Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 18, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE UETHBRIDGE HERALD TUMdiy, February 18, 1975 Trading land for peace in Middle East By Joseph Kraft, syndicated commentator New economic order When Middle East investors began ac- quiring property in the United States it was apparent that they would soon be buying into business as well. Yet it must come as something of a jolt to many Americans to have it actually happen. Iran has all but taken possession of 13 per cent of the shares of the American aviation firm Pan American World Airways. There could scarcely be a buy in more likely to force Americans to the realization that a new era is dawning. Pan Am has been a symbol of the U.S. abroad; now it is to become a sign of something else. Foreign investment in American com- panies is an idea whose time has come. The United States is no longer in a posi- tion to be the world's banker, which is going to result in more and more foreign investment in American corporations of all kinds. A new economic order is com- ing into being. The issue of foreign ownership will give the Americans some difficult moments. They come face to face with the issue in a particularly acute way in this case of Iran buying into Pan Am because of the sensitive relationship of aviation generally to defence policy. Aside from this peculiar technical aspect of the agreement whereby Iran gets a voice in Pan Am's affairs, the deal appears to be a good one on both sides. Pan Am is in deep financial trouble and has been unable to get the kind of financ- ing it needs in the U.S. Iran needs outlets for its bloated oil profits. American pride may suffer from this new turn of events and the trend it portends, but the world may profit. The serious imbalance in the financial state of the world caused by the. rising price of oil requires investment activity of this sort on the part of the newly rich nations. Wounded pride sometimes can have salutary effects, too. WASHINGTON Henry Kissinger has confounded his critics once again. The obituaries published for his step-by-step diplomacy at the time of the Rabat summit conference have turned out to be premature. Indeed, the secretary already has going a new process of negotiation between Israel and Egypt. At the very least, his current trip to the Middle East will make an indent for yet further steps. To understand the state of play it is necessary to go back to the Rabat summit meeting last fall. The Arab leaders took a position which seemed' to many persons, including this columnist, to run directly athwart the central principle of the step-by-step tactic. Dr. Kissinger's approach has at its heart a reciprocal exchange of concessions by Israel and Egypt. The Israelis are supposed to yield bits of the Sinai Desert occupied in the 1973 and 1967 wars in return for Egyptian moves implying acceptance of the Jewish state. A piece of land is to be traded for a piece of peace over and over again. President Sadat of Egypt in- sisted, however, that he would not move separately from other Arab leaders. So the first-round agreement between Israel and Egypt was linked to an agreement between Israel and Syria in- volving a small Israeli pultback on the Golan Heights. Since Israel refused to go further on Golan, the next round with Egypt was to have been linked with an accom- modation between Israel and King Hussein involving return of territory on the West Bank of the Jordan River. At Rabat, however, the Arab leaders knocked Hussein out as a negotiator for the West Bank by asserting that only Yasir Arafat and the Palestine Liberation Organization could legitimately negotiate for the rights of the Palestinian people. Since Israel refused to negotiate with Arafat, it look- ed like a stalemate. But for months, Dr. Kissinger has been mounting pressure on both Israelis and Egyptians to get off the dime. He has let the Israelis know by direct and indirect statements that the United States expected them to make a very big withdrawal in the Sinai Desert as part of the next round of talks. It is now understood, at least by Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Foreign Minister Yigal Allon, that Dr. Kissinger expects them to give up a strip about 50 miles wide including the Gidi and Mitla passes and the oil fields of Abu Rudeis. At the same time, Dr. Kissinger has been letting Housewifery Mr. Marc Lalonde, minister of 'national health and welfare, has amply demonstrated his' comprehension and compassion, as well as his appreciation of the value of the tax dojlar, in his government's welfare policies. But in one area of his responsibility he has not yet produced the required action or answers. This is International Women's Year, and so far as the federal government is concerned, he is the minister in charge. During one of his meetings in Lethbridge last week he was asked about the inclusion of housewives in the Canada Pension Plan. His answer was that since it was a contributory pension plan, most housewives could not par- ticipate. Only those with independent or family wealth, who needed it the least, would be able to afford it. On balance, then, it would do nothing for housewives as a group. If it is accepted that the financial im- practicality outweighs the boost in morale it might mean even to those women who couldn't participate, the next question is "so what are you going to do about The inexorable movement is toward the recognition in law as well as social' attitudes of "housewifery" as one of the most important and most honorable of all occupations or professions. If there is no practical way, at the moment, for fitting it into the pensionable category, when almost every other occupation or profession is pensionable, then some way must be found. It is as simple as -that. Mr. Lalonde recognizes that alone he cannot find the best way. He has asked provincial health and welfare ministers to bring to Ottawa their recommen- dations for dealing with the issue. It is to be hoped that they will have some workable plans and that the next time Mr. Lalonde visits Lethbridge the question will not be what but how soon. THE CASSEROLE Japan is adding 220 miles to the run of its Bullet Train, making the route about 555 miles long. The average speed will be 95 mph, the maximum but the engineering an- ticipates a maximum of 145. There is no locomotive. Every second car has its own motor. In ten years the line has carried 755 million passengers without an accident in- volving human casualties. Whichever department it is that looks after Canada's wandering youth has reported an urgent need for more shelters for the hordes of students and youngsters who spend their summers on the highways. Doubtless the need is there, and perhaps it's a bit churlish to carp about it, but it is a bit sad that so much of this travelling about always seems to be at the expense of the tax paying public, made up largely of people who are lucky if they can afford even a couple of weeks travel each year. It had to happen. A company in Provo, Utah, has for sale what it calls food in- surance. Rainy Day Foods offers long term storage foods packed under a special process. The ad says, "With world-wide focus on food shortages, what better insurance than a per- sonal food "Why you never entered the curling event, I'll never know..." Evaluating the Syncrude decision By Dlan Cohen, syndicated commentator At least one country has started Inter- national Women's Year with determination. When the Supreme Revolutionary Council of Somalia issued a decree Jan. 11 abolishing forms of discrimination between the sexes, a number of irate traditionalists protested, in the name of Islam. They were arrested and on Jan. 23, ten were executed. ART BUCHWALD Monopoly, 1975 style 'WASHINGTON The family was playing Monopoly the other night and in the middle of the game, to make it more exciting, I suggested we update the rules according to 1975 economic conditions. No one was sure this was a good idea until I, as banker, offered'to give.each player an extra to encourage them to spend more money on their properties. They thought this was great. But then I said, "In order to pay for this I will have to charge you all double if you land on the Electric Co. or the Waterworks which I happen to.own." There were screams of protest from everyone. "What good is the if we have to give it back to you for electricity and my daughter wanted to know. "It will put more money into circulation and stimulate the buying of houses and hotels. I suggest that if you raise the rents on your properties by 50 per cent, it will cover, the cost of landing on the Electric Co. When I land on one of your properties you'll get the money back." "That's said my wife, "if you own Park Place or Boardwalk. But I own Baltic and Mediterranean avenues. If I have to pay you double when I land on the Electric Co. or the Waterworks I'll be wiped out." "You can always sell your I pointed out. "Have you ever known anyone who wanted to buy Baltic and Mediterranean she asked bitterly. "Well, we can't all live in Marvin I retorted. "There would be no Monopoly game if everyone could afford everything on the board. Now let's start playing." My son landed on Go to Jail. He didn't have the to get out so I suggested he turn state's evidence. "Against he asked. "Against any of the other players. If you're willing to tell the district attorney what you know about what happened on Pennsylvania Avenue, I'll let you out on the next roll." "That's my daughter said. "I had to stay in jail three turns because I didn't have the money to get out." "Well, these are 1975 I said. "And anyone who implicates someone else in a crime does not have to stay in jail." my son said. "Connie gave me a hundred dollars under the table so I would sell her North Carolina Avenue and she would have a monopoly on that property." "You're a Connie shouted. "You said you would give me North Carolina Avenue if I sold you St. Charles Place." "Let's not fight." I said. "Joel, for telling all, I give you a pardon. Now it's your mother's turn to roll." My wife nervously rolled the dice. She had to move her shoe token to Indiana Avenue which I owned. It had a hotel on it. "With the surcharge of 50 per I announced, "you owe me rent." "I don't have she said. "I'll take Oriental, Vermont and Connec- ticut avenues and all your money I said. "But then I would have nothing left but Baltic and Mediterranean she protested. "I'll have to go on welfare." "I'm not concerned with your I replied. "Hotels cost money and besides I'm thinking of putting up several houses on New York Avenue, Tennessee Avenue and St. James Place, in the high-rent district." "Could I get a she asked. "In your financial I hooted. "What kind of banker do you take me With all my property and money in front of me I rolled the dice next and moved my top- hat token to Community Chest. I picked up the top card and read out loud, "Income Tax Refund Collect HO." My wife, who had lost all her property and had left, said in disgust, "It figures." MONTREAL Coping with the energy problem would be difficult enough in a dic- tatorship where no one had to run for re-election. It would be difficult because of the es- sentially "mongrel" nature of energy decisions. They are a mix of at least four major bloodlines: economic, en- vironmental, foreign policy and resources. For example, Canada has trillions of cubic feet of natural gas in tl.e high Arctic. Theoretically, it is worth millions of dollars. In fact, it cannot be sold because there is no pipeline to get it to market. That is an engineer- ing problem (How do we physically lay pipe on per- an environmental problem (will the cost exceed the an economic problem (can we afford and a foreign policy problem (do we sell to the Americans? Will they retaliate if we In a democracy in which politicians' primary goal is to be re-elected, another bloodline is added to the decisions "mongrelization." There are no wholly "right" decisions; there are only cor- rect decisions in view of specific goals. It is with f'is in mind that we must evaluate the decision of three Canad.ian. governments to financially support the Syncrude project to extract oil from Alberta's tar sands. The governments have guaranteed the oil com- panies with whom they are now partners that the oil produced will be sold at world prices. World prices are now about a barrel. That is the price at which tar sands oil can be produced profitably. On the assumption that world prices will go higher, or at least not fall lower, the project appears to make business sense. But at least one noted economist an opinion leader for years says today's high prices are in large part the fault of the American government, and that the U.S. could break the oil cartel and send pricw halt way down as fast as they went up. Economist Morris Adelman of M.I.T. cites' convincing evidence. The U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee has been shown that when the Arab boycott of 1973 began, Saudi Arabia did not have the manpower to keep oil from The Netherlands. That task was carried out by the American oil companies. The companies did not forget where home was and where their loyalty should lie. They informed the Pentagon and State Department of what was happening, but were not told to desist. This was only one wrong move, Adelman says every time the Arabs made a move, the U.S. government respond- ed in a way that pushed prices up while their, stated objective was to hold them down. We pick up the story last January when world prices reached a barrel, up from Says Adelman, "We preach- ed at the oil producers and vowed we would get the price down with a little help from pur friends the Saudi Arabians. By March, these friends had re-interpreted the price up to a barrel. In June we signed an agreement to give them industrial and military aid, whereupon they raised the price to Dur- ing the summer they won more American praise by scheduling an auction to lower prices, then called it off because it really would have lowered prices. Then Mr. Kissinger twice visited King Faisal to get fresh assurances of help to reduce prices and each time Saudi Arabia raised the price Adelman argues that giving the Saudis helicopters, jets, tanks and naval equipment simply guarantees them the means to cut back future out- put and maintain high prices by policing weaker members of the cartel. But he says there are ways to break the cartel. For ex- ample: Limit imports, in barrels, not tariff walls that can be jumped. Import "tickets" can bf motioned under sealed, competitive bids from would- be suppliers. Such a system would hit the cartel in its most vulnerable spot excess capacity. As excess capacity built up in each country, the producers would be forced to scramble for markets instead of consumers for sources. With OPEC members unable to police each other as to price, the price would come crashing down. The likelihood is that Syncrude oil would become available about this time but possibly at double the new world oil price. In Quebec, where hydroelectric -resources are generally believed to be near- ly infinite, it is said that whoever is governing on the day of the first electrical brownout in the province, will not be governing on the day after the election which follows that disillusioning event. The governments in Ot- tawa, Edmonton and Toronto may fear a similar fate at the election following this country's first peacetime taste of gas rationing. By that political standard, Syncrude is a' good decision; economically it is doubtful, as it is environmentally. From a longer term perspective, the energy pic- ture takes a somewhat different-shape, which we will discuss in another column. President Sadat and his Arab supporters know that the United States would not give Egypt new military supplies, and that, if threatened by a cut in oil supplies from the Persian Gulf, Washington might take military action. The Egyptian leader, and his Saudi Arabian supporters, were thus warned that intran- sigent anti-Zionism might conflict with anti-communism. and jeopardize petroleum. At the same time, Dr. Kissinger let Mr. Sadat know of the big concessions he was prepared to wrest from the Israelis, providing Cairo would also prove accom- modating. In these circum- stances, President Sadat has already undertaken what amounts to another round of separate negotiations with Israel. Dr. Kissinger's immediate purpose on the present trip is to translate loose understan- dings to firm commitments. In Israel he will be trying to rope the whole government of Prime Minister Rabin on to the principle of withdrawal from the passes and oil fields. In Egypt he will try to wrest from President Sadat in private talks the kind of concessions that would justify a major Israeli withdrawal. These could be in the nature of a political gesture such as allowing commercial flights between Tel Aviv and Cairo or agreement that several years would intervene between Israel's abandon- ment of another slice of Sinai and the next step. Perhaps Dr. Kissinger will not be able to get it together in Cairo and Jerusalem. But the odds are on success. One good gauge lies in the opposition to the Israeli and Egyptian leaders. The opposition to Prime Minister Rabin which heads up in Defence Minister Shimon Peres and former Foreign Minister Abba Eban argues that giving up the oil fields and passes is so great a concession that Israel should get a major step towards peace. But that would involve something very risky for Israel a full-dress conference at Geneva with the presence of the Russians, some West Europeans, and the PLO. The opposition to President Sadat lies in Syria and the PLO. They say they will go to war with Israel rather than allow Egypt to conclude a separate deal. But will they? Or won't they, in the pinch, also agree to another step forward? What all this says to me is that Dr. Kissinger has retriev- ed step-by-step diplomacy from the ashes of Rabat. The momentum is with him, and prudence does not lie in predicting failure. Dog owner's rights Books in brief "The Best of Anlrobus" by Lawrence Durrell (Faber Faber Limited, 17.85, 180 pages, distributed by Oxford University Antrobus of the British diplomatic service, a creation of Lawrence Durrell, provides an impious look into the lives of the people for whom cor- rect behavior is all impor- tant. Twenty of the best stories from three previously published volumes have been selected for this volume. Some of the little digs in the stories are delicious e.g. the fellow who went to Paris "to help reorganize the NATO cavalry to face the threat of a rocket age." Then there is the observation about the chiefs of staff who had gone an ashen color..." as if they had worn their expressions almost down to the lining." It's all good fun. DOUG WALKER It's quite fascinating just how inconsiderate some dog owners are. It's frustrating to dog owners whp keep our pets in fenced-in yards and when in town, on a leasb, when loose- running dogs attack our pets. These inconsiderate owners not only cause the non dog owning public to be down their necks, but ours too. These people are selfish, who infringe upon others rights without thinking, but who shout loudly if the others protest their selfishness. What do they care if the police take my dog away because the neighbors are complaining about the barking he does when their dog tries to get at mine through our fence? What do they care if my dog is old and this excite- ment causes him to have a heart attack or stroke? What do they, care about my children? When a child takes a dog out for a walk, what do they care if the child is hurt, due to trying to break up a dog's fight or being dragged by a dog's leash? They don't care, just as long as it isn't their child, or their dog who is hurt. What do they care if my car is, damaged due to their dog trying to get at my dog inside the car? What about my house? My screen door is broken because of a stray dog from.across the street who keeps on trying to get at my dog through the door. My dog nearly goes crazy when he hears this dog barking in our front yard. And I can't keep him outside all the time without a heated kennel in the fickle Southern Alberta weather. 'Sure, these inconsiderate dog owners have their rights too, but don't I also have rights? Don't people like me have rights? I won't deny them their rights if they don't deny me mine. Or don't I have the right to have a dog, happy neighbors, safe children, and a good home all at the same time, while they do? A DISCRIMINATED- AGAINST DOG OWNER Lethbridge The Lethbridge Herald 504 7lh SI. S. Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Editor and Publisher .DON. H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROV f. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"