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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 16, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta THE LEINBRIDGE lltRAII) Vtalnciilciy, Fcbrumy 16, Who lost Chinese to the communist camp? iiv AT Special On May 4, inn. disillusion willi Uio Unili-d Stales cvnlrib- uti'd lo a smldon explosion i" CliiM. The ijuii'l nt :i IVkinR Sunday was [jaiisfomu'd inlo nightmare. At Versailles. Iho I'.S.. ins to an ally, uprccil iliat in Iho [mire MltminK the First World War ilio Japa- nese .should h.iu1 the relinquished by detailed Or- many in Cliina's Sluintun.U province. That negaled Hie bright promises Amcrieans liaci held out for self-determi- nation and rights of peoples Students began crying lor the blood of traitors. They me.inf the Chinese officials thi'V aii'iised of liavillU and of having acceded to Tokyo's post-war demands. Houses wore sucked ami burni'd, victims beaten ineirileKsly. Police and lioops moved in id restore order. But il was mil a one-day phenomenon. V.'liat began as a spontaneous eniplion devel- oped inlo a political turn-: the May -t Movement. Under ils of rebellion againsl the pasl, young men warred on aneient traditions, customs and Iliem for inucli of China's trouble. The movement would be belli a school mid a recruiting pool for Ccmmnni.sl leaders. Iis rise, in fad. marked a nil-nine [wiiit in China's liis- 101T. n n Yat-sen's republican revolution had teen Ilounder- ing. The enthusiasm of young radicals for the ideals of Sun faded as China receded into a sea of bloody confusion ;uid iLimulL The country bad lieen freed from the rule oi the decadent Chine, but her brood- ing inlcllecluals. were con- vinced I hoy were witnessing Hie, death spasms of what had been a great civilization. A crazy-quilt pattern of civil war developed: north against .south, conservative against socialist, nationalist against warlord against government, warlord against warlord. In addition, natural calamities tormented the land: floods, drought and fam- ine killed hundreds of Uiou- sands and reduced millions lo the edge of starvation. Dr. Sun's government, based in Canton, had only n precarious claim lo authority. He appealed urgently lo tile U.S. for help and was ignored, lie turned lo Russia. The Comintern. I ho Mos- cow-dominated Communist In- ternational, dispatched agents to advise Uic Kuomjntang. They had another mission: to set up a Chinese Communist party, shaping it from a down-at-lhe-heeis group of furtive dreamers and schein- ei-s hunted by the. Shanghai police. Only a handful of dele- gates attended the founding congress al a Shanghai girls' '''he founders of the Kan r yjUFFLER INSTALLATIONS NOW IN OUR NEW LARGER PREMISES! ot 3rd Avenue and 4th Street S. Downtown lethbridge _______MUFFLER SPECIAL_______ Most 6 cylinder and small V8 single exhausts Ford Chev Dodge Plymouth Chrysler and Mercury 1954-64 installed FREE! 1965-69 7.95 installed FREE! Al! Performance Mufflers Reduced 25% As usunl Unbeatable Prices, Finest Guarantees of Product and Workmanship FREE INSPECTIONS and ESTIMATES firsL president Chan Tang Communist par- Chen Tii-hsiu and Li Ta-chao, Peking university teachers. Among Li's aides was a husliy-liaired young li- b r a r i a n, an intense poet CHIANG KAI-SHEK surged lo power named Mao Tse-timg, son of a moderately well-off peasant. Mao went in Ihu founding meeting as a delegate from his native Hunan province, and was scarcely noticed. While the party was being bom, tlie scion of a proud, Power workers mid strike MELJ30L.HM2, Australia (APi Power in Vic- toria slate vent back (o work today, ending a slnkc which put 200.000 Australians out oE work and caused drastic cuts in puh- lic services during the last two weeks, The workers agreed to submit their demand for an extra week's vacation to an arbitra- tion commission. aristocratic family, Chou En- lai, was busy in Paris with French Communist help, forming a branch of the Chinese party. By 1923, the stream of Com- intern agents arriving in Cliina Iwcame a flood. The Comintern sought to push the Chinese Communists inlo an alliance with the Kuomintang. Sun shunned alliance with the Communists ss a party but accepted co-operation from Communists as individu- als. On that basis, some Com- munists joined the Ktiomin- lang's ruling hierarchy, Mao among them. For a lime he an allerr.ale member of Ihc Knomintang's central ex- eculive. Bui the arrangement was doomed to a short life. II was a time of confusion. Though there were rival gov- ernments in Peking and Can- ton, most of South China was in anarchy, without eny gov- ernment at all. Encouraged by his Russian advisers, Sun built his own mililary force around a nu- cleus of officers burned out by the Russian-financed Wahmpoa Military Academy. Sun had installed as its chief a tough-minded young officer named Chiang Kai-shek. CHIANG TAKES POWER Chiang soon took the power ii a coup. He set out on a re- markably successful military campaign against the war- lords, and the Communists were co-operating. Then, early in 3927, he turned sav- agely against the Communists in a purge since called "the white terror." Chou En-lai barely escaped execution. The Russians were sent packing and Chiang broke with Mos- cow after raids on Russian in- stallations turned up damning documents. With Soviet-Chinese diplo- matic relations ruptured, Chiang in 1929 fired Soviet of- ficers of the jointly operated C b i n e s e Eastern Railroad. Moscow responded with an in- vasion to restore the Sovicl share ot control. Then, in 1931, Japan In- vaded Manchuria. Thai threw a new light on the whole Far East picture for the Russians. The Japanese created the puppet state of Manchukuo, putting on its throne 26-year- old Pu Yi who, as an infant, had been the last Manchu em- peror. The first "Chinese Soviet Republic" was proclaimed Nov. 7, 3931 al Juichin in Kiaigsi Province. Mao be- came its first president. Al- ready, the party's Bolsheviks were being pushed into the background. Chinese Commu- nism was edging away from Moscow. 416 13th ST. N. PHONE 328-3541 FREE COFFEE AND DONUTS THURSDAY, FRIDAY, SATURDAY, FEB. 17th, 18th, 19th. JOHNSON BROTHERS 48-PIECE DINNER SET 29.95 Ironifone. Service for 8. NOW ONLY FONDUES Assorted styles ALL PRICED TO CLtAR QCC STAINLESS STEEL ELECTRIC KETTLES 7.99 2V2 qucrf copacity. 1500 waff element. NOW ONLY....... KEM PAINTS SUPER KEM TONE KEM GtO KEM G1.0 VELVET 20 OFF RIFLES 1 HUSQVARNA 270 Reg. S239.9S. Only 1 HUSQVARNA 7 M.M. Reg. S239.95. Only 1 VOERE 30-06. Req. Only I PARKER HA1C 7 MM Mag. Reg. Only I VOSTOK 72 REPEATER. Ren. M9.95. Only 1 VOSTOK 22 SINGLE SHOT. Reg. Only 196.77 196.77 139.95 135.88 43.88 29.95 SCOPES 25% OFF SHOTGUNS 1 BAIKAL 129A. Sinnls Shol. nt nn Ron. Only 04.00 1 BAIKAL I29A. Sinnlo Shol on nn Reg. Only 00.00 1 BAIKAL I29A. Double l nn 77 Barrel. Ren. Only POLE LAMPS-TO CLEAR! 1 POLE LAMPS. Reg. 539.95 97 QG each. Now Only Each 1 POLE LAMP. Rog, QQ Now Only O 1.00 1 SWAG LAMP. -17 pn Rc-q. Mnw Only (Coloured Rim. TRUE TEMPER SNOW PUSHERS. ICC S SNOW MELTER. Now Only 20% OFF j FIRE KING OVEN WARE While cosserolos with clenr lids. Available in assorted slyles. 1 CQ Your Choice Only Each 1.37 t GLEEM SPONGE MOP. V n mn Now Only Z.47 5-STRING CORN BROOM. Now Only 1.99 ALL BAUER SKATES 25% OFF DISCOUNTS THROUGHOUT OUR ENTIRE STORE FREE PARKING FREE DELIVERY OPEN Till 9 P.M. THURS. AND FRI. COOKING ACCESSORIES TOASTESS AUTOMATIC ELECTRIC 11" FRYING PAN Fully Immersible, 2 yeor 1 C QT wnmmlv. Now Only TOASTESS COMBINATION WAFFLE AND SANDWICH GRILL Wilh gridl. 2 ytar 1 O QC worronty. Now Only---- TOASTESS AUTOMATIC ELECTRIC DEEP FRYER B quart cnpocify, 2 yoar warranly. Now Only ITV HIGHLIGHTS! WEDSUSIMY MOVIE MUSICAL: "The Dcsrii r> 11.111., Cli. T. An adaptation of the well-known operelta Kathryn Grayson and Gordon Macltac. SPOJIT: Pro Hockey, 0 p.m., Ch. The California Gol- den Seals and the Canadiens meet in Montreal. DOCUMENTARY: Tills Land, 8 p.m., CJi. 7. "Ships of Canada" traces tile influence of ships on the history of Canada. COMEDY; ABC Comedy Hour, 8 p.m., Ch. 11. Host Alan King toasts (he 1'JOOs with a "Laugh-In" style pot- pourri oi sketches and music. MOVIE DIIAMA: p.m., Cli. 13. Sophia Lorcn as an Austrian Jew brought lo 1048 Israel lo help locale her Nazi husband. MUSIC Mircillc Mathicu, p.m., Cli. T. The French songstress in concert with the Bernad Hall Dan- cers as guests. MOVIE DRAMA: "The Sands Tlun Heel." p.m.. Ch. 7. Two murderers join a Greek expedition for liiddeu treasurer. INTERVIEW: David Frost, 12 midnight, Ch. 13. John.. Ijennon and Yoko Ono are among the special guests. THURSDAY POLITICS': Parliament, 9 a.m., Ch. 7. The opening of Parliament will be televised from Ottawa. MOVIE DRAMA: "Tlic Boy With the Omi Hair." 1 p.m., Ch. T. A war orphan whose hair has turned green overnight out to convince the world that war must stop forever. MOVIE COMEDY: "Tin: Constant Husband." 1 p.m., Ch. 13. An nmncsia victim, united with his wife, discovers that during his loss of memory he gained five more wives. c TV Programs Ilittd by radio and telnlilan ilollom. Any variation in program ft dm la tait- changei by (he rtatloM and II not Ihtmpon. linilily of the Herald ar Anglo DlitrlhuloH Slerta and Phatographtt Centre. Roger Channon with Contemporary Morley McGill with Contemporary News Tolal Information John Oliver WEDNESDAY NIGHT Beryl Clark Barry HeglanrJ Jack Mewfeld THURSDAY Jim Shearer CnGcllna Leu DcW CJOC WEDNESDAY NIGHT THURSDAY World at Six Jim Elliot Rob Ingram Show CBC News Requcs! Artlon News, Wlhr, Spor John WalKer Show Phono Bfll Show a.m. Doug Wayne Barry son Snow Probe 1220 Beryl Clark News, Wlhr, Sport News and Grain Price? Jack Thya Rob Ingrain World al MX ic CHEC FM Newi Hourly Wfhr. Hclf Hour WON. THRU SAT. Don MacMasler Concert (Bob Don Redman Radio 1010 Calgary WEDNESDAY NIGHT Alberla Concert THURSDAY World at Six News Eye Opener World a1 fl As II Happeni Vancouver Chamber World al 9 Concern Arts This Counlry Belween Ounelves _ Radio Noon News, Sporls, Wlhr Orrheslra Schools From the Cnpllals News, Sports, Wlhr Max Ferguson Five Nightl a week Jazi Track World al 6 JUST ARRIVED COLOR TELEV The World's Finest Color TV. Featuring the new "Trinitron" Single Gun Picture Tube. Supply Limited. ANGLO DISTRIBUTORS Steleo and flhotoyiapliic Cenlel 419 5th St. S. Phone 328-6922 CJOC-TV Channel 7 (Cablevision Cli. 6) WEDNESDAY NlGHT Tclcprobe 7 Trulh or Consequence! Tolcprobe 7 Movie: The This Land Man ill 1he Top Mvrillp AAatliJru Tommy Banks New (c) Chez Helen? 11-40 Our Changing World 5c Movie: Mldny The Snnds Run Red Movie: Boy With THURSDAY Farm end Cify Tocl.iy 9'DO Pnlihcs Mr. Drossup Canadian Siiiools Friendly Gianl 3-uJ fr.kc JO of Ninlil I Courl Drop In Truth ConGoqupncos CFCN-TV Lelhbridge Channel 13 [Cablevfsion Ch. 4) l HrvK Mi" Cirri; Mnulc- Ihc C.nn Miinl Hushoncl 1 Wh.H's Ihn G WEDNESDAY HIGnT THURSDAY Dick Van Dyke Tlinurilil for Mews 7 30 Univcrsilv o! Air NHL CfllilofPla Memo til nl Montreal rrinhlcnslHri S 50 opcrlsbe11! 9-in Prnqriim Hii'nh" Judith (c) '''OS in HPWI (c) 9 15 P.irlon-? Pencliiliim ,0'..iO r'd David FrciT Pierre Borlon KRTV Great Falls Channel 3 (Cablevision Cli. 9) NIGHT Canccnfr.nfmn WGONESDAV Medical tcnlr Cnnnnn 10.00 Now-; Tonight Show THURSDAY Our World No In Monlans Dm 1- tin'.' o( Ni'i'il Hnllywnnd Squares I nvn Amcr'unn Jeopardy Myln (L) Who, What, WhDro ['omily AK.iir (c) GiimntO Lucy SllfW It) Nfiws :i-.in Gonior Pylc 11.00 Snmnrsrf My Suns A5 Iho Turn. .S.-.10 Dick Vfln Oykt (c) Great Falls Channel 5 [Cdblcvision Ch. 11) WEDNESDAY NIGHT Mows THURSDAY ll.inl.rh Mnkn n Deal rnrm News (c) 1? dO Giinio News A: 3d News W News Room "ill 7'00 Cnplnln Knnnnroo r.r< ret Morm Pnrlrldflc Fdmlly Dinnh's Plncn lino l.ilc FrJdlfl's Fnlhor Jack l.nl.nnnn Our l.lvoi (r) JOIh Century Tollloa Audrey (c) ?-30 Grnn.il MospiMl Prcildnnl Nixon's Gnlloplnn Gnurmrl Tlin'p nn .1 M.ilch Prr-Clilnn Trip ihn Mt-nrl Is hnlinri r.iimo NPW-, -t M.vy lyler AAoorc lor lliOO THA lomorrow VtM DicN Cflwcll li. 00 AH My thlldif-n Nr ;