Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 19, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
Heath may lose battle unions Ily IIAHOLD MORRISON LONDON (CP) Edward Heath's fierce deter- mination lo tame Britain's unruly unions has pushed him into a fight he may not be able to win. As tiie effects of a critical national coal strike spread and jubilant miners predict they will get full wage demands, the question most heard in political corridors Is whether the prime minister will stand firm or surrender. The realities suggest that Heath will have to yield ground or face an economic crisis so deep and pro- longed that it may lay great sections of British in- dustry lo waste with an accompanying toll in human agony. One of the first steps Heath took when he came Into office was to arm himself with a law specifically designed in discipline the turbulence among organized workers. The threat of this law, though slow in being imple- mented and enforced, seemed to cool union ardor lo battle with governments over large wage claims. But coal miners have proved in the past that when they arc stubborn and determined, their demands can be difficult to frustrate. Heath determined There is more than wages at issue in the current crisis, although wages are central in the struggle, with Heath determined lo hold the national line on in- creases in order to curb the disturbing rise in infla- tion. The National Union of Mincworkers Is strongly left-wing. Yielding to its leaders on extensive pay de- mands may also suggest, in some small part, a vic- tory over Cousen'alive government policy. Wilb the collapse or initial negotiations, the gov- ernment has merely stated it will support the decision of a court of inquhy established to recommend a com- promise. TIw union has said it may or may not ac- cept the findings, deeding on close they are to the union's demands. It suipears fairly clear thai, with Ihe union us determined as ever, and with ihe country plunging into j? deepening economic crisis, the three man court is likely to concentrate heavily not so much on what tlra country can afford as what the alternatives may be. Some commentators suggest the inquiry may ba nothing more Ihfin a face saving operation for Heath. He could have declared thi coal wage demand a special case and yielded at once, as an excejJlion lo the, rule. He did not. He could have warned the country of a prolonged struggle and prepared against picketing of secondary industry. No warning was given and no preparalion appeared. Some of the Conservative party's close supporters suggest this time the Heath administration bungled, having underrated the determination and popularity of Ihe coal miners. The Bcaverhrook Evening Standard says it would be a tragedy if, just when he appears lo be winning the inflation battle, Heath finds the coun- try turning against him. ft would be "even more cala- mitous" if a sectional interesl the coal miners pre- vailed over the national interest. Therefore, Ihe newspaper says, the eventual settle- ment must appear, at the very least, as a compromise and not as an outright victory for the miners' union. Tlie difficulty will be to convince other unions, waiting in the wage line, that this will indeed be a compromise. Cells produce polio vaccne OTANFORD, Calif. (AP) _ Sometime In the next two months a cliild will lake a drop of cherry red liquid on his tongue and swallow Iris way into Ameri- can medical history. He will become the first member o[ Ihe general piiblic in the United States to take a polio vaccine pre- pared with living human-tissue cells. For Dr. Leonard a -H-year-old professor nt medical mkrobiolngy at Stanford University here, thr r-vonl will lop (iff a liiycar battle I" change Iho w.-iy vaccines aie. m-inuraclnrrrl. It will end a decade nl .scientific 'infl muld eventually affect everyone receiving vaccines for di.so.iscs such as polio, mumps, measles and rubella. "It open? the door and moans all vaccines eventual- ly can be produced with human Dr. Hnyflick saul in an interview. "It means vaccines are going lo safer and cheaper and we'll be able lo achieve lev- els cf standardization thai weren't possible before." To produce a vaccine, large quantities of the virus it fights must be grown in living animal cells. Polio virus, for example, is grown in kidney (issue of Afri- can green monkeys. But only one batch of vaccine is produced [rom Mch moncky. Scie-nlisls feared producing secondary cell cultures from the primary culture might produce contaminants. Similar techniques are used with chicken embryo fells for measles and mumps vaccine; duck embryo (or rubella. Hut human cells never were used. Then 111 years Hiiyflick and a colleague began Crowing human cells from the lung o[ n fetus surgi- cally aborted. 'Hioy conducted exhaustive, and the cells, railed rolls, were pronounced clean. There was no evidence that starling new secondary cultures of Ihe cells caused unwiuiled changes. Ilayfliok and hi.s colleague proposed growing vac- cine viruses in Uic Wf-.lii cells. There would lie no risk cf unknown animal viruses. II would be cheaper, since iv.nnkoys, (or example., cnst about, (SO. each nnd main- taining Inboraloiy animals is expensive. Ar.d Iho irlcnsivoly studied human i'.i hitch n! would allow stall- of vaccines impossible whore a different animal is for cacli batch, HIGH FORECAST SUNDAY 45 The Lethbridge Herald "Serving South Alberta, and Southeastern B.C." Price 15 Cents VOL. LXV No. 59 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1972 SIX SECTIONS 76 PAGE8 Candle-lit Britain awaits End of miners' strike near Hughes mania spreads NEW YORK (AP) The purported autobiography on Howard Hughes may have ex- ploded for author Clifford Irv- ing, but the fallout has prov- ided a golden opportunity for many enfrepeneurs. The well-dressed Hugheso- phile DOW can wear e T-shirt emblazoned with a caricature of Hughes, pin a Hughes but- ton his lapel, play a new record called, Howard Hughes is Alive and Well, or see a re- run of the movie The Carpet- baggers based on the Harold Dobbins novel about a Hughes-like character. Pyramid Publications Inc. Is reprinting copies of its Howard Hughes. Dell Pub- lishing Co. Inc. is turning out. copies of The Bashful Billionaire and copies of Howard Hughes in Las Vegas. Fawcett Publications Jumped the number of copies for its Noah Dietrich book on his experiences as a Hughes aide from lo about two million, and plans to spend on publicity. Matthew Hutlner, president of Pyramid, says he has got calls from "aggressive entre- including rights to a book called, I Am Helga Hughes. He has no plans lo accept the offer. By HAROLD MORRISON LONDON (CP) Britain launched a huge emergency op- eration today to rush coal to picket-free power stations in the wake of a coal strike settlement that likely will stoke the fires of inflation. But despite every effort lo move coal by rail, truck and ship, power plants report they cannot overcome a deepening shortage that will lead to even bigger power cuts next week in candle-lit Britain. Jubilant coal miners, demon- strating a form of militancy un- precedented in recent years, got almost every penny they de- manded in their wage claim. Union leaders urged the miners to accept the agreement. In addition lo a wage setlle- ment recommendation by a three-man in the union's will get more holidays and higher over- time pay. The inquiry commission, under Lord Wilberlorce, main- tained thai public treasury money had lo be used to pay the cos! miners because they were a special case. But hundreds oE thousands of other workers, waiting in the wage-claim line, plan to use Hie miners' example as a basis for their own de- mands. UNION MUST VOTE Most n a I i o n a 1 newspapers hailed the coal wage selllement still subject to a national union good sense but many agreed it made a sham- bles of Prime Minister Edward Heath's determinalion to keep national wage increases to an annual average o[ about eight per cent. The coal settlement amounls to more than 20 per cent over 16 months. It also makes a shambles of his union-taming laws designed to discipline militants who use illegal strike action to strangla the national economy and gain demands through use of force. "It may says The Daily Mail, "that the miners have smashed beyond repair the gov- ernment's own version of an in- comes policy with its heavy em- phasis of holding down price and wage rises in the public sector." Industry Is still counting the cost of the slrike and power paralysis. Much of the country's production has been badly hit Rift ill auto trade pact would be ludicrous-Sharp WINNIPEG (CP) It would be ludicrous if differences over the Canada-U.S. auto trade agreement caused 4 serious nft in relations between the two countries, External Affairs Min- ister Mitchell Sharp said Satur- day night. "What is Involved is not a confrontation between two op- posing plulosoplu'es of he told a service club interna- tional convention. "What is in- volved is not primarily a disa- greement as lo objectives." The auto pact, principal issue at slake in stalled Cnnada-U.S. trade Ulks, deals with a trade "n-hich goes lo the root of the unique- economic relationship between OUT- (.wo said Mr. Shnrp. "This is why (lie differences are difficult to resolve. We are dealing with (lie operation of Court rules tlcalb penally unconstitutional SAN FRANCISCO (AP) Tlw California Supreme Court declared Friday that capilal punishment is unconstitutional, and it ordered the death sen- tences of 102 men and five women reduced lo life imprison- ment. The stale's highest court, in a fi-lo-1 decision, said execution ia "incompatible with the dignity of man and the judicial proc- ess." II hold Hut. (.he death penally Is rrurl or unu.sii.il punishment, violating Ihe stale constitution. Among those removed from the shadow of denth sentences were Sirhan Bishara Sirhan, convicted assassin of Senator Hubert K. Kennedy, and Charles ftl.in.son, convicted in Iho mur- ders of acinus Sharon Talc mid six others. mulli-nalional companies owned in the United States and produc- ing in boih the United States and Canada and supplying the North American market. "How are these operations to be carried on in the most effi- cient manner with the fewest constraints to trade, to Ihe ad- vanlage of both countries1' JIow Is Ihus employ- mcnl be div- ided so thai each of us will have his fair SEES NO PROBLEM The problem did not involve a fundamental difference of prin- ciple in tvadc. pnlic-y. "H would indeed he ludicrous if there should he a serious rift In relations because of the diffi- culty in reaching agreement iibout the future of the automo- tive agreement which has bora so beneficial lo both Canada and Ihe Uiu'led States." Canada understood the U.S. wish lo correct imbalances in ils foreign economic relations. Canada had contributed toward correcting some of these- imbal- ances, "and we are prepared to go further." He did nol. elaborate on this pouit. Blusl kills Six miners SArPORO, Japan (Renter) Six miners died and nine were missing after .in underground gas explosion al, a collierey on Japan's northern isl-T-id el Hok- kaido today, police said. Tlie accident occurred at pits al about miles iiorllu'ii.sl of .Sapporo. No further details were immediately avail- able. though some economists suggest that some of the lost production can be recovered through hard work in the weeks and months ahead. What may be beyond recovery Is Heath's attempt to maintain government dominance over price and wage pressures. A number of commentators con- clude that Heath took on Iho coal miners and was badly beaten. In an exercise in brijikman- ship, tire union chiefs demanded a further on top of the higher weekly pay rates recom- mended by the Wilberforce tri- bunal. At a midnight meeting at 10 Downing Street, the prime min- ister told them flatly that his government had gone lo lha Nixon lo play it cool HONOLULU (AP) Presi- dent Nixon, boning up on China as he prepared to lake off today ou the second leg of his journey, cautioned again that no quick solutions to U.S.-Chmese prob- lems may be expected. Presidenlial press secretary Ronald Ziegler said Friday thai next week's meetings with China's leaders will he "only a start of the process of communi- cations." He said that although the trip to China itself was significant, the results may be reflected in years to come. The presidential party was due in Guam today. Ziegler said diplomatic rela- tions between the U.S. and China are not to be expecled after this short trip. The point has to be made, he told report- ers, that there are wide difer- ences between the U.S. and China. "They cannot be swept away after one week of he said. "But they can begin the process." He said the president had in mind establishing ''an on-going communications a phrase used in briefing congressmen before leaving Washington. Ziegler would nol say what form (his might take. The talks will centre on bilat- eral questions and nol include Ihird country matters, the press secretary emphasized. But he added: "The agenda is flexible end will be determined after we get to China." limit. He said the National Coal Board could not pay a penny more. Still more union negotiators persisted, and it paid off. Tliey dropped their demand for the extra ?2.60 but won in return a series of other benefits thai will add a further S20.3 million to the board's settlement costs. The annual bill for meeting the pay increases already had been calculated at mil- lion. Union President Joe Gormley emerged beaming from the ne- gotiations. "We have won more concessions in Ilia last 24 hours than we have done in the last 20 he told reporters. Seeming to assume that the strikers will accept the deal, he said the men could be back in Ihe pits hy next weekend. NO HANDS Government leaders share Ihe same stance as they talk lo reporterl In Ottawa Friday nighr. Opposition leader Robert Stanfield, NDP Leader David lewis and Prime Minister Trudeau all manage to keep Iheir hands oul of sight. (CP Wirephoto) Parly leaders lift curtain on next election campaign OTTAWA (CP) lead- ers lifted the curtain on the next federal election campaign in the Commons Friday, including the strong possibility that Canaria- U.S. economic relations will bo a main theme. Prime Minister Trudeau added fuel lo the election-this- spring fires by stonewalling op- position MPs during question period on just when the long- promised government policy on foreign ownership of the econ- omy would be revealed. During a 35-minule speech later, os party leaders had their say on T h u r s d a y 's throne speech outlining government legislative plans for the new Fsssion, he made no mention of what the policy might include or just wheu it would be an- nounced. He did say, however, that his government is not going to make concessions to the U.S. in trade negotiations. New Democrat Leader David Lewis read this as proof that tire government does not. intend lo reveal foreign ownership pol' icy until after an election. Conservative Leader Robert Stantield said Mr. Trudeau tnld (lie country two months ago that the government had decided its policy on foreign ownership and investment. "Noiv we are promised in the speech from the throne some Dock workers like Steal jewels PARIS (Renter) Armed thieves robbed a jeweller's sub- urban home and Paris office simultaneously and made off with aboul in jewels and cash, police said today. Two of the gang broke into Roger Cnhrilhac's home and forced him to hand over Ihe keys lo his office sale last, night. They took about. in prcr.oiu.s .stones and about ill cash from the home, and jewels and precious me- lals worth about from the office. SAN FRANCISCO (AD West Coasl longshoremen were expected today to approve a new contract with shippers and end their ]n5-day strike at 24 ports from Canada lo Mexico. Officials of the International Longshoremen's and W a r e- houscmen's Union said Ihcy would announce Ihe vole today al Iho headquarters here. The union's 11.083 dockworkers and ship clerks began voting Friday. Early returns strongly sup- ported the pact. Approval of the IB-month con- tract could mean a return lo work on some docks Sunday. Economists estimated the strike has cost Ihe U.S. S2 bil- lion in business losses. In results received late Fri- day, San Francisco's big Local 10, with 2.95R longshoremen eli- gible, reported a vote of 1.G40 (o 671 in favor of the new contract. Ship Clerks' Local 34 reported a 473-to-73 vote to ratify. The Pacific Maritime Assnrin- tion's employer members wore, scheduled ivicot hero today In vole on the contract, after Ihe longshore vole be- comes known. Employer proval is assumed once union members e. kind of legislation based upon Ine policy. Happily, the "empty of Trudeau government would soon come lo an end, he said. Election speculation and cam- paign-style language have been tlie rule since MPs returned from a winter recess to wind up the old session in a few hours Wednesday, heard the throne speech Thursday and settled down into the first regular busi- ness day of the new session Fri- day. .Mr. Trudeau. vrho has said that elections should be fought on what can be done in the fu- ture rather Dion the record of the past, delivered a strong- worded defence of his record, at rh? same lime depicting opposi- tion MPs as gloom-and-doomers who (car their ora flesh and "wail in self-pity." Canada hsd negotiated firmly and honestly with the U.S. after it imposed a special surtax on imports kst August because of il.i trade deficit. TKs was the kind of negotiation that would continue, with no demands for "unfair protection or unreasona- ble aiTangemenls." Tlie dollar, devalued by Can- ada in 1970, was not devalued further in relation to the U.S. dollar. ap- the Lack of radar still hurls Air travel conditions belter scare WASHINGTON i neuter) The British embassy here was evacuated for (ivc minutes Fri- day following a bomb scare, an embassy spokesman said. Police cleared the first and second floors of the embassy chancery to investigate the contents of a mysterious black box, addressed simply lo tho embassy, Uic spokesman said. The box was found lo contain books. Ily Till-; CANADIAN I'lUiSS Weather-plagued Toronto In- ternational Airport, which was Ihe one big trouble spot across Canada Friday in a strike of nir technicians which has crippled many commercial flights, has heller flying conditions today. However, lack of radar contin- ued lo hurt. Toronto airport, which oper- ated al only cent of ca- pacity Friday, the big departure day of tho wook for the busiest air centre in l.ho. country, hns bettor visibility for visual opera- tions today, al least until late in n day of intermittent snow. Snow and rain had some ef- fect 1'vulay, the tl'.li day of tho strike. airports across Canada, except Mont- i-col, reported conditions near normal, although wine flights were. laic. However, Bill Andrecff, presi- dent of the International Broth- erlwod of Electrical Workers, predicted: "There mil be no air traffic al all by Sunday." He said the union broke off talks because of the government posi- tion. Spokesmen for tlie 2.200 strik- ers of Local 2228 of Uic union said they had Iwcn lold by Iho, federal government they will gel no nioro money than a 21- monlh, IS.S-per-ccnl Increase recommended by n conciliation Iward, no matter how long they Kl.ay on strike, PltKDIOl' l.ONC, STIIIKK Union primly pre- dicted n long strike, dospiie Ihe fact the union bus no strike fund and pays no stilko pay. Hard- slup cases ran helped by a welfare fund. The situation "certainly isn't es serious ns they (the (echni- cians' union) are trying to make it out to an Aiv Canada spokesman said. Seen and heard Planes collide LITTLE ROCK, Ark. (AP) A U.S. Air Force jet (minor and a transport plane with fivo men nbnrad collided in Ihe air and crashed IS miles north ot here Friday night, killing nil five on the transport, Ihe nir force ssid. A spokesman at the Little Air I'orco said the occupants of the. T-37 trainer parachuted lo totcty. About town ,Q V 1C R W E 1 C, T Ixirnn Darnell being lold by Dr. UnliiU Johnson that giv- ing people dicl.s which keep Ihom r.way from foods Ihey like is his way of cutting kicks pirl-w.-lclier John V.'ilson sugsesiinp liic lest tor Iho. hra-'.cfs link shmi'd be a baseball bat instead of a pencil Marjorie Lano parking iu front of her apart- nicn! alter becoming bcaulilnlly sluck in deep parking lot ico and slush.