Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 15, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERAID Tucicluy, rtbrumy 15, W2 Maurice WcsH'rn Controllers strike could be a test case Good news for publishers The federal "uvt'rnmont's announc'O inenl that it will assist Ihe struggling amndicin book industry will bo wel- come news to publishers and writers alike. Stale Secretary Gerard Pclle- tier slated recently lhat approximalc- ly SI.7 million will be dispensed in a six-point aid program which, he said, represents about one third of the. Ca- nadian book publishing yearly turn- over, excluding textbooks. One of the most important pro- posals in the program will be invit- ing publishers to undertake the pub- lishing of some of the government's many documents and reports which heretofore have been published by Information Canada. Such documents as the Le Dain Commission's report on the Senate's report on crty and Iho Secretary of Slate's Committee on Youth report would have been profitable ventures for private publishing companies, be- cause they sell and are consid- ered 'best sellers" in sales volume. The Le Dain interim report at S2 per copy would have been gravy for a private publishing firm for il sold well over copies in Alberta alone. Another majority proposal is that will Ro lo the export of Cana- dian books, with being ear- marked for establishing dislribution centres in the U.S., Hritain and Eur- ope. Another would be used for Canadian participation, at book fairs and other exhibitions. Aside from assisting the Canadian book publishers in holding their own against increasing domination of the industry by U.S. publishers, the pro- gram will offer at least two major fringe benefits. One, writers of known merit will be encouraged to take up their profession seriously without being forced into the tradition of starving in garrets. Tun, the estab- lishment in other countries of Cana- dian hook centres will act as an edu- cational channel through which our nation's history and culture can be appreciated anil contemplated by many people who know so little about us, In Bangladesh, hope The fact that tremendous murder- ous uprisings have not taken place so far in Bangladesh is undoubtedly due lo the almost universal respect held by .-Uvaini league leader Sheikh Wujibur Rahman. He lias, for in- stance, been able to persuade the leader of Ihe militants were re- sponsible for the race course bayon- eltings in Dacca, which so horrified television audiences in more peaceful lands, to lay their arms at his feet. It was a highly significant symbolic gesture of submission to the will of the national hero. But there are factions of left and right, of students, of anarchists, of pro Peking and pro Moscow groups, of strong Muslims, and in- different Muslims, a motley crew, all of them opinionated and held to- gether only by an almost universal worship of the master who is expect- ed to lead them to the promised land. Can he do it? In an economy strug- gling to get on its feet after being bled fo death for months, in a coun- try where even the police force has been decimated and its equipment removed, where the prize exports of jute are immobilized because vital ports were bombed by the Indians, where much of the industrial mach- inery has been destroyed and where millions of refugees are reluming to find ashes where there were once homes, the Sheikh's task is formid- able, terrifying. lie has, fortunately, a solid politi- cal base a unified army which worships him, according to corres- pondents, and an organization which is not scattered as are (lie others who could cause trouble if the pace of progress is too slow. Gavin Young of the London Obser- ver writes that the UN mission is doing a magnificent job and that its first report shows that "things though grim are not the quagmire of des- pair and death (hat outsiders see.'1 Now that foreign countries are rec- ognizing the new nation Canada has now joined the throng as ex- pected massive aid will be forthcoming. If it comes fast enough and in large enough doses, it could mean internal peace and a measure of prosperity for the nation whose birth was one of the most painful in human historv. The Irving research method Clifford Irving Howard Hughes drama has seduced me away from The Whiteoaks of Jalna, as a continuing saga. Every time I open the newspaper I see the photo of another blonde, built to speak volumes that McGraw-Hill would love to get its hands on, the young lady testifying that Mr. Irving could not have spent his time interviewing Howard Hughes because Mr. Irving was busy researching her. Having recently researched a book ot my own (Vancouver, Doubleday and Co., 13.95 while they lasl) I have trouble iden- tifying with the Irving method of gather- ing material. I would give my taps rec- order and either leg to have mastered the teclmiquc. My method of research was to fall over things, in the gloom of the basement of the Vancouver Public Library, while try- ing to match up old photos with the card index. I also spent about 100 hours peer- ing into a microfilm viewer whose screen was fly-specked by squadrons oi large and excessively loose-bowelled insects. Altogether the research experience lett me with the visual capability of the fruit bat, whom I also came to resemble b other ways. (I had not previously slept banging upside To this experience I compare the way- Clifford Irving went about researching his book on Howard Hughes. I note thai the. gorgeous Nina Van Pallandl, 30-year-old Danish cabaret singer, tells the press that the was with Irving when he went to Mexico, and that she doesn't sec how he could have interviewed Hughes because Irving was wilh her "for all but about 90 minutes of the time." Now, that's what I call bibliography. 1 have checked with files of the Library of Congress and I Ihid nothing lo match the documentation of the pantsnit worn by Mrs. van Pallandl. Spuming alphabetical order, the next source listed is yummy scuba diver Ann Baxter, who says that she flew to the Virgin Islands (where with Clifford Irving and gave him diving lessons dur- ing the period that he says he was attempting (o contact Hughes. Gee, I wrote my whole book and didn't wen get wet. In view of the fact that neither McGraw- Hill nor any other publisher has paid me to stay dry, I am obliged to re- view my entire approach lo researching a book. I am preparing a textbook on creative writing including book research, with a view lo sale lo high school sludenls, and must re-evaluate what is usually prcsent- :K! as the most productive use of primary sources and secondary sources. It may be that research in depth re- quires an oxygen lank and access to the Virgin Islands. Some knowledge of Danish is desirable. Even more prerequisite is a degree of physical stamina I haven't associated with users of the Bodleian, or even of the Bi- Nationalc. God knows how I am willing to learn. So long as Ihe Clifford Irving method doesn't involve reference to works in the Library at Ijravcmvorlh. lead me to it. (Vancouver Province Fraturr.s) The explanation pAUL'S room is generally a mess. Hooks, trombone case, hockey pads, racing tr.ick, clothes, nnd tt'liatnot arc mixed up in a contusion rivalling nny casserole yet concocted. Tt is, In truth, Ihe. grand amalgam. F.lspclh tries lo keep tho door to Paul's room closed because the sight of its inter- ior sickens her. One tiny a.s she was rou- Walkcr tincly shutting the door what she viewed brought the anguished cry, "Paul, your room is enough to make a mother commit Allbough I was Manned by this re- mark it ruffled Paul's equanimity nnry a hil. If he had been pressed for an explana- lion dl his unconcern ho would likely li.ivc pointed nut lhat Kkpclli hadn't specified which mother had in mind, QTTAWA: The air traffic controllers are hack in their lovers, the aircraft are flying, more or less, the unre- solved issues have been re- ferred lo binding arbitration, and lhat will he the end of il. So, nt least, the public has been lo understand. But not everyone accepts this version of events. A lending dissident JS .John O'DonnjjhiiL1, an labor relations con- sultant. His contention, set out in a persuasive is what has been done lacks statutory authority, c o n o quenlly arbitration by arrango- menl cannot be legally binding on the parties. In that case, we may or may not be through with this un- happy and disruptive business. Mr. O'Donoghue's argument is a very simple one. The con- trollers have been without a contract since last 'id, when the old one expired. Di- rect negotiations between I he treasury board and association representatives were undertak- en in the August-October pe- riod, but resulted in very little progress. Accordingly, in No- vember, n conciliation board was established "pursuant to the terms of the Public Service .Staff Relations Act." Its rec- ommendations were rejected, a strike followed, further negotia- tions led to a tentative Rcllle- ment which the membership refused. Negotjations were al- most immediately resumed with Dr. Hall as mediator. All this, according to Mr. 0'Donogiiuc, was in accordance with law. But the agreement of Jan. 27 lacked such authority. It provided that the men should immediately return to work and that the over tvagcs and hours should bo put lo binding arbitration, with Dr. Hall as sole arbitrator. The poinl is that (he acl of ]9B7 provides two alternative, and mutually exclusive, pro- cesses for resolving a dispute. Those are (1) by the rcfcrial of the dispute lo arbitration or (2) by the rcfeiral Uiexeof to a concliaticn board. Further, Section 3G (1) requires that be- fore notice to bargain may ba given by a bargaining agent, it must specify which of these two processes will apply. It is sti- pulated in Section 101 (1) that "no emplojcc who is included in a bargaining unit for which the; process for resolution for a dispute is by the referral thereof to arbitration shall par- ticipate in a strike There is no provision for mix- ing these processes. But this has clearly happened. The as- sociation has been permitted by (he government to have its cako (conciliation and exercise of the right lo strike) and to eat it too (by the arbitration At Issue is a question of legal interpretation. Mr. O'Donoghue may be right or m-ong in his reading of the act. But jf he is wrong, Parliament was the victim of misunderstanding when if pass- ed ths Public Service Staff Re- lations Act and so were the ministers whose duly it is at the time lo explain the act to the House of Commons. Thus Ihe prime minister of the day (Mr. Pearson) staled, nl the resolution stage, "This method, founded on conciliation and permitting strikes in pres- cribed circumstances would be available as an alternative lo the process of binding arbi- tration to any bargaining agent.'1 Mr. Benson, speaking on sec- ond reading, was more expli- cit. "Tlie dispute settlement provisions in the hill arc of great In applying for certification as a bargain- ing agent, an employe organi- zation would he required lo choose one of two dispnle set- tlement options, one providing for recourse to binding arbitra- tion, the other for a procedure requiring reference to a concil- iation board and offering, in de- fined circumstances t o em- ployees other than those deem- ed necessary in the interests of the safely or security of the public, Ihe right to strike. Each bargaining agent would be bound by the procedure of its clioice and would be unable lo cltange ils oplion for a period of three years. The reason for the three-year period is lo move Ihrough one bargaining period and on to the next pe- riod Wore there can be a change in the option of em- ployee representatives." There was a change in com- mittee but not one to invalidate Mr. O'Donoghue's point. Com- mending the government for accepting a commitlce recom- mendation, Stanley Knowles a leading critic of the bill said. "It is now not necessary for a bargaining unit to make its choice concerning which course it wishes to follow until it has given notice that it wishes lo bargain and then ils choice is applicable for just one time around. This is a tremen- dous improvement." It is thus clear that there bad to be a choice. "Thought We Got Rid of Is there a commonsense ar- gument lo bo made for the government? The assumption (often stated) of 1966-67 was that most public service unions would choose arbitration prob- ably, the insistence on a prior choice was inlcndcd as a de- terrent lo employees who, dis- satisfied by the award of an arbitration hoard, might wish to lake their chances with a strike. In the present case, ar- bitration by agreement is sure- ly preferable Lo another strike imposing more burdens on the public. But is Ibis tenable? For, if there is a choice of routes and Parliament has placed a bar- rier between them, it presum- ably affecls traffic in both di- rections. If the government ne- vertheless permits it in one, it may be hard pressed to deny it in Ihe other. Thus, if a union, having elected conciliation and exer- cised its strike right, can shift lo binding arbitration, it may be equally entitled to take Ihe opposite course, namely lo re- ject an arbitral award and try the strike roulc. In lhat case, whal assurance is there lor the public under the present acl? The precise meaning of Ihe act could be determined only by Dm courts and they, of course, would pay no attention to anything which might have been said in debate by a cabi- net minister. It appears, how- ever, that the treasury board has imported into the legisla- tion uncertainly wh'ch did not exist prior lo Jan. 27. No one supposed until then that employees could use the slnke method to improve the prospects of arbitration. Whatever happens in Ihe air traffic controllers' case, the probability is (bat other unions will not be slow to exploit the new opportunities. If Mr. O'Donoghue is right, the government has been some- what careless, misled perhaps by a sense of urgency for which It can scarcely be blamed. The position should be clarified be- cause carelessness in matters involving statutes may be da- maging, especially, perhaps, where labor relations are in- volved. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Paul Whilclaiv Study reveals church in Quebec in severe crisis TtTOXTREAL The yawn- ing indifference that h.is greeted a milestone report on the stale of Roman Catholicism in Quebec is as illuminating as the predictable findings and recommendations of the three- year study. The 315-page document, prepared by a 15-member commission of laymen and clergy, confirms what has become increasingly apparent in recent years: that (he church in Quebec is in a stale of "crisis." Ils once formidable temporal power and spiritual influence have been severely eroded, creating a vacuum fill- ed by both anguish and indif- ference. Of more significance is its recommendation that the church may slill be able to re- gain relevance if it stops preaching and gets involved in the community. Even a few years ago, such a candid assessment of the church's condition and uncer- tain future wou'd have sparked the level of debate that can be generated in 197? by questions of language rights or economic priorities. BuL, the indifference lo Ihe report in mosl newspapers and, accord- ing to some pricsls, amons their parishioners, is a further indication of Ihc malai.se that Letter To The Editor has gripped the church. The report confirms lhat religious attendance is falling drastically, especially amcng the educated and young city dwellers who are "the new elites and the bearers of the new culture." Graduates to the priesthood, who num- bered in ]94fi, dropped to only 100 in 1D7C. It also noics that many parishes are 'n fi- nancial difficulty, although the church is not in dire financial straits despite shrinking rev- enue. "To the eyes of the report states, "t h e church symbolizes a world on Ihe road to liquidalion." The sweeping changes began in Ihe early 19fiOs and coin- cided with the first stirrings of the Quiet Revolution an oc- curance, the commission no'.es, which most Quebecers believe had more impact on the church than Vatican II. In a province where only a dozen years ago the church could cffeclively velo political plans and ruled over the pri- vate hopes and fears of most of ils members, the changing role has heen frequently Irau- mafic. The commission found feelings of "betrayal" arvi de- mands for more "law and order" among those Warm welcome extended II has pome lo my attention, through the news media, that there is a deplorable number of carpenters, electricians and out of work in em Alberta. As I consider my- self a south Alhcrtan I would like to know the areas whero these people are out of work. I find it a little h.ml to swal- low that story and if you lived in this area, you would know why. bi our Ihrcc towns here, Bcllevue, HUdrmorc and Cole- man we have one eleclricatinn When you want service you mast ask him four to six months a h c n d of when you want the job done, as ho has so many jolw piled up. We have three or four car- penters and if you are very, very lucky you con gel. one of them lo come and do a jolt within one or Iwo months after you ask him. Since more pi'tfplii arc stalling li> renew their houses, Ihe further away 'lie chances are of getting your jol) As for pIumlxTS. 1 myself tried last June to get a phimh- I.T to come and hook up my bathroom. II still is done. So that gives you a prc'.ty close estimate as to how lone; it t.akes. There are about three phunlKrrs in the three towns and it's just not enough, as have been installing p.i.s furnaces in this area for Iho past throe lo five years now, and they ju.st don't have (he time (so Ihcy say) for plumb- ing. I'm not. Iho only person in this area who has bad this problem, and now with moro new homes, trailers and shop- ping centres moving in if will probably be even worse this spring. Therefore a message lo nil those unemployed contractors IIKI.P wo need il. And you will never get a warmer welcome anywhere. ANONYMOUS, Coloman, who, still believing in the de- sirability of absolute obedi- ence, have been presented with a more "democratic" church. The other major reaction, Hie commission reports, is lo "push dcmylhicalion to its ex- treme limits: death of God, death of man, death of institu- tions." For many others, the church's changing role has been greeted with the same apathetic lack of Interest as the commission's report, of- ficially titled "Study Com- mission on the Laity and the Church: The Church in Quebec, a Heritage and a Project." the document notes, "religions practice is abandoned without drama, as one discards an old piece of clothing that never really lit." The drift away from failh has been replaced bv a greater emphasis on morality in bolh society and the church. During many of the 37 public hearings across Quebec, Ihe commission was told by priests and religious instructors that they were unable lo speak n[ Christ in their classes, only of "CMUJJ- ity, morality and "good living." The cataloguing of Ihe church's current ills, though the findings were somewhat predictable, is significant in that it is the fjr.sl synemaiic assessment by a church-ap- pointed liody of whal everyone, has suspected for several years. However, the most im- portant job of the commis- sioners, under Iho chairman- ship of sociologist Fernand monl, was lo invesligale whal changes might stem the ero- sion of Catholicism's influence. In the eyes of the commis- sioners, the future course is clear: The church must em- phasize service lo Ihc com- munity, fralernily and per- sonal contact. Action is "more costly'1 than preaching, nolcs re- port, hi a world already "sat- urated wilh propaganda" tho public no longer "believes in words unless they are .sustain- ed by kepi promises of service and commilmcnf." The report slates that the church must be a "linear con- tinualion of what has already been built Bui, such elements as authoritarianism must be The commission aligns ilsolf with liho.ral reformers nnl onlv on theological, but on political grounds. It supports wholeheartedly "services of evangelical sol- such as church-sup- ported groups of welfare re- cipients, unwed mothers, nnd the activities of worker-priests. "The church has a political the d o c u m e n I slates. The church should not align it- self with the ideologies of Ihe left or right, although it would "abuse the gospel" lo be apolitical. One commissioner, J c n n- Paul Hetu, an official of the strongly nationalistic Confed- eration of National Tradi> Unions, dissented that the re- port does not go far enough in suggesting church support for the poor and the working class. Given the liberal stance o! the commissioners, one of the most surprising elements of their report is its defence of' the past role of the church in Quebec. Admitting that their views are contrary to those of most Quebec intellectuals, the com- missioners stale that "even 3 cursory investigalion forces us lo draw a positive balance sheet of ils activity." They admit that CITOI'S oE traditional Quebec Catholicism served "lo make us docile lo- waids dependence and what we Looking THROUGH THE HERALD 1012 The Grand Lodge of Alberta Independent Order of Oddfellows will meet in Leth- bridge next week. It is expect- ed the gathering will bring 250 visitors to Ihe city. 1S22 At the Barnwell Pri- mary Bazaar a special feature was the pic ealing conlcst be- tween Mr. Charles Brown, who holds the championship For Lellibridge, and Mr. Ralph Le- liarnn of Daruwcll. 1932 During the cold snap whirli has continued generally over the west for Ihe past few must call colonization." But. the commissioners give Iho church full credit for the sur- vival of French-Canadian iden- tity. Tbe report defends Ihe role of priests in encouraging high birth rales, saying that "without Hits stunning fertility, we can ask if today we would be able to call ourselves a ma- ture population." The docu- ment also defends the "back to the soil" movements. Without church encouragement to set- tle land in remote areas, as a means of stemming emigration to the cities, vast areas of Que- bec the Gaspe, Beauce and Saguenay would never havo been settled. The commissioners then-ask pointedly: "Alter having waged so long a struggle for survival, is the church simply going to withdraw at Ihe moment our society is going through what is perhaps the great turning point of ils The commissioners, not un- expectedly, are hopeful lhat the church can have an impor- tant new role in Quebec. How- ever, their study has document- ed that there arc many Calii- olics who would disagree, or don't care. (The Herald Quebec Bureau) backward shipments of coal from tho mines havo picked up appreciably. During the firs! 11 working days of this month, CPR cars of coal have been shipped. 1D-12 Conslrudion of new buildings lure duriiig is expected to be only about 20 per cent of normal, according Lo a number of leaders of tho industry in I.cth- briflcc. ifljZ Business uas a I a standstill today as nnd Southern Alberta mourned a beloved and respected Mon- arch, King George, VI. The Uthbridge 504 Till St. S., Lcthbridtfc, Alberta LETIIBHIDGE HERALD r.O. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published IM5-J9M, by Hon. IV. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mali RctjlMrnllcm Nn omj Momhnr of The Cfinatll.in Press nnrl the Cfmarli.m D.iily Nowsparer Asocial ion and Iho Audil Uurrnu of Circuinlions CLEO W. MOWHRS, Edllnr nnd PuNrlirr THOMAS H. ADAMS, General DON PlLl.lNfi Wll I lAAfl MAY Mnnnolno Editor A-.smirilp trliiur rtOY F- DOllfil AS K WAItTR fdverNsing Mftnngor fcililnrini runt, "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"