Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 17, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
Wednetduy, February 17, 1971 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD 31 million required to rescue old treasures By IRENE BEESON London Observer Service CAIRO The island of Philae, submerged under the waters of the Aswan High Dam, will be saved; its temples and shrines will be dismantled and rebuilt on the neighboring island of Agilka, which is to be remodelled and landscaped to reproduce as nearly as pos- sible the present exquisite little "oasis" in the forbidding land- scape of granite hills. Philae, the smallest of three islands on the southern side of the First Nile Cataract at.As- wan, was the first Nubian mon- ument to suffer from man's tampering with the waters of the great river and it is the last to be saved. Ever since the first Aswan dam was construct- ed in 1902 and later heightened in 1912 and 1934, the island, with its temples set in brilliant gardens and palm groves, has been submerged for nine mon- ths of the year. Philae was included in the Save the Monuments of Nubia campaign launched in 1959, when it was realised that con- struction of the new High Dam threatened one of the world's richest and most important cul- tural treasures. Work on the delicate opera- tion of saving Philae will begin shortly and last for nearly five years. It has been delayed sev- eral times, owing to the situa- tion in the area since 1967, lack of funds and other complica- tions. It is imperative now that work is carried out at the earli- est, as the site is threatened not only with complete submersion, but also with destruction as a result of vibrations from the huge turbines of the Aswan Dam power station. The go-ahead was given a few weeks ago at an interna- tional conference in Cairo at which plans for the salvage operation were discussed and subscriptions m a d e to the UNESCO Philae Fund. M. Rene Maheu, Director General of UNESCO, and the Egyptian Government signed an agree- ment under which UNESCO undertakes to raise at least million nearly half the cost of the operation and Egypt will pay another third of the totel. The estimated price of saving the temples is Philae was considered the most beautiful archaelogical site of the Nile valley, with its complex of temples and shrines in a luxuriant garden; but for the archaelogists and historians its importance lies not so much in its architectural and natural beauty as in the many inscrip- tions covering the walls of the buildings. These are for the most part religious texts, lovit HEAD OF CONTINUING EDUCATION DIVISION required by GRANT MacEWAN COMMUNITY COLLEGE Edmonton, Alberta Starting in September 1971 this newly established College will commence operations. The Continuing Education Division is charged with the responsibility of extending the College courses to night time classes, developing special interest and short courses. The College's Professional Development Officer will report to the Division Head. The College hopes to evolve active community services, development- projects and experimental areas of educational methodology and programs. Candidates require an innovative approach to educational programming and methodology, coupled with sound administrative practices. A Master's Degree in Adult Education is preferred, OR Baccalaureate de- gree with minimum of 5 years experience in the field in an educational, industrial, OR governmental agency. The' Division Head must be capable of working with all elements of the College and Community. Appointment calls for assumption of full-time duties by April 15, 1971 with part-time consultation prior to that date. Salary commensurate with experi- ence and responsibilities. Apply with full resume by March 1, 1971 to: OFFICE OF THE PRES1DEN, FILE NO. GRANT MacEWAN COMMUNITY COLLEGE, 200-10355 JASPER AVENUE, EDMONTON, ALBERTA. CHAIRMAN DEPARTMENT required by GRANT MacEWAN COMMUNITY COLLEGE Edmonton, Alberta This newly established College requires a com- petent educational Administrator to co-ordinate diverse programs for Allied Health, Medical Equipment Tech- nicians, Research Technicians-Behavioral Sciences, En- vironmental Control, Electronics and Computer Techni- cians. Appointment calls for assumption of full-time duties by April 1, 1971. Candidates require Master's degree in engineer- ing or pure science, OR B.Sc. plus relevant experience. Educational experience in instruction, curriculum de- velopment administration preferred. Ability to adapt to changing educational methtodologies and to provide creative ieauersnip essential. Apply with full resume by March 1, 1971 to: OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT, FILE NO. GRANT MacEWAN COMMUNITY COLLEGE. 200-10355 JASPER AVENUE, EDMONTON, AlBERTA. uable for the study of religious thought and the late form of the ancient Egyptian language. Most of the monuments date from the Ptolemies and the Ro- mans, between the second cen- tury BC and the second cen- tury AD. The earliest is temple to the goddess Isis. It is the first religious building erected on the island by Nec- taneho I one of the last kings of Egypt. Several of the island shrines were dedicated to Hathor, the goddess of distant places and guardian of the mountain of the dead, to mention only two of her many titles. But the most important m o n u m e n t is the great temple dedicated to Isis, wife of Osiris, "King of the who was reputed to have brought civilization to mankind. Osiris was venerated in Egypt for years as the god of the earth and vegeta- tion; the incarnation of Egypt, who "died with the summer drought and was reborn with the yearly Nile flood. The holiness of Philae was en- hanced by the presence on the adjoining island of Biggeh of the tomb of Osiris and of a grotto from which the ancient Egypt- ians believed the waters of the Nile rose each year to perform the miracle of the rebirth of their god and of their land. The temple of Isis on Philae stood as the last bastion of the ancient Egyptian religion long after the country had been con- verted to Christianity. The cult of Isis was celebrated there as late as 527 AD before it was abolished by the Byzantine Em- peror Justinian, who ordered the temple closed and its priests arrested. Saving Philae involves dis- mantling, transferring and re- building about granite blocks and columns, most of which bear bas reliefs and en- graved or painted inscriptions. Though the island of Agilka has a considerably higher elevation than Philae, rising above the level of the artificial lake, its surface is not level and it is smaller in area. The extremely hard granite surface will be flattened and the island en- larged by building up the bed of the river with rock and sand. Another complicated phase involves lowering the level of the lake around Philae to the height of the temple founda- tions while the buildings are dismantled. This can only be done by the complicated pro- cess of building a cofferdam round the island. Work was to have stalled at Philae early in 1969, but the sit- uation in the area, lack of funds and technical complica- tions delayed operations. The threat to this key monument in the history of human culture and religion is now greater than at any time in the 71 years of its twilight existence under the Nile waters. Any further delay might result in its permanent loss. NEAR BORDER Sixteen of Canada's 21 cities of more than population are within 100 miles of the United States border. OLD WOUNDS IN THE EARTH the scars of countless geologic faul seismologist, calls them "old wou The crust of California is marbled with for a southern California freeway, reveals old slippage above the famed ts. Dr. Charles Richter, the well-known San Andreas fault, nds in. the earth." This sliced hillside. Saunders re-elected COALDALE (HNS) George S. Saunders of Taber was re-elected president of the Taber-Warne? Constituency So- cial Credit League at its an- nual meeting here recently. Others elected were: Hovey Reese, Milk River, first vice- president; William Paxman of Raymond, second vice-presi- dent and Fred Meheden of the Sunnyside district, as third vice-president. Speakers were Douglas Mill- er, Taber Warner MLA, and Rev. Bob Simpson, MLA rep- resenting Calgary-North. Observe birthday NATAL (HNS) St. Mi- chael's Parish in Natal recently celebrated Rev. Leslie Train- er's birthday with a concele- brated folk type Mass. Rev. L. Trainer was celebrant of the Mass with Rev. L. E. Maglie of Cranbrook and Rev. J. Barnes of Fernie co-celebrants. Folk songs were sung during the Mass with John Cimolini at the organ. The Mass was re- quested and prepared for by the Young Christians Club of St. Michael's parish. First meeting ETZIKOM (HNS) The Etzikom Community Club held its first meeting of the year at the home of Mrs. Elmer Genna with 11 members present. Members decided to purchase triple sinks for the JEtzikom Community Hall kitchen fol- lowing completion of renova- tions. Grave markers were purchased for the Faith Union Cemetery. HEAD OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION DIVISION required by GRANT MacEWAN COMMUNITY COLLEGE Edmonton, Alberta This newly established College commences classes in September 1971 with multiplicity of programs and courses in post-secondary education. Business Admini- stration Division will provide programs in general business organization and operations, Auditing, and Public Administration. Data processing and Computer courses for program- mers, system analysts and support courses for other College programs will also be taught. A separate de- partment of Secretarial Sciences specializing in train- ing in legal, medical, bilingual and executive secre- taries will come under the supervision of the Division Head. The successful candidate requires a Master of Commerce, Business Administration, OR a Bachelor's degree plus relevant business, industrial experience. Experience in teaching preferred. Availability calls for assumption of full-time duties by April 15, 1971, and part-time consultation prior to that date. Salary is commensurate with responsibilities and experience. Apply with full resume by March 1, 1971 to: OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT FILE NO. GRANT MacEWAN COMMUNITY COLLEGE, 200-10355 JASPER AVENUE, EDMONTON, ALBERTA. SnacK-5iZe apples I lite red snqcK-size because they Me flood and they are for best of 41 like srrack-size apples because they are just the right siie fw me. So I cqn eat a whole apple and not waste any. Mommy liKes apples cause she gets more apples per So she Saves many swcAt-sfte apptes take one in lunch-box Jm glad tfiey apples, MORE B.C. APPLES PER POUND Available in "B.C." bags and baskets.