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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 18, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 10 THE LUHBRIDCE HERALD Friday, February 18, 1972 and ranch notes farm problems By Ric Swihart which is likely even more depQii- dent tin aenciillm-e than Southern Alberta, has just finished the Mb annual farm J'orum at Sholhy with 1.200 farmers, ranchers and agribusinessmcn fnuii ami the I'.S. participating. problems much like Canada, the confer- ence hit on credit availability and assistance, produc- tion controls, revitalization of farm communities with stable economic growth and price controls for agri- cultural production With Ihis thought in mind, this is how the Am- erican counterparts lo Canada's agriculture indus- try see their problems. Montana Lieutenant Governor Tom Judge said there is a need for belter production quotas and pro- duction controls for all crops. He also called for parity of income, bargaining legislation and the con- trol of imports of beef from foreign countries. Air. Judge stressed the need for revitalizalion of Montana rural communities with effective programs to promote their economic growth. Can-oil Uninllinvcr, associate director of agricultural sta- bilization and consen ation sen-ice of the U S department of agriculture, said he would like to see an increase iu the loan rates for feed grains and wheat bul said the rale in Mon- tana can't be increased alone because Ihe support price on wheat is tied to corn, colton and other commodities. lln 1'iid the USD A will follow the plan to allow farm- erf lo specialize in wheat production who are best qualified to grow it- The- loan rale increase problem received added fuel from John Melcher, member of the House of Representatives, who said the quickest and surest way to raise the grain prices is to increase lean rales by 25 per cent and to do it now. Mr Mcldier said new action on increasing the loan rates would be pressed for and he wauls this new bill to pass Congress in March. Dr. Guy F. MacLeod, entomologisl from the University o( Berkley in California, pointed to financing of agriculture, food demand and market structure, labor and proper land use as areas which need looking at to improve agriculture. He said short term credit is of no use to agriculture with long term financing needed on marketing structures and food demand. He noted consumer demand Is constantly changing and that tgrinillure must change to meet that demand. He said something in the future for agriculture is the organization of labor. He suggested tho hot issue today is land use. He said agriculture is gouig to be in big trouble unless the industry sets the policies of land U5e. Unless these policies are set, agriculture is going to find too much land set aside for hunting, fishing, recreation, lei- sure time, freeways and other programs. He said if agriculture gets involved in these programs, farm land will be lost forever from production. Uan Ldmiann, 21-year-old past president of the Future Farmers of America, told Hie representatives of a need lo get more young people excited about careers in agncullure to help stop the flow of our youth from the rural to the urban areas. He called for a reasonable profit plus tho cost of produc- tion be put back into agriculture to help this objective. Ken Monfort, owner of the world's largest feedlot opera- tion which covers acres in Colorado, said cattlemen had better look to producing cattle Uiat are in demand. He said feedlot operators prefer crossbreds to pure bred cattle for feeding out because feed conversion is better, and the turn over is quicker. He said the cattle industry has reached a plateau now and prices for livestock will continue lo be as strong as cur- rent prices which have established a basic floor price. W. D. Karr, pasl president of the American Cattlemen's Association, said 1H71 was the best ever for the livestock Industry. He indicated the per capita consumption of beef was down slightly during 1971. This was due to an increase in popida- tion and the fact that there was not enough beef to meet the demand. Joseph R. Hanson, assistant deputy administrator of the Farmers Home Administration in Washington, said raising the loan levels so farmers and ranchers can borrow for get- ting into an agricultural operation or to operate efficiently is needed. Calendar of farm events February 13 Lethbridge Alberla Wheat Pool Grain In- dustry meeting February 20-25 Banff Agricultural Policies Issues Con- ference (Alberta's Livestock Industry) February 21-2B Fairview Sheep Production Short Course February 21 Pincher Creek Lcadcrsliip Training Work- shop February 22 Warner Dugout Construction, Aquatic Weed Control, Fish Farming, Cooking and Preserving February 23-25 Edmonton Provincial Agricultural Service Board Conference February 23 Pincher Creek Farm and Ranch Business -Management Course commences (Pre-regislralion vacancies still February 28 Cardslrm Sheep Production February 29 Tabcr Alberta Field Corn Growers Con- vention March 2 Lethbridge Corral Planning Course March 630 Olds Dairy Production Short Course (Com- prehensive prc-regj.urauon required) March 7 Cardston Soil1; and Fertilizers S'nort Course March 7 Brooks Alfalfa Seed Production and Market- ing meeting March 8 Vaiixhall Agricultural Short Course March 11-9 Brooks Dairy Housing Workshop March 3 Cardston, Rapcsccd Production and Marketing meeling March 12-17 _ Banff Small Group Leadership Workshop (Prc-regislration required) Man-h P, Brooks Yard nnd Home Beautificalion Cour.se Mr.rrli i'M7 A. I. Management School Marih II LclhbridRe Grain Marketing and Transporta- tion Conference March 11 I.cl.hhridcc Grain Marketing and TransporLilion Conference Dairy outlook brighf AllHTta's Dairy Commission- er, li. P. Di.xon, believes that the- federal comprehensive sup- ply management program for industrial milk and cream and tho Canadian Dairy Conimis- sioas's subsidy program will have a significant effect on the direction dairying take in Lhe next few years. These programs, he says, should bring stability to the in- iluMiy and, at the same time permit its onlcrly growth and development. A supply management or market snaring program will be voted on in Alberta early this March. Similar programs have .e.n operating in both Ontario ami Queljec since January, Prince Edward Island ad- opted supply management last fall. These three programs, which form part of (he overall federal program, have already resulted in increased support prices for butter, cheese and skim milk powder and a reduction in hold back funds. .Mr. Dixon reports that the disappearance of the world's surplus dairy products was the mcst important development on tho international dairy scene in 1971. Canadian dairy farmers re- ceived higher returns for then- milk and cream and dairy farms continued to become more specialized last year. A further rationalization of dairy plant> also occured during the last 12 months, An increase in Canadian milk production is indicated for f072, possibly to a level of 111 billion pounds, Mr. Dixon says. Alberta fluid milk sales were up approximately two per cent and cheddar cheese salt's were up three per cent in 1971 com- pared with 1970. Creamery but- ter production was down about 10 per cent, Alberta's total 1971 milk pro- duction was slightly down last year. With the improved dairy out- look, Mr. Dixon says a small increase in production is indi- cated for 1972. f] LCTIIDBIDCE RESEARCH STATION Remote sensing research DR. L. E. LUT1MCK. Soil Scientist High altitude aerial photo- graphy and other forms of re- mote sensing are being .i.sscss- ed by scientists across Canada for their usefulness as research tools. In agriculture, conven- tional, low level aerial photo- graphy continues to be useful for surveying soils, plant dis- eases, irrigation and drainage patterns, crop acreages, and land use. For these and other purposes, low level aerial photography provides Lhe re- quired answers more quickly and cheaply than ground sur- veys and is reasonably accur- ate. The photographs the m- Sugar beet institute sets eight information meetings Canadian Sugar Factories ods of eliminating spring labor Limited will sponsor eight sugar beet institute meetings in southern Alberta Monday j Lhrough Thursday. The two hour program at each location will include dis- cussion of newest developments in the field, an essential step in mechanization. A. W. Hill will talk about the use of herbicides as a weeding tool. Location of the meetings are: Vauxhall Community Hall, Monday at 10 am.; Picture in fertilizer practices, herbi- Elks Hall, Monday at er.des, precision planting and a ].30 pm The idea of the institute is lo i _ !sland Hall, pive information to growers for the more efficent, effective and economical production of sugar beets. J. W .Hall will deal with the effect of nUrogen fertilizer on sugar yields on a three year study. J. G. Snow will deal with commercial beet yields and re- turns in relation lo nitrogen fertilizer application. D. L. Gough will discuss beet yields in relation to the time and methods oi fertilizer appli- cation. J. Zednai will explain meth- Agro meet o ill Warner Tuesday The Alberta department of agriculture will sponsor a spe- cial agro meeting in the War- ner Elks Hall Tuesday starting at p.m. Reg Hartness of the Prairie Farm Rehabilitation Adminis- tration in Fort Macleod will discuss dugout construction. Dr. Jack Allen of the Canada department of agriculture in Lethbndge will talk about aquatic weed control. Mvrray McLelland, district agriculturist in Lelhbridge, will deal with fish farming. Klan elements of the fish and wildlife branch w-ill add to the fish farming discussion. Elizabeth Bariman, district borne economist in Lelhbridge, will discuss methods of cooking and preserving fish. Tuesday at 10 a.m., Taber Civic Auditorium, Tuesday at p.m., Raymond Legion Hall, Wednesday at p.m., Sunnyside School, Wednesday at 8 pm., Cranford Community Hall, Thursday at 10 a.m., and Coaldale Sportsplex, Thursday at p.m. EXTENSION Dr. C. J. McAndrews has been appoint- ed assistant deputy minister ot farm and rural resource development for the Alberta department of agriculture. He will be in charge of the de- partment's extension division, Ihe new family farm division and rural development agree- ments Ihe fcidcral gov- ernment. He is originally from Vauxlialt and had been direc- tor of the ADA extension and colleges division since July. 1370. The appointment was effective Feb. 1. selves provide a permanent vis- ual record that can serve as a reference in estimating changes in cultural practices End in de- termining production hazards. Remote sensing by higli-alb'- tude aerial photography prom- ises to provide a reliable me'.h- od for assessing agricultural problems and ultimately for as- signing priorities for research. For example, at the Lcthbridge Research Station we are inter- ested in estimating Lhe amount of damage caused by bar- ley yellow dwarf on cover crops. We also are keenly interested In determining how much agri- cultural land contribute to the development of 55line and al- kali areas. Both problems are widespread aixl ccuhl be assess- ed more quickly and easily by photography than by surface survey methods. Furthermore, the crops would suffer no dam- age from traTnpling. The value of remote sensing depends on the suitability of the sensing medium the pho- tographic film and the abil- ity of the scientist to inlemrel the resulting photographs. Dur- ing the summer of 1971 aerial photographs were teen of our station with five cameras, each loaded vrilh a different type of film and mounted in a CF-100 aircraft. Flights were made and photographs were taken by all cameras at and feet in mid Juiy and early October. At the times the pho- tcgrsphs were taken we made detailed no.'es of the conditions that existed on the ground. These notes provided us with ths key to the various tones and textures by which we were able to interpret the photo- graphs. The tones are affected by kind cf crop, size and matur- ity of crop, soil type and mois- ture content, amount of ground cover, and nutrient status of crop. Texlure is affected by man made structures such as ditches, cropping and harvest- ing patterns, and topography. The photographs taken at high altitude are of good quality and reveal much detail about the land surface, but it is difficult to differentiate similar of crop such as grains at the same stage of growth. It is also diffi- cult to determine minor differ- ences in topography exc e p t where there are associated dif- ferences in soil moisture con- tent. Nonetheless, remote sen- sing is a useful method for ex- amining large areas rapidly. It promises to be especially use- ful in determining land rela- tionships in the salinization of dry-land soils. 4-H HOPING Feb. 5, Hoping Nimble Nee- dles had Ihedr first sewing bee. We started at about 10 a.m. rml had a pot luck lunch. We spent the rest of the afternoon sewing. CLUB RKPOKTEH Rita Kana cr BEST ABERDEEN ANGUS Tho lop Aberdeen Angus at Iho Rocky Mountain live, stock Show waj shown by A. G. Brown of Lolhbridge. With the winning animal are Dillord Bryce, left, show judge, Ed Hoil, president of tlio Canadian Aberdeen-Angus As- sociaiion, Ardii Bralrud, Alborta Aberdeen-Angus Queen, Tools Hoclisloin (wilh the Cyril Hochilcin Memorial Trophy) and Mr. Brown, Corn meeting Feb. 29 TABI5R The Alberta Field Com Growers Convention will be Md in the Civic Centre here Feb. 29 slsrting at a.m. The convention will start with an address by Ralph Trimmer, president cf Ihe Alberta Corn Committee, and Walter Clcland. president of the growers asso- ciation. Dr. Stan Freyman, crop phy- siologist for the Lcthbridge Re- search E-talion, will talk about cultural practices and varieties. M. M. Gaits, regional farm economist in Lethbndge, will discuss the economics of grow- ing corn. Dr. D. M. Bowden, nutrition- ist at the Lrilibridge Research Sla'ion, will discuss corn silage. The afternoon session will deal with the potential of ccirp markets for feed in the Fraser Valley and the potential corn market for distilling. Ban q u e t speaker will be Harry J. Hargrave, Alberta Marketing Commissioner. Alfalfa seed course set for Brooks An alfalfa seed product i o n short course will be hrld in the Brooks Hall March 7 storting at a.m. L. Gareau of the Alberta de- partment of rgricuHiire in Ed- monton will discuss the poten- tial of the industry how to grow alfalfa for seed. Dr. K. K. Krogiiian, agrono- mist foi- tiie Lc'lhbridge Re- search Station, v.-ill deal nith irrigation and fertility. Dr. M. R. a forage legume breeder at the L e t h- bridge station, will der.1 with alfalfa varieties. In the afternoon session, Dr. G. A. Hnhbs, entomologist at Lethbridge, will explain pol- lination management of UK Lorf rafter bee. 0. G. BratvoM, director of plsnt industry division cf tb: ADA, discuss marketmg, including handling, seed pro- cessing, pedigreed seed produc- tion and contracting A ponel cf growers will deal with harvesting of alfalfa, in- cluding timing, methods, dissi- cants and settings for equip- ment. M. M. Gaits, regional farm economist from the Lcth- bridge office of the ADA, will explain cost of alfalfa seed production. SUPER SILAGE Following the success of lim- ited trials last year, the British Grassland Research Institute, Hurley, Berkshire, lias made several tons of 'super silage' this summer using formalde- hyde as an additive. Will HIC SWIIIART Ask Government Agribusincssmcn in southern Alberta will have HID oppor- tunity of placing questions before the agricultural ministers on a provincial and national level with the Introdnclion of n new farm oriented column. Dr. Hugh Ilorner, agriculture minister for Alberta, and Hurt Olson, federal agriculture minister, have agreed to an- swer questions posed by south Albertans through The Herald. Letters can be directed lo the farm desk ill The Herald on policy issues affecting agriculture. The questions will he directed at either or both men and the answer printed ijl t'iic. new column. The questions should be pointed and limited to one per letter. Some questions may spurn detailed stories which will then appear in The Herald. BUHDETT The first meeting of the New Year was held Jan 6 at p.m. at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Smith. President David Van Gaalen brought the meet- ing to order. Janet Wever, club secretary, read the minutes of the last meeting and all were in attend- ance. Brian Lane reported on our money situation in the b.ink. Our Project study was on Pub- lic Speaking. After the meeting, lunch was served by Mrs. Smith and Mrs. Wever. CLUB REPORTER Henry Krocker BULK RIVER Tiie Milk River 4-H year 1971- 72 reached the half-way point with the fifth meeting of the year, Feb. 3 at p m. Toe meeting was conducted by Marian Madge and the pledge was led by Bemnie Doenz. The club's funds are very low, sr.-d all members were urged to get their insurance money in by March. A short summary was given concerning the talks on public speaking presented m Janu- ary's meeting. Tire club has outlined a snort public speaking game which was started at this meeting. (A leader, or parent thinks of four topics, and gives thc-m to four members along with about five minutes to prepare. Im- prompty speech topics may ako be given to a leader or leaders if so wished by the These talks were given by members: Dennis Ellert, Bern- nie Doenz, Vincent Ellert, and Lanny Dcenz; and by leaders Robert Kuhl, Roy Hummel, and Elmer Brownlee. Following the speeches, a short quiz was given to the members by Robert Kuhl. CLUB REPORTER Diane Strlngam McNALLY This month's meeting of the McNally Tailor'i Tacks was held Feb. 3 at 7 p.m. in Cynthia French's home. The pledge was led by Linda Boulton, Roll call was one physical object you would like to keep. The minutes were read and corrected. The Treasurer's Report showed no change. Anna Lee Boulton gave a Council Report. She was elect- ed secretary of the Council. The topic of msjor concern to out club was the re- organization of public speaking competitions. There will now be Junior and Senior sections. This club's public speak- ing competition will be held at the March meeting of the Mc- Nally Home and School As- sccialiDn. It will be an informal tea. A decoration committee was named Linda Boulton is chairman. Connie wishes to hear from any cinb members who may wi.sh to a 4-H pester con- Lcst. Scholarship information enrols were passed cut. Brenda Boulton and Susan Harker gave a demonstration on "hassled Our guest speaker was Mrs. K. Russell. She spoke on "advertising and AUcr she held a work session on the topic. CLUB REPORTFrt Janet Russell CLARESHOLM The meeting of the Clares- holm 4-H Beef Club was held on Feb. 2 in the Claresholm Provincial Building. Vice-presi- dent Duncan Fleming chaired the meeting. Bill Hart led the 4-H pledge. Roll call was an- swered by oral feed reports. The toboggan party was dis- cussed and it was decided that it would be held whenever the weather allowed. Some senior and peewee members presented speeches and Sylvan Hillerd judged the speeches and gave helpful tips and pointers to the members. CLUB REPORTER Lorna Mackintosh You will spend many hours this spring putting in your crop. Give yourself an edge by seeding quality seed that will return more for your efforts. You have the privilege of using "over-quota" deliveries to pay for this edge... or a part of it. You hedge your investment edge, by getting more lor what you do. Belter seed gives better yield. Discuss your requirements (Bulk or Bagl with your ALBERTA WHEAT POOL ELEVATOR OR SEED WAREHOUSE MANAGER ;