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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 16, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGF. HERALD WodnesHoy, February 16, 1972 Joseph kntfl. Makarios, Grivas and Greece The Cyprus volcano may be ;ilioul lo crupL ;ill (nor asjiiin. Archbishop Makarios. Hie prcsirtciH, has buc'ii liciviii" it out H'itli the Greek which suspects lhat he iias been import mjf amis from Czech- oslovnkia to protect himself and his supporters. Tliere is lid In doubt that General Grivas, Hie archbishop's bit- ter rival, lias returned to the island secretly, and has been busy collect- ing an arms cache from his adher- ents. (It is interesting to nole there that Dave Humphreys, the Herald's correspondent in London. riling from Cyprus following an interview with President Makarios, speaks of Grivas' "alleged'' return while the Associated Press dispatches report that he returned to the island last fall.) The Greek government has been bringing heavy pressure on Makarios lo form a government of national unity, presumably to include follow- ers of General Grivas. Rut the dough- ty soft spoken archbishop is resisting any such challenge lo his authority. Greece and Turkey, according to Mr. Humphreys "have been moving clos- er to co-operation but they are a long Edgar Snow The death of Edgar Snow will be grieved by many, among them Chairman Mao Tse-tung, the Red Star Over China. A native of Kansas City, Mr. Snow was the first Ameri- can newsman to enter Soviet China and interview Mr. Mao, Premier Chou En-lai, and other Chinese com- munist leaders. After the founding of the People's Republic of China. Mr. Snou- tried many times to visit China again, finally succeeding during the cultural revolution. Only lasl Friday, his film, "The China Story: One Fourth of Human- was shown at the University of Lethbridge. That this film included the only footage of the historic Long March of the Chinese Red Army and a personal interview with Chairman Mao illustrates the unique position Edgar Snow occupied in the history of American journalism. His on Chinese Year's Day is untimely, just when a new page in Sino-American relations is to begin. Messing up a mytl People ill western Canada who enjoy griping about the undue amount of influence exerted by Quebecers on the prime minister won't like the way .Anthony Westell messes up the myth in his column on this page. It will come as a particular shock for some readers in this area lo learn that more of the prime minister's immediate staff comes from Leth- bridge than from the whole of Que- bec. Of course merely exposing a myth for what it is docs not guarantee the i end of its influence. Countless myths continue to fog the faculties of men even after repeated demonstration of their lack of foundation in fact. Some- times this is because believers do not encounter the truth; more often it is due to a perverse will to accept wish as reality. It is not likely that Anthony Westell will have greatly damaged the no- tion of Quebec dominance of the prime minister. There is too much emotional capital invested in that idea for it to wither in the face of a mere journalist's blast. ANDY RUSSELL The animal that Hies JT is not uncommon for us to be sit- ting on Ihe veranda of our home en- joying summer air at dusk while one or two bals swoop about in erratic flight pick- ing up flying insects. They are interesting lillle animals, for the cnly mammal that flies is the bat. This family further distinguishes iUelf by being the second largest order of mam- mal1; on Here at the foot of the Rockies at 4.500 feet elevation we have at least four of I he M species and sub-species found in North America. Bats are large- ly insectivorous, locating their prey in night by fcruindng high intensity .sound waves off thorn which are picked up by their c.xlrcmclj sensitive cars. They avoid running inlo while in flight al night in Ihe same manner. Fine wires strung at random in every direction across a completely dark roam offers little threat to a flying hat if there is space to get Uircujh lwp.cn. Some hals are special- ists when il comes lo feed. Tile hair-lipped bat of Central America scoops tiny fish from just under the surface of water while in Oighl with the long claws of its feet. Others live on fruit, blood, frogs, rodents, nectar and even oilier bals. Ilal-s arc divided inlo two classes; those Lhat live in caves and those that live in trees. Somelimcs tree bals take up res- idence in old buildings. All being very vulnerable to frost, cave locations must bo below frost line, while the dwellers migrate following airay south for the winter, living on inse.cls as they go. In Iho spring of lair, r fro "id a bal cave in a canyon wall on an upper of llm jn Alhrrla. II. contained hundreds of bal.s lhat I'.nuld emerge every evening from a fissure in solid nrt flying Oul over Iho. nrv-iows ami forest in .search nf imccl.s. Once ahead of a pack out- fit a iiiirrow I rail blasted out. of Ilin face of a clilf above tlio Middle Fork of Ihe Salmon River in Idaho, I saw a great gob of manure lying on the trail. It ivas1 like nothing I had ever seen before, but closer examination revealed it was bat guano that had fallen from a fissure un- der the overhanging rock above. Tliere must have been thousands of bals in that cave. One summer when T was a boy I .saw hats flying into the top of a big hollow cottonwoad stump about three feet in di- ameter at its base and about twenty feet high. My younger brother and I were cu- rious and decided (o smoke them out. So we placed a handful or two of dry grass in a hole at the base of the stump, struck a match lo it and then piled green stutf on top. Smoke came pnuring from Ihe upper end of the slump and so did a flock of bak, all fluttering about in great ex- citement. We were so interested in watch- ing them we did not pay enough attention to our fire, which caught in the tinder dry punk lining the stump and Hie whole thing went up with a great roar of flames. The resulting holocaust scared the day- lights out ol us, brought our father on the nm lo find out what on earth was going on, and completely destroyed Ihe bats' home. It also taught us an important les- son. Recently .some authorities liavc become aware and alarmed alKiul. the lad. that hals ,ire rabie.s rnrricr.s. Apparently Ilicy 'lo not suffer from Hie. disease themselves, bill, .somo do carry Ilio infection snd ran transmit it lo other animnb, they might, cbance lo bile. Mnre time began for bal.v, they likely earned rabies, so Iliis is nolhing new; bill, any person picking up a hat with a naked band should be very careful, even if all bals do not carry Ihe infection. Hals nn1 iiiliTp.sliiig niiimnls of which Ihrrc i.s slill a Kre.il deal lo be They arc one of naluj-c'.s- most Clothing a sparsely dressed emperor way from a deal.1' Even (his remote prospect of a settlement of Greek and Turkish claims lo Cyprus, must fitl the archbishop with alarm. The idea of an imposed settlement is re- pugnant to him. and besides he would lose his job if it were to conic about. The force of 3000 including about BOO Canadians has been keep- ing Greek and Turkish Cypriols from slitting one another's throats for eight years now. and il doesn't seem pos- sible thai they will be able to give up lhat role by June when the UN man- date nms out. The Cyprus situation lias been quiescent for a very long time and though there has been a period of comparative peace, there has been little effort to come to a long-term solution. The Greeks ave anxious to come to terms with Turkey on an ar- rangement which would be mutually satisfactory to both nations. But the mainland Greeks and the Cypnol Greeks have different views. It would be incongruous if Makarios should ask for help from the Russians in a quarrel with his own countrymen, but in these days of nationalism all incongruities are possible, including Makarios himself. WASHINGTON The lion I luil has lo ho asked ,-ilrout Ilin Slate o( Illc World mes.saKe is not il says but why il was uri'.lcn. TliG answer j.s il puts majes- tic robes on an emporor v.ho might otherwise he perceived lo be. only sparsely clothed, if not naked. Kissinger and bis staff at Ibc National Security Coun- cil have (oiled hard to fit Pres- ident Nixon's foreign policy into a higher logic of hi.S'lory and geography. B u t even through their heavy rationale, the real world of events keeps asserting itself accidental, highly personal, full of conten- tion, and nearly chaolic. The best example comes from tlic section on India and I'iikibliin. The message claims lhal balauce-of-powcr consid- erations obliged the United Slates to back Pakistan and Communist China against In- dia and tlic Soviet Union when war broke out at Hie end of lasl year. Now this country looks forward lo "a serious dialogue with India" to "search out ways of transcending our recent differences and resum- ing our Iradilionally close re- lationships." Bui the section of the mes- sage on India and Pakistan is led by a citalion from the prcs- idenl shows how very much Mr. Nixon's personal feelings have affected, and continue to affect, American Dlnllons with subcontinent. The citalioti is lalu'il from a toast niadi1 by the president bo Prime IMinisler Indira Gandhi lasl year. II lolls bow Mrs. Gandhi's fallier. Prime Minis- ter Janaharlal Nehru, lold Mr. Nixon twenty years ago that what "India needs is a generalion of Tor sheer hilcliinnss, the 1111- eurfhiiiK of lhal quote now is hard brat. Tlio only way il can In1 inlcrprolcd is the way one Indian official in Washing- ton look il. "The president." he put il, "is saying lhal Nehru favors a generation of peace, but his daughter doesn't." Tlio section on. Vietnam shous a similar gap between theory and fact. The message traces the history of negotia lions and asserts they have now come lo focus on only one issue: "Will we collude with our enemies lo overturn our friends? Will we impose on the Vielnamese people whal the other side has been unable lo gain militarily or If such a clear case had in- deed heen made, then it ivonld true thai, as the message says, "Vietnam no longer riis- Iracls our attention from the fundamental issues of global diplomacy or diverts our ener- gies from priorities at home." But Vietnam is not that sim- ply going to be made to go away. As the current treaty shows, if will continue to fig- ure importantly in American politics no matter what claims are made for the president's offers until the war is over and done. The seclion dealing with China provides a truly fas- cinating sketch of the role that China might play in the world. It foresees a China that is one of the great powers, acling to balance Ihe Soviet Union by subordinating its revolutionary ideology to ils power interests. In that perspeclive, Ihe pres- idenl's' coming trip to Peking is truly historic. Bui Ihere is no mention ot the leadership struggle in China which has caused three out of the five topmost leaders to lose power in the very re- cent past. The message does not even raise the question lhat has always bedevilled American policy in Asia the question of how much power tiie central authorities In Pe- king really have. With respecl to Russia, the dominant Iheme is the Soviet tendency to "view negolialions with the United Slates as a form of harsh competiMon from which only one side can gain advantage." The Russians are scored for trying to lake such advantage in the Near East, in Smith Asia and b the missiles race. No mer.lion is made of Mr. N i x o n's repeated assertions that the United Slates must be of his instinct to ne- gotiate from a "position of strength." Lack of restraint by Russia is made lo seem the only source of Big Two ten- sion, and the impression is given lhat any agreement re- sults from the firm stand taken by Mr. Nixon. But that, of course, is1 Mr. Nixon's very personal notion not the view from eternity. A final example Involves re- lations with the European allies and Japan. The message acknowlerfges that a strain was pu1 on these relations by the secrecy which marie the open- ing to China seem so sudden. Bui was lhal secrecy, maybe., a lillle overdone? Perish the thought. "In the nature ol things, progress in all areas could not be achieved simultaneously ar.d this led for a time to understandable concern that our interests in some areas were being sacri- ficed lo the need for progress in others." But "Ihe total ef- fect was an integrated and con- sistent adjustment of U.S. for- eign policy In the requirements of a changed world." Even-thing, in other words, came out just dandy in this fairy talc, as in others. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) "Heavens no, Mr. Brudage WE were offered cash to sgy we DIDN'T use their equipment." Anthony Westell democrat or in between? valuable built-in, iaicct oonti'ols. QTTAWA The critics of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau like (o picture him as a petty tyrant, an arrogant and callous man who tramples on the rights of Parliament, spits on the unemployed and im- prisons his opponents in Que- bec. This is not only a curious distortion of the record, but also poor politics because the voters usually favor, rather than fear, a high-handed lead- er. John Diefenhaker was turn- ed out of office because he was indecisive, Lester Pearson was generally criticized tor being too ready to compromise, Tru- deau has never been more popular than when he imposed the War Measures Act. It may be too late to pro- mote a revisionist view of Tru- deau, but il would closer lo the truth and politically more damaging if Ihe critics attack- ed him for indecision, for well- intended but ineffective hum- bling. A convincing c a s e can be made, lhal he stumbled by default rather Ilian by design into a policy of high unemploy- ment to fight inflation because he was not enough of h leader lo hike the hold alternative course of price and income controls. There is plenty of evidence lo indicalc that he drilled reluctantly into impos- ing tlio War Measures Act in 1970 because it was necessary to reassure a public made deeply nervous by in days of hi'silalion during uliicb Illc FUi threat became grossly exaggerated. If is arguable also lhal. tar from power in his own hands and in those of hi.s so-called supergroup of ad- ders, lie had diffused il. so widely lhal. Ihe whole process of decision-making has slowed :il. a time when Ihe ralo of change in society has been accelerating. T h c complaint oiii! hoars from Trudeau's min- islers i.s rail lhat he rules Iho rabinol. with an iron hand, but that he is loo much Ihe nculral oh a i r m a n. Policy decision.1! filler up tliniugli system of cabinet committees and iiavs to be ciieckcd out with the caucus and with Ihe Liberal party. II all takes time and Ihe prime minister is unwilling to liurry business through tho process he has cslablishcd to ensivre detailed discussion and co-ordination. Trudeau's approach lo Par- liament is similarly slow and painstaking. In bolh Ihe Com- mons and the Senate, there are marc committees doing more work than ever before, and the government is more willing to accept their advice than were its predecessors. The whole lechnio.uc of pub- lishing white papers and .sub- mitting draft legislatioa before it Irccomes government policy invites parliamentary partic- ipation in decision making. If this contradicts the con- ventional view of Trudeau trampling down the opposition and ramming through his pol- icies by closure, the evidence is in the record. The average length of the past 12 sessions of Parliament has been Ifrl days and the average number of hills pas.sed inlo law has been 5fl roughly one every three silling days. This, of course, is a crude measure of parliamen- lary productivity, but it sug- gesls that far from shorl-cul- ting the legislative process, Trudeau has stretched it out. The criticism thai Trudeau is coldly aloof from public opin- ion and guided only by a clique of Frcnch-Canndian friends, is penally at odds M'ilh (lie facts. The truth Ls lhat Ihrough bis toun hall meetings, appear- ances on radio and TV open line programs nnd anfl answer sessions with slu- denl.s and others, Trudcaii has more public conlacl Ilian any previous PM. Among his immediate slviff, tlic i.s Ihili. there arc more ill them, by coincidence, from .iroiind than from the whole of Que- bec. 1 have not counted lo see if il is malhomalically hue, iiul il is close enough lo fact, lo deny Ihe idea of a Fronch- C'uwliait Mafia in Iho Ka.sl Dlock. Among His Jean Marchand and Gerard PeJlelicr can certainly talk lo the PM in cabinet with Ibe Iroedom of old friends, bill Polletier seldom sees him on other occasi and is not even on the key committee on Plan- ning and Priorities which, at last count, had five English- Canadian and two French-Ca- nadian members. The whole system of deci- sion-making, involving cabinet, Parliament, the Liberal parly and the public, is so diffused and works so slowly that busi- ness spokesman have been complaining recently lhat loo much lime is wasted in what is supposed to be a process ol participation. This at any rale is a case which can Iw made Trudeau with more evidence than Ihe allegation that he is an autocrat, a linpot dictator. But. the truth, as usual, prob- ably lies somewhere between the Iwo extremes. Trudeau seems to IK: a Prime Minisler still groping for a .style and slruclurc of government. He experiments will] participation and with closure, with lough rules on cabinet secrecy mitigated by opportunity lor almost endless discussion. Now, unnoticed, ho is gently floating Ihe biggest balloon of all, a hint lhal per- haps our whole syslcm of par- liamentary democracy i.s out of date. In his recent speech lo Ilic National Conference on Ihe Law, he asked a rhetorical question alrout how Parliament can asccrlain Iho. nerds1 and aspiration of society, and went on "perhaps part of the an- swer lies in de- cision-making, in Hie fostering of even greater initiative and action among citizens at Ihe local level. In addilion I be- lieve lhat we must all slrivo harder for a consensual form of political decision-malting." He also questioned Ihe ad- versai-y system of polilics in U'liicli issues arc defined and adjudicated in a uay u'liirh pils ,-igain.sl. party, (fiat each claims lo In Iho toln possessor of truth and right, and one must prevail over the other. "In our lives we know that these assumptions arc in- he says. "Yet if we fail lo examine freshly and im- aginatively bolh Lhe adjudica- tive process and the political process, we are asking our- selves- and all Canadians lo ac- cept as reality in the courts anr' in Hie legislatures some- thing lhat we reicct in our daily experience. Tliere are some obvious merits to the ad- versary process which surely can he salvaged in any re- form, but any improvement in (he techniques for resolving differences of opinion bolh legal and political will be a great boon lo a society which hrs for so long been associated will- pluralism." As a long-time critic of the Looking TltnOLT.II THE HERALD 1912 The opening debate in connection with Ihe YMCA Lit- erary and Debating Club lock place last night. Some of tho recruits speaking for the first time showed promise of devel- oping inlo fine speakers. Ifl22 Lcllibridge was intro- duced lo the "vision glorious" in song and music when a massed audience, in rapt at- tenlion, listened lo the strains of Dame Clara Hull. Mr. Ken- neth Ilumford, Ihe violinist, Me- lissa, and the accompanist Miss Gracc Torrcns. During last autumn parliainpnlaiy system, particu- larly in a federal state, I wel- come any proposal to try to de- sign a better form of dem- ocracy. Indeed. I think an in- quiry by Parliament into its own customs and methods, with a view lo opening, free- ing and speeding decision. maJving, is overdue. Bui just what is Trudeau suggesting? How do you centralize power to the people and al the same time seek to build consensus? Is there hero the implication of a one-party syslcm of democracy? Tlic Prime Minister should be challenged to explain him- self, to hack his airy ideas with substance. If nothing eke, we might get an important clue to the issue ol whether he is at heart a dictator or democrat. (Toronto Star Syndicate) backward nearly TOO bushels of No. 1 wheat were collected Iron] farmers in Ihe Granum com- munity as a contribution to Hit Red Cross. 1912 lhan a score of gunners graduated Irom No. Bombing and Gunnery School to increase Ihe growing number of airmen lo comfjlcte their training at Ibc local Royal Ca- nadian Air Force Centre. 1952 Lcthbridgc's David Duncomhc. a promising 80- pnuiider. scored a pair of vic- lorios lasl night lo reach tho final of the rcdmnnlon Optimist Club's Golden Gloves Tourna- mc'iil. Tlic LethbruUje Herald 504 7Ui St. S., LellibrirlRc, Alberts LETimniDGE HEHAIJ5 LTD., Proprietors nnd Publishers Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. nUCHANAN Second Class M.tll Rnfjistrntlon No. 001! Momhor nf Tho Canadian Rmss nrui Ihp Ciinnclinn Dally Nnwspnr.ar Publishers' Assnclnlion and Iho Autlll Durrnu nf Clrculflllom CI.FO W, MOWFRS, FEililoi nml Pulilhher THOMAS H. ADAMS, Gnncr.il Mnn.wr POM Pll fNTr wn I HAY Mrimiflinfl I'tlilor A -muilr- rrillnr ROY I. MIL! S MOMMAS WALKfR Advertising ftfJilonni Editor "IHE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;