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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 19, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Friday, February 1971 THf KlHBf.mct HfftAlB 13 AGRO-OUTLOOK By STEVE BAREHAM Self-sufficiency not enough Canadian meat industry should mould itself for export market ABOUT one quarter of each family food dollar goes to the purchase of meat and poultry according to a recently released 1969 study of food expewlitures in Canada, performed by the Dominion Bureau of Statistics. Families in B.C. spend the least on meat with 23.8 per cent of the family food dollar expended on this portion of the food bill compared to the highest rate of 28.7 per cent in Quebec. Food expenditures per person ranged from a low of per week in rural areas of the Prairies to a high of per week in urban areas of Ontario. Expeditures on food per family ranged from a per week high in urban areas of Quebec to a low of in rural areas of the Prairies. The national average was per family per week. The distribution of the family food dollar percentage wise is as follows: Ont. Que. Mar. Alta. B.C. Ciln. 146 124 13.8 13.5 13.2 13.4 Dairy Products (Including butter) Eggs 3.4 2.3 2.6 Bakery and Cereal 11.9 10.7 10.4 Meat and Poultry 25.9 28.7 24.7 Fish 2-6 L8 Fats and Oils 2.6 1.4 1.6 Fruits and Vegetables 14.2 12.6 12.7 Frozen Foods 1.1 0.7 1-7 Other Foods 14.0 12.7 12.7 Food Away From Home 9.7 17.3 18.0 2.4 10.1 24.8 1.6 1.9 13.5 1.3 13.4 17.5 2.6 10.1 23.8 1.9 2.1 13.5 1.6 13.1 17.8 10.5 25.9 1.7 1.7 13.0 1.3 13.0 17.0 Agri-business calendar February 22-28 Fort Macleod A.B.S. artificial insemina- tion school February 24 Vauxhall Agricultural chemical school commences (first of series four Wednesdays) February 25 Lethbridge Annual meeting Southern Al- berta Swine Producers Association February 26 Cardston Sheep health school February 26 Bow Island Corn Day (varieties and economics) February 27 Taber U.G.G. delegates meeting Mr. Runciman, guest speaker February 27-March 3 Calgary Calgary seed fair and hog show March 1-3 Calgary Spring bull sale March 5 Brooks Plant industry day March 8-9 Edmonton Annual meeting Rapcseed As- sociation of Canada March 8-9 Lethbridge Whoop-up saddle club rummage sale and bazaar March 9 Cardston Combine school March 9-11 Olds Farmstead mechanization days March 10-12 Edmonton Provincial service board con- ference March 10-12 California Vegetable growers tour spon- sored by Calgary Power March 16 Cardston Forage management school series commences March 16-18 Lethbridge Southern Alberta swine show and sale March 18 Cardston Commercial and bobby fish farming meeting March 19-21 Lethbridge A.I.C. sponsored science fair March 20-26 Olds Pesticide-herbicide applicators training school March 22-27 Lethbridge Week-long Agri-Rama program at Lethbridge Exhibition Pavilion including March 21-22 Lethbridge Annual meeting and short course Alberta Branch Canadian Seed Growers Association March 21-25 Lethbridge Annual seed fair and machinery show March 25 Lethbridge Grain marketing short course March 27 Lethbridge The Beef Industry in the '70's seminar March 31-April 2 Lethbridge Spring bull show and sale. By GORDON A. ROSS, :egional Livestock Supervisor Current activities in the meat rade leave little doubt that we iroduce and sell meat for a market. The final product of our arras and ranches does not nly have to satisfy the wants f the Canadian housewife, but lust be ready to compete for he food dollar in households lalf way around the world. We are now faced with a urdensome number of market igs. Our bacon pig was design- ed to fill the needs of the Bri- ish market years ago. The ,'iltshire side was the stan- ard product with very specific measurements of length and veight. Very little, if any. trim- ming was done on the carcass t the packing plant. The current demand for our comes from the special- zed markets in the United States and small amounts are inding their way overseas. We ire currently trying to send more to Japan to keep pace vith their increasing demand or red meats. The sudden increase in hog roduction resulting from the >arley situation of the last two Farm cash income going up The cash income of Alberta farmers has tended to rise over the long-run as output of the industry has increased, says a release from the economics branch of the Alberta depart- ment of agriculture, but be- cause of fluctuating prices on most agricultural products, in- come may change drastically from year to year. The report says that during the 1960's total cash income varied from a low of mil- lion in 1960 to a high of million in 1968. Since 1968 th total cash income has been de clining due to the abrupt rever sal in wheat disposal of recen years. Further declines are not ex pected though, as both fiel crop and livestock sectors ar forecast to show increases an total cash receipts for 1971 ar projected at million, increase of nine per cent ove 1970. years has depressed prices to the point that producers must be very efficient to survive. The one saving factor has been shipments of live hogs to the western United States. This proves two things that we can compete with U.S. producers on their own market because of certain geographical advantages and second by that we have a product that our American friends like. We must do everything we can to hold this market. Maybe not in the form of live hogs, but we must keep people in the Pacific states eating Canadian bacon. The picture rn beef is more complex than pork. Recently, we have had to bring live cat- tle in from the U.S. to satisfy our market. This unusual sit- uation was brought about by a corrbu-ation of factors such as labor unrest and price changes within the' United States that allowed their cattle to flow north. Their beef is fitting into our trade with no apparent change in quality on our meat counters. We have been told that we must increase meat production to satisfy our own demands ten years from now. The statement has been made "that it the rice is right the meat will be The current beef situa- ion proves this to be true, but cm allows that beef from out- ide sources can come in to fill Canadian needs. Our practice of feedlot finish- ing of beef cattle has created situation where we are get- ing more animals into the higher grades on our beef stan- dard. We do consume a lot of irocessed meats in canned and lackaged form beside the in- creasing but popular hamburg- It appears we will have to continue to import to fill these demands. The "high quality" iroduct that we produce does lave a demand overseas and here again we are looking to 4-H club news LIGHT HORSE The Southern Alberta Light Horse committee is sponsoring a bowling party for all 4-H light horse members on Satur- day. The party will begin at. 2 p.m. with bowling at the Capri janes. A barbecue beef supper will be followed by a record hop in the 4-H building of the >thbridge Exhibition grounds. Admission is per person. Anyone wishing to attend should contact Mrs. Vivian oodridi at 327-7050 or Mrs. Vera Denecky at 327-4209. MAGRATH The regular .monthly meeting of the Magrath 4-H beef club was held Feb. 15. with all 18 club members present. Roll call was a favorite car- toon character. The pledge was led by Terry Gruninger and one minute speeches were given by Cathy Schneyder, Brent Dudley, Debbie Hillmer and Neal Miller. The club decided to purchase club crests, and members are to bring ideas for the design to the next meeting. Members are also to think about a design for the sign for the Magrath club stall at achievement day. A float for the parade was also discussed. A' committee composed of Shainne Christensen, Wade Johnson, Arthur Wochnitz and Dan Gruninger were elected to visit various Magrath busi- nesses in an effort to obtain donations for activity trophies for the club. KEN HILLMER reporter LETHBRIDGE-COALDALE The February meeting of the Lethbridge-Coaldale 4-H beef club was brought to order by Chairman, Tom Bond. The pledge was lead by Mar- ilyn Boulton and Karen Brecka. The roll was then called by acting secretary, Pat Boulton. Connie Hazuda reported on the 4-H council. A 4-H Curling Bonspiel will be held April 12. Trophies are being donated, The calf tour was discussed, and Hick Hranac moved thai we have the tour April 4, while Connie Hazuda moved that we start at Brecka's at a.m. Sprinklers boost Production! Are you in the livestock or dairy business? Or have you suitable land and a market for alfalfa or other forage crops? Do you have access to surplus water? To ensure greater productivity, use sprinkler irrigation! Sprinkler irrigated pastures can provide increased beef production on the same acreage. It can double your yield of alfalfa. It conserves water and soil. Sprinkler irrigation can provide moisture where other methods cannot For further information, mail this coupon Our Agricultural Sales Repre- sentative will be pleased to assist you. I would like further information on Sprinkler Irrigation. NAME ____.......................................... ADDRESS.............................. PHONE------ To: Calgary Power Ltd., P.O. Box 1900, Calgary 2. the Japanese market as a pos- sible outlet. Results of trial shipments will not be known vhere will the meat come for a month or two but there rom? Our present import sys-1 are possibilities. The picture on lamb and mutton is entirely different. Everything comes into the country, but nothing goes out. We can expand sheep produc- tion substantially and still eat all we produce. All this leads us to the con- clusion that we must produce and sell on a world market. We cannot insulate ourselves within our own borders and stay in the meat business1. Our products must satisfy the needs of others and be attractive enough to bring the dollars that will allow the meat industry to stay alive. The little tfunss that count The float and ticket committees reported. Diana Boulton moved thai ;he club have their pictures ;aken on April 14. Carol Bi- tango moved that the picture be taken by Mr. White. The ncture will be taken with all members in club uniforms. Mr Vaselanuck talked on "pointers for public One min- ute speeches followed. The meeting was then adjoined. JOYCE BOND reporter MILK RIVER The Milk River 4-H Beef Club held it's monthly meeting on February 4, at the Erie Rivers High School. Gordon Miller called the meeting to order. Vincent Ellert led the mem. bers with the pledge and the roll call was different breeds of cattle. The annual shrove Tuesdaj pancake supper is planned for February 23. Other activities such as public speaking and a roller skating party were alsc discussed. Invitations to parents wb wish to be on the new advisor) committee for the club are t be sent out. After the meeting quizze were given to the first, second and third year members b. Bruce Thiessen, Kathy Angya: and Steven Ellert. RAY BROWNLEE reporte PINCHER CREEK With the formation of its own district this year, the Pincher Creek District 4-H Council have revised one of the 4-H activities somewhat. In public speaking: the for- mat of these competitions will be altered slightly this year. In the past, six speakers have been chosen from Pincher Creek to speak against six members from Cardston sub- district with three chosen from this speak-off to speak in Leth- bridge. This year speakers from this area will go directly to Lethbridge. Two speakers will be chosen from each of the five clubs to speak at district level. Two of these will be chosen to speak in area com- petitions in Lethbridge. The speak-off in Lethbridge will take place April 16th, with a tenative date for the speak- off in Pincher Creek set' for April. Individual clubs will choose two speakers on dates set by their club. Mrs. Frank Man' will be chairman for the district Speak-off. Judges will be an- nounced at a late date. Pincher Creek was formerly a sub-district of the Cardston district. The new district com- prises the entire MD of Pin- cher Creek. Election of the new officers was the highlight of the eve- ning, and saw Edwin Hoch- stein re-elected as president. Other officers include: Joe Mu- rin, secretary; Jim Johnson, vice-president; and Mrs. Ernie Johnson, reporter. Regional directors, who will meet with other directors in southern Alberta to co-ordinate 4-H activities are Mrs. Frank Mai-r, Edwin Hochstein and Joe Murin as alternate. The prime purpose of the 4-H council is to co-ordinate all 4-H activities where all clubs participate. These include an annual skating party, public speaking, district demonstra- tions, awards night and a Christmas party. SIRS. ERNIE JOHNSON, APPOINTMENTS Clyde McMurchy, left, has been appointed as co-ordinator of agricultural marketing act- ivities for Alberta, succeeding Mrs. tinda PickeM who re- signed recently. Mr. McMurchy's work will involve stim- ulating a greater overall interest in marketing throughout the province, and in the development of marketing pro- grams for the benefit of producers, commodity groups, processors and consumers. Dr. Jerry Awram, has been placed in the position of supervisor of apiculture for Al- berta. Dr. Awram succeeds J. W. Edmunds, and will be faced with the task of supervising and administering programs related to honey production, grading and man- agement. DR. L. E. LUTWICK Sail Scientist To understand fully the na- ture and function of our soils study about 390 degrees C. A few of the complexes decompose at about 480 degrees C. as well as at the lower temperatures. These complexes have the it is necessary to study the samc decomposition pattern as component parts. plant roots, which are more At the Lethbridge Research heat-stable than most of the Station we are studying the clay-organic matter complexes. In our grassland soils it seems likely that roots are de- composed by microorganisms and eventually produce clay-or- ganic matter complexes, which are the most important of all the complexes in the soil. We ill now proceed to determine clay-organic matter complexes that occur in our chernozemic or grassland soils. These com- plexes are composed of clay and organic matter and are a major part of fine-textured soils. These studies have been ham- pered by the lack of a suitable method of extracting the com- ponent parts without changing their chemical or physical prop- erties. Extraction by chemical methods results in drastic changes. A recently developed process has enabled us to separate the complexes from soil without changing them. As a result of this development we can now study the complexes and de- termine how the properties of soil depend upon them In this process a soil sample in water is subjected to ultra- sonic vibrations, which put the complexes in suspension. The suspended complexes are then poured off and freeze-dried, ready for study. One aspect of the study of complexes is the determination of their heat sta- bility. This gives an indication of the strength of combination of their constituents and is measured by determining the temperature at which the ma- terial decomposes. Most of the complexes de- compose at about 250 degrees to 280 degrees C. but some de- composition continues up to their effect on soil fertility and other soil properties. Beef hormones A small investment in synthe- tic hormones for feedlot cattle could boost feeding gains by 10 per cent to 30 per cent, says Jerome Martin, Alberta depart- ment of agriculture animal nu- tritionist. The hormone most commonly used for steers is diethylstilbes- trol Use it either as an implant or feed additive. Expect gains to increase by 10 per cent to 30 per cent. Both methods are inexpensive and equally effec- tive, says Mr. Martin. MGA is the hormone normal- ly used for heifers. It prevents feedlot heifers from coming into heat. A summary of university trials shows an 11 per cent in- crease in daily gam of heifers receiving MGA over those fed no hormones. MGA is given as part of the ration. SUPER SAVING BUYS at SAFEWAY! -20 5-I-00 PRICES EFFECTIVE in Lethbridge Stores Feb. 19-20 Polly Ann White or Brown.....20-oz. loaf Breakfast Gems, Canada Grade A Large Fresh Bread Fresh Eggs Instant Coffee White 20 tnuul I Uffil J jdl C IlIU W 1 Alf III VII D II A Q DlOl Airway, 12-oi. net wt. jar L B S pinecresf Frozen whole Canada Grade A 1 1 .09 .29 .25 Lean, Boneless, Fresh Pork Ib. Full Cut, Canada Choice Canada Good Beef Canada Extra Fancy Red Delicious or Spartans V V j C Ib V I C B .UU S JL An jou 4 i 1 Wo Pocervo The Tn 1 imlf We Reserve The Righf To Limif Quantifies SAFEWAY; 1960, CANADA SAFEWAY LIMITED ;