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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - February 16, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta i- �n VOLUME XI. v LET1IBH1DGE, ALBERTA. SAITKDAY, FEBRUARY"l6? 1018 STILL WITH NUMBER ",7 IMPROVEMENT IN LABOR FEELING That Is Opinion of Hun Leaders-German Mission in Petrograd Is Ignored : Amsterdam, Feb. IS.-That Germany fcud Austria woro Ktill at war with Hus- sia was the belief expressed by Dr. Richard Von Kuehlmanj^, the foreign secretary at the concluding session of the recent conference at nrest-Litovsk after Trotzky, the BolRheviki foreign' minister, had made his final statement that, Russia was out of the war and her armies would he demobilized, hut that she would desist from signing a formal peace treaty. The acts of war, l)r. Con Kuehlmann said, ended when Russia and the Teutonic allies signed ihe armistice, hut when the armistice ended the warfare must ho revived. He added that because one or two of the contracting Apurtles had demobilized their armies, this fact would in no way alter Lite* situation. Germans ignored Amsterdam, Feb. 16.-Complaint is made in a flemi-pfflcial note received bore from Berlin that the German commission in Petrograd is experiencing constantly increasing difficulty. Conventions between members of the committee with the Russian leaders is impossible, it is said, because the Russian authorities, especially Premier i.enine and Foreign Minister Trotzky declare they arc occupied with other urgent 'business and make numerous excuses to retard the discussions. Germany 'in Predicament Washington, Feb. .10. - Official Washington's ' opinion of Bolshcviki Foreign Minister Trotsky's decision for no war and still no peace with Germany is that Trotzky, whether knowing it or not, has placed Germany in military and diploma/tic predicaments. Movements of German troops from the .Russian frontier have been stopped and it is believed by military men here that no further withdrawal of forces can be made until Berlin decides on a policy toward the Bolsheviki. Such.' official reports as have been received do not say clearly whether the demobilization of ' Russion tvoops has been coritfnued, but they'do indicate � re-organization of the Red Guard. � , Widen Breach Germany by repudiating the non-annexation policy, officials here think, 'widondd the breach with the Socialists who cry lor peace. They also think Germany will be forced to go to Hie aid of the Ukrainians if the Bol-sheviki attack them. Leave Petrograd Berlin, Feb. 16.-(Via London**.-The commissioners representing the central powers left Petrograd yesterday and crossed the German lines this morning, it is announced officially. London, Feb. "16.-Notable improvement in the last two or three weeks, in what he calls "combing out atmosphere*' it remarked by the labor correspondent. ,of the Times. The cdmbfnfl out of men from the protected operation* under the Military Service bill is now in progress. Large numbers of young engineers are coming voluntarily to the recruiting offices and are not waiting-to be summoned. Canadian and British THIS DEMANDS AN ! EXPLANATION NOW Win Successes on Western Front T i Canadian Army France, 'Feb. 15 ~- I-ieadquurl.erri m | (By the Canadian POSED AS AGENT Overseas Correspondent.)-On the eve of an historic dinner to commemorate the arrival of the first Canadian division in France three years ago, the Canadians raided the enemy lines near Hill 70 and in front of Kens, capturing a total of ten prisoners and two machine guns. At approximately at the same time, south of the Hargi-curt,' other Canadians again crossed one thousand yards of No Man's band, took thirl eon prisoners and two machine guns, destroyed four trench mortars and bombed both Ihe enemy's front and support linen. The raid in the Mill 70 sector which was carried out early yesterday was Another Raid j ed by an exploding shell. At'aix o'clock this morning in front \r Visibility %vuk good and Ur-ai* todny of Lens, Canadian troops, operating in j and resulted in much aerial activiiy mi two parties, gave the nervous enemy J both sides. German airplanes in large another decisive tast*1 of Canadian j numbers repeatedly attempted to cross mottle. The operations-, which were the Ahioric.au linfs, hut were driven covered by artillery, trench mortar, away either by aircraft batteries or by and machine gun barrages, were eai^jthe air squadrons. rled out by two parties. On the left The American artillery has attained little opposition was enoonMnred. On a high degree of efficiency. Today it i the right the party wn^ held up by continually fired shells that exploded! (dose range machine gun fire hut sue- dose to the enemy airplanes and Uw#| ceeded Jn capturing one prisoner. 'aviators were forced to dodge and duck Americans Repulse Attack j and scurry back to a safer area. Ar- With the American Army in Fran.ce. � tillery on both sides also resumed ac-Feb. 16.-The Germans opposed to .the | tivity today. The American gunners Rome, Feb, 1G.- (Special cable to the Mail and EmpireT--The secret treaty concluded before her intervention in the war by Italy with the entente powers contained a clause that any peace initiative by the pope would not be tolerated, nor should his interference in the war. This is denied officially by the Catholic deputy, Sinnor Longinotti. The treaty has now been read in parliament, including the clause, the existence of which was denied. An explanation of that deial is now demanded. American soldiers ea rly yestcrday made an unsuccessful bombardment: with gas shells. German airplanes in I Phone Operator, Launched a Daring Venture-Promised Spain's Aid supported by a heavy barrage from! large numbers also were driven away our artillery, to .which the enemy re-1 by the American machines and anti-plied with iMniggTing artillery fire.(aircraft batteries, lie also offered strong resistance with machine gun and. rifle lire, but our veteran troops broke into the line, returning with six prisoners and two machine guns as proof of the success of the ox>eration. Gaw-'ahellfl in consid'-iMhlc number from the German guns i'Hi iwthhrLhe American sector early ibis morning:, making necessary the wearing of masks in all parts of ill" ;reaches for some hours. One American was injur- sbelled the OeHnan rear lines. _ British Raid London. T'"eb. .Hi.-A successful raid was carried out by Lancashire troop;-early last night in the neighborhood of the Yprc.s-Sjrfulen railway, says today's war office report. Kleven prisoners were taken by our troops and our casualties were slight. The hostile artillery was active i;i the course, of the night north of Lens SELL PART BLOOD RESERVE IF IHE Radical Socialists Have Gained Ground Rapidly Since the Strike in Political Circles i [ \ and opposite Laba^se and tVytssehaete.� Xew York, Feb. 1(1.-How a $15 a week telephone operator, posing' us "His Excellency, the Marquis Edinond Rousselot Oe CastilJot. confidential rep- r resentative of His Majesty, King Alfonso XIH. of Spain," opened negotiations with the banking house of J. P. Morgan and Company for a loan of $50,000,000 and. by promising that Spain would enter the war on the side of , the allies, brought the state department Info the matter, was revealed in the federal court here yesterday when three indictments were returned against Fdmond Konsselot. Rousselot was pressing his plan for the loan when chance caused his arrest on another charge, and. his castles in Spain quickly toppled. William R. Hamilton of the Morgan house, was: foreman of the grand jury which returned the indictments, and was familiar with the entire transaction because he was the member of the firm to whom the matter was entrusted. Properly Introduced When tho subject of the loan was broached to the bank by Rousselot who had been properly introduced by W. E. Stokes of New York City, the bunk immediately communicated with Secretary Lansing, who opposed the loan to the Spanish government through, an individual, and suggested that it be taken up through the'reg-1 ular government channels. 1 Rousselot objected to this method of procedure, explaining that the loan waft to bo made personally to King Alfonso and -it -was because of this secret arrangement he could promise that Spain was to Join the allies. Compromising Letters Found in London House-Neutral ^Powers Helped MONTREAL CAMPAIGN FOR PATRIOTIC FUND London, Feb. 16.- (Mail and Empire cable).-Many compromising letters from those who surround ex-King Constantine of Greece, have been found in a search of the houses of many persons arrested in Athens recently^ says a despatch from the Times' correspondent in Athens, dated Wednesday. It is now certain that active and regular correspondence has been carried on for months between the roj^al exiles and Constantino's partisans in Greece, It appears that the channels of this Illicit intercourse were the consulates of two neutral powers whose names are withheld. Doubtless steps will be taken to stop it, adds the correB-pondent. AN EMENYSUB 1 Block al Both North a*id South Ends May Be Sold Indians Vote i i Beaten Off By Shore Fire .Less Than a Dozen Casualties GEN. SIR WM. ROBERTSON Who has resigned as Chief of the British Staff. London, Feb. 16.-marine bombarded this morning, it i An enemy sub-Dover early officially an- - I nounced. The submarine was fired upon f ron/ the shore and ceased the bombardment after some rounds had been fired. There were less than a dozen casualties. The official statement reads: F "Fire was opened on Dover, by an enemy submarine about 12:30 o'clock this morning for about "^hree or four minutes. Shore batteries replied and the enemy ceased fire after discharging about thirty rounds. "The casualties were*. Killed, one chiid. Injured, three men. one woman and three children. 'Slight damage was caused to house property." ITALIAN PRODUCTION CAMPAIGN PLANNED Montreal. Feb. 16.-The fourth Montreal campaign for the Patriotic Fund was fixed for next September at a /meeting" of the finance committee of the local branch. The financial statement showed that approximately seven million dollars, a fifth of the total subscriptions totalled in Canada has been collected in Montreal. Of this, $2,000,000 has been spent in this district and the rest sent to Ottawa. The total calls; on the fuiid for 191S were estimated at Ottawa Ho be $12,500,000. Tlj� remainder on hand on December 1 was $9,546,000 and.with the result of recent campaigns and unpaid subscriptions should nW total $12,000,-000. I But May Refuse to Work in Moody Mine-Armstrong Cannot Interfere A Vienna well in- Amsterdam, Feb. 16.- telegram ascribes to a formed source" the statement that if Russia and Germany resumed ( military operations the attitude of Austria-Hungary will not be influenced thereby. A full agreement on this point is said to have been reached by the central powers. BULGARIA FRIENDLY Amtsecdam, Feb. 16,-Bulgaria has resumed diplomatic relations with Russia, according to a Sofia ^ telegram published in German newspapers. German Polish Relations Amsterdam, Feb. 10.-In discussing fhe latest Ukraine-Polish developments, the Vorwaerts of Berlin, the Socialist'organ, say?: > "The fine days of German-Polish friendship are past and their place has been taken by something quite new- a German-Ukrainian community.'of interests an opposed to Polish aspirations. Rut the gradual progress of world's history may ^ again alter the outlook in the east. SHIPMENTS ANTHRACITE * Philadelphia, Pa., Feb. 16.-The shipments of anthracite in January as reported to the anthracite bureau of information and announced yesterday amounted to 5,028,383 tons, a decrease of 303,342 tons compared with January. 1017, and (10,562 tons less than the December figures. The bureau states that the figures are a good showing in view of the fact that January was the coldest month in a generation in the anthracite regions. Sir the Calgary, Keb. 15.-A mass meeting of the miners of the Drumheller field will be held on Sunday and there is a good possibility (hat the strikers will return to work on Monday. 'Whether they will return ro work in the Moody mine is unknown. Frank Moody, operator, is obdurate in the stand he has taken and the only factor that will be able to make him change hiri program is the government. W. Armstrong, mine supervisor, has maintained from the start of the trouble that fle^has no jurisdiction over (he Moody mine as It is not included in the mines of District 18, not being an organized mine. London, Feb. 16.-General Willia mRobertson,*chief of British Imperial Staff, has resigned, it. was officially announced this evening. General Wilson, suiK chief of staff, takes the vacated place. General Robertson was unable, the statement says, to accept a position as military representative on the supreme war council at Versailles or to continue as chief of the imperial general staff limited powers. Rome. Feb. 10.-A decree establish-j ing agrarian mobilization was passed 'today by the chamber of deputies. It is aimed at the cultivation of waste lands and confers upon the minister of agriculture powers which permit him to control everything grown. Ths minister also can organize agricultural labor and furnish things necessary to productive labor. Won't Take This Job London, Feb. Jtl.-(Globe cable). - The Daily Telegraph's parlamentary-; correspondent writes: B I "Sir William Robertson has been 1 offered by the premier the position of i British representative on the supreme war council at Versailles, wi�h all the powers of a generalissimo, but Sir William has so-far not accepted the offer. CONGRATULATES CANADIANS London, Feb. l.V-(Via Renter'* Ottawa Agency I. - Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig, commander in chief of the British armies/in France, has sent a message of( congratulation to the Canadians who took part: in the successful raid near Hargiconrt on February 12. PATROLS HAD UTILE MANY CANADIAN CARS STILL IN U. S. Monireal, Feb. 15.-Although 4-io.> Canadian freigbf cars have been returned from the United States rail ways at the request of tho Canadian railway war board. General Secretary Neale, of the war board, states that there are still 17,204 cars overdue from the United States, over and above the reciprocal exchange between tb two countris.. The return of the 4455 the largest single gain yet made in the campaign to recover Canada's ears from the foreign tangle. If the Indians of the Blood Reserve show by their vote that they are willing, the Dominion government will this fall sell a block of land at each the north and south end of the reserve, each block approximating 50,000 acres in ex-^ tent. An upset price .of $3) per . acre will be placed on the land. The Indians were to have voted yesterday on the proposal but owing to the small numbers present the vote waft adjourned to Feb. 28. F Kay Knight, who with .1. D. "Watson* is the lessee of the grazing rights' oi the reserve, stated to the Herald to- h day that he understood such a proposal on'fool, but he did not think that the amount of land involved was quite so large, nor did he think that the Indians would vote away their birthright. The proposed northern block, if sold would throw open to settlers a fine tract, of land between Lethbridge and Alacleod. On the south end the proposed block is west of Cardston, close to the Old Man river. The land is the choicest' in Southern Alberta. The whole reserve consists of o'i.0,000 acres, so that the proposal is to dispose of about 30 per cent, of it. This woild still leave some 250.000 acres on which about 8000 Blood Indians are domiciled. The Lethbridge Board of Trade has been working for a long time to have all or part of the reserve set apart for bona-flde settlers, and the present effort on the pari.of the government may be the result of the local board's activity. Indian Department Confirms' � r \V. A, Buchanan, M.P., wired to D. C. Scott, superintendent of Indian affairs at Ottawa, about the proposed sale of the Blood reserve and this af' ternoon received the following reply: "Blood Indians have been asked to surrender fifty-two thousand acres from the north part of the reserve and fifty-one thousand acres from the south part. Understand voting took place yesterday. Do not know result. Land will be subdivided and sold by public auction." ---- � �--m BOLO P4SHA HAS N ENTERED APPEAL Paris, Feb. 15.-Bolo Pasha, who yesterday was convicted by a courtmartial - of treason and sentenced to death, today appealed from the verdict to the court of cessation. Xew York, Feb. 10\-The radical sn- t ciiillst movement in Germany, the growing strength of which was shown by the persistency of the political , .strike in January and February is alsi;  gaining1 decided ground among t.he�po-litical leaders of German social democracy, little group of radical Soc-( ialists in ilie reicliatag under the lead-* ershlp of Ilaaso, Ledbour and Bon-stein, split: off from the caucus organization of the regular, or Echoicle-mann Socialists on the issue of voting Wuuls for the war and formed an independent organization. which is now growing by continued defections: from the moderate wing to a strength entitling it to a second member on} the principal reichstag committees. This information was obtained from , German newspapers received here by the Associated Press. The additional representation is gained' at the expense of the regular Socialist organization, which at the beginning of the war, was the largest party in the reichstag, but which has now fallen to second rank behind the Catholic Centre. Four Socialist members of the reichstag, Brandes, Erdmann. Huttman and Jaeckel, went over, to the Radicals at the beginning of the war. i Commander British Battleshi Announces That Seeadler Was Last To Be Seen * A Pacific Port, Feb. 16.-The South Pacific Ocean has been swept clean of German raiders, according to an announcement today by the - commander of a British warship which has been on patrol duty along the west coast of South America. "I am positive that^the Seeadler was the last German'raider in the Pacific," said the captain. "Ample warning will be given to shipping if there is any possibility of' another raider entering the Pacific. According to officers of the vessel, there are thirty-nine German steamers and fifty-one sailing vessels with a total tonnage of 230,* 000, interned in ports along the west coast of South America. Among them is the Potosia, 3,755 tons, the world's largest sailing shp. Peru, Ecuador and Colombia all have opened their ports to allied shipping, said the officers. BRITAIN AND ITALY BOTH NEED FOOD EVIDENCES OF A Wool Expert Gives Splendid Lecture to Sheep Breeders Destroyers Took Them Unawares in Black Night Some Brave Deeds  OVER PEACE TERMS London^ Feb. It;.-There Is much feeling against the central Warsaw committee and Russian Poland, ucconly ing to an Exchange Telegraph despatch from Copenhagen. The workmen' are said to ho' planning demonstrations. The streets are being patrolled by soldiers" and policemen. A despatch from Amsterdam Friday reported a Berlin newspaper as saying the Polish members of the Austrian parliament were embittered against Austria because of � ihe peace arrangements. In addition losing I / - Growth of the wool fibre and the systematic cross-breeding of sheep to secure best dual purpose sheep for range conditions were the subjects of masterly addresses at the Board of Trade building last night by W. T. Ritch. the Australian expert to about 25 members of the South Alberta^ >Vool Growers association: Had the members realized what was in store for them there would have been 100 present instead of 25 for Mr. Ritch proved that he is a praeticn! sheepman from the word Vgo" and his address was such that even the layman could understand the subject. Uses Charts Taking wool as the basis on which to work in building up a good range flock Mr. Ritch proceeded by means of charts to show the growth of tho wool fabre. He showed why the wool of the yearling uhvnyn tapers from the base to the tip, making it more valuable for'spinning purposes*, and therefore worth a couple of cents more than the wool of older sheej). On this account-he told the shepherds to see that was dark to losing Cholm, Poland was to be stripped of Lodz and Dombritzva and it is always packed separately, access to the sea was refused to the Cullinp, The Flock ifviw. . j .lie then weni into the mafter of de- termining the value of wool and of culling the flock to get the bent wool producers. The range flock, he showed, should have a wool that will not let in the snow and the wind, t should be dense and should have a fairly good length also. The wool therefore should have a fair number of cross fibres running through it, for these are the fibres.that hold ihe fleece together and protect the animal, lie condemned the practice of many eastern judges of throwing out animals for haying "too many cross fibres" when 'it is these very fibres that kind Providence gave ihe sheep for its own protection. Mr. Ritch ^then wen!, on to show how, by examining the tips of the Uttje wool clusters on the lamb a feu* weeks old, the shepherr can tell whether ihe lamb will become n goof range wool producer or not. If tho end of the tuft is tossy and split up, [sell the lamb for slaughter or to the neighbors, but if ihe l{p of the tuft, has a corkscrew twis keep he lamb- it will produce the best wool. Classing Wool Mr. KitcU also pointed out the new j High ----------------------------1 Low ..... (Continued ok Page 4^ L Forecast Dover, Feb. JU.--The weather thick and the night was very when the German destroyers dashed upon British patrol bouts in the Strait of Dover early Friday morning and sank e-ght of theat. The patrol vessels, being equipped onlyfwifh light armament for anti-submarine work, did not have a chance once the Germans got among them. The risk thus taken is shared by great numbers of trawlers and drifters, operating, in all kinds of weather and at all hours. Yet the proportion of losses has been remarkably small. On the latest occasion the crews bore themselves wit'll the same coolness and courage that drifter men have shown iu innumerable cases of danger and difficulty. One noteworthy incident, a drifter was shelled at close quarters by two German destroyers, * whose thirty-pound shells killed all of the crew except two. and set the drifter a fire. The two survivors, seeing their craft ablaze and believing it would sink, launched a boat. They had not rowed far when they saw the vessel way still afloat and the euemy retiring. They returned, put out ihe fire and brought the drifter into port. NAVAL ENGAGEMENT London, Feb. 16.-Belief that a naval engagement has occurred is expressed in a dispatch received in Stockholm from Gothenburg and forwarded by the correspondent of the Morning Post. The dispatch reports the recovery of a large number of bodies of German 3ailors who apparently belonged to a warship. Ottawa, Feb. 16.-In a cable received today by the Canada food board from the British ministry of food, emphasis is placed on inV ports' to Great Britain and upon the extreme need of cereals in Italy, SAYS KALEDINES HAS DISAPPEARED Half of Shipyard Workers Av^ On Strike in New York JAPANESE MISSION A Pacific Port.'Feb. l(�.---Four Japanese naval officials arrived here yes-ferday from the Orient and asserted they comprised an official mission cm-route to Europe to confer wjtlwrepre-sentatives of the entente allied governments. Washington, Feb. 16.-The American consul at Tiflis, today transmitted an unconfirmed report that General Kaledtnes, the Cossack leader in the Ukraine, who resisted the ambitions of the Bolsheviki, had suddenly dropped out of sight and is nowhere to be found. HAS SMALL-POX WEATHER v V V ? ? ? TAKE OVER BIG HOTELS Toronto, Feb. :ltiFrank A. Dudley, president of the United States Hotel e.onjpanj' of America, is in the dry completing arrangements to take over the King lOdwarrt hotel. The Royal Connauglit of Hamilton was the first property to be acquired by this $}O.00(M)iMi corporation. The amount involved in the purchase-of the' King Edward Hotel property, representing land, buildings, furnishings and proposed improvements i$ $1,~ 500,000. ? V ? V V V ? ? Calgary. Feb. fti.-Yesterday detective White ol1 the provincial police, was hurried to the small-pox hospital. He wan just breaking out with the pock, which \6 the period when the) disease is most; contagious. APPEAL THIS EXEMPTION Montreal, Feb. 3 0.-When Justice Guerin yesterday granted exemption from military service to Anatole. La-vere, because he whs h munition work-or, Mr. Millelte, tne military representative asked for and was given leave f to appeal to Ottawa. New York, Feb. 16.-An appeal direct to President Wilson to intervene In the f trike of shipyard workers en- % gaged on government contracts will be -made today by the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners, it was an-  nounced by officials of the organiza-. tton here this morning. Approximately 50 per cent o� the shipyard workers in the New York di:s-[ trict are on strike today, according tc ;> * > * > > ; ; FOROtBCY EJECTED Baltimon:, Aid.. Feb. 1(1.- When John H. Ferguson, president of tho Baltimore Federation of Labor, who was in Washington yesterday conferring with government officials, returned laist night and attempted to address a meeting of the striking shipyard workers, they refused to listen "a.nd forcibly ejected him. *' - r Washington, Feb. 16.-More than half of the great, number of shipyard workers needed to carry out the country's merchant marine program, have been secured In the first half of the first week of the national enrollment cam* pidgn by the United States public service reserve. This is shown by incomplete returns -to William Haft, director of the restrvs. Si. ;