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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - February 19, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta 1 I - 4 ft VQLUME XI. 1 lethbridgi?. alberta, Tuesday, February 19,1918 number 59 �, -J A DRIVE TO START Provide For Five Million Len London, Feb. 18.-(Via Renter's Ottawa Agency)-Estimates for the army to be submitted by the secretary, of state for war provide for five million men. me and Readi mess Germany's Demands and Declare Pact Now on the Huns' Own Terms Germans Have Made Great Preparations-Have Mysterious New Gas BUT HUN TROOPS NOT ENTHUSIASTIC OVER PROPOSITION � w i British and Canadian Troops 1 Crfrry Out Extensive Raids i British Army Headquarters in France, Fob. 19.- (By the Associated Press)-The groat German Offensive cm the western front may bo expected to begin at any moment now mid as far as the British front is concerned the main thrust will be made on the Hector between Arras and St., Quentin. �� Mysterious Gas. , Tanks and a "new mysterious" gas Will be employed by the enemy in the ] nttempt. to break through the aJHe-d line., Othcv, attacks will be delivered further south. These* facts iuiv;� ho-come known through captured (�(;�� man .prisoners and fromj Information gleaned in other ways. ' The plans of the German higher command are complete, and after many Keeks of intensive training -of assaulting troops they are ready to make the supreme and^inal of fori which has been advertised so w I defy in tho last weeks. Field Marshal Von 'Hindenburg r.nd UeiieraZ Ludendorff appear to have realized that the old methods o'J attack in which along bombardment is made is too well known to produce The results desired. Accordingly, the German troop* are be'ngtold that surprise attacks �uch\as were used in O'uiieia la�t wummer, at UIga and again on tho isouzo are to be tried apainHt the allies on the western front. Word has been passed out by the German high command that few of tho allied troops will- mirvive ^-'tho -ranks, live �as and the bombardment #nrt that fresh German infantry will  iovercome speedily any resistance of-, fordo* 'in captured positions. Despite these assurances and the intensive training to which they have been put, the German troops are frankly skeptical and are undertaking their task with no enthusiasm.' according, to prisoners. They feel they are going to be thrown into battle to be used as. cannon fodder and do not relish the prospect. It is London, Feb. 19.-An jextensive raid was carried out by British troop* last night on the Flanders front, in the southern sector of Houtholst Wood, the war office announced today. There were two other successful raids one In the region south of Lens, carried out by Canadian troops and the other on the old Arras front in the neighborhood of Epehy. Prisoners were taken at these raids. The Flanders.' raid was a particularly important" affair, resulting in heavy casualties to the Germans._ TANGLE MILITARY s Dual Control Ended and Civil and Military Spheres Are Now Defined Ottawa, Feb" 19.-The dual control of the military hospitals commission which for. the � last- two years have been partly Under civil and partly under military admission, 1s to be ended. A cabinet committee which has been working for some weeks on a plan of reorganization, of the whole London, Feb. 19.-Russia is now forced to sfgn peace upon the con-'�f- ditions proposed by Germany says an official Russian statement received here today. The offical statement was signed by Premier Lenine and Leon Trotzky, the foreign minster. It pro*ests against the German resumption of the war and says the councils of peoples commissioners is now forced to ^declare its readiness to sign a peace as designated by the delegations of the quadruple alliance at Brest-Lit'-ovsk. It promises to give a detailed reply without delay to the German peace conditions. ENTER DVINSK. Berlin. Feb. 19--German forces have entered Dvinsk, it was of* /ficially announced today by ttu; ' German war office. The* Russians unsuccessfully attempted to blow up the bridge across the Dvina River. ALSO LUTSK Vienna, Feb. 19.-The German army group under command of General Alexander Von Linron-gen, according to an official statement issued by the Austrian war office, has occupied the Russian town-'of Lutsk, in Volhynia, without fighting, , 'Rumored Overthrown . London, Feb. -Rumors are 'current in Vaca that the Bolshevik) government in Petrograd has ben overthrown by the Social Revolutionists under the leadership tat' M. Tcherenoff, according to tho correspondent there of the Politiken of Copenhagen, says a dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph Company. Nikolai Lenine and Leon Trotzkyy are said to have ..escaped to Kiga. . - Can't Be Overthrown t Air Atlantic Port, Feb. 19.-The Bolshevik! Is not only the strongest force in Russia, but it is uteatUiy spreading ith propaganda anio7ig the people of Germany and Austria as well as in their armies hokVng the Russian front, according to Mrs. John Reed, V i T I . A. ^ _ , wife c/. the American magazine writ-system for. earing of the rfltarned whose appointment as Kuss'an men, has. it is understood, reached an 'c0llBU| general at New York has just agreement as to a definite decision of administrative- responsibility "between the, military,department, and the hospitals" commission. The military, authorities ; wilt .assume full charge ol the medical, care of all returned men until they are formally discharged from the force, it Is understood, and the hospitals commission ' will continue its supervision of the vocational education of the returned men and of the medical cars of pensioned b*aid"tna'rGeneral Von Ludeu-!meu a�ter discharge. dorff receutly addressed a body of infantry at Laon and asked how many men wejro \viHlh% to, fight 'to a finish. Only flvetnon-commi3sioned off Jeers �nd privates atejfpedi forward. The. others declared their desire for an early peace, "by arrangements German officers, on the whole-,- appeared to Vav�s the conviction that they will be able to break through by means of.their "secret" attacks. ifhe coming battles will perhaps he the most sanguinary of the war and they will be the most intense yet seen but they will make tho beginning of the end for if the Germans do not break clear through tho allies' line- and they cannot-they virtually will be finished. The emperor is putting every ounce of strength into this-great ganible and it it fails in the early staged it means the end of Prussian militarism.  Theallied forces have ;i superiority iu numbers, both in men and guns, and no doubt i.s felt on this front as to the outcome. i Could Not Reach London-Ef ftective Work of British Airmen f Acceptance By Robertson of New Post Clears the Atmosphere TiondoiL.Feb. 'Tension .in the political world in connection with military affair.-, haw relaxed considerably. This If? due largely to the acceptance by General Robertson, former chief o( the imperial general staff, of the eastern command, which removed anxiety lqst his services be lost to the country. The eastern is a first class commission with all the highest emoluments and in especially importances it likely would be th� first to be affected by any attempted German Invasion . General Hobcrtson's acceptance of. the eastern command is commended warmly by tho press as an example of soldierly compliance with duty and discipline- and as showing that he is not influenced by any notion of personal dignity because of.the recent controversy. � * i London, Feb. 19.-German fliers took advantage of another clear moer.iqht night to attempt to drop bombs on London. Their attack was a failure so far as the metropolis "wag concerned. Reports from outside towns have not yet been received. The fire of barrage guns on the outskirts of London was heavy for two hours. GUN DEFENSE 8PLEND1D London, Feb. 19,-First report* from outlying parts of London say that the gun defense never was more effective than Monday wt*�n It orevertted Gorman aerial raiders from reaching London. EFFECTIVE WORK London, Feb.. 19.--Ten German airplanes were brought down and six more ware disabled by British airmen Sunday, according to an official statement on aerial activities fscued last night. Hundreds "of bombs have been dropped on various targets and on Monday British aviators raided 'Treves and Thionville. KILLED FAMILY, SUICIDES Kveleth, Minn., Feb. 18.-Kred Xy- ( lund, 48 years old, a homesteader living south of here shot aud killed his wife and their four' small children to- generai at isew York been lvlthdrawn by Foreign Minister Trotzky. Trotzky ami Lenine, and the i)rin-eiples they represent, Mrs. Reed believes, aro firmly entrenched in Uub-Hia and cannot boi overthrown by a counter revolution. \ Gain Ground In Ukraine Petrograd, Feb. lfi.- (Delayed). - The Bolshevik! apparently are gaining ground rapidly in the Ukraine and In the Don region. Dispatches from many points indicate that soldiers returning from the front are joining the Bolshe-viki forces in sufficient numbers, it is believed here to make their coiiqueat of southern Russia possible. From the Don Cossacks they have wrested control of their best coal fields. Dispatches from Kiev show that the Metropolitan Vladimir was killed by robbers who called at his home demanding money, when the prelate told them he had no funds the robbers dragged him from the house and murdered him. Where Does Austria Start? * Berne*, Switzerland, Feb. ID. - According to Vierma despatches, Leon Trotzky, the Bofsheviki foreign mfnis-ter^bas forwarded a wireless message to Count Czernin, the Austrian foreign minister, reading: "The German government, living re-established a 3tate of* war with Russia without even giving the seven i days' previous notice, I have tho honor | to ask you to Inform me whether the 1 Austro-Hungarinn government also considers itself in a state of war with Russia, and if not whether it believes j possible! to reach a practical realiza-' tion on the agreements worked out at Petrograd." , Don Republic Petrograd. Feb. 17.-(Delayed) .-A Bolshevik! Don republic has been organized at Novo Tcherknsk with M. Soigyeff as prime minister. This government is designed to replace the Cossack government fostered by General Kaledines and wilt more to Novo Tcherkask when tho Bolshevik! have taken it, it is said. Guerrilla Warfare, Petrograd, ^Feb. Hi.- (De/ayod). - Guerrilla warfare is to be the method' of opposing Germany should that nation invade Russia further, according to intimation's from Bolshevik! sources. Russians Under Arms Petirograd, Feb. JS.�-Although' during the last eight months the Russian to secure possession or what was valw- i able in Russia, and that the temporising attitude toward the Bolsheviki would be maintained miiy until the mo-metn she awaited had nrrived. Doubt is express! whether the ; move against Dvln^k is merely the turn of the screw expected to make the Bolshevikl grant submissively what' Germany wants or wfll be followed by serious ^uilitary operations. In any case, the action Is denounced as mere sharp practice,' thouph if. also is regarded as the-.inevitable consequence of the amazing chno^ to which Russia l*is beeu reduced through the lack of a leader strong enough to guide the revolutiona ryoutburst. -Rumania. Joins Ukraine Petrograd, Friday. Van, 15.- (Delayed)-Rumania, di>=pai.?h'received here indicate, has v*'vlecu>:l an alliance with the Ckniine government opposed to the Bolsheviki and a joint army, including some Russian officers and battalions and several Ukrainian regiments, Is commanded by General St. Chcrbatcheff. These troops have occupied Kishinev, the capital of Bessarabia, but have been driven out o? Tiraspol, on the J3ni^st*?r, by Bolsheviki forces. Tho Rumanian cruiser squadron ?s reported to have rebel fed and joined the Russian Bolsheviki. A number o� revolting Rumanians wei;e executed at the order of Gen. sv. Cherbatcheff. General Alexleff, defeated at Rostov and Voronezh, has fled tc^ Novo Tcherkask, in the Don territory. During the recent bloody events in Kiev the metropolitan bishop, Vladimir, and Gen. Ivauoff, former com-! mander on the Russian southwestern front, were killed. Deny This F London, Feb. 19.-Denial is made in a statement issued by the official Russian news agency in Petrograd that Polish troops have captured Mohilev and seized Ensign Krylenko, the Boi-. sheviki commander in chief. Tfils re-j port is described as a masterpiece of Gernjaii invention^ Trotsky Food Controller. * Petrograd, Friday, Feb. 15.-(De-i layed)-Leon Trofc&w- the, Bolsheviki -foreign .minister,. nas been appointed food dictator with unlimited powers. Poles Are Defeated Petrograd. Feb. Jti.-iDelayed). - Counter revolutionary Polish legions! were'defeated by the Bolsheviki at' �Minsk,'February 6, the Polish forces o Over 1000 Applications Have Reached Land Settlement Board Already Telegraph Briefs ITALIAN ACTIVITY Rome, Feb. 18.-The Italian troops are showing much activity and the harrassing of the enemy aM along the line continues. There has been also considerable artillery fighting, according to the war office statement today* Ottawa. Feb. 1ft.-Though the soldiers' land settlement .board was only inaugurated tibout three weeks ago; i there already have been about one thousand applications for the assistance provided for under tho act for those who desire to "carry on'* on the land. The majority of these are men j who had farms or homesteads before going to the front. They are applying for the $2,500 advance to which every returned soldier is entitled, who has u bona fide intention to go on the land. The machinery required under the act to deal with such applications s in course of being prepared in the meantime, in order that there may be nc delay in dealing with applications, the various dominion lands and homestead officials will be called into requisition to make the necessary investigation in each case. TURKS ON WEST FRONT Amsterdam, February 13,--The Nieuew Rotterdamsche Courant reports from the frontier that thirty thousand Turks and Bulgarians are under* stood to have arrived at Vervtere, Belgium, fourteen miles east of Liege. SWISS FRONTIER CLOSED Berne, Switzerland, Feb. 19.- The Swiss-Austrian- frontier has again been completely closed by the Austrian authorities. { I t i ARTILLERY ACTIVE Paris, Feb. 19.-Heavy artillery fighting is reported in the official communication of today. It adds: 'Violent artillery actions occurred during the night in the region south of the forest of St. Gobain, in the sector of Chavigrion/ and northwest of Bezonvaux. There is nothing to report from the remainder of the front." I V ! I Question Will Be Discussed at a Later Conference at Ottawa 1 I Ottawa, Feb. 1&.-It. is probable litat the long standing question of the transfer to the prairie provinces of their natural resources will be def'n-itete' settled at a special conference to be held between representatives of the Dominion government, and the three provinces concerned with the next fevw months. Sir .Robert Bordeu asked the provincial ministers to submit tc*-iiim and his colleagues a state- suffering heavy casualties, according ^ft?dat?da/^ln.8k^biu^'-?"e a probable re-adjustment of the sub- 8 n� I th 5 f *WieH ^ present granted to tne var- annthilated, according to the despatch i(mB prov|ncial gov0rnments in lieu An Agreement ( 0f federal control of natural resources. Amsterdam, Feb. 18.-An agreement has been reached between Germany and Austria, whereby, in the event of military actions being necessary, the German troops will be confined to the frontier of Great Russia and the ^Vus-trlans to Ukraine only. This announce, meet is made in a Vienna despatch. Petrograd, Friday, Feb. 15.-(Delayed).- General Kaledines, hetman , of the Don Cossacks, committed nuicidn at Novo Tcherkask, headquarters of the Don Cossacks, during a. session oC the Novo Tcherkask government which he attended. The government: decided to resign and transfer its power k> local workmen's and soldiers councils. After the decision, Ger*. K�l-edines went to an adjoining room an(i shot himself. \ General Nazaroff, who_ succeeded. ^ Gen Kaledincs as leader of the Dow Cossacks, ordered tho immediate mobilization and arming of all Cossacks' to fight the Bolsheviki troops advancing toward Novo Tcherkask, As leader of the Don' Cossacks, Gen. Kaledincs wast, opposed to the Bolsheviki and he was leader of the counter revolt" against the Bolsheviki last December. On January 1, (he republic of the Don was declared. with General Kaledines as president' and prime minister. Appeal to German People : Amsterdam, Fob. 19.-The Ukrainian delegation to the Brest-Litovsk conference has issued an appeal to the German people, according to a Berliitj despatch protesting that Russian Bolsheviki and hired bands of Red Guard* from the north have united with deserters from the Russian army under the command of former gendarmes and are invading tho Ukraine, burning aud looting towns. The appeal doclarcs that the Petrograd government told an untruth when it described this movement as a rising of the Ukrainian people and the central rada as, u* bovirgooise rada. Negotiate With Rumania Amsterdam. Feb.'19.-Peace negotiations with Rumania, a telegram from Berlin says it is understood, have not yet begun. Thtey. probably will commence Friday, when Dr. Von Kuehl-inann, the foreign secretary, likely Will arrive at Fokshani to take charge of the German negotiations. Arrested Ukrainians Eart Huyck, tho Mitchell agent, he was ! , ^�"*o?, Feb. 19.-Further belated sentenced to 25 months. H*got three | ^P^**68 from Petwad received to. CAIELL Sentenced on Five Counts To All ot Which He Pleaded Guilty Carl Catteil of local taxi fame, who bought a new Mitchell .six with a "no account" cheque *or $1960, will spend flie next 25 mogihs in the penitentiary at Edmonton. He appeared' befit re. Magistrate Elton in A.P.P. court, on Monday afternoon and pleaded guilty on five counts. On the charge laid by r Huge Sums Voted-Speeding up Construction of Submarine Chasers months on the New Dayton cheque charge, three months on the Club cafe ^cheque charge, six months on the Milk River cheque charge and one year for escaping from custody at Coutts. The sentences are to run concurrently and Catteil was taken to Edmonton by Const. Wurman on the evening train. As evidence that Cattel" was a slacker from the American side/ he said in a letter to his wife iVhich lie had written while awaiting trial that he didn't care if he got five years in tho pen, he wouldn't have to go to France anyway. GOVT. RAILWAY POLICY Ottawa, Keb. 38.-Wednesday, Mar. 20, is now regarded as a date for the opening of the first session of the new parliament. The bouse meets on a Wednesday when there is a speaker to bo arranged for as this is always necessary when ax new parliament assembles for the first time. As the sossion cannot be summoned until the soldiers' vote ;s all counted and added to the home vote, considerably less than the thirty days' notice will he given. The legislative program, it is believed, will be confined largely to necessary war measures affecting the military and economic situation, as 't Js desirable, in viov of the holding of the imperial war cabinet sessions in June, iHat the departure of CamulaV representatives overseas should not he delayed. t i Washington, Feb. 19.-The billion dollar urgent deficiency appropriation bill carrying half ft. billion for the military establishment and large suing, for the navy and other branches of the government was paused yesterday by the house without a vote being record- ed. Big Naval Appropriation Washington, Feb. 19.-Congress was asked by Secretary Daniels yesterday for $^30,077,152 to further expand the'1 sections" of the Winnipeg board of navy's great building program, provide ' trade and other public, boards, both day give additional details ot recent happenings in Russia. An official news agency despatch hinder date of February 12 announces that the Bolsheviki authorities,ordered all the memberV of the Ukrainian central rada and the Ukrainian delegates to the peace conference, including Chairman, Holubowicx, arrested and tried for treason to the people-. Some of those affected by ihia order hu-vnt been arrested at Kiev, whils others fled to Berdichev. A Military Camp Another of the official agsncy's des* patches reports Odessa resembling a military camp. Fierce fighting occurred there and on three consecutive days the fighting continued, it is stated. The defeated Ukrainians are said to have occupied the railway station and fortified themselves. Renewed fighting ot a desperate character then * began in which the ships in the harbor joined, firing sheila of Isfg^ calibre. Ottawa, Feb. -19,-Xo immediate an. The victims, if is declared, numbered nouncement of the government's rail- 400 including the commander ot the way policy is anticipated and it is ex- k�Khth Army Corps. The �mv is the date fixed for the increases coming into effect if the government does not accede to the request ot the shipping men. COLD SPELL WEATHER year ago. day and then killed himself. Nyluml brooded over tho death of a son a | soldiers have been gradually drifting homeward, the number remaining under arms is variously estimated at from five million to ten million. Even If carried out in the utmost order and without interference by the central powerH the work ot demobilization and the return of the men to their homes would occupy at. least a year, accord- a * * * t ? ? BOY AUTO THIEFS Wiiiuittag; I?eb. 19.-Six boy�, members of respectable famil'es, were arretted at their homes last, night and arc being held by city polico charged ; & '�*lth stealing automobiles. m 1 6 ? SIGN"ARMY DRAFT TREATY IN U. S. Washington, ^Feb. il J rented the Ukrainians in the Don basil.  Give Mines to Workers' Winnipeg, Feb. lfc-The entire west; The official agency says by order again is, in the gtfp of severe cold 'ot tne revolutionary committee jh� spell, temperatures ranging from aero i c1oal mn?es h.,*ve been given uack to 2tlat Kamloops. B.C.. to 3S degrees be-j,h, that it does not feel OiUt the preniUea^ iu question may pi ay the �aml role a� ' ilid those of the former emperoFii niii a ions to Persia and China, or that they m�y be utilized with impunity for MoU; jects at rariance with the the Bolsheviki govfe^Binaak* ,t>- i. -X- . - Mir* 4 ^ \ 4 \ - �. ] mm ;