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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - February 16, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 - THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD - Friday, February 16, 1973 North Vietnam recognition A word about Canada's recognition of North Vietnam, might be useful, if only to forestall some of the tedious bleating it will evoke from those who see any admission that other ideologies exist as complicity in their evil conspiracies. First, it needs to be pointed out that diplomatic recognition is really not much more than a gesture; it officially acknowledges the existence of a regime, but little more than that. It can be, and sometimes is, followed by an exchange of diplomatic representatives, but it needn't be. Next, it happens to be a fact that Canadian troops and officials are involved in a peacekeeping mission in Vietnam, a task that necessitates regular dealings with both North and South Vietnamese representatives. Wherever their individual sympathies may lie, they cannot perform the task if they are on speaking terms with one side but not the other. Any such differenciation would amount to an abrogation of Canada's role in Vietnam, and could set in train events that might imperil the whole peacekeeping operation. There is a third point that should be comprehensible to even the most ardent critics of Canada's involvement. Assuming the present truce holds, and a lasting peace can be established, unquestionably Canada will be called upon to join with other enlightened nations in helping to rebuild shattered Vietnam. That means both North and South'. Feeding the hungry, sheltering the homeless, healing the woundel, are not matters of political ideology, but of humanitar-ianism. Questions about lettuce "Federal health officials say U.S. shipments of lettuce, contaminated by a pesticide, were sold in Canada during January, but the amount of contamination would not constitute a health hazard." So runs a report from Ottawa, and it goes on to explain that in some American jurisdictions this particular pesticide (Monitor 4) has been banned, and that in San Francisco a shipment of 8,000 cases, similarly treated to that sold in Canada, was ordered, destroyed. This raises at least three questions. '. First, does Canada maintain any inspection service to spot this sort of thing? One answer, and hardly a reassuring one, may be inferred from the fact that when Canadian health people received the U.S. report on this lettuce, they couldn't do much about it because "a method of testing for the pesticide was not available" at the time. Accordingly, Canadian officials accepted the assurances of American authorities that the lettuce "would not constitute any hazard to health" because the amount of the pesticide was very small, That brings up the second question: if no health hazard existed, why were those 8,000 cases destroyed in San Francisco? For all the hope there is of getting an answer to that one, it would be just as well to go on to the third, which is: what does the word "contaminated" mean to Canadian health authorities? ANDY RUSSELL Jimmy's gentle horse WATERTON LAKES PARK - Jimmy was an oldtimer, a crusty old bachelor with a gravelly voice, who never wore a hat. You could always tell who he was even at a distance with the sun shining on his silvery shock of hair that was always standing straight up on end. He must have been about three times my age, but still a very salty old cowboy who could ride horses that a lot of people would have trouble leading to water. The horses he called gentle were sometimes pretty snakey brpncs if anybody else tried to ride them. Without realizing how, he could train . a greenhorn to work well for him and at the same time make it into a real one-man horse. Consequently he never had much trouble with people wanting to borrow his mounts. Jimmy was what some people call an eccentric and some were inclined to poke fun at some of his ideas that were pretty, fixed. I liked him and we were good friends, probably because I accepted his motions as being his business and never questioned them. I am sure he figured I had some pretty original ideas of my own; for one thing I always insisted on sleeping outside under his wagon in the yard when I visited at his little ranch. There was good reason for this, for I slept in his log cabin once and very nearly got eaten alive by bedbugs. These friendly little critters lived in the cracks and chinking of the logs and just as soon as the lamp went out they marched forth in armies to attack. They didn't bother Jimmy at all-he was used to them - but they sure had an appetite for visitors. One time I was trailing forty odd horses down the mountains alone from the Okfaian River country to Waterton and stopped at Jimmy's ranch just before dark one late fall. As always he was delighted to see me and busied himself helping me unpack the horse that was carrying my camping gear. When I picked up my rope and shook out a loop to catch a night horse for rounding up my bunch out of his pasture in the morning, he insisted that I let them all go and take his personal horse for that chore. I should have known better, knowing has horses as I did, but it was late and I was tired and chilly after forty miles on the trail, so I didn't argue. After a good hot supper arid a visit, I headed outside to unroll my bed and this sparked the usual argument, but I was politely firm in tell- ing him this was the best way for me to get a good sleep seeing as how I had been sleeping on the ground most of the time since spring. He let me go, shaking his head and muttering something about "funny notions". Next morning my horses were all grazing out on the flat in front of his corral, when he led his saddlehorse out for me to go get them. He assured me that this horse was real gentle - could ride him bareback - but when this big gelding got close I didn't much like the way he threw his head up and looked at me, so I saddled him. He stood quiet enough, but he had rollers in his,nose and one ear was cocked off to the side - not a very good sign. Anyway I led him out the corral gate and swung him around in a little circle before stepping up on him. He stood very still for a while with me talking about what a good horse he was, because I wasn't in the humor for any fireworks nor did I want to get in a mix-up with Jimmy's top horse. Finally he began to move out but he was travelling like he was walking on eggs. Everything went fine till we were just about to the horses and then a little bird flew out of the grass under his nose. That was all the excuse he needed to explode so high I thought he was never coming down. He broke wind like a sixshooter going off and spooked the horses. The next thing they were all high-tailing toward the river with me coming along behind sitting in the middle of the storm. That big horse did about everything but kick me out of the saddle. I was pulling everything within reach to stay on Mm and he was sure punishing me. I was mad and hurting all over but after about ten seconds that seemed like a year, he decided enough was enough, picked up his head and went to work. It wasn't long before I had the whole bunch in Jimmy's corral. Of course he had seen the whole show, but he never let on that arrythdng out of the ordinary had happened. He helped me pack my trail outfit and when I threw the gate open to let out the bunch, be came with me - riding bareback. Under him that big horse behaved like someobdy's kid pony. When we got to the river half a mile away, Jimmy stopped. I shook hands with him and said so-long. I wanted to tell him his horse was now gentled to saddle so he wouldn't have to ride bareback anymore, but managed to restrain myself. Baptist lingo By Dong Although at The Herald I have not had any responsibility for the church page or for,coverage of religious news, the custom has developed of dumping all the church papers and bulletins on my desk. With the arrival Df Noel Buchanan to assume responsibility in fchst area I have started to redirect the flow of religious material to Noel's desk. But some pieces Walker are still being delivered to me. One day when- I dropped off something that was rightfully Noel's I made some kind of apology about him being overlooked. "Well," he said, "maybe they see you as the pope and look on me as just a cardinal.'' It's an odd analogy lo emanate from a Baptist. "How come you don't hear cries of sympathy for the boring repetition of our job?" WMther the U of L? (5) Jeanne Beaty President optimistic about the future What problems has the University of Lethbridge already overcome? What are its present problems? And what problems do you foresee in the future? These questions were put to Dr. William Beckel, president of the University of Lethbridge, in an interview in late January as a background to this series. Dr. Beckel had been Dean of Scarborough College of the University of Toronto before coming to the U of L as vice-president in 1968. The biggest problem facing the university in the early years, according to Dr. Beckel, was planning and operating as a university when the early planners and operators had no clear comprehension of the traditions of the university, with no national and international associations of universities as a background and basic position from which to engage in the new endeavor - a university featuring openness, flexibility and innovation. "You can't be innovative if you don't know what has already been done," he said succinctly. He equated the early development of the university to that of a community college which is strictly based on community needs and said that the University of Lethbridge couldn't survive at all in this context. "The clearest evidence that the university was to be a university was that the community was already served by a community college," he said. Dr. Beckel said that the university had overcome this prob-Iem as a result of the efforts of individual faculty members whose lives were devoted to the university in a number of different places before they came to Lethbridge. They didn't bring a single stereotype but a synthesis of what they and the world considered to be a university. "I don't think we are understood as having overcome tins problem," he said. , Asked about present and fu- ture problems, he replied, "The future is tomorrow for me - it is that close to - us in this university."' The problem, he said, was a provincial government which supplies the money but doesn't seem to understand what the contributions of a university to society really are. He said that the government has reasonable and sincere people in it who were attempting to understand the problem, but said that at this point in time there was no .one but the universities themselves to tell the government what universities are and should be and the government would like to hear this from someone outside the university. In the 1960s, Dr. Beckel went on, business and industry were telling the government that universities were needed and urging government to come to the aid of the universities. "Now," he said, "no one is." The U of L president predicted that this situation would change in about three years. He referred to a report for college and university trustees from Editorial Projects for Education, an American newsletter, which indicated new signs of improvement in the job market for graduates. According to the newsletter, two national surveys of employers' hiring plans showed the demand for bachelor's - degree holders to be 15 per cent to 19 per cent higher for 1973 than for the previous year. Seventy - three per cent of the companies surveyed were opposed to awarding bachelor's degrees after three years. This is of particular interest to the U of L, which currently favors the four-year, or forty course, degree in contrast to the three-year, or thirty course, degree. In applying these surveys to the Canadian scene, Dr. Beckel said that there is a twento-three-year lag in economic affairs between the U.S. and Canada, although there may be a five-year lag in social developments. In discussing the Alberta post - secondary scene, the U of L president said that the provincial government is pleased by what it sees happening in the community colleges, which are trying and doing something very useful in the community. They are not being very demanding, he said, and are being suitably modest in relation to government. "And in contrast," he pointed out, "it sees the damned universities with slowly declining enrolments still being uppity as if they had existed for 400 years and knew what they were doing." There has never been a time in the history of the Canadian governmental system, he said, when the government has insisted on having such a direct hand in the universities. They are now edging toward examining line items and making decisions about teaching loads and about teaching programs. In a brief categorical aside he said that a fantastic amount of good can be traced directly to the university and that the world would be very poor if it were not for universities. Dr. Beckel saw his future problem as convincing the government that it's worth putting an adequate amount of money into the job the U of L is doing. "A fairly narrow job, but good," he called it. He pointed out that the university offered 13 disciplines in arts and science alone ."with an incredible number of subjects in which we offer erudition to people." "It would be a revelation to the people of the community if they could grasp what goes on intellectually in one day in this institution," he said. The U of L president said there are three basic elements to which a university addresses itself: One, non-vocational intellectual development. Two, vocational intellectual development - which he said was a synonym for education, and Three, professional intellectual development with emphasis on intellectual as opposed to technical. Most professional schools, he said, have discovered now that they put too much emphasis on technical training. After a discussion of the point that a university is not the only place of intellectual development, he said that a critical feature of the university as a community is that it accepts the responsibility (one that separates it from IBM or CBC) of certifying something about its students - that is, of awarding degrees. It has done this since medieval days and would never have remained as a university had it given up this function of certification. On a personal note, he said he was tired of fighting the same battle, of fighting against ignorance of the university's operation and the simplistic equating of student numbers to finance with no comprehension of program requirements. "If I could ever get firmly across the acceptance of the idea of a basic need for a minimum offering in education and arts and science, I'd be pretty optimistic. Every year someone threatens to destroy the university and it is hard living with that all the time." In spite of the above statements, the interview concluded on a bright note. "I am optimistic in one respect," Dr. Beckel said. "We have in existence at the present time a thoroughly respectable university in all modes I have described and we have no qualms at present about certifying our students for degrees. "That's happened in five years and is a compliment to the operation^and shows we're capable of going effectively into the future given a reasonable amount of support." Letters Wilderness So much is being said and written these days aboout the need for wilderness areas that it soon becomes apparent there are as many definitions of a wilderness as there'are groups seeking these areas for their own specific brand of recreation. Fortunately there remains In southwestern Alberta a number of areas which although not true wilderness, still afford a fine opportunity to enjoy the peace and solitude of relative wilderness. This is especially true for those who indulge in outdoor travel of the backpacking variety using snowshoes or cross-country skis during the winter, and hiking or perhaps using horses or a canoe in the summer and fall. At the same time, we cannot forget those wilderness travellers who insist on being fully mechanized at all times. They usually reside in a town or city and live for the day or perhaps a weekend when in their words, they can head for the hills to escape the hustle and bustle of civilization, the roar of traffic and that never ending rat race. When the opportunity presents itself, they head for the mountains or the lake taking their trail bikes, motorcycles, all-terrain vehicles, snowmobiles, and power boats with them. Then having gathered in groups of a half dozen to twenty or more, they roar off into the wilderness thereby very effectively shattering and destroying the very peace and solitude they profess to seek. Getting back to the definition of a wilderness, let's consider this one: An area where the earth and its community of life are untrammeled by men; it must be without permanent improvements or human habita-iton; it must generally appear to have/been affected primarily by the forces of nature - with the imprint of main's work substantially unnoticeable; and it must have outstanding opportunities for solitude or primi-' tive and unconfined types of recreation. In addition, perhaps it should be recognized that a wilderness need not contain outstanding scenery or even be attractive. As for selecting a potential wilderness area, perhaps it would be wise to not only measure suitability in terms of the lands qualification for wilderness; but also to measure it in terms of the public need for wilderness as compared with the need for the various other resourcees. FRAN J. LIGHTBOUND Lethbridge. Take heart People in private business take heart! Your learned benefactors, the governors of the Lethbridge Community College have decided that although dancing lessons, music lessons, etc. do not constitute competition with private enterprise, a p h y s i c a T exercise program could be incorporated into the college program except for the fact that at least one member of the board feels that such a business does not pay off. He is even prepared to say so publicly thereby ensuring that no other misguided or aspiring businessman will ever get into such a business or get any clientele if he in fact did. American homes harbor death weapons By Paul Whitelaw, Herald Washington commentator Senator John Stennis, recently was seriously wounded by two young thu^s after they had taken his wallet. The 71-year-old politician from Mississippi had apparently not offered resistance to the robbers: It was another violent and senseless manifestation of life in the cities of the United States. The Stennis shooting reised an immediate, and predictable, call for stricter gun controls - a topic as controversial as the busing of school children to achieve school desegregation or amnesty for draft dodgers and deserters. Yet, despite the powerful lobby against stricter gun controls, the carnage on the streets of America may gradually be causing a change in the public mood. President Nixon said alter the Stennis shooting that, he hopes Congress will ban the small handguns known as "Saturday night specials" - the cheap, poorly made weapons, used by many young thugs. But, the president cautioned that what is needed is a "precise definition" of what and how to ban the weapons, without infringing on the rights of others to possess handguns "in a legitimate way." The capital's mayor, Walter E. Washington, seconded the president's remarks and said he will send additional proposed legislatior. for the control of handguns to Congress this year. However, the fight for even moderately-effective gun legislation will require consummate political skills and considerable luck, even with the president's support. So basic is the nun to the American sense of self that tempers flare before the debate lias even had a chance to develop. Ironically, Senator Stennis has been an opponent of stricter gun control. Critics of gun control point out the New York State's tough Sullivan Law has been ineffectual in removing weapons from hoodlums. Gun controls, they point out, would disarm law-abiding citizens with an interest in protecting themselves while leaving guns in the hands of criminals. The powerful National Rifle Association has reiterated its belief that the sale of firearms should not be permitted to people with criminal records - but no one else. Policing such limited legislation would be exceedingly difficult, if not impossible. There were also appeals after the Stennis shooting for reconsideration of tlie Supreme Court decision that strictly limits the death penalty. One such proponent was Senator Henry Jackson, the Democrat from Washington State. Senator Russell Long, the Louisiana Democrat, called for a constitutional amendment if necessary to restore the death penalty. In the meantime, the relative safety in which Canadians walk the streets of Winnipeg, Calgary and other urban centres will remain a far - off dream for the residents of America's crime-plagued cities. Lethbridge. UNEMPLOYED 'Crazy Capers' I am NOT.losing my temper. I am merely asking how you ' slam nine doors getting into a two-door carl The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD r.Q. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS,' Editor and Publisher � THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F MILES DOUGLAb K. WALKER dvertlslng Manager editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;