Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 17, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
Wednesday, February 17, 1971 THE UTH8RIDGE HERALD 35 Grim reality at Boeing Plant Sword of severance swinging RESULTS OF INVESTMENT Jean Marchanc1, min- ister of regional economic expansion, crouches in a 42- inch pipe at the Inter-provincial Steel end Pipe Corpor- ation Ltd. plant near Regina. The pipe is part of an million contract awarded the plant to be used in an 80- mile gas pipeline in Saskatchewan. Thin egg shell theory cracked? By J. B. CARRUTHERS Science Writer The Ottawa Journal OTTAWA The link be- tween DDT like chemicals and falling reproduction among many North American preda- tory birds is likely not as sim- ple as originally believed. A study just published by three University of Alberta sci- entists in the Canadian .Jour- nal of Zoology has challenged, in an admittedly small way, the "thin egg shell theory" for reproductive failure. Probably the most widely ac- cepted, the theory says that DDT, DDE and certain other shell thickness among the egg analyzed. But the variation dii not correlate with the levels o DDE. Of some 68 cracked and in tact eggs tested, the mean lev el of DDE was 7.57 parts pe- million (wet weight measure- The range was from 0.64 ppm of DDE to 104.0 ppm. Fed eral pesticide experts say these are quite high levels. A 1968 Ontario Research Foundation study had shown the eggs from Chip Lake terns to have the highest levels of or ganochlorine chemical residues of a number of Western Cana dian aquatic birds analyzed. Smaller amounts of poly By BETTY HOPPER SEATTLE, Wash. (AP) The sword of severance is still swinging at the Boeing Co. So the production worker postpones purchase of a new car, the engi- neer pares his entertainment budget and corporate headquar- ters decides to eliminate the company magazine. Employment at the sprawling aerospace firm's Puget Sound facilities has plummeted to at year's end from in July, 1968, and there is worse to come. Boeing has projected a drop to by January, 1972, and that figure includes a mini- mum of workers on the supersonic which financing has been in deep trou- ble. Figures take on grim reality for the employee, whether in the panelled office or on the janitorial staff, who sees each day the acres of emptiness in the parking lots, the unoccupied desks, the closed tool rooms and the locked offices. And his worries aren't left at the plant. "Everything he notes the wife of one Boeing worker, "starts: 'If I don't get fired' or 'If I still have a job.. Bui beneath this cloud of con- cern hanging over the company like winter fog lies a layer of confidence. STILL SEES HOPE "I think the company has the ability I know it says Homer Sanchez, a final assem- bly supervisor for the 747 jura- bojet. And Pat West, an engineer in the Airborne Warning and Con- trol System (the only major contract Boeing won in sees its future as the way. This is Boeing we build things to work." Some of this confidence stems I from Boeing's determined effort j to general new business in fields unrelated to the air around it. Research, design and manufac- turing is progressing in the sea and on the ground. Among the results are a com- puter division which expects to S100 million in business this year, an environmental sciences laboratory, and a housing unit. ..Some o'f these mean little in the way of money or jobs in their initial stages, but their po- tential is immcasureable. Salary reductions appear to have been considerable in the commercial aircraft division, where some employees describe the outlook as bleak. One man with Boeing 2914 years started the decade earning Now, he says, he's tovn to Another savs he's taken a cut. MANAGEMENT HIT The sting of these cuts has been eased in part by the knowledge the company itself has lightened the corporate belt. Both T. A. .Wilson, Boeing president, and William M. Allen, former president and now chairman of the board, deferred receipt of significant portions of their salaries; and the company cancelled all executive incentive pay for 1970. The executive dining room at Boeing's space centre has been closed. Monthly costs in tele- phone equipment have been re- duced by 36 per cent, long dis- tance facilities have been cut 35 per cent, and the advertising budget is down. Public and private auction of desks, typewriters and other off- ice equipment made surplus through shrinking employment resulted, says a Boeing spokes- man, in the of "sev- eral million dollars." In spite of these economies, the workers are worried be- cause they know more are in the through job reductions. At the 747 plant in Everett, supervisors Sanchez and Archie Miller, who came to the Puget Sound area three years ago be- csuse of cats at Boeing's Wich- ita plant, say the men in their units are worried about the fu- ture. MORALE HURT In addition to the constant worry over losing his job there are several other things that af- fect the Boeing worker's mor- ale, says Tom Edwards, head of the local aerospace union where membership has nose-dived from to "Most of our men have 10 to 20 years with the says Edwards. "Suddenly, he's on another shift. He doesn't like the shift. His social activities are interrupted. He finds him- self driving to work farther than ever before." Boeing facilities stretch from its 747 plant at Everett, 25 miles north of Seattle, to its space centre at Kent, 25 miles south of Seattle. And the economic pinch snows up in more personal a family's way of living. "We've cut says one worker. "We don't eat out like we used to we think twice. Given an upturn in the econ- omy, workers from Everett to Seattle to Kent seem to feel that Boeing has the "smarts" to chart new courses. Like most families, the corporate Boeing family appears to have more' togetherness in the face of ad- versity, although everyone ad- mits the present situation is gloomy. CUT POLLUTION To cut down on air pollution, five downtown areas in Tokyo have been converted into holi- day malls on Sundays. Home Recipe Plan Takes Off Ugly Fat It's simple how quickly one may lose pounds of unsightly fat right in your own home. Make this home recipe yourself. It's easy, no trouble at all and costs little. Just go to your drugstore and ask for Naran. Pour this into a pint bottle and add enough grapefruit juice to fill the bottle. Take two tablespoonsful twice a day as needed and follow the Naran Reducing Plan. If your first purchase does not show you a simple easy way to lose bulky fat and help regain slender more graceful curves; If reducible pounds and inches of excess fat don't disappear from neck, chin, arms, abdomen, hips, calves and ankles just return tha empty bottle for your money back. Follow this easy way en- dorsed by many who have tried this plan and help bring back luring curves and graceful slenderness. Note how quickly bloat .much better you feel. More alive, vouthful appearing and active; OTganochloride pesticides and chlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) their metabolic by products interfere with reproduction of birds such as the peregrine falcon by causing the birds to produce eggs with thin- nert more fragile shells. Laboratory studies have du- plicated the effect, and point to a mechanism involving certain enzymes in the liver acting on the sex hormone estrogen as the probable cause. The egg shells are thin enough to be damaged while being handled routinely by the birds in the nests. And there is evidence the embryo can die within the egg late in development as a result of the thin covering. The "thin egg shell effect' has been used as an example of what DDT like pesticides are doing to birds now and how they might be interfering with man's reproductive system. Now Bruce Switzer and Vic- tor Lewin of the zoology de- partment and Fred H. Wolfe of the food science department at the University of Alberta, Ed- monton report the results of a study of shell thickness, DDE levels in eggs, and repro- ductive success in a small col- ony of common terns breeding it Chip Lake, Alberta. The study found no relation- ship between levels of DDE found in the eggs and the thick- ness of the egg shells. This is contrary to a number of simi- lar studies of predatory bird reproduction and DDT like chemicals done under contract (as this was) to the Canadian Wildlife Service. A federal neslicide expert in physiological conditions may Ottawa said the Chip Lake i be responsible for low repro- study does not seriously chal- J.....---------------- lenge the "thin egg shell the- because there are so many more which seem to sup- port it in Canada alone. But the study does suggest, he said, that the explanation for reproductive failure of some, perhaps all. such preda- tory birds is more complicated than generally realized. He added that it is to be ex- pected "that a story like this (about the effects of DDT chemicals) will become more complicated the more one stu- dies it." He said follow up studies are already underway under CWS contract. The three scientists found a 39 per cent variation in egg the plastics industry, were also found in the eggs. Experiments have suggested PCBs may also cause thinning of egg shells And the three scientists repor they are doing laboratory tests on the effects of PCBs on eggs Hie scientists suggest the DDE found in the eggs was or iginally DDT, likely picked up by the birds during the pre- vious winter down south. The birds commonly migrate am stay between southern Califor- nia or Florida and the south' era tip of South America. Thus, despite the federal ban on DDT and some related pes- ticides for most uses in Can- ada, wildlife such as the com- mon tern continue to be affect- ed by the persistent organo- chlorine chemicals. The scientists suggest other factors such as genetics, en- vironm e n t, and physiologica' condition of the birds may be responsible for the observed, significant variation in shell thickness. Perhaps, they suggest these factors combine with DDE and other DDT like chemicals to produce thin egg shells fin tome cases) or other effects interfering with reproduction. The scientists conclude that the direct link between DDE residues and egg shell thick- ness found is other birds "may indeed be over simplified in- sofar, as the common tern is concerned and a more subtle combination of behavioral or ductive success in the popula- tion." This conclusion can be con- strued as underlining warnings of other scientists applicable to man that a number of seem- ingly innocuous substances and- or other stresses can combine to produce subtle but. in the long-run, damaging effects in living organisms. PLEDGES SWIMMING COALDALE (HNS) Chil- dren will be swimming in the Coaldale and District Sports- plex pool by July I. Charles Bryant predicted In his recent address to the Coaldale Home and School Association meet- ing. HATE AND PREJUDICE Southern hospitality fumed to hate and violence when Boubacar Kone' paid his first visit to the U.S. Kone', a black writer, was travelling with whitn friends, ono of them a woman. His report of their terror- filled trip is IN YOUR IETHBRIDGE HERAID WEEKEND MAGAZINE EATON'S THURSDAY, FRIDAY, SATURDAY Warehouse Slore Hours During This Sale: 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. Thursday and Friday, 9 a.m. to p.m. Saturday. Open During the Noon Hour 1 4th AVENUE SOUTH EATON'S FURNITURE, MATTRESS SPECIALS CHESTERFIELD AND CHAIR by Towne Hall 4 sealer chesterfield, wooden arm rests. Bronze, Marine, Aqua. Foam cushions. SAIE, set 3-PIECE TABLE SET. Walnut finish. 2 step QQ QQ tables, 1 coffee table. SALE, set............ 3-PIECE BEDROOM SUITE. Walnut finish. Double dresser and mirror, 4 drawer chest, 54" panel bed. SUITE 4-SEAT SOFA AND CHAIR. Good choice of colours. All nylon covers. 4 SB fflQ SALE I I O.CO and I S-PIECE KITCHEN SETS. SALE, from 53.99 ,.79.99 only. 209.99 UNFINISHED POPLAR FURNITURE Limited Quantity BOOKSHELF. One only. SALE, 4-DRAWER CHEST. SALE........... 3-DRAWER CHEST. One only. SALE, 15.59 27.95 18.95 4-SEATER SOFA AND CHAIR. Nylon cover, foam filled cushion, wooden arm rest. 2 in pepper GiQ and 2 in bronze. SALE, Sofa and Chair I CS.S3 TRIPLE DRESSER--------for the young lady. One only. French provincial style in unfinished ftfj birch. SAIE, SHLSy MIRROR. To match dreser. SALE, DESK, may be used as dresser. SALE, UNFINISHED FIR FURNITURE This is a new line of good grained that has proven popula MITE TABLES. SALE, each 3-DRAWER CHEST. SALE, each 4-DRAWER CHEST. SALE, each S-DRAWER CHEST. SAIE, each 8-DRAWER DOUBLE DRESSER. SAIE. each 6-DRAWER TRIPLE DRESSER. SALE, each SINGLE PEDESTAL DESK. SALE, each DOUBLE PEDESTAL DESK. SAIE, each BOOKSHELF. 1 only. SALE, fir plywood 13.29 22.29 24.39 29.69 34.69 27.89 29.69 40.39 16.99 CRIB AND MATTRESS. Two only SALE, eoch StORKCRAFT WHITE CRIB. Size Limited quantity. SALE, each CRIB MATTRESS. Size SALE, eoch 3-PIECE BEDROOM SUITES. Double 4-drawer and bed in orborito tops. 15 33 i 49.S9 49.95 33.99 12.S3 7-PIECE KITCHEN SET. Arborite table top in walnut finish. High back padded vinyl chairs. Ail QQ SALE, set.............................. O I .93 SEALY REDI-BED waffle pattern, nylon cover. Sprina- filled mattress. One in Hale Rust, one in Cft Hale Gold. SALE, each fcU I .OU 1 ONLY. SOFA AND MATCHING CHAIR wooden arm rest. Ribbed nylon cover in turquoise. 4 gQ fin Reg. 209.99. SALE.................... I O9iUU 36" BUNK BED. Candlglow finish. Quilted mattress. Steel slats. Makes into 2 single beds. Complete with ladder and guard rail. QQ gf% SALE, each tjd.OU Galaxie Continental Unit Mattress, box spring, set of legs. 39" Size. Sale, .........................67.99 48" Size. 79.99 54" Size. Sale, ..........................79.99 Firm Quilt Continental Unit. 39" mattress and box spring. Set of legs. White vinyl headboard. SALE 62.99 21.50 MATCHING NITE TABLE. SALE RECLINERS. Vinyl covered. 4 colours to "7Q QQ choose from. SALE, each I COFFEE, STEP TABLES. Walnut finish, with 4 4 QC an orborite top. SALE ,tach II ,SQ KITCHEN CHAIRS. Padded vinyl seat with high bocks Chrome or bronzetone legs ft 4 SALE, eoch............................... O. 13 TV CLEARANCE A larfle selection of tradel-n TV's in portable and console models. Completely OQ flft 1 "7O flM overhauled. 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