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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 17, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta *> *� I '.'V ? * " r,' , SATURDAY. FEBRUARY17, 1917 rtHE LETMBRIDGR DAILY HERALD PAGE NINE (fly a Military Expert in the New York,Times) Germany's cote to the Uulted States Biinounclnc her return to the method of warfare which for nearly two years characterised her 8ea activities pertataa essentially to the domain of International politics. Any discussion of it is not. within the province of this analysis. It Is only as' it;permits,certain conclusions or, inferences to he dra^m that materially affect' the war situation that reference to it in this article Is justified: It Is a fact generally known'and frequently commented on by those who, hating .recently been in, Germany ara divided in their ideas and beliefs as to how the war should be conducted. The paste difference 'between them is in their conception o(Twhat-shofld"bf ir will be* the rela-tipji between; the- German people and the, >gSverhnient^ One wishes the Helens tagv to:-bp not a debating ao-__ cieiy''vTi*h';%> i�sfrerl:;'v What such an array qt new enemies Would mean to Germany is apparent to ' the moat casual observer. Germany IphowS'-ifuJUT' well. 'Therefore', what must ;be 'tW;"condition bf at-*! fairs in Germany that justifies an act;caJpuja't(feit., to.,jhare;.such diBae-; 'trbn4V':f^'Ku|t(i'f^lT'^a# .never' seemed, quite reasonable, that the Btifentei could starve Germany in�oA .subjnte- Is for the'Allies toi.i|y. inot for Ger many. i. In tqe' �ait|�(hwefore, it is imposatblo fpr - Germany > to shorten up in the aUghieit 'degree. " In the wesi it |s poisible but highly improbable,. The ftuff salient at Noyon demands a B^et many men for its defense. : PoiitMfl' considerations demand tn*t Germany hold on to what she has. |Ti?r her'to attempt to retire after she fyld hlld on after tho terrific ti|bt{!>K'%. tjiie'gomme would be a :ta�i ^dml9|ten of' weakness. But ther^fi^ps:^iV%rthef consideration-tactical possibility of such a moye.;.-i Th'e^:jreiioh |ys|ems ';'ln the west natel ^ra^ucfdKaV'cgrtalh fixity or; rigidity,, Perniarie^febjiiiicrete emplacements have .beeii built for the slop.. GernMny might be, and' prob- larger bt t%$ German guiu; in fact, ablyj has beeni forced to take hp a rthe entire German' defensive system few holes invher'belt. Food is by no has taken on the 'character of penna-jneans as plentiful as in peace times, j nent works.-'Fjrom'vtirtk ^forth Sea to but that is a long way from starving. The use of cards for bread, meat, potatoes, mllkp and eggs signifies nothing beyond' the fact that Germany, realizing the possibility, of a food scarcity in some districts due to faulty distribution, has decided to take.' the distributing into her own !iand� '-so''ttuit she will not starve! .  Hut Germany can starve in other ways tKan,'!|h!rpij)gh the depletion of food. These ways are the exhaus-j tion ' of certain raw materials necessary for war PUJrposes. - The first of these Is ;ny will find lfersBif* under li^vy pressure from all- qides ah'd concentration iuj �iny one fiel4 will be impossible. ; It may be that Germany will repeat, hef performance of Iaqt year, and endeavor, by '� attacking before the two million strong. But there is no weather really breaks, to seize the such army.''Germany is short of men. JJhe bag > used her human resources -to strike blpw. ^fter blow in her efforts, to acquire .some great political benefit or to rouse such terror in the hearts of the. Allies as to induce them to make peaee. But her efforts have not' produced Jesuits. She, then, in desperation-,-'made a peace proposal l).ereelf. But the olive branch was not accepted.. Sfbw, as a last resort, iji;order to,console her enemies, she dellberatly ...took, the chance of Involving ill;/;ihOr. rest of the neutral world agaj^st nV> including a neutral move; powerful, potentially, than any of the pfbsent belligerents. Germany's hee.4, then, in at least one of t}ie esWntlalsiof a continued; military \'^i^tJRiii0(^i^s^-'pe expedient. It may initiative apd, ^ffijltpe batlleiield. The recent;'j^tvjiy'fii . file Verdun sector has given' rise to the suspicion that in ^ W^Tt' tip}* the' Germans will begiij |flotber\ "attack against this area' and try to consummate their plans' of a yoar ago. It is not impossible that the Germans will make another effort on the western front. It is, UoweVflr, unlikely. In the first- plaee,'' v�|i : JJindenburg* is now Chlet qf, jHaff,, apd',> as ho has always b^&^'tjje'-'l^'jtta'i'pf a war in the east a'B.flgajiist a,continuation of westernQpj'r�tton|.,itis^ rnbro reasonable to suppose tMt wheji he strikes It will be somewhere on .the eastern tron^'''Ti�j^|^^;'i|^!U�>f-last February h�S ^li|fJit;pj!rmBfly something of the IP^ffit pf^ rb|(?tance of the .�US 4ffh any traveller what kmef* him fit while " on the road'L, French'1 and of ,tne present strength of the-French artillery. Those facts rather "negative" the liden that 'the ext attuck will Tie located In France. Against this is the fact that the strength of the Allies, just as is the strength of the Central Powers, is in the west,; and if a decided victory could be gained there effect would be correspondingly far-reaching. . These aro the things which.; are under consideration and /Which '"will dectde the location of the Ger.man attack. I fit'should come in the ..west, there is again the; question as/to where it will tail, Ss. ftv.-mfctter of iocat adr vantage,, the; S.bm^i^ipWly is, a point which, fftj'' s.ucft putpciseH.^'offers a temptation; \The;"'snlient'. wh'ich the Allies ci;i:�tanlly developed in tho. Sommo fighting became quite deep and offers Germany the chance to crush in the sides. The advantage here, however,'would be'purely locaj' in character and would not be worth [ the cost. . j The two most 'logical, points are j the tips of the Noyon salient, ono at j. the Yser and the other at VcriRui, j since a victory at either point wpuld j force a readjustment of the Allies!:-line through the bending back of tliej flank. A battle on the Ysev would, of course, reproduce the conditions j which prevailed at the first and the, second battle at Ypres. These contli-tionsas to topography are ipretty generally /understood. There would be the difference, however, that the strength of .the resistance would no�; be much greater than it was,on either of the two other occasions. But Calais is still a moat tempting bait, especially as Germany, if we may accept her word, hopes, as a result of the newly announced submarine policy, to control the seas ajiout the British Isles. It must be acknowledge ed by Germany as well ai by her enemies that the chances of Germany ever getting to Calais are exceedingly small. \ As to Verdun, the taste which Uai': many had of the Verdun area will probably prove sufficient to last at least to the end of the war. It was the most expensive and the least profitable enterprise on which Germany has embarked. Particularly ^>n the east bank of the river, it , js almost inconceivable that Germany should make another effort. The recent successes of the French in seiz- ing ail bFIBIi 'finpdKanl heights on this bank-Iptve^Hll-but deprived Germany of any chance of success. On the who}e, then, the probabilities of a German; attack on the western front do not, seem to offer a very great chances of success. In view of the manner in w(hich Germany intends to conduct her submarine warfare and her announced expectations of ,_JJ�e results to be achieved, It seems much niore probable that Germany will not take the field offensively at all. The German. Chancellor has said tha). if neutrals keep their hands off and permit Germany to carry out her plans of submarine warfare without interference, she will starve Kng-and out iu- less than three months. The probabilities are, of course, that she will dp'nothing of the kind, for, if the ti-utliv"were known, it is entirely possible that It-would show that Germany has been using her .submarines to the limit ifor the last few months. But if she believes what she says through -her,; Chancellor, and if her action is not without any other excuse than an uncontrollable instinct for barbarism, there will lie no necessity of the heavy sacrifices that would be necessitated by another effort to* take - the offensive. She could win the war without it, as with Kng-andforced put of the fighting by-Starvation there would be no more war. England is the absolute necessary link i:i the Entente chain since it is through her that the Allies' get j their steel, �their shell supply, their food, and their:money. What is much, more probable, than a German attack on . the western front is another offensive by the; Allies, possibly a continuance of the Somine fighting. The battle of the omme did not end because the Allies were defeated. They were gaining more rapidly at the cud than at the lieginning. Nor did it end for lack of shell. Rut. it did end because the ground in front of the Allies' trendies was turned into a lake, as is evidenced from photographs taken of it after the fighting had ceased. They will not wait, to begin operations until Summer, as they did last year, and so permit the wet season of Fall to come upon them while there'is still important work to do. On this contrary, as soon as^the^graund dries so that the forward "movement of troops and artillery is possible the guns will again begin.to boom. GERMANS CLAIM A SUCCESS II CHIEF CHARM GAVE ORDERS! (CONTtVUED J-'KOM FltONT PaOK) FROZEN TO DEATH Whitemouth,. Man., Feb. 12.--S. Springer, a-harness repairer, was found Sunday morning frozen to death on the trail. "I knew the gentleman. He told me that since difficulties had arisen here, he thought it was about, time that I should destroy the secret cods of the vessel, her charts and plans and the secret books, in order that in ease anything developed they should not fall into hostile hands and that the ship could not. be used for any length of time if they should be needed by any hostile power. "When I returned from New York. I spoke to my chief officer, and to my chief engineer, and told what I had learned. I told my chief engineer that. 1 would leave it entirely to him to do what he thought necessary to disable the engines of the ship. 1 told my chief officer that when I was not on board and he received a telegram from mo the time had come when the order was to'-he .executed." Asked if he had told the representative of the German government that, the vessel had been labelled and was now in possession of the United States court, the witness replied that this had not occurred to him. On January 31, tlie witness continued, he again visited New York and had another interview with parties from whom he was taking his instructions. After the interview he sent this telegram to his chief officer, "Sigmund Bierans,. at Boston: Tell Peterson everything is o.k." Asked, who "Peterson" was, he said, "nobody." The tolegrata was understood because it was agreed that upon its receipt the engine would be disabled. Polack said he left immediately for Boston and reaching his ship met the chief officer and the engineer, went to the engine room where he saw men at work/disabling the engines. Suit for Damages The Kronprinzessen Cecile is in possession of .(he,-United States marshal pending disposition of the suft for $2,300,000 damages brought against the North German Lloyd Steamship company by the Guaranty Trust company and the National City Bank of New York for the failure of the vessel to deliver shipment of gold to bauker^'in England and France which she had on board at the outbreak of the war. When diplomatic relations between' United States and Germany were severed the marshal at the in- Berlin, via Loudon, Fob. 10.-'-The Germans began an attack in Champagne yesterday. The war oliice announces that they captured ground half n mile -deep over a front of V/a miles, and took 858 prisoners. !! OF LOVEL Soft, Clpar, Smooth Skin Comes With The Use Of "FRUIT-A-TIVES". stance of the banks took physical possession of (he steamer and dbspus-' sessed Captain Polack and bis crew.' May Hold Owners Guilty Examination showed that the vessel's machinery had been so damaged I as to require several months for repairs. Before adjournment for luncheon recess Judge Morton staled, that if tho point were ' pressed he ' would find that tho owners had acqui-, esced in tho damage to the vessel and would hold them in contempt. j MAJOR GAULT MAY JOIN FLYING CORPG St. John. N.G.. Feb. It-With his | left leg Kone below the knee, dressed in mufti and bearing the scars of 1 many a battle on his body, Major' Arthur Hamilton Gault, the originator and promoter of [.he famous Princess Patricia's Canadian light infantry, arrived in the city today on i\ trans-Atlantic liner. His fighting days are not over yet. although Ire has lost a leg. He declares that be will join tho flying corps/as soon as ha fully recovers. Major Gault has returned to Canada to attend to private business. He is full of optimism over the result of the fighting this spring on the western front. He feels that victory is assured and wants to be there in some capacity when the great offensive begins, i COMMITTEE ON THE SOLDIERS* SETTLEMENT HORAH WATSON S'j Drayton avc, Toronto. Nov. 10th, 19i'5. A be-.uitiftilcomp!e.\ioii isahandsoipa woman's oliiefgloiyaml thoonvy of her less forttinalt! rivals. Yet a soft, clear s'.On -glowing with ileal tli - is only the natural result of pure Hood. "I was troubled i'or a considerable time with a very unpleasant, disfiguring Rash, which covered my face nnd for which I used applications and remedies without vcltcf. After using "Fruit-a-livcs" for ono week, tho rash is completely gone. I am deeply thankful fpr the relief and in the future, 1 will not be without "Fruit-a-tivus". NO RAH WATSON. .' 50c. a box, 6 for $2.50,. trial size, 25c. At dealers or sent postpaid on receipt of price by Fruit-a-tives Limited, Ottawa. London, Feb. 16.-The colonial secretary has appointed a committee to consider the settlement of ex-soldiers- within the empires. The committee includes the Australian high commissjoner^-Tmd J. Bruce Walker of Winnipeg. \. . ? ? > ? > ? > ?  ? MEATLESS DAYS FOR SWISS Bsi'iie, via Paris, Feb. 14.--Meatless days, sugar cards, rice cards and restricted hotel menus are being resorted to by the Swiss government. Foodstuffs are becoming Afore scarce as a result of the new naval blockade. Measures are being taken to reduce everywhere the use of illuminating gas to save coal. ison .Oeyel9nd..Audiei^>-.6i,2500 Jiear^ Marie Rappoid'sVoice Re-created CLEVIjLlAND PRESS^ t)CT. 12, 1916.-PAGE 14. Honey Sre'wss b�Q|S �w*y thofoly persuaded of ny �*ror t.nd �tn willing to admit |tfj|t |.heri�>pe quite a number of thto|:'i uoucemlac wblch I am In error-r~d�rko�Bt. it you io wisti to call It- Jlj only rodaealng qua!--�y Is' mf �HUn��*at to be eoo-vlnefd. T alfht adi). too. that such M on* ot \n ,a of -critic. ';  Phono$rrmpif>. pa-Start. What Iwtiu about all hapiwnod at ths coooart alvair by Wme, Itap-pold. M*trsp�l|UB star. a�ai�ted and trisjr emit|sMcl by the new Bdlaan Tph�|�J|(iplt, one at the matter SB|l1SV�tMlt3 ct that wie-srd of Iwsa^liaA - Waeu I s't^rrtke'sUHea nare of any aceompanrtut taatrnmeat. r �aked the NSW Ynrk represent* tlve how Mma. R�r>potd was going to alB( satlapsctotily wltbont ac-�oop�aiiaept. -' Kb i>9jqtspd-wlOi it In,In irprt'tlac fOflf of ber recorded �pot*1--, ; ." V>-_ ' " � ', . ,' VAU^ tntlf.'jlt wts'a difficult mstttr to d|itls��lah- tbe - real *ote� fram Mtffrscarded oa�. -Na/Hrsily.-Mif reproduction �aa la aJtaiptpra, - pnt. tbe qnallty. charscUtr' sad (tpdrvtduanir "*as thar� is a remarkable decree, i If saytkla*. Viae reeonl was clotbsd wttbf reflaer meltowneaa. u all prafMbttttr to a <�ruii-maat fa ariU(asic|':r " . " '-^^'ifWflM.'. Wacner and Bach-Gounod were nunc unlaono by the Metropolitan etar and the phonograph record, and when the lights'were lowered -aa they were In some instances -it took an. acute ear to die-tlnguiah between the original and tbe reincarnated. Violin selection!* were played on tho record by 8'p.aldlnB. with Mr. Polk asatatine with an instrument In hand, and a^aln the marvel ot soulful reproduction was apparent. What caused., further ' amaze upon my part waa tbe reproduction of-a piano eolo with suck fatthfulnees of the characteristics of the instrument aa heretofore I had deemed Impossible.. - The.only lallnre ot full realization waa In the reproduction of orcbeetral ettecte.' - 1 Wizard Ed (ton haa yet to en-compaee