Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 16, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
FORECAST HIGH WtDNESOAY NEAR 40 The Lcthbridge Herald VOL. LXIV No. 56 Five-year plan places guns before butter By STEPHENS BROENINO MOSCOW (AP) The men NUdta Khrushchev called the "steel eaters" have had the decisive voica in preparing the Soviet Union's new five-year plan, the economic blueprint for 1971-75. As in every plan since the first one in 1928, heavy Industry gets priority in the ninth five-year plan, whose outlines were published here. Guns still have precedence over" butter, and the Soviet standard of living seems as far as ever from' the life of the average West European and North American. The goals Khrushchev's successors have set ap- pear "generally realistic" to Western experts, but they cannot be of much solace to the Soviet consumer. The plan calls for the production of heavy industry to expand by 41 to 45 per cent with a slightly larger rate of to 48 per consumer goods. But one Western economist judges that the spread1 be- tween the two growth rates would have to be far greater to signal a shift in priorities, Estimate percentage The experts calculate that heavy industry now accounts for 60 per cent of the national income, con- sumer goods 20 per cent. If the upper limits of the planned growth for both are attained, heavy industry will account for 62.1 per cent at the end of 1975, while the consumer goods sector will represent 21.1 per cent. While the general goals were considered to be targets in some of the individual sectors appear to be optimistic. The plan calls for a 20- to 22-per-cent increase in agricultural production in the next planning period. This seems to be based on the expectation that the grata harvest will average 195 million tons a year. But a record harvest in 1970 was unofficially estimated at 185 million tons, and it was largely the result of un- usually good weather. Another sector that seems to have been somewhat over-optimistically targeted is that of motor vehicles. The Soviet Union produced less than one million cars, trucks and buses last year, half a million less than the goal. Want more vehicles The new plan calls for production of up to 2.1 million vehicles a year, more than double the present output, by the end of 1975. It is conceded that Soviet plants could be turning out a million automobiles a year by (hen. Trucks are the question mark. Soviet officials have been negotiating with several West European firms for construction of a plant on the Kama river to turn out trucks a year. It is not known whether the plan includes this production, but no contract has been signed. Steel was assigned a target of 142 to 150 million tons a year by 1975, even though the 116 million tons produced last year fell short of the 124-129 million tons targeted. While no allocations for defence were published, the continued stress on heavy industry reflected a steadily developing defence sector. All that the pub- lished directives said about arms spending was that "the defence potential of the Soviet Union will be in- creased." LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 1971 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS 18 PACKS Olson reveals plan to help small farms OTTAWA (CP) The government is working on a plan to help small farms become big farms, Agricul- ture Minister H. A. Olson told the Commons Monday. Modern technology had left the traditional small farm unable to deal with modern costs and marketing methods, reducing rural communities to poverty, Mr. Olson said. The solution was consolidation T- enabling small farms to merge and helping farmers to make better use of the land and equipment they have. Prime Minister Trudeau has sketched the outlines of tlie proposed consolidation program to provincial premiers, and provincial agriculture ministers have been invited to a meeting on the idea, Mr. Olson said. The plan also would help aging farmers to retire with a "high degree of dignity and security, something that has not been available to them in the past." Avoid conflict The minister said he intended to avoid duplication or conflict with provincial plans. But the federal pro- gram would be applied uniformly in every provinca ami every sector of agriculture be open to bene- fits. He said lie hoped to introduce details of Hie pro- gram in the House soon, after discussions with the provinces. Lcs Benjamin (NDP Centre) said fr-deral governments since the Second World War have coldly and deliberately eliminated small farms. The number of small farms now is down to from and the governn'.cnt's plan would close ('own another to Mr. Benjamin said. Meanwhile, rural people were being forced into the cities adding to urban housing and welfare problems. Grant support higher for university Poles return to work WARSAW (Renter) Almost all workers were back at their jobs in Lodz textile plants today as a strike over wages and working conditions ended fol- lowing government reversal of food-price increases, a union of- ficial said. The price increases sparked imprisonment and bloody riots hi Baltic cities in by a general U.S. colonel gets 3 on marijuana charges years TRAIN OVER CLIFF Two locomotives and three freight cars of a westbound Canadian1 National Railways train crashed down a cliff 200 feet to the bank of Iris Fraser River near Boston Bar, B.C., Monday. Three crew members were missing following the wreck, believed to have been caused by a rock slide. bloody December. A Lodz newspaper editor con- firmed the return to work, but added that employees in two de- partments in two small facto- ries were still having discus- sions with government repre- sentatives and had not yet re- sumed their jobs. Workers decided to end the to have begun Thursday and to have in- volved several thousand work- factory meetings after midnight. The editor, reached by tele- phone from Warsaw, said the biggest meeting was held at the Marchlewski mill, one of the largest in the city and a major centre of workers' dissatisfac- tion. He added that employees in the two departments where work had hot yet resumed were discussing minor local issues. SAIGON (AP) A U.S. Air Force colonel with 28 years service was found guilty today of seven marijuana charges. He was sentenced to three years' a fine of court mar- tial of seven colonels and a brigadier-general. Col. Gerald Kehrli was acquit- ted on one count, that he asked a sergeant to obtain marijuana for him last .Sept. 15. He was convicted of asking the same sergeant and other men hi his squadron to procure marijuana for him on other dates, of smok- ing and possessing marijuana and of giving it to men in his unit. By not dismissing him from the ah- force, the court left Kehrli eligible for pension upon retirement. His length of serv- ice makes him eligible to retire now. The highest-ranking officer court-martialed in V i e t n a m, Kehrli, 46, was commander of an air squadron at the time of the offences. Lending, mortgage rates come down Lemieux gets go-ahead to defend Rose MONTREAL (CP) Lawyer Robert Lemieux, granted .bail Monday on a terrorist charge, received permission today to act as defence counsel at the kidnap-murder trial of Paul Rose. Lemieux, 29, appeared m his lawyer's robes before Mr. Jus- tice Marcel Nichols in Court of Queen's Bench. Lemieux, who will face trial later on a charge of member- ship in the Front de Liberation du Quebec, formally asked per- mission to defend Rose .and Prosecutor Jacques Ducros said the Crown had no objection. Mr. Justice Nichols noted that Lemieux was in possession of a written mandate from Rose tx> defend the 27-year-old former school teacher, one of four men charged in the slaying of Pierre Laporte. Rose had verbally confirmed "several times" that he wanted Lemieux as lawyer, the judge recalled. In the circumstances, he considered it the duty of the court to agree to Lemieux's re- quest. Mr. Justice Nichols then ad- journed court until this after- noon to allow Lemieux to meet with Rose, who had been acting as his own lawyer until he was banished from court Feb. 8 after repeated outbursts. FREE ON BAIL Lemieux was freed on bail Monday by Mr. Justice Roger Ouimet after'being in jail since Oct. 16 when he was arrested under the War Measures Act, invoked that day by the federal government to combat Quebec terrorism. Last Friday, Mr. Justice Oui- met quashed charges of sedi- tious conspiracy against Mr. Lemieux and four other Quebec- ers, though other charges are pending against all five. The charge of FLQ member- ship against Lemieux, who has defended several accused ter- Widespread alarm out rorists in court, is scheduled to be heard, at the spring assizes, opening March 1: CHARTRAND FREED Labor leader Michel Chart- rand meanwhile was freed to- day on bail pending an appeal against a one-year sen- tence for contempt of court im- posed on him last month. Chartrand was cited for con- tempt when he appeared be- fore Mr. Justice Roger Oui- met in Court of Queen's Bench on a charge of seditious con- spiracy. The charge against him and four other Quebecers was quashed last week. ROBERT LEMIEUX Alberta in red as spending up EDMONTON (CP) Alberta had a deficit of million in the first nine months of the 1970-71 fiscal year, as rising receipts could not keep pace with an explosive rise in spend- ing. As is usually the case, the deficit is expected to decrease by March 31 because major government programs are ex- pected to be completed while revenue is still coming in. For example, in the 1969-70 fiscal year the nine-month de- ficit was million while the final difference between spending and income amounted to million. In its Sl.lOO-millicn 1970-71 budget, the Social Credit gov- ernment forecast a deficit million. An interim financial state- ment released today by pro- vincial auditor C. K. Huckvale showed that income and capital revenue for the nine months was million, while spend- ing exceeded million. The comparable figures in 70 were million and million respectively. In the income account, pay- ments exceeded receipts by million as the government poured more money into edu- cation, health and social de- velopment. Spending on education reach- ed million to Dec. 31, 1970, million more than in the previous nine-month pe- riod, as grants to schools and universities were increased by million. Health costs reached S1B2.9, up million from 1969-70, witli the extra money going for hospitalization payments. TORONTO (CP) The ronto Dominion Bank today an- nounced a reduction of one- quarter of one per cent in its prime rate on loans, reducing it to 6% per cent. Mortgage rates were also re- duced the same amount, bring- ing the NHA rate to nine per cent and the rate on conven- tional mortgages to 914 per cent. The changes are effective Monday, Feb. 22. The prime rate is the rate charged on loans to the bank's best customers and usually sets the pattern for other interest rates. The Bank of Canada lowered its bank rate one-quarter of one per cent to 5% per cent effec- tive Monday, Feb. 15, one of a series of reductions starting in May of 1969. The bank rate charged for loans to the commercial eight per cent at the start of 1970. It 'was reduced four times during the year, to end the year at six per cent. The bank rate is usually con- sidered a barometer of eco- nomic health and sets the pat- tern for all interest rates gener- ally. The TD Bank also cut the rate It pays on premium savings ac- counts one-quarter of one per cent to 4% per cent effective Monday, March 1. FOLLOWS NEW YORK The b a n k 's announcement came after four big New York banks cut their prime lending rate by one-quarter percentage point for the fourth time this year. The new rate by the big New York banks is per cent. The Canadian prime rate was last reduced Jan. 8 to seven per cent. At the start of 1970 it was 8% per cent. Saigon mad at France SAIGON (CP) The Saigon government indicated its dis- pleasure with France today by saying it will suggest a change in the site of the stalled Paris peace talks. On the war front, South Vietnamese troops hi Laos were becoming bogged down and facing increased re- sistance. Foreign Minister Tran Van Lam of S'outh Vietnam said the Saigon government will suggest at Thursday's session of the Paris peace talks that the venue for the meetings, now in their third year, be moved from the French capital to Southeast Asia, but he gave no indication what country he had in mind for the new site. Lam was quoted by the offi- cial Vietnam press agency as warning the French government that if it continued its "unfair activities" South Vietnam might consider severing diplomatic re- lations with Paris. The foreign minister, in an in- terview with the agency, was evidently referring to concern expressed by members of the French government following the thrust by South Vietnamese troops into neutral Laos last week. 'What's yours taste Man, wife found dead MYRNAM (CP) A man and wife found shot to death in their farm home here are ap- parent victims of a murder- suicide, police said. The victims were identified as William Roman Seminiuk, 44, and his wife, Nadia, 34. RCMP are still investigating the incident at Myrnam, about 90 miles east of Edmonton. Figure still short By JIM WILSOV Herald Education Writer Grant support to the Univer- sity of Lethbridge for 1971- 1972 will be up by over mil- lion more than the previous year's figures to Under figures given to the TJ of L board of governors, about million of the sum is in "formula" support based on student enrolment. The remainder is based on special grants associated with problems of a small and em- erging university also due to the special two-campus cir- cumstances the university will operate on in 1971-1972. When tuition fees of per student per two-semester year are included, the university's budget is estimated at mil- lion. SHORT Dr. Bill Beckel, U of L vice- president, said the final figure is about short of what the university needed to "move slowly forward" in new pro- gram developments and im- proved services. "Instead the budget will keep us afloat, but we won't mova forward at he said. Last year government grants were almost short of what had been anticipated due to a drop in enrolment in- crease. The final government grant last year was ex- penditures (including tuition fees as well as the grant) to- talled million, resulting in a deficit of about ac- cording to Harold Cooper, uni- versity controller. The deficit comes out of the new grant. The university's 1371-1972 budget estimate is up about 19.2 per cent over that of the previous year, but much of the increase is due to the cost of operating two campuses, since the West Lethbridge campus will not be completely occupied until summer of 1972. The university will continue paying rent for facilities own- ed" by the Lethbridge Commun- ity College until then. Dr. Beckel said the lower- than-needed government 'grant will mean there can be little in- crease in the total U of L fac- ulty. He said there may be one less professor in the faculty of education, and perhaps one or two more in the faculty of arts and science. There have recently been a number.of sessional instructors cut from both faculties due to their two-year contracts laps- ing. Other university faculty will be returning from sabbati- cal leave to fill their vacan- cies. The university will "forced to reassess the mini- mal program we now offer to see if it isn't perhaps too rich relative to the amount of mon- ey we're getting from the gov- Dr. Beckel said. "We are definitely pleased that the universities commis- sion recognizes the special needs of Lethbridge this year, and we know they did the best they could within the money they got from the government for all three Alberta universi- ties." Environment bill introduced for ex-con Seen and heard DALLAS, Tex. (AP) A widespread alarm was out today for a 33-year-old ex-con- vict accused of fatally shooting three of five kidnapped deputy sheriffs. One of the surviving deputies was wounded. The deputies, seized while in- vestigating a burglary, were taken to a river bottom where one of their captors opened fire. Charged with murder, the fu- gitive was identified as Rene Adolpln Guzman. Authorities said IK had a police record for burglary and assault. About town ALDERMAN Steve Knich c o m m e n t i n g on the amount of chlorine in the city's drinking water and noting he would almost rath- er take his chances with the germs Bernicc Pytlarz gaining a big appetite but still managing to "bounce it off" at the new figure control centre Bowler Dchi My- prs. happy with her first 330 game, undaunted when .lolm Scaltergood claimed he could do it left-handed. By WALTER KREVENCHUK EDMONTON (CP) A bill to establish a department of the environment, which could permanently close plants that pollute or damage a natural resource and fine offenders up 1o a day, was intro- duced in the. Alberta legisla- ture Monday. "Up to now the emphasis in pollution control has been on Health Minister James Henderson said in an in- terview after submitting three related bills for first reading. "It is time to move into the enforcement phase." Mr. Henderson snid he hopes to have Ite act implemented by April I. The department would be re- sponsible for the conservation, management and use of nat- ural resources, the prevention and control of pollution and of noise from commercial or in- dustrial operations, and any operations or activities that destroy, disturb, pollute, alter or make use of a natural re- source. The act specifies that a nat- ural resource includes land, plant life, animal life, water and air. In what the act calls a "stop the minister can shut down or stop the operation of any plant, equipment or struc- ture cither permanently or for a specified period in cases of actual or threatened pollution ol the environment or destruc- tion or damage to natural re- sources. A person who does not com- ply with a stop order would be guilty of an offence and upon conviction liable to a fine not more than a day, 12 months in jail or both. The stop order could be ap- pealed, with an environment conservation authority deter- mining whether there was suf- ficient grounds for issuing such an order. FINE The department of flic en- vironment would administer the proposed clean water and clean air acts, which would set maximum permissible concen- trations of contaminants in air and water, and water tempera- ture levels. The acts would require ap- proval of plans and spedfica- lions of plants and structures that are potential sources of water and air pollution. Fail- ure to obtain such approval could result in a fine not ex- ceeding a day. Failure to provide requested information to the director of the department's division of pollution control could also re- sult in fines of not more than a day. A person who is suilty of an offence under fhs clean and water acts for which no pen- alty is specifically provided is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding Default, of payment coultl brine a jail sentence of up to Hires months.