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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 17, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta - THE lETXSRISCE WSJiA'.D - SciurcJcy, February \7, WS Whither the V of L? (6) Jeanne Beaty Financing the university Forgotten prisoners of war In reporting on the numbers of American prisoners of war being released by the North Vietnamese, a simple and probably an accurate phrase is "only a few hundred." But words like "only" and "few" somehow stick 0:1 the tongue. They have a connotation of Gir.allr.ecs, of limitation, so are out of joint with the immeasurable misery and horror of men 'ocin^ pamcd up in enemy cages. To ujhLin^ inn:, hoiu^ trhen prisoner 13 01:0 of the worst oil i^ars; but at least they are soldier, v ho know the I taking - ar.l 'uVnft- pri- soners is ona ot war s ly tran- sactions. Their families and loved ones aren't soldiers; they slill :"vust .sustain the torment, '.ho  nightmare fears, in some cases what could bu the ultimate agony of just not knowing. This kind of despair and heartache makes "only" seem wrong for oven a single prisoner of war. It must be remembered, too, that these same "few hundred" prisoners have been one of the factors in an equation that years of negotiation could not balance. It is small wonder, then, that they have been a focus of world attention, and that their existence and troubles are widely know.*.. But they arc not the only prisoners; Unheralded in the world's press, 93,-000 Pakistani soldiers and 16,000 civilians lie in dismal prison camps in India, part of the ghastly residue of the war for Bangladesh independence* In December 1971, the capitulation of Pakistan's armed forces trapped them in what was then East Pakistan, and shortly thereafter they were taken under the protection of the Indian army and moved to India. This arrangement was- made to ensure their survival, which was in- serious question as long as th&y remained within reach of the patriots, politicians and armed irregulars of Bangladesh. These unfortunates have not beer, behind the barbed wire as Ior.g as some of the American prisoners were, but it has been quite long enough for thftm and th�.ir fanvltes to know the (l"p'uir> oc this special kin.i oi Ana they vail know it ior some time to corno, 'oczrcizo thry too are p.nvns in a iirrcr poluxal wrangle- lart'a. tliolr curloaisn, ;$ piodged not vo rc"L" them, v/hout the consent o:l Bar.giaderh. But Sheikh Mujibur Ruhman, ~> minister of Sai*,gi0Qcsi*i refuse- consent ur.iii Pakistan recognises Bangladesh, and until certain war crimes he attributes to Pakistani citizens nave been dealt with. In reply, Pakistan's President All Bhutto points out that before Pakistan car. recognize Bangladesh, certain mvx�rtant matters must be considered* such as responsibility for pre-war external debts* and the ownership of Pakistani property in what is now Bangladesh. Bhutto keeps proposing that these matters be dealt with in direct discussions between Mujibur and himself. Mujibur keeps responding, in effect, "no rccogrition, r.o discussion." And lately he has begun to add dark allegations about Pakistan acquiring huge stores of arms from China, which he denounces as an attempt to intimidate him. Experience teaches that this kind of argument can go on for a long, long time. While it does, the prisoners stay in the cages. Harmless or harmful? It will take two years and $1 million to determine the safety and effectiveness of the J500 main ingredients of the 22,000 prescription and non-prescription drugs now being sold* in Canada. The first results of the review being conducted by the federal health department will be made public this summer, according to Health Minister Marc The panel, comprised of a cross-section of Canadian, doctors, will concentrate or. reviewing therapeutic classifications of. drugs, such as analgesics, pain killers or anti-coagulants as well as of-noising certain ingredients, either intentionally in one preparation or unintentionally when a patient takes two different products. It promises to answer a number of thorny questions facing the millions of Canadians who take advantage of Weekend Meditation over-the-counter preparations and self-medications. A similar review of drugs in the U-S. recently uncovered a number of products which were potentially harmful and others which were not effective in terms of what was claimed on the labels. Canadian officials expect to uncover some, though relatively fewer, problems in Canada. Among the answers sought are whether or not mouth-wash, used faithfully each morning, really does kill.the germs that cause bad breath; whether the common headache pill has any potentially serious side-effects, such as damaging the kidneys as one ingredient is suspected of doing; and if harmful reactions or interactions are experienced from taking certain antibiotics in combination with other drugs. The answers to these questions will be available in three months' time. Curiosity a gift of God Curiosity has never been given the credit for its share of creativeness that it deserves. It is not only scientific inventiveness that is due to curiosity. Behind every adventure of the body or mind is curiosity. It discovers new continents, explores the moon, and finds new art forms and new poetic rhythms. Man is so con-situated that he most know what is behind the locked door, what happens if certain chemicals are combined, what is beyond the horizon, what the natives are like in unexplored countries, and what happens to this if you do that. Without curiosity life has lost most of its excitement and joy. Enthusiasm dwindles. Psychologists say that as children get older they ask four different kinds of questions. The child first asks "What is "it?" Then as he gets older he asks, "What is it for?" Ks advances from that to enquire. "How does it work?" Then he has to find out, "Why is it?" Kipling tells about it in "The Elephant's Child:" "She sends 'em abroad on her own affairs, From the second she opens her eyes - One million Hows, two million Wheres, And seven million Whys!" C. E. Barrington in his life of Kipling tells how David Carey, the baggage-master at the railway station described him. "Kipling had the darndest mind," he used to say. "He wanted to know everything about everything, and he never forgot what you>told him. He would sit and listen and never stir." Richard Spann tells bow a cousin, wondering why Spann's father seemed to know so much about everything, . asked him, "Uncle George, why are you brighter than the rest of the Fairbanks?" "I'm not," his father replied. "I just have mora curiosity." And this is what strikes you about theologians, statesmen, scientists, and business leaders; they have an insatiable curiosity. Like old Ulysses, they have as' inner compulsion that forces them to search for new seas and sail beyond the' sunset, "to strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield." There is no more fascinating story in the Old Testament than . that of Abraham who "went out, not knowing whither he went."-He answers the description of Hartley Coleridge, "And still I am a child though I grow old." What can be drearier than the writer of Ecclesiastes: "Vanity of vanities, all is vanity ... there is no new thing under the sun." To him there is no joy in wisdom, in creation, in love, or beauty. Keats- gives a better picture of the good life when he says in "a line of one of bis poems, "I stood tiptoe on a little hill." God is wonderful beyond imagining, always doing something new, overturning principalities and powers, bringing a new age, revealing to man the most astounding wonders. One should rise every morning with a reverent curiosity asking, "What has God got for me to do today?" Something new, of that you may be certain. PRAYER: Waken me to your wonders, O God; make me to think your thoughts after you; keep me on the trail of life. F. S. M. Last to leave By Dong Walker A social time followed the annual joint service of Assumption Roman Catholic Church and McKillop United Church. When most of the people from the two congregations had dispersed, Keith and I were still standing arousd waitsg for Elapsth to The world of university financing sometimes seems to be a mysterious labyrinth. During the course of an interview in Edmonton, the chairman of the students finance board commented that room and board costs per student per month were $150 at the University of Lethbridge and $110 a month at the Universities of Alberta ar.d Calgary. He attached some �ig&s� to this ruithcr largo difference. Investigation Tias shown- that the difference is apparent but r.rt reel nnc! t'.u' room s"'l bo.*rd'3 wo altrost ic'cf.i-'i"Vi ot the l'i.vt> ii"U lutbr.s. ".if! U d h chev-cr. r'VX' io-bo~i'd for 103 days, thai, is, l.*1 vi:c'-;s or tic:;:03 ord ivo wefks for exavas, uT.d OiCO per ciud^nt for doaVle ret''.* ocr.ip;;r.o*. Tho moil ticket is for 10 meals per -voo'c. For two :.g-*.ics!�W5 of j05 davs C50h t;v v.oca.'� cost \\ $720. Tho U of 0 and r the universities commission, said that an overall request; for $21.7 million had, been - made to tho government for capital fjranls for the year :97&74 and that the government had allotted $16 miil'lion. He said this- had meant no new starts or. buildings, 'including an agriculture and forestry building for the University of Alberta which was needed to round out .an academic program. The U of A had requested $10.1 million and had received $7 million. However, Dr. Max Wyman, president, said the capital situation at his institution is not stringent and he realized that ir. face of declining enrolments ra u 11 i-million dollar buildings can't bo justified. Jones had indicated that the U of A was still renting space but that by next year this would not be necessary as buildings now under construction will be finished. U n i v e rsity appropriations come from the legislature in two distinct categories, capital and operating. Total provincial appropriations for universities in Alberta have decreased in very recent years since the decline in capital grants brought about by the conclusion of many building projects has been considerably greater than the increases in operating grants. About 50 per cent of the operating grant comes from the federal government on a cost-sharing basis. The department of advanced education is proposing a change in funding operations by announcing fixed grants two years in advance with provisional figures for the third year. An enrolment change the first year will have no effect on the second year but adjustments will be made in the grant for the third year. In principle this should meet with the approval of the institutions, which have disliked the uncertainty of operating on a yearly basis. The operating grant for 1973-74, the first of the three year period, has already been announced at $99.4 million. The allocation to the University of Lethbridge is $5,015,000 or a 6J/4 per cent increase over the allocation of $4,705,000 for 1972-73. However, the operating grants proposed by the department for the academic years 1974-75 and 1975-76, although they have a built-in six per cent cost inflation factor, show only a 2% per cent over-all increase for the university system the first year and a 3.8 per ceri increase the second year because the inflation factor does r.ot apply to the whole . grant. Allocations to fee individual institutions were not designated on the proposal, but it is understood that the University of Lei:Wv,'idr;o o.-ilhvn'ics if it simply held? lis Y\-r. :-i i'r. present stale of operations un-c.v the proposed �r:.nt. as i"-, interprets it, Ihcre' will he a deficit of li'.'lf .*i million dwlar-in the year 107-1-73 ?nu more (iiau .p'10,000 in 107.1-7G. It is also understood that under the proposed financial plan, tho department of advanced education will keep -a percentage of its total budget within tho department to fund experimental programs. The sum is estimated at $3 million to $4 million. In a university budget teaching staff salaries absorb about half the operating grant. Alberta leads the way in the western provinces in the matter of university salaries. Figures for the year 1969-70 show that the average salary for all ranks at the U of A was $15,700, while it was $15, 100 at the U of C and $14,000 at the U of L'. In the same year the average salary at the University of British Columbia was $14,400; at Manitoba, $13, 800, and at Saskatchewan, $13, 500. Average salaries at Toronto and Queen's were $15,900 and at McGill, $14,800. More recently salaries within the province have been almost equalized, although the U of A leads the list. There is an $1800 difference in the minimum salary scale for full' professors among the three institutions, but at lower levels the differential is quite low. . By way of comparison with other professions, for the 1970 taxation year the average taxable income of doctors nationally was $34,757; for lawyers, $20,738; dentists, $22,794; engineers and architects, $22,385, and accountants, $19,303. These figures come from the latest edition of taxation statistics, published by the department of national revenue. The Alberta figures can be presumed to be 'higher. In -a discussion of faculty salaries, Dr. A. W. R. Can-others, president of the University of Calgary, referred to the fact that electricians employed by the city of Calgary had recently negotiated a salary increase that gave them more than $7 an hour, and added up to an annual income of about $15,000. He pointed out that his institution must hire an electrical] engineer with a PhD as an assistant professor and pay him less than that. "This * speaks volumes in terms of priorities," he said, adding that a faculty demand for collective bargaining was one of the most foreseeable developments for 1973. uccess not measured by wealth By James Reston, New York Times commentator close off her communicating with the remnant. Finally we made it out the door and headed toward the car. As Keith made his disgruntled way along the street he grumbled, "Gee, even the McCrackens have .cone w ( WASHINGTON - Almost everybody is being very cool in Washington about the devaluation of the dollar. Secretary of the treasury Shulte, suggested that we must look on the dollar crisis as an "opportunity," and since then it has been discussed almost as a blessing. This is the new thing in Washington: no-fault government. Noble principles of balanced budgets are" proclaimed and then repudiated. Disastrous policies are introduced and then reversed, but nobody's to blame. It is called the "New Pragmatism". But at best, the New Pragmatism is a recovered fumble, with a lot of lost yardage, and maybe we have to face up to the larger reality: that a lot of other things were devalued in-America before the dollar, and contributed to the present monetary crisis. All kinds of things are-being devalued in America today, beginning with the English language. Only a few months ago, President Nixon proclaimed the Smithsonian Agreement on the devaluation of the dollar and the revaluation of the world's currencies as "the most significant monetary agreement in the history of the world," but now the dollar is devalued again, with official promises that maybe this time all will be well. More important, the democratic process in Washington is now being seriously devalued. The president and the congress era bit really ts&isg to coa another about their common problems of keeping the federal budget within nonteflationary limits. Meanwhile, the larger questions of polities and philosophy and national purpose are being lost in his squabble over the budget, the price of gold, and the relative Value of the American dollar, the Japanese yen,' and the German mark. These are abviously import-amt questions, but they are not the main or the ultimate questions. Waiter Lippmann has been in Washington* this week, full of years and wisdom, and he stated the central problem many years ago. * * * "We are not used to a compli-i cated civilization," he said "we. don't know how to behave when personal contact and eternal authority have disappeared. There are no precedents to guide us. no "wisdom that wasn't made for a simpler age. We have changed our environment more quickly than we know how to change ourselves. "And so we are literally an eccentric people, our emotional life is disorganized, our passions are out of kilter. Those who call themselves radical float helplessly upon a stream amidst the wreckage of old creeds and abortive new ones ... those who make no pretensions to much theory are twisted about by fashions, crazes, at the mercy of milliners, asd dresssaalsa-g, theatrical producers, advertising campaigns, and the premeditated gossip of the newspapers." He was saying," in effect, what John Maynard Keynes said just before he died: that economic and financial questions were important but "secondary to philosophic questions about the purpose of life, and that we had to get our purposes atnd objectives straight "first. This is still the problem im Washington and the other major capitals of the non-Communist world. Officials here are still talking about the value of money and power instead of the ob--jectives of money aoid power, about interest rates, and material values. They are still not addressing themselves to the question Thomas Huxley asked here a hundred years ago when he visited America. "There is something sublime in the future of America," he said, "but do not suppose that I am pandering to what is commonly understood by national pride. I cannot say that I am in the slightest degree impressed by your bigness, or your material resources, as such. Size is not grandeaur, and territory does not make a nation. The great issue, about which bangs a true sublimity, and the terror of overhanging fate, is what are you going to do with all these things." This is still the unanswered question in Washington, and it is obviously not going to be solved by the devaluation of the dollar. c 1573 by mca, "Maybe if Howard Hughes gives up being a recluic. ih$ President might give it a try, tool" Ansivcrs Russell In rebuttal to Mr. Russell's remarks in The Herald, February 9th, let me say this, I have not founded a mining company - some 140 persons, in-eluding the members of my family, have founded a public exploration company, Kintla Explorations Limited, based in Edmonton." Prehminary mapping, prospecting, and sampling in the Yarrow-Spionkop Creek area by this company last year indicated the presence of a large tonnage high-grade deposit of copper-silver-lead ore . . . further exploration seemed warranted. The company therefore submitted exploration proposals to the director of lands. and forests in Edmonton. Subsequently the company was asked to send representatives to Edmonton to attend a meeting of the board which would be convened to deal with the request. This board consists of personnel from the seis-mic board, the department of lands and forests, the department of mines and minerals, the department of fish and game, and others. Two members of the board of directors of Kintla Explorations attended. Three weeks after the meeting, Kintla received a letter granting partial approval to the proposed program of exploration. Never at any time, either prior to or after the meeting in Edmonton, did Kintla receive permission to construct a road. Correspondence between Kintla and the minister's office will verify this. Kintla has since decided to use a helicopter to transport drilling equipment to and from the drilling sites. All work in the area will be supervised, by the forest ranger in charge of that section of the forest reserve. This drilling program will be undertaken this year. The road mentioned by Mr. Russell as having been built two years previously was. constructed in 1963, by Akaimina Minerals Limited. Although at the time I was working for this company, I opposed' the construction of the road. After some argument the company was persuaded to use a helicopter, and they sent me to Yarrow with the helicopter to move the supplies to the drill site. Unfoiitunately, our usual brisk winds were blowing at the time, and the pilot was unable to lift the material to the site. Mr. Irwin Sorge, bulk fuel dealer from Pincher Creek will verify this. He sat there all day with a load of fuel, waiting for us to move it. After this abortive attempt with the helicopter, Akaimina decided to proceed with the road, and it was built. I quit the company that fall. Mr. Russell states "the whole slope was badly eroded with gullies." These so-called, gullies' are actually bulldozer cuts made on orders from the district forest ranger, the purpose being to prevent erosion, and they have served that purpose. The cuts were miade when the road was being reclaimed prior to being planted with grass by Akamina Minerals. With respect to these ruts,.If Mr. Russell cannot ride a saddle horse through them, thea I suggest he must have some rather peculiar horses - last fall a jeep drove through thea to the top of the ridge. If anyone is interested, I would be pleased to conduct them on a tour of the entire area, at any time after most of the snow is gone, to have them verify that cot one pound of salt has ever entered Spiemkop Creek as a result of the a*J�> eral exploration that has taken place at the top of the ridge. Newsmen and photographers would be very welcome. For Spionkop mountain to have contributed the amount of silt that Mr. Russell claims a* fact in his letter as having "u3-timately landed at the bottosa of Waterton Dam," soeae 20 miles downstream, fte.motns. tain would now be a rather sizeable, hole in the ground. It appears to me that. lib. Russell has two sets of value*, one for himself and another for everyone else ... Personally, I would apereet ate more fact and less fantasy in letters such as the one by Mr. Russell, and in the so-called documentary filmed by the CBC last spring. There has been too much one-sided publicity. In any reporting, both sides of the story should be told. In the CBC film, no attempt was made, to interview Shell Oil, Alcor (Akamina) Minerals, or Kintla Exploration. FRANK GOBLE Lethbridge Defends dogs In reply to the letter in The Herald signed 'Dreamer* it is apparent the writer sees no problem if dogs are allowed no � freedom. I owned a dog for years and it. was not necessary to confine him to my yard. I also enjoyed seeing my neighbor's dogs enjoy their freedom. Eliminating dogs will not solve all problems. It was no dog that scratched the side of my new car from front to rear with a file when it was parked on my lot. The job of repainting it cost me $53. DOG LOVER Lethbridge The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD f*0. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press ana the Canadian Dally Newspapir Publishers' Association and tha Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Edltor ROY F. MILES DQUGLA& K. WALKBR Advertising Manager editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;