandering. Obviously picked up, were they kept or resold as pets, or did they satisfy the fifty - cent U.S. cat pelt bounty? An appeal to the kind of person who. would take a family pet in this way would be useless. What can be done? If at any time you notice someone picking up a pet which does not appear to be their own, get their licence number and notify the police. If you should injure a pet, please take it to a veterinariam, phone the humane society or animal shelter - let the owner know. J. TUSTTAN February 13, 1973 Lethbridge Why south? If the smell coming from City Packers is too much for the people from the south side, what makes city fathers feel it wouldn't be too much for the people of the north side? And if Mayor Anderson is to be believed in his statement that equipment is- now available to eliminate odors emanating from packing plants, why even consider the move? Perhaps people are dubious as to the effectiveness of said equipment. Also I'm somewhat concerned about the choice of location for the new sportsplex for the upcoming winter games. Be assured, I'm glad that Lethbridge was chosen as the site for the '75 games, but why build the sportsplex on the south side with the escalted price of real estate in this area? When the old arena burned down, all the proposed sites for a new arena were on the south side, and a centre was built on the south side. Now it seems the new sportsplex is also to be built on a south side location. Why? As a relative newcomer to your fair city I was warned of the stigma that existed in past years of living on the north side. With the city's new era of economic expansion and population growth this old stigma has been removed. It seems this harmony is to be destroyed by the present group of city fathers with their disregard for the people on the wrong side of the tracks. I hope they haven't forgotten that we pay taxes and know how to mark an "x" on an election ballot. CHET MOOK Lethbridge. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press end the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager editorial Page Editor ."THE HERALD SERVES* THE SOUTH" ;