Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 17, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 UTKiRIBGE KEKAUJ Wednesday, February 17. Robert Stephens 'Containment' may be dose One of the foremost experts on In- doclu'nese affairs, Sir Robert Thomp- son, has returned to Saigon on a new mission for the South Vietnamese and U.S. governments. Sir Robert, a Brit- isher, who among other things was co-ordinating officer for security, and later secretary for defence in the Federation of Malaya in the late 50's when he played a major role in de- feating the Com m u n i s t insur- gents who attempted a takeover. By 1961 he probably had more actual ex- perience of the "political military campaign that has to be waged to defeat an armed Communist insur- gency than anyone else in the free according to correspond e n t John Allan May of the Christian Science Monitor. In 1969 Sir Robert by this time back in England, wrote a small book called "No Exit From Vietnam" in which he said the U.S. was trapped, that it could never win by military force, that it could not contain the Communist threat by negotiation, that it was, in fact, fighting the wrong war with the wrong weapons in the wrong way. Following the pub- lication of the book, President Nixon asked Sir Robert to go out to South Vietnam and make an independent report of the situation. He did so. Now he's been asked to return for somewhat different reasons. He be- lieves that the situation has changed drastically, that it is much more hopeful than it was in 1969 and that the point of containment of the Com- munist threat in Indochina has al- most been reached. The Vietnamiza- tion program is working, he believes; the four countries of free Indo-China will shortly be in a position to defend themselves, and "the U.S. is giving time for those who are naturally more interested in the area to play their part too." By the "naturally more in- terested" he means Indonesia, Aus- tralia, Japan, Malaysia and Singa- pore. Thus, lu's new mission to Sai- gon is not to make another broad analysis as he did in 1961, but to look at the whole organization of a public force because the situation will shortly be "more of a poUce problem and less of a military problem." These are glowing words of optim- ism from a man who has no politi- cal axe to grind. They must be con- sidered by all those, including The Lethbridge Herald, who have long ar- gued that both militarily and politi- cally the American cause in South- east Asia was hopeless. OPEC's oil The signing of the five year pact by the international oil companies and OPEC, the oil producing nations of the Middle East, is going to have re- percussions all around the globe. The economic effects will be felt at once in consuming nations where costs of oil and gasoline are expected to go up at once, thus not only hitting the motorist in the pocket but forcing up prices of industrial goods all over the world. Japan, which gets 90 per cent of its oil from Middle East sources, will be hardest hit of all, but every country around the globe which de- pends on oil for heating and energy is going to be affected to one degree or another. And the present arrange- ment is not the end. Prices for Mid- dle East oil will be higher still by 1975. As Mr. Carl Nickle of Calgary, publisher of the Daily Oil Bullet i n remarks, the agreement just conclud- ed in Tehran is "going to scare the pants off the politicians." Mr. Nickle says he hopes "it will make them realize there is no security of supply from overseas." It's bad news for the consumer, but it may be just what Alberta oil men are looking for more money for capital investment and exploration purposes. One more optimistic note. Those producer countries will be using their increased riches to buy more indus- trial machinery from the consuming nations. The smell is bad At the end of January, after months of negotiation, Great Britain concluded a huge uranium deal in- volving nearly million. The con- tract will provide Britain with tons of uranium, which will be re- fined to uranium oxide by a South African corporation, the only organ- ization allowed an export permit. The deal has serious long range repercussions in the field of interna- tional relations because the uranium opencast mines, the biggest in the world, are in Southwest Africa, a part of Africa over which South Africa claims a continuing man- date. South Africa refuses to accept a UN trusteeship. The question of status for Southwest Africa is now before the World Court, but whatever its decision it is unlikely that South Africa will pay any attention to its findings. Nothing but force will have any effect. Southwest Africa is bleak, inhospitable country but its mineral wealth is enormous, and its strategic value very important from the point of view of white South Africans. British investment in the mining and refining project is immense and far outstrips South African financial involvement. In essence, what Brit- ain has done in concluding this deal, is to lend support to South Africa's defiance of the UN Security Coun- cil's decision that the old League of Nations mandate on Southwest Afri- ca has ran out. The Heath govern- ment cannot be held totally respon- sible because the uranium deal was approved by the previous Labor gov- ernment even after the UN had rec- ommended that member states dis- courage development of economic re- lations with Southwest Africa. Plac- ing of blame is irrelevant. The deal has an unpleasant odor. Art Buchwald WASHINGTON In order for Presi- dent NLxon's new economic game plan to work, the United States must in- crease its gross national product by 9 per cent to billion. That is to say, this country must produce that amount of goods and services in 1971 whether it needs to or not. Now it isn't enough to just produce that amount of goods and services. Someone has to buy them. Unless Mr. John Q. Consumer becomes a big spender, all Air. Nixon's economic hopes for the country will go down the drain. It is for this reason that the president has set up a Commission on Wild Spending to see that every American does his share to meet the billion GNP goal. The plan is to swear in several hundred thousand federal marshals lo go around the country and persuade people to spend more money than they've ever spent he- fore. This is how it would work: "Mr. and Mrs. Moore, my name is Cole- man and I'm from the UGNT." "Yes. it stands for 'up the gross national product.' Our U.S. Army civilian files on you indicate that you haven't bought a new car this "Oh, that's easy lo explain. We have a car already and it's in good condition." "Mr. Moore, v.e dnn't care what condi- tion your car is in. you buy a car, you're stabbing t.iio president's econo- mic blueprint in the "Yes. you are. Do yon consider palriotie "Of "Then why hatcft't bought any furni- ture lately? Or jewelry or luggage or color television sets or snowmobiles or dishwash- ers or hot "Well, you see, Mr. Coleman, we're get- ling on in years and we try to put away a little money in the savings bank each week "Savings bank? I thought so. America is on the brink of financial disaster and you're putting your money in the savings bank. "Suppose everyone squirreled his money away in savings accounts. What kind of a free spending country would we have "You're shouting, Mr. Coleman." "Of course, I'm shouting. For every dol- lar you don't throw away in 1971, there's a Russian laughing in the Kremlin." "But we have everything we need.1' "Don't ever say that, Mrs. Moore. Don't ever, ever say thai. How many times have you seen 'Love "Once." "Well, if we're going to make our goal, everyone will have to see it three times. How many vacations have you taken this "One. You see. we don't have much "N'o excuses. Do you realize because you've only taken one vacation Ihe Boeing Aircraft Co. is going "Please, Mr. Coleman, you're making us feel so bad. What can we down lo the savings bank tomorrow morning, withdraw everything and spend, spend, spend. Eat, drink and consume or tomorrow the GVP will die." "Ail right, if you say so." "Ihank you. Mr. rnd Mrs. Moore, ['resi- dent Nixon will he very relieved." (Toronto Tclrgram News Service) Prospects for reopening Suez Canal CUEZ The dilemma of war and peace faced by the Egyptian Government in deciding to continue the cease- fire with Israel for another month is sharply illustrated in this front-line town at the southern end of the Suez Canal. The road from Cairo to Suez runs for 90 miles across hot, brown desert. The rare traffic is all military, mostly buses and trucks full of not very smart-looking soldiers. Flank- ing the road at intervals are a few military positions, camps and gun emplacements. Travelling to Suez on an es- corted visit to the front I kept looking for some of the fa- mous SAM 3 anti-aircraft mis- sile sites installed by the Rus- sians when the ceasefire be- gan on the Canal front last Au- gust. Nothing t h a t an untrain- ed eye could recognize as a SAM site was to be seen. The first sight of Suez is the 1 o w, dark silhouette of its burnt-out oil refinery, destroy- ed by Israeli shelling, on the horizon with the sea beyond. Then the town itself, devas- tated and empty. On the out- skirts stand block after block of new workers' flats, now de- serted, with smashed windows boarded up and shell holes and shrapnel marks in the walls. Nearer to the centre of the town, especially in the older, poorer, and once most heavily populated areas, the destruc- tion from Israeli shelling and air bombing is much heavier. The harbor is empty except for a derelict Greek ship near the entrance. Another is aground by tbe shattered quays of Port Tewfik, which lies on the other side of the harbor next to the Canal, link- ed with Suez by a causeway. The Suez governorate head- quarters are beside the harbor. Inside, in a council chamber with green leather seats and political posters on the walls eulogizing the "working peo- the military governor, Major General Mohieddin Khafaga, tells us of his prob- lems. He is a t h i c k-set calm and dignified man in a blue suit. Before the 1967 war Suez was one of Egypt's chief ports, with an average of 70 to 80 ships passing through the Canal daily in both directions. It was also an important commercial and industrial centre, with in- dustries, such as petro-chemi- cals, derived from its oilfields, as well as a winter tourist re- sort. Of the people in the Suez governorate in the town of Suez and in Port Tewfik only about 000 are left there. Of these 000 are running essential ser- vices in Suez and the rest are fanners who have stayed in their villages. All the others were evacuated to other parts of Egypt after the heavy bom- bardments of the town began. "Here's a movie that's so bad, adults are not admitted unless accompanied ip S> 1971 t( he. "It seemed like such a great thing, wfcen snorts 'tint hit the fashion Letters to the editor Hope rests ivith young ivho reject insane game This is a tremendously ex- citing time in which to be alive; for mankind survival is at stake. Until 1950 the world for practical purposes was infinite. It didn't matter much what any of us did for man would sur- vive. Now we are perfectly ca- pable of blowing, poisoning, crowding or radiating ourselves to death. So each of us looks to every hiccup in any part of the world to try to determine what effect it is having on the tense fingers on the firing but- tons. What upsets me most is how we are setting ourselves against each other. Everytime I see and hear things like 'the awful 'drunk 'lazy 'dirty 'dirty 'overpaid cabi- net I feel that we are losing ground. The three moon astronauts would not have survived if they had start- ed to figlit in their space ship. Implied in my support of the youth travel plan was thau we being the third or fourth rich- est people should display a measure of world leadership and have many more of our citizens travelling abroad in ol- der to get as many people as possible, as rapidly as possible, thinking in international terms. That we cannot even begin to think that way is evidenced by our carping, most effectively reflected by our cartoonists, against the very small sum used to transport just one man, our prime minister to different parts of the world so that he can be prepared to give us badly needed leadership. (We never complain about board members and presidents of companies voting themselves almost any wage they want and privately jetting around the world and golfing every after- noon. We very surely pay for Growth a questionable objective The headline "Hurrah, we've made it over the hump" (Jan. 29, was surely not meant to go unchallenged. I was not aware that it was the aim of the city to exceed the population mark as soon as possible. I am sure, had city council been informed of this objective, it would have found some means to reach this magical round figure earlier Snoivmobiling benefits Your February 8th issue of The Herald carried a report by Andy Russell on the snowmo- bile. While I agree for the most part with his views, espe- cially so with respect to the nuts who abuse the privilege of using snowmobiles in the wild- erness country, an article that appeared in the Edmonton Journal on February 9th is I believe, more factual. Enclosed is a copy of the February 9th Journal article which I though might he of in- terest to the Herald and it's readers. FRANK GOBLE. Waterton Park and Edmonton. Editor's Note: The Journal article by Gary Cooper noted that a couple of snowmo- bile magazines have published articles indicating positive contributions made by owners of such machines. One man used his snowmobile to assist a herd of deer get out of deep sncw where they would have starved. A study of snow com- paction left by snowmobiles showed some desirable results in the prevention of soil erosion in spring thaws. It was noted by the Journal writer that the articles were intended to coun- teract mounting criticism. He said in conclusion that "snow- mobilers had better start to patrol their own numbers. The banning of snowmobiles is being seriously considered in at least one U.S. state." School puzzlers In The Herald recently I read that all schools in the city which teach Grade 4, 5 and li, except Westminster, are po- ing to teach oral French next fall. I wonder what happens to children attending Westminster now, when they get into the junior high schools a few years from now, where French is taught. These students will be 1 to 3 years behind students coming from other schools. Why is Westminster an excep- tion, why shouldn't children at- tending this school be entitled to Hie saine advantage? In fu- ture years sonic lines of em- ployment may not be available to people who are not bilingual. It certainly can't hurt to loach fi'.ir children French and it may lie an advantage in Ihcir adult years. Also, I am wondering why (his drug problem is allowed in our schools. In past years cigarettes and liquor were the evils of the day. But 1 cannot ever recall anyone trying lo sneak a bottle of beer into schools, even the cigarette smoking was clone after hours. Why now does everyone, in- cluding school teachers and principals, close their eyes to young kids ruining their future with drugs? Some of these kids are too young to really know what they're doing. I think Ihe police should periodically raid the schools and clean them out so the youngsters couldn't so easily be tempted. The more serious typo of student could (hen get down to the business of acquiring an education. Isn't that what these schools were built for? ONK MORF, PARENT. Lethbridge. and taken us "over the hump." More disturbing, however, is the implication of the headline that growth for the sake of growth or round figures is de- sirable. I deplore any encour- agement to city council to fur- ther inter-city competition or unrestricted city growth for the sake of "progress." The quality of life of the citizens should be the only guide for growth. The front page head- line did not reflect this prin- ciple. I would be surprised if the present quality of life in Lethbridge can be maintained for long, simply by the "priv- ilege" to "borrow" from the Alberta Municipal Financ- ing Corporation for every newr citizens. It is vita! that city council be informed by the public on its wishes in matters pertain- ing to the quality of life in the community. These wishes must be respected. Without this exchange of information and respect for the public in- terest, indicated by planning commissions for example, the quality of life will not reflect the character of the people, but rather the ambitions of a few. K JERICHO. Lethbridge. Pen Pals I would be grateful if you would permit me a small space in your newspaper. I am an African boy of 21 years, dark yellow in complexion. 5 feet 7 inches in height. I come from the western state of Ni- geria. My hobbies are films, foolballing, swimming, collec- tion of stamps and exchanging gifts. I want pals of both sexes Who can correspond with mo in English. I will be looking forward to hearing from you soon. Long life to Canada and its people! JOSEPH A. FAYEMI, iaj-82 Yakubn Gowon St., P.O. Box 1281, Lagus. these people's activities also.) Our suffering in large degree is due to taxes being too low rather than too high. Poverty afflicts us in badly needed pub- lic goods and services which is in bizarre contrast to our af- fluence in private goods. Un- paid taxes are dissipated in our version of the Kwakiutl pot- latch of 300 horsepower imita- tions of rocket ships in which mostly one person rides six blocks to the supermarket; in houses with square feet of floorspace per person sur- rounded by high fences to'keep out the external ugliness; color televisions; high fidelity sets with an expensive frequ- ency range that we can't hear because the pair of snow- mobiles has ruined our hear- ing. Some of our young cannot be mobilized for this insane game because they know that men playing it would not be satisfied even with juggling gal- axies. I am depending upon the young. I know that through no fault of their own many are confused and ill and fighting among themselves. We have created a kind of youth ghetto. Perhaps we have already de- stroyed those who can be our raly hope for tlw future. But I hope they can get together for in twenty years I know that many of my critics won't be here to save me. Peace, lovt, brotherhood JOHN MacKENZIE. Lethbridge. Looking Through the Herald 1021 Gasoline has droppsd four cents a gallon, wholesale price. The new price retail will probably be around 51 cents a gallon as against the old price of 55. African villagers kill- ed Patric Lumumba the Ka- tanga government announced. The news brought a new threat of civil war for all of The Congo. ia.ii Students ol Lethbridge schools are to receive a free half pint of milk for the next month. The offer of the milk producers and dairies was ac- cepted by the school board. 1941 A senior RAF officer Sixty per cent of the buildings in Suez and 93 per cent of those in Port Tewfik have been de- stroyed or damaged. Though the gutted refinery has not been rebuilt crude oil from the Suez wells is going through the pipelines to Alexandria and Cairo. The harbor is not se- riously damaged. The story of Suez is repeated at Ismailia and Port Said, the two other main centres along the Canal. Altogether some people have been evacuated from the Canal Zone. According to the chair- man of the Suez Canal Au- thority, it would take about four months to clear and re- open the Canal to traffic once agreement to do so has been reached. The reopening of the Canal would not only give Egypt back earnings of million a year a gap at present filled by subsidies from the Arab oil States: it would also save Eu- rope hundreds of millions of dollars a year in the extra cost of transporting oil and other goods round the Cape of Good Hope. But the reopening de- pends partly on the Israelis who now control the opposite bank of the Canal. President Sadat of Egypt has offered to start clearing the Canal if the Israelis make a partial with- drawal through Sinai. But the Israelis say their withdrawal must be linked with a com- plete peace agreement, not with the reopening of the Ca- nal. If necessary they argue, the Canal could be reopened while they are still holding the Sinai bank. From the Egyptian front-line trenches in Port Tewfik the Is- raeli advanced positions are only 200 yards away across the Canal. Two Israeli soldiers stand there on top of the raised bank scanning the Egyptian side through powerful binocu- lars. Port Tewfik was once a pleasant suburb of handsome, red-roofed villas set in gardens and well-laid-out streets. Now it looks like a German town at the end of the Second World War. Scarcely a building is un- touched. Many streets are blocked with debris and others are mined as part of the Egyptian defences. There are dug-outs and shelters here and there. Fallen lamp-posts and palm trees lie incongruously togeth- er across the heaped wreck- age. A buckled electric pylon bends to the grounds like a grazing giraffe. A few yards away from the Canal the blue and white flag of the U n i t e d Nations floats on top of a four- storey building with huge gap- ing holes on every floor. Out- side the top storey is fastened a large white sheet with UN inscribed on it in heavy black letters. Most of the damage in Port Tewfik occurred in the Israeli bombardments after President Nasser launched the "war of attrition" in June, 1969.- The repetition of such damage in other parts of Egypt is a pos- sibility that President Nasser's successor has to risk, given Is- rael's continued air superior- ity, if he decides that Egypt cannot afford politically to maintain the ceasefire beyond the next expiry date of March 7. As we prepared to leave two fine white vapor trails curled through the blue far overhead. Israeli Phantoms on reconnais- sance, said an Egyptian offi- cer. There were loud echoing bangs as they broke the sound barrier. Then Port Tewfik was left once more to its dust and silence. For how long? (Written for The Herald anil The Observer, London) backward said fine types of Polish air- men are making their way to the Holy Land over devious routes and across enemy fron- tiers. Palestine is serving as a clearing house for Polish troops and airmen arriving in large numbers. 1951 The flu epidemic, which has been raging across Canada, is thought to have reached its peak and is now on the wane. Montreal reports 115 allributcd to Ihe di- scarn. lOGI At Ihe regular council meeting (he required three readings and passage was given to a bylaw providing for Ihe coming vole on fluoridation of the city's water supply. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audi) Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. 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