Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 17, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERAID 'Ihursdoy, February 17, 1972 Blackouts again in Britain The five vci'k old coal miners' strike in Britain has become a con- test o( wills involving the llealli gov- ernment, Ihe miners and millions oE shivering citizens. Since last week- end, ten per cent nf Ihe country has buen blacked (ml in a series of rolai- ing power cuts in an effort to con- serve dwindling fuel supplies. It the strike continues, within two to four weeks power officials estimate all domestic and industrial users may be completely cut off as Ihe remain- ing generating capacity will be di- verted to keep essential services op- erating. It this should happen. Brit- ain's whole industrial complex would be restricted and up to -0 million people would be otil of work. At present Unlam has -14 oil, nuc- lear, natural gas and hydroelectric power stations which can meet about per cent of the country's demand. Should the strike continue much longer this may be augmented by Ihe expedient of culling in the army to move the coal. But even if Ihc millers lump lough, as they state they will do until their weekly salary demands are met, they are bound lo lose in the long run. For in spite ol Ihc fact thai coal will have an important part to play in supplying the island's energy for a few more years, it nonetheless is a diminishing industry. The North Ser, had long been looked upon as a great source of energy certain to relieve Ihe pressure on Britain's supplies, but not before the end of the 70s. Nuclear power is tlie hope of (he future, but capital cosh have prevented the Central Generat- ing Board at present from expanding its construction program. The end result of the current strike may, however, encourage the board to step up its development of other sources of power. If tins should hap- pen they undoubtedly would be forced to speed up Ihc abandonment of un- profitable pits which would throw lens of thousands of miners out of work by the mid-seventies Channel- ing these men into oilier work would mean that new industries will have to be created to save Ihe coal-mining districts of nprlh-easl England, Scof- Jand and south Wales. Tins will have to be done sooner or later in any case. The national disaster lhal is now taking place makes it an imper- ative for the immediate future. Another disturbing strike Canadian citizens continue to be plagued by strikes involving air traf- fic. Only a week after air traffic con- trollers grounded commercial air- craft for .11. days, electronic techni- cians, essential in maintaining safe navigational equipment, disrupted air traffic by a series of walk-offs al. different locations. Tile Iwn groups nf sinkers arc comparable. Air traffic controllers must operate under extreme pres- sure, but previous lo the strike, stat- istics showed they received scarcely- more than stewardesses. During their negotiations a conciliation boar d split on its recommendation for a settlement. But wliilc there was this initial disagreement they did al least accomplish a starting point for future bargaining. The air controllers do not have a comparable classification of workers outside the civil service. But this is not the case with electronic techni- cians. A survey by the Pay Re- search Bureau, an independent body operating under tlie Public Service Staff Relations Board, showed thai technicians in the civil service were on the average paid six per cent and sometimes 11 per cent higher than those working in 1he private sector. Furthermore, the conciliation board for the technicians' case was unani- mous in ils report. The. chairman and the representatives for both man- agement and the union recommended a 15 per cent increase over 28 months, but this was immediately rejected by union members. The public is growing more and more irritated wilh strikes by those engaged in essential services. It would seem that there is a need for some form of settlement other than by direct, but too often fruitless, con- frontation. The air controllers agreed to binding arbitration which more or less established a precedent. If they can agree to this, why can't the elec- tronics technicians, postal workers and others engaged in similar public services do the same? Another man's doxy Terence Morris s a fragile and tender plant. There is more sentiment than reason in toleration; for can we logically give equal treatment to those who wish to replace our own cherished beliefs with their particular Iheories? As we read our newspapers we realize that tlie devotees of various religious and political groups are having a field day in slaughtering and re- pressing those who happen to have a dif- ferent point of view than those who hold tbe reins of power. We are fortunate lo live in a society that encourages tolera- tion for another person's point of view. Toleration should not be taught just in home and school. It should be taught as students interact and mature with adults who practise toleration in their own lives. Our public schools try to show students that people are ncople and children arc children no matter where they live. Our social studies program encourages a healthy pride in Canada but also tries to give our students, world view which recognizes the basic dignity of human existence in all its political-cultural mani- festations.'' Our schools arc free lo arrange field trips to see how people live and work in different parts of the country. Weekend 'survival visits to Indian reserva- tion schools and religious colonies in u s t surely help lo remove some of Ihe fellers of ignorance that seem lo plague r.dult so- ciety. Modern films and books available to our students are an excc-IIent source of information about Ihc customs and tradi- tions of olhCT people. The1 invoKomcnt nf the local community in our schools should help widen the experience horizons nf our students. These, and other means of com- munication, arc praclical ways of breaking duwn the barriers of isolation that help to breed the .seeds nf bicotry and inlnlcnincr. Apart from what cocs nn in tlir class- room there is a rrifical need for educa- tionists lo practise what they preach as they revise their plans for our school sys- tems. Our public schools are going through a trying financial crisis and educational priorities need a tliorough overhauling. There is no single way of education that is superior lo all others and we should be prepared to change our plans to meet changing circumstances. What is the best way of using our resources of time, money, and personnel? Must Ihe needs of our chil- dren be subordinate to administrative con- venience? Are exceptional children only those who are mentally or physically han- dicapped or should we accept that there are exceptionally gifted children who de- serve special attention? Can we justify hiring even more school personnel whose student load vrill rarely exceed one or zero while Ihe rest of our students fight for survival in overcrowded classes? Questions such as these have been raised by teach- ers, parents, the ASTA president, and the minister of education. Our educational leaders arc sometimes intolerant of those who query what is happening in our school systems but as the public gets more in- volved in our schools we can expect a lot of questions to Ire raised and we have a right to expect answers. For slndents, teachers, and parents the impressionable years of home and school education are Ihe time lo make a supreme effort to sow the seeds of tolerance. In politics, religion, and our attitude lo life we are bound to have an infinite number of beliefs and opinions. Our task is lo help our children understand this complex world of varying attitudes and to live with it. As has been said elsewhere, we might not understand the other man's point of view but at least we can try to accept Ihe ficnlli: irony nf Ihc venerable bishop's defi- nition: "Orthodoxy is my doxy, heterodoxy is another man's Things are out of joint IJY n curious juxtaposition ol ev- ents, tun unrelated, yet very much related, stories appeared in Ihe news (in Uic same day. The one lold of Ihc in Seattle of a half-Ion of food, accompanied by more than SISOO in cash, n.s P "merry eifl." to the needy people nf Kralllc from their sisler city of Kobe, .Japan. The aerospace industry in (llr Norlliwo-'t has especially hard hit by the ca- slump, fn .Seattle, said the story, "once-afflucut aerospace engineers three times a week in the rain and snow for bags of free groceries.1' As a result ol Ihe Japanese shipment, embrnrrassed Agriculture Depart menl of. Ry Don Oaklry, NF.A Scrvirc ficials finally agreed (o release stockpiled sin plus fond lo the unemployed. Tile other story lold of an impasse on the federal Pay Hoard regarding a 12 per cent pay increase negotiated in new labor contracts hi the aerospace industry'. Somn members of the board hoped lo limit the increase In in per cent, still well abovo Uif! official pijdolinh of 5.5 por ccnl. Unemployed aerospace workers stand- ing in line for fond handouts em- plojed aerospace workers looking for a 12 per cent wane incren.se- from a depressed indii.il ry What wa.s it Hamlet said about llungs Ix-ing oul of joint. Established subsidy programs hard to dislodge The inquiry into subsidies being conducted in Ihc United Stales hy a con- gressional committee under (he chairmanship of Senator Wil- liam Proxmirc recalls the abur- live investigation begun here about a decade ago hy the com- mittee on the public accounts at Ottawa. In the United Slalos billions of dollars in subsidies are pro- vided annually through the fed- eral budget. But according lo Senator Proxmirc, "Billions more never appear because they are hidden, difficult lo ciilculalc, represent laves mil paid or special privileges foi The problem is that a subsidy nm-e in place and possibly use- they tiirealen lo break out of control. which no one has yet placed a fill al Ihc oulset is not easily Furthermore, large sums are price lag." disiitrlicd. J[ cxisls, therefore il diverted in routine fashions l_ A subsidy is a payment, by the general community to a spe- cial group or region, il will al- ways appear beneficial to tlie recipients. It may very well he in the national interest. It may, as in the case of the protective tariff, be controversial. But in most cases there will be in Hie beginning arguments in ils fa- vor respectable enough to en- list the support of persons oili- er Uian Ihe direct bencriciarie.s. should be continued. If there were doubls originally Uiey are .soon forgoltai. Governments nowadays arc very large and none loo well co-ordinated, liudgels are astronomical and Ihc lime of ministers is so greatly occupied with new pro- grams and challenges that es- tablished programs tend lar- gely to bo taken for granted unless, as sometimes happens, tlirough fax exemptions, remis- sions, concealed .subsidies and 3 great variety of more or less worthy causes which are sel- dom required to justify them- selves. In 19G1 Harold Winch, an NDP member of rather inde- pendent mind, complained in public accounts committee that he could find no ade q u a t e breakdown of the hundreds of millions of dollars in subsidies Letters to the editor Ireland must be united for own., and ivorld's, good I feel sure thai Anne and Brian Lloyd are hone-si people, and that their leller arises out of genuine concern for what they see as truth and fairness. To that extent they are, per- haps, typical of many people who are misinformed and un- consciously biased about Irish affairs. First, allow me lo clarify even further the events of Sun- day, January 31, in Derry. Tho eye-witness accounts cf w h a C happened there are not neglig- ible; indeed, they are the best kind of evidence. Fr. Bradley spoke on behalf of a number of priests, and he spoke soberly and with certainty. Other news- papers replied Ihe experiences of people like the father who ran out to help his dying son, giving a signal of distress to the troops, bul was shot down like a dog. Several of the vic- tims had Ijccn .shut from llio back. The consensus of opinion by thousands of Irishmen who took part in the march has Lhal il was bloody murder; and the grief and shock re- sulting from it i.s proaf enough lo any mind unclouded by bias. Pleas of impartiality, in this contest, become irrelevant. No official commission can white- wash the ugly fact. And if. in- deed, (as swills clear lo those who fni.sl men liko Fr. Bradley and who know the altitude of the Faulkner government) the shootings were deliberate Icr- rorism, Ihcn official denials may lie only of ilir pattern of deception More- over, if tins atrocity did occur, (he British foreign secretary has degraded political life by a calculated lie. That fact, has far- reaching implications for thoso who still cherish fond illusions aboul British political Tho record of Madiiavelliaa polit- ics in fins cenlin-y i.s not likely lo give realistic people much confidence in tlio integrity of lliosc who engage in the politics of expediency, and who, when found out, look for Fcapc- goal.s. Few people rcnirinhcr earlier nous- feuor still read lii.sl.ory II w.is (Mily in lhal. flic li. Specials were dis- banded, but it. has only liccn since lhal lime lhal il is gen- erally admitted that they were an inslnimenl of Icrrorisin and savage bigotry again.sl. tlie Irish minority in Ulster, even (hough tin's fact was only loo w e 11- known to the Catholic popula- tion. In recent months, the Brit- ish soldiery has been more and more al the disposal of llr. Faulkner, and common know- ledge declares him lo be a 'hard-liner' towards the minor- ity. Constitutional reform looks well; it i.s quite another thing lo create justice where Orange obsessions stand in the way. The gerrymandering has gone on for a long time; so has job discrimination, but far more serious than these is the historic fragmentation of Ireland by (he British. An inseparable element in this fragmentation is the rule of the rich, Stormont protects the monopoly of a wealthy people in Ulster, and it is their delermination to hold onto their wealth and to keep Ulster capitalisl which perpetuates the system of playing one side against the other. For its own good and for that of the world, Ireland must be united. Extremist actions, such as vengeance raids, or terrorist bombings in civilian centres are lo be condemned. I do not write in support of those, but lei us not forget that the continuing persecution ol the minority and the vicious economic system in Ulster, set against centuries of oppression and treachery, cre- ates the conditions in which un- Christian actions occur. Marches in defiance of Mr. Faulkner's laws I fully endorse. Tlie first marches in 1969 were peaceful hut the RUC stood by while the Orangemen stoned the marchers. Ireland has a place for all. It could be the home of a genuine ecumenism but, one hopes, not at the price of sacrificing Catho- lic moral values. In any case, tolerance and good-will are characteristic of the Republic. The common soldier in the British army is subject to or- ders. He is also influenced by that ridiculous sense of superi- ority, especially towards the Papist Irish who have been forced into gheltoes, winch has distinguished the dealings of the British with all those peoples they regard as colonial, and which has left a trail of smoul- the now-ruined British Em- pirG jeu Lethbridge. and tlie Welsh PETER HUNT. Wliy Eire wishes to unite all Ireland I Mas very interested in the leller by Anne and Brian Lloyd. This, f felt, was a very- fair assessment of mailers in Northern Ireland, as of Ilia present time. To a lot of people, England Is a monster, and only inter- ested in "feathering her own nesl." To such people 1 would say thai they need b get soiro things in their minds straight- cned out. When Ireland was divided (by majority vole) England poured money into Northern Ireland lo help Ik'm industries, .standards nf living comparable lo Fnglishnion, lo provide de- ccnl housing .is far as it is ever possible lo do so, and many services that you and 1 take for granted, more or less. Somo places are still what you and f would call substandard. Hut. as the -saying goes. Komc wa.s not built in n day nor in yoar.s. Also, in Ihe Roman Catholic areas in Ilclfasl, ni.'iny of Ilin people will nol go inlo new or lirtler homes localise it would moan moving nway from t.ho particular church they have at- tended, soinetimes for two or three generations. 1 might mention that flic Eng- lish taxpayer to this day pro- vides the major pnrtinn of the money which finances welfare and olhcr .such services for N'orlhern freland. Northern Ireland naturally be- came attractive to mnny living in Eire, and Ihey were allowed to live there wilnonl "let or hindrance'." As an oH lady said lo me. when 1 was in Northern freland live years ago, "We will have (rouble wilh the Roman Catholics and their descendants whom we a 11 o w c d inlo our counties. We should have con- tinued lo keep them out rather Ihan trying to help them." H seems she ccrlainly had a point, even though I, at that time, thought she was very bigoted. File is .so poor I hat il de- almost cnlircly on Fiiig- land to kcop il. economically sound. An enormous nniounl of money passes from England to Eire, as there arc about three quarters of a million citi- zens of Eire working in Eng- land. Kirc i.s the only Western European country where I h c population has gone down in flic lasl SO years. Why? Hecan.so il. is -snt'li a poor country that its people have lo emigrate lo make a decent living. I.s il. any wonder thai Ihe peo- ple of Northern Ireland, (other Ihan extremist Itoman Caflio- lies and IKA) do not. wish lo bo inlo Kire? Do you wonder why Hire wishes to as- similate Mirfbern Ireland? Hut Eire should play it very care- fully. Supposing, just KIIPIMW- ing. Unit. Ihe Fnglish govern- ment dors as a siiKill (as yot) liorccntage of ils wish that is, send all Eire citizens back where they came from? I sincerely hope that I will never see that come to pass, but there is such a thing as "the last straw that breaks the camel's liack.1' ANNE SMITH. Cardslon. provided for by legislation. auditor-general thought the point well taken and the com- mittee accordingly recom- mended that a proper lablc to compiled. Nothing much hap- pened for some years, tlie pro- ject nol being one lo appeal to the treasury board. However, the matter was pressed ivith more success in 1064. Information produced at that time gave totals of grants sub- sidies and special payments in five categories: Payments lo international organizations; lo agriculture and industry; to universities for general pur- poses, research or for voca- tional training; to social and private organizations concern- ed with the arts, culture, citi- zenship, agriculture and so on; and to the provinces and terri- tories (mostly shared-cost pro- From this il appeared that shared-cost programs account- ed for something less than half of the identified payments amounting (in 1963-54) to billion. The effort thus started was, however, quickly aban- doned. It was apparently con- sidered too lime-consuming by treasury board, and Ihe public accounts committee, normally far behind in its work, passed on lo mailers considered more urgent. But the federal subsidy bill has greatly increased since that time. One indication of its magnitude may be found in the 1870 report of the audilor-gen- eral which placed federal ex- penditures under E'hare-cost prcgrams alone at 51.751 bil- lion. This did not include tax abatements and equalization payments of to Quebec (under the Established Programs Interim Arrange- menls Act) and similar pay- ments to all provinces, relating to post-secondary education of If the ratio of shared-cost to total subsidy out- lays has not changed per- haps an unlikely assumption this would indicate a federal subsidy bill of well over bil- lion. Some very large subsidy pro- grams have been developed dur- ing the present Parliament. The grants1 for regional expan- sion being an obvious example. In a few cases we may have one-year experiments, as with LIFT. Where a principle is adopted, however, Ihe subsidy i.s likely to prove more perma- nent. (Conceivably llus may happen with two-price Occasionally a principle is elu- sive but the results are simi- lar. It is perhaps of some signi- ficance that Opportunities for Youth have been slightly re- shaped, but possibly of mora significance thai they have been enlarged as Mr. Pcllelicr moves confidently inlo the sec- ond year of his dazzling experi- ment. A persuasive case can be made that the government should subsidize change. It usu- ally manages to do this, how- ever, while at the same time it is subsidizing the status quo. Tariff protection was once tha encouragement of infant indus- tries. What arc Ihey now? Old- age industrial pensioners? There is another difficulty. Governments are not very ob- jective in appraising their own programs, and neither, one sus- pects, are the task forces, tha survey firms and the outside consultants which Ihey employ for this work. A program is launched. It becomes routine; so meritorious in the eyes of administrators that criticism seems almost indecent. But then it passes under objective scrutiny, as happened wilh fam- ily allowances. The Economic Council admonishes the govern- ment that a program already a quarter of a century old and costing hundreds o[ millions has no discernible economic purpose whatsoever. (Hcr.ilil Ottawa bureau) Looking backward THROUGH T1II5 HERALD 1912 The Board of Trade received word today Ihat tho Grand Trunk Pacific Railway Mill begin survey work for the building of a railway coming inlo from Ihc Soulh. 022 One of the niftiest hockey games of the season was held in Bellcvne when the married ladies met Ihe single ladies Tuesday night. The score- was 4 lo 1 in favor of Ihc single ladies. 11132 At present prices of farm products, farmers will bo unable, during the coming spring, lo hire men lo put in Ihc crop. of crcclirp an elc- valcd wain' storage lank am to be asm-lamed in an allcmpt lo solve water problems al the Brodcr Canning Company plant al Taber. Official sources lold neuters News Agency thai L. B. Pearson had indicated his willingness lo lake Ihe job at Hie head of NATO's permanent international staff The Letlibndge Herald 50-1 7lh St. S.t Lellibridgc, Albcrla LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Propriclors and Publishers Published 1905-IflH, by lion, W. A. BUCHANAN Soconrt ClflS) Mflll RcrjlstrMlon No. 0013 Member of Thn Cnnflrtlfln Press iincl Ihc Canadian Daily Publishers' Assoclntlon nnr! tho Audit nurrau nf Circulations Cl.rO W. MQWHRS, EtliMr nnd PuhlKher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Aflaiiiifjlng Editor M'.nrirJti1 PiFilnr ROY I nOUGl AS K. WAI KTR Advrrllslng Mflnnger editorial P.iqo Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"