Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 19, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
Heath may lose battle Herald unions HIGH FORECAST SUNDAY 45 VOL. LXV No. 'Serving South Alberta and Southeastern B.C." LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 19 1972 15 Cents By HAROLD MORRISON LONDON (CP) Edward Heath's fierce deter- mination to tame Britain's unruly unions has pushed him into a fight he may not be able to win. As the effects of a critical national coal strike spread and jubilant miners predict they will get full wage demands, the question most heard in political corridors is whether the prime minister will stand firm or surrender. The realities suggest that Heath will have to yield ground or face an economic crisis so deep and pro- longed that it may lay great sections of British in- dustry to waste with an accompanying toll in human agony. One of the first steps Heath took when he came into office was to arm himself with a law specifically designed to discipline the turbulence among organized workers. The threat of this law, though slow in being imple- mented and enforced, seemed to cool union ardor to battle with governments over large wage claims. But coal miners have proved in the past that when they arc stubborn and determined, their demands can be difficult to frustrate. Heatli determined There is more than wages at issue in the current crisis, although wages are central in the struggle, with Heath determined to hold the national line on in- creases in order to curb the disturbing rise in infla- tion. The National Union of Mineworkers is strongly left-wing. Yielding to its leaders on extensive pay de- mands may also suggest, in some small part, a vic- tory over Conservative government policy. With the collapse of initial negotiations, the gov- ernment has merely stated it will support the decision of a court of inquii7 established to recommend a com- promise. TIw union has said it may or may not ac- cept the findings, depending on how close they are to the union's demands. It appcare fairly clear t.liat, with the union as determined as ever, and with the country plunging into deepening economic crisis, the three man court is likely to concentrate heavily not so much on what the- country can afford as what the alternatives may be. Some commentators suggest the inquiry may ba nothing more than a face saving operation 'for Heath. He could have declared the coal wage demand a special case and yielded at once, as an exceiition to the rule. He did not. He could have warned the country of a prolonged struggle and prepared against picketing of secondary industry. No warning was given and no preparation appeared. Some of the Conservative party's close supporters suggest this time the Heath administration bungled, having underrated the determination and popularity of the coal miners. The Bcaverbrook Evening Standard says it would be a tragedy if, just when he appears to be winning the inflation battle, Heath finds the coun- try turning against him. It would be "even more cala- mitous" if a sectional interest the coal miners pre- vailed over the national interest. Therefore, the newspaper says, the eventual settle- ment must appear, at the very least, as a compromise and not as an outright victory for the miners' union. The difficulty will be to convince other unions, waiting in the wage line, that this will indeed be a compromise. Candle-lit Britain awaits End of miners' strike near Hughes mania spreads NEW YORK (AP) The purported autobiography on Howard Hughes may have ex- ploded for author Clifford Irv- ing, but the fallout has prov- ided a golden opportunity for many entrepeneurs. The well-dressed Hugheso- phile now can wear a T-shirt emblazoned with a caricature of Hughes, pin a Hughes but- ton his lapel, play a new record called, Howard Hughes is Alive and Well, or see a re- run of the movie The Carpet- baggers based on the Harold rj o b b i n s novel about a Hughes-like character. Pyramid Publications Inc. is reprinting copies of its Howard Hughes. Dell Pub- lishing Co. Inc. is turning out copies of The Bashful Billionaire and copies of Howard Hughes in Las Vegas. Fawcett Publications jumped the number of copies for its Noah Dietrich book on his experiences as a Hughes aide from to about two million, and plans to spend on publicity. Matthew Huttner, president of Pyramid, says he has got calls from "aggressive entre- including rights to a book called, I Am Helga Hughes. He has no plans to accept the offer. By HAROLD MORRISON LONDON (CP) Britain launched a huge emergency op- eration today to rush coal to picket-free power stations hi the wake of a coal strike settlement that likely will stoke the fires of inflation. But despite every effort to move coal by rail, truck and ship, power plants report they cannot overcome a deepening shortage that will lead to even bigger power cuts next week in candle-lit Britain. Jubilant coal miners, demon- strating a form of militancy un- precedented in recent years, got almost every penny they de- manded in their wage claim. Union leaders urged the miners to accept the agreement. In addition to a wage settle- ment recommendation by a three-man in the union's will get more holidays and higher over- time pay. The inquiry commission, under Lord Wilberforce, main- tained that public treasury money had to be used to pay the coal miners because they were a special case. But hundreds thousands of other workers, waiting in the wage-claim line, plan to use the miners' example as a basis for their own de- mands. UNION MUST VOTE Most national newspapers hailed the coal wage settlement still subject to a national union good sense but many agreed it made a sham- bles of Prime Minister Edward Heath's determination to keep national wage increases to an annual average of about eight per cent. The coal settlement amounts to more than 20 per cent over 16 months. It also makes a shambles of his union-taming laws designed to discipline militants who use illegal strike action to strangle the national economy and gain demands through use of force. "It may says The Daily Mail, "that the miners have smashed beyond repair the gov- ernment's own version of an in- comes policy with its heavy em- phasis of holding down price and wage rises in the public sector." Industry is still counting the cost of the strike and power paralysis. Much of the country's production has been badly hit though some economists suggest that some of the lost production can be recovered through hard work in the weeks and months ahead. What may be beyond recovery Is Heath's attempt to maintain government dominance over price and wage pressures. A number of commentators con- clude that Heath took on the coal miners and was badly beaten. In an exercise hi brinkman- ship, tlie union chiefs demanded a further on top of the higher weekly pay rates recom- mended by the Wilberforce tri- bunal. At a midnight meeting at 10 Downing Street, the prime min- ister told them flatly that his government had gone to tha Nixon to play it cool limit. He said the National Coal Board could not pay a penny more. Still more union negotiators persisted, and it paid off. They dropped their demand for the extra but won in return a series of other benefits that will add a further S20.8 million to the board's settlement costs. Tlie annual bill for meeting the pay increases already had been calculated at mil- lion. Union President Joe Gormley emerged beaming from the ne- gotiations. "We have won mora concessions in the last 24 hours than we have done in the last 20 he told reporters. Seeming to assume that the strikers will accept the deal, ha said the men could be back in the pits by nest weekend. Cells produce Rift in auto trade pact would be ludicrous-Sharp vaccine STANFORD, Calif. (AP) Sometime In the nest two months a child will take a drop of cherry red liquid on his tongue and swallow his way into Ameri- can medical history. He will become the first member of the genera] piiblic in tlie United States to take a polio vaccine pre- pared with living bumon-tissuc cells. For Dr. Leonard a 44-year-old professor nf medical microbiology at Stanford University here, Hir pvpnl will lop nff a 1 n-ycar Kittle to change tho vaccines are m.-niiifacluivH. II. will end a decade of scientific controversy ami mulct eventually affect everyone receiving vaccines for diseases such as polio, mumps, measles and rubella. "It opens the door and means all vaccines eventual- ly can be produced with human Dr. Hayflick said in an interview. "It means vaccines are going to be safer and cheaper and we'll be able to achieve lev- els cf standardization Hint weren't possible before." To produce a vaccine, large quantities of the virus it Fights must be grown in living animal cells. Polio virus, for example, is grown in kidney tissue of Afri- can green monkeys. But. only one batch of vaccine is produced from each moncky. Scientists feared producing secondary cell cultures from the primary culture might produce contaminants. Similar techniques are used with chicken embryo cells for measles and mumps vaccine; duck embryo for rubella. Hut. human cells never were used. Then III years ago Hayflick and a colleague began Crowing human cells from flic lung of a fetus surei- cally aborted. They concluded exhaustive lesl-s and the cells, railed Wl-ffi colls, norc clean. There was no evidence that slartmi; new secondary cultures of the caused unwanted changes. Ilnyfliok and his colleague proposed proving vac- cine viruses in (Jie Wl-.lil cells. There would ho no risk cf unknown animal viruses. be cheaper, since iv..inkoys, for example, cost about each and main- lamms laboratory animals is expensive. Aral tin- iilonsivdy tidied hllmlm fells n iK.-lih hatch van-mo would allow stall- nf vaccines impossible whore a different animal is u.-.M for cacli batch, WINNIPEG (CP) It would be ludicrous if differences over the Canada-U.S. auto trade agreement caused a serious rift in relations between the two countries, External Affairs Min- ister Mitchell Sharp said Satur- day night. "What is involved is not a confrontation between two op- posing plulosopliies of he told a service club interna- tional convention. "What is in- volved is not primarily a disa- greement as to objectives." Tlie auto pact, principal issue al stake in stalled Canada-U.S. trade talks, deals with a trade "which goes lo Ihe root of the unique economic relationship between our two said Mr. Sharp. "This is why the differences are difficult to resolve. We are dealing with the operation of Court rules death penalty micoiislitnliona! SAN FRANCISCO (AP) Tlw California Supreme Court declared Friday that capital punishment is unconstitutional, and it ordered Ihe death sen- tences of 102 men and five women reduced to life imprison- ment. The stale's highest court, in a fi-lo-1 decision, said execution is "incompatible with the dignity of man and the judicial proc- ess." II. hold that the death penally Is cruol or unusual punishment', violating the slate constitution. Among those removed from the shadow of death sentences wero Sirhan Bishara Sirhan, convicted assassin of Senator Hubert V. Kennedy, and ('harks Hanson, convicted in Ihe mur- ders of aclxoss Sharon T.itc mid six others. multi-national companies owned in the United States and produc- ing in both the United States and Canada and supplying the North American market. "How are these operations to be carried on in tlie most effi- cient manner with the fewest constraints to trade, to the ad- vantage of both countries? How is thus employ- ment be div- ided so that each of us will have his fair SEES NO PROBLEM Tiie problem did not involve a fundamental difference of prin- ciple in trade policy. "H would indeed be ludicrous if there should be a serious rift In relations because of the diffi- culty in reaching agreement about the future of Ihe automo- tive agreement which has been so beneficial to both Canada and the United States." Canada understood the U.S. wish to correct imbalances in its foreign economic relations. Canada had contributed toward correcting some of these imbal- ances, "and we are prepared to go further." Ho did not elaborate on this point. HONOLULU fAP) Presi- dent Nixon, boning up on China as he prepared to take off today on the second leg of his journey, cautioned again that no quick solutions to U.S.-Chinese prob- lems may be expected. Presidential press secretary Ronald Ziegler said Friday that next week's meetings with China's leaders will be "only a start of the process of communi- cations." He said that although (he trip to China itself was significant, the results may be reflected in years to come. The presidential party was due in Guam today. Ziegler said diplomatic rela- tions between the U.S. and China are not to be expected after this short trip. The point has to be made, he told report- ers, that there are wide difer- ences between the U.S. and China. "They cannot be swept away after one week of he said. "But they can begin the process." He said the president had in mind establishing "an on-going communications a phrase used in briefing congressmen before leaving Washington. Ziegler would not say what form this might take. The talks will centre on bilat- eral questions and not include third country matters, the press secretary emphasized. But he added: "The agenda is flexible end will be determined after we get to China." NO HANDS Government leaders share the same stance as they talk lo In Ottawa Friday night. Opposition leader Robert Stanfield, NDP teader David tewis and Prime Minister Trudeau all manage to keep their hands out of sight. (CP Wirephoto) Party leaders lift curtain on next election campaign OTTAWA (CP) Party lead- ers lifted the curtain on the next federal election campaign in the Commons Friday, including the strong possibility that Canada- U.S. economic relations will be B mam theme. Prime Minister Trudeau added fuel to the election-this- spring fires by stonewalling op- position MPs during question period on just when tlie long- promised government policy on foreign ownership of the econ- omy would be revealed. During a 35-mimite speech later, as party leaders had their say on Thursday's throne speech outlining government legislative plans for tire new he made no mention-of what the policy might include or just when it would be an- nounced. He did say, however, that his government is not going to make concessions to tlie U.S. in trade negotiations. New Democrat Leader Davici Lewis read this as proof that tire government does not. intend to reveal foreign ownership pol- icy until after an election. Conservative Leader Robert Stanfield said Mr. Trudeau told the country two months ago that the government had decided its policy on foreign ownership and investment. "Now we are promised in the speech from the throne some Dock workers like new Steal jewels PARIS (Renter) Armed thieves robbed a jeweller's sub- urban home and Paris office simultaneously and made off with about in jewels and cash, police said today. Two of the gang broke into Roger Cabrilhac's home and forced him to hand over the keys to his office safe last night. They took about. in precoius stones and about; in cash from the home, and jewels and precious me- tals worth about from the office. SAN FRANCISCO (AP) West Coast longshoremen were expected today to approve a new contract with shippers and end their 135-day strike at 24 porls from Canada to Mexico. Officials of the International Longshoremen's and W a r e- bousemen's Union said they would announce the vote today at the headquarters here. The union's dockwprkers and ship clerks began voting Friday. Early returns strongly sup- ported Ihe pact. Approval of the 18-month con- tract could mean a return to work on some docks Sunday. Economisls estimated t h e strike has cost the U.S. bil- lion in business losses. In results received late Fri- day, San Francisco's big Local 10, with longshoremen eli- gible, reported a vole of 1.C40 to 671 in favor of the new contract. Ship Clerks' Local 34 reported a 47.1-to-T.I vote to ratify. The Pacific Maritime Assooin- tion's 127. employer members were scheduled to meet hen? today to vote on the contract after the longshore vote be- comes known. Employer proval is assumed once union members approve. kind of legislation based upon the unrevealed policy.. Happily, the "empty years" of Trudeau government would soon come to an end, he said. Election speculation and cam- paign-style language have been the rule since MPs returned from a winter recess to wind up the old session in a few hours Wednesday, heard the throne speech Thursday and settled down into the first regular busi- ness day of the new session Fri- day. Mr. Trudeau, who has said thst elections should be fought on what can be done in the fu- ture rather than the record of the past, delivered a strong- vorded defence of his record, at the same time depicting opposi- tion MPs as gioom-andSoomers who tear their own flesh and "wail in self-pity." Canada had negotiated firmly and honestly with the U.S. after it imposed a special surtax on imports kst August because of it.-, tr.ide deficit. This was the kind of negotiation that would r-onlinue. wiUi no demands for "unfair protection or unreasona- ble arrangements." Tlie dollar, devalued by Can- nda in 1970, was not devalued further in relation to tlie US dollar. ap- the Lack of radar still hurts Air travel conditions belle] BomJ> scare WASHINGTON' (neuter) The British embassy here uas evacuated for five minutes Fri- day following a bomb scare, an embassy spokesman said. Police cleared Ilia first and second floors of the embassy chancery to investigate the contents of a mysterious black box, addressed simply lo the embassy, the spokesman said. The box was found to contain books. Blast kills Six miners SAPPORO, Japan (Ileulor) Six minors died and nine wore missing after an underground gas explosion al. a colliorcy on Japan's northern isl.i.rd ol Hok- kaido today, police said. Tlie accident occurred at pits al ahmil 25 milos nm-lliMsl of Sapporo. No further details wore immediately avail- nbla. fly THIS CANADIAN PRESS Weather-plagued Toronto In- ternational Airport, which was the one big ti-ouble spot across Canada Friday in a strike of air technicians which has crippled many commercial flights, has bettor flying conditions today. However, lack of radar contin- ued lo liurl. Toronto airport, which oper- ated at only per cent of ca- pacity Friday, big departure- day of I ho week for the busiest air centre in Iho country, has bettor visibility for visual opera- tions today, at least until late in a day of intermittent snow. Snow and rain had some ef- fi'd Friday, Iho Mih day of tho .strike. Mo.st airports across Canada, except Mont- real, reported conditions near normal, although some flights were late. However, Bill Andreeff, presi- dent of the International Broth- crlwod of Electrical Workers, predicted: "There will be no air traffic at all by Sunday." He said the union broke off talks because of the government posi- tion. Spokesmen for the 2.200 strik- ers of Local 2228 of Ihe union said they had liccn told by the. federal govcniiiient they will got no more money than .1 2'1- monlh, 15.5-por-ccnf increase recommended by a conciliation Iward, no matter how long they slay on strike. runnier LONG STIMKK Union ofiioials grimly pre- dicted a long slrike. despite Ihe fact the union has no strike fund and pays no strike pay. Hard- sliip oases can helped by a welfare fund. The situation "certainly isn't as serious as they (the techni- cians' union) are trying to make it out to an Air Canada spokesman said. Seen and heard Planes collide LITTLE HOCK, Ark. (AP) A U.S. Air Forco jet trainer and a transport plane with fivo men aborad collided in Ihe air and crashed IS miles north ot here Friday night, killing all five on Ihe transport, the nir force s.iid. A spokesman at the Little liciok Air Force Base said tho tv.n of the. T-37 trainer parachuted lo safety. About town ,Q V F R W EI G T Lornn Harm-It being told by Dr. Italph Johnson that giv- ing people diets which keep thorn r.way from foods they like is bis way of cutting kicks girl-watcher John V.'ilson tiio tost, for Ihe bra-less look should be a baseball bat instead of n pencil Marjoria Lano parking in front of her npart- iiionl now, niter becoming beautifully stuck in deep parking lot ico and slush.