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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 16, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta The Lethbridge Herald THIRD SECTION Lethbridge, Alberta, Wednesday, February 1C, 1972 PAGES 31-38 New two-price system Wheat plan data awaited STATELY BACKGROUND One of ihe proud liners of the seas, Ihe Queen Mary, serves as a background in fhis picture of Mr. and Mrs. James Crighton and Mrs. W. Wer- ner, righl, of Ulhbridge. The liner is now docked per- manently in her new home al Long Beach, California and is proving to be one of Ihe lop lourisl attractions in the California city. The Crightons and Mrs. Werner were re- cent visitors. Sciential says man lacks the wisdom Test-tube babies warning issued By BRIAN SULLIVAN AP Science Writer NEW YORK (AP) A sci- entist has warned his col- leagues around the world to slow dou-n their efforts to manufacture life in the labo- ratory. He says man lacks the wisdom to deal with the con- bequencos of such acts, espe- cially the creation of test-tube babies. Dr. Leon R. Kass, a physi- cian and biochcjnist at the National Academy of Sci- ences., discussed the manufac- ture of life in the laboratory as reports gather thai some scientists, notably in England, are on the verge of implanting in a womaa an embryo ferti- lized in a test tube. "To have developed to the point of introduction of sucb massive powers with so little deliberation over the desira- bility of their use." Dr. Kass said, "can hardly be regarded as evidence of wisdom." GIVES ALTERNATIVE The scientist suggested an alternative: "In the absence of such wisdom, we can be enough to know that we are Tiof wise enough. When we lack sufficient wisdom to do, wisdom consists in not doing. "Restraint, caution, absten- tion, delay are what (his sec- maybe only- wisdom dictates respect tx? baby manufacture, and with respect to various other forms of human engineering made possible by other new biomedical Scientists have already re- ported from several laborator- ies the fertilization, in tlie test tube, of human egg by human sperm and the subsequent lab- oratory culture of Ibe young embryo. There have been no reports of implantation yet, alter which Uie embryo would grow to birth. Much of Ibe public altc.ition has centred on reports from Dr. Robert G. Edwards of Cambridge University and his colleague, Dr. Patrick C. Stcptoe, in supported by the Ford Foundation. An object of their work is to help women have babies de- spite a blockage of their tubes, through winch a ferti- bzed egg normally passes on the %vay to implanl ation, the scientists say. COULD DO DAMAGE Dr. KasE replies in an anal- ysis in the quarterly The Pub- lic Interest, that surgical re- construclion of tbe oviduct would preferable and that although the success rate so far is only fair it bound lo improve. But Dr. Kass puts more weight on tbe risk fac- tors. Tile manipulation in the lali- oratory of the embryo, he said, could produce damaging effects in Hie eventual child. "Does the parent's desire tor a he asks, "ejilitJe them to have it by methods which carry for lhat child an unknown ajid untesled risk of deformity or malformation Tbe risks, he continued, aro unknouii. 'Hicrc have been no reports of gross deformities in i mice or rabbits, but no work has been done yet on tire spec- Machines lose lo garbagemen ies closest to humans, in pri-, mates. "The ability regularly to pro- duce normal monkeys by this method would seem to be a minimum prerequisite for using tlie procedure in humans." he said. RESULTS UNKNOWN Dr. Kass suggested further tliat the laboratory manipula- tions could even result in the implantation of abnormal em- biyos which would have been spontaneously aborted nor- mally. Tlie moral argument. Dr. Kass said, is that scientists must know tliere will be no defects in UK child before proceeding with implantation there is no way of knowing. Dr. Bass also discussed an- other stage in the laboratory manufacture of life, a tech- nique called "cloning." in the nucleus of an unfer- tiu'zed egg is removed, and re- placed with a nucleus from an adult cell. The egg mil then be genetically identical to the adtllt source i "An unlimited number of j identical D r. Kass said, "all generated as- exually from a single parent is, a be produced by nuclear tran- splantation.'1 I The genetic or hereditary i material in a cell, the DXA, is often described as containing I all tlie information for deter- I mining what the br.hy will be, i the printing press that prinls out people. In cloning, tbe printing press would be re- placed by copying ma- chine, printing out copies of genetically identical people. THE ANSWER IS NO "Wilhin our Dr. Kass said, ''possibly even as early as 1900, it may be tech- nically feasible to clone a human being. The same questions of ex- pcrimenling on Ihe unborn arise cloning as did with the test-tube Dr. Kass said, and they again consti- tute a moral argument against any first attempt to clone a man. But there are other ques- tions that apply specifically to cloning. "Central to this Dr. Kass said, "is die idea of the dignity and worth of each human being. The basic ques- tion we must ask is this: Is individual dignity undermined by a lack of genetic distinc- tiveness There is also the question of debiinianizatioii, "Is there possibly some wis- dom in that mystery of nature which joins (lie pleasure of sex. Hie communication of love, and the desire for chil- dren in the very activity by which we continue the chain of human "I had earlier raised the q u e s ti o Dr. Kass con- cluded, "of whether we have sufficient wisdom to embark upon new ways for making babies, on an individual scale as well as in the mass. By nou it should be clear that I believe [he answer must be a resounding "Xo. lly VICTOR .MAKIIC Hcralil Ottawa Hiirtiiu OTTAWA Details of the federal governments new two- price wheat plan will be made public later this month ably about Feb. 22, a week after the new session of Par- liament has opened, officials said here today. Justice Minister Olio Lang, the minister responsible for the Wheat Board, announced the surprise decision to introduce j two-price system last month, alter a long struggle to get it approved by cabinet. However details of the plan still have to be made known. For years western fanners have called for Ihe hvo-price system but without success. It became a major issue in the ivcst 25 years ago. Fanners and their organization have been clamouring for such a sys- tem ever since. The government have decided to go along with such a plan finally in an effort to improve the popularity of the present administration among the farmers this being an elec- tion year. The two-price system could mean SM.OOfi.OflO for the wheat farmers and for the long suf- fering prairie farmer ah1 con- Iributions are gratefully re- ccived. Questions on detail farmers are asking include: Will the federal subsidy be a flat S1.C5 a bushel lor' all milling grades of wheat or will tile subsidy he sealed down for the cheaper grades? Will his money be paid intr the Wheat Board" account and distributed as an extra fi- nal payment (Salt Lake couple S live, die together SALT LAKE CITY (AP) Calvin and Man' Dalton died of heart attacks apparently within minutes of each other Monday. The couple was married 49 years. Authorities said Dalton, 78, suffered a heart attack while in bed and his wife telephoned. An ambulance crew found Mrs. Dallon. 75. al the doorway at the home, dead of heart failure. i.harler air services big I com petition TORONTO (CP) Maxwell Ward, president of Wardair Canada Ltd. of Edmonton, said here scheduled air carriers j are determined to destroy charter air services because they are afraid to meet the competition that is inevitable in the international travel market. He told a meeting of the Met- r o p o 1 i t a n Toronto Board of Trade that from the standpoint of the aircraft operator, the only new operating concept dur- ing the last 26 years is group or I charier travel. Ht said scheduled air earners i want to restrict this develop- ment. he questioned. "Be- cause scheduled carriers can compete, but cannot economi- cally compete, with charter car- riers in the charier market." By limiting (heir services through methods such as fixed passenger travel itineraries and scheduling to lower operating costs, charter airlines are prov- iding air fares approximately 50-per-cent lower than sched- uled air carriers for parallel air service, he said. Or alternatively will the subisdy be paid directly to [aimers on a percentage of to- i Lai crop basis j Officials said these qucslionr, are being looked at and it is hoped to come up with the an- swers in the next two weeks. A question the government is is will the subsidy result in western farmers stepping up wheat production. Mr. Lang IhJnl: not. He is confident that the prairie producer will not start increasing wheat produc- tion. Domestic consumption o f I wheat amounts to about 1GO million biiibels a year. This is j made up of 100 million bushels for livestock feed and indus- j trial uses and CO million bu- i .chcls for human consumption. The subsidy will only apply to uheat used for human con- sumption. RAISE PRICU Tlie plan nil] raise the price of No. 1 northern to S3 a bu- she- from The additional "payment will be a subsidy lo the producer from the federal treasury and will not boost the price of flour or bread, tho minister has stressed. Ontario farmers should bene- fit also. About one half of On- tario's soft wheat crop about 20 million bushels i s used for human consumption. The Ontario farmers expect the two-price syslem to apply lo their wheat. It could be distri- buted through the Ontario Wheat Producers Marketing Board. Meantime, Mr. Lang is con- gratulating himself on havinj won a battle that federal agri- culture ministers since the late Ht. Hon. James G. Gardiner have hern trying to win. Mr. Gardiner tried his utmost to promote tlie idea of a tivo-pricc wheat system at the time of i the British Wheat Agreement i preceding the International 1 Wheat Agreement. Featuring many Outstanding VALUES! OPEN MONDAY THROUGH SATURDAY THURSDAYS UNTIL 9 P.M. NEW YORK FURS MMA 3rd AVENUE S. PHONE 327-3274 SERVICE AND QUAtlTY fOR OVER 34 YEARS] OUR COMPLETE STOCK SUITS rfWI AND PLOVER 5 COATS JACKETS s. s. SWEATERS NOW 20% 50% Reduced t. TO WOOL WORSTED OFF REDUCED Reg. 14.95 lo 19.95 Siiei 29 to 32. Now only DRESS PANTS 4-95 off Open Mondays Triurs. and Frl. Until p.m. GELFOND'S MEN'S WEAR CALGARY (CP1 No one no- tices if tiic mayor and city council are gone for hvo days, but take away a slrcel sweeper for half a week and the com- plaints flow in a.s Die garbage piles up. The city's slrecl sweepers, of whom there are H downtown, each cleaning a six-block area, Environment lieaiings scheduled CAUiAUY HTi The >n vircnment Conservation Auth- ority will liokl public hearings inlo land use. in Ihe Canmore flrea, snys Environment. Min- islcv Bill Ynrko. Use of the region near the Trans-Canada highway oast of Banff iS7alional Park is one of five subjects Hie authority will be reviewing publicly, he said. Other areas include Ihe rec- lamation and development, of mined land in Ihe Crowsncst Pass area, the effect of sulphur cxl.raclion gas plants on the mvironmenl. Hie effect of pest- mucidos mid similar chemicals, and the, rcgulalion of develop- ment in l.lw Slralhcona corri- dor near "Each nlso represents a re- gional or suh-reflion.il problem Mint has had a long history in Ibe province nnd needs resolu- tion." are known as the White Wings. To passersby (bey nol look like much and occasionally they overbear comments b'ke: I "Isn't it nice Hie city could find a man like that a job j if he doesn't really ac- jeomplisli mucli." But White Wings an- profes- I each collect about i 12 garbage cans of oilier I pie's relu.se cacti cf- forls to replace Ilicm with ma- chines have failed. I The men arc behind their hvo-wbcclcd carls by a.m.. dre.sscd in the while jacket and 'coveralls supplied by Ihe eily j along with rubber hools. safety j helmet nnd glasses and rain- coat. I Their other equipment is inex- pensive and wire, broom, a S1.D5 com broom, a S3.M shovel and t.hc S100 cart. The city tried using a vacuum cleaner to do Ihe White Wings' .job but went hack to men because the vacuum conld not pet [be trash wedged inlo cor- ners or stuck in the slorm sow- era. Al Huehler. lochnieal supervi- sor of the street maintenance division, said he gcLs do7ens of applications for each While Wing job. "ft lakes D special breed of man. Ho nmsl lie strong, healthy and able to meet the public. "Most of our men are older j and firmly established with j families. No younger man wants lire would nil her think i Iban I Wildly vctsntfleJ Serve them any time you Jilce, any way yon Etc over ice, hot 'n spiced, "with mixers, in punches, or right from the hnttle. Cap's Old Mountain Jack Wines two wild B.C. fruil flavours. Try them soon. by ;