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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 15, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Monday, February 15, Charles The defence of Miss Angela Davis Summer work for students Nothing has been heard lately of the government's proposal to spend million this summer on a travel program for young people who, pre- sumably, will be unable to find work and must be kept busy doing some- thing. Doubtless public opinion was strongly against free joy-riding for Canadian youth as the proposal seems to have died aborning and pro- vincial governments are at present putting into motion programs of their own The Alberta government is giving consideration to a n u m b e r of ecol- ogy projects which should appeal to young people as well as contribute to ecological conditions in the prov- ince. The federal government has indicated it intends to mak? a spe- cial million fund available tor cap- ital works projects to be undertaken by provincial governments. Alberta expects to receive about from this fund, towards which it will also contribute a substantial amount. The provincial ecology program would involve sending groups o f youth into the wilderness, parks, and other recreational areas on clean-up campaigns, and improvement pro- jects. It's to be assumed more road- side parks will be developed, more parking areas for trailers opened, and other tourist attracting innova- tions introduced in areas which have hitherto been overlooked. One badly needed facility which should definitely appear on all pro- vincial summer works schedules is an extensive, cross Canada con- struction program of hostel units. Finding rudimentary shelter is one of the biggest headaches economy- minded tourists, hitchhikers, cyclists and walkers have to contend with in Canada. All across Europe, for generations hostels have provided comfortable ac- commodation at a nominal sum. With urban authorities constantly concern- ed over the problem of lodging near- penniless summer transients, the pro- vision of sufficient hostels would be at least a partial solution. If our youth could be assigned the job of building hostels, cleaning up the environment, and broadening our recreational facilities they will not only provide work for themselves hut will make a major contribution to deficient areas in all the provinces. CAN FRANCISCO The battle for the defence of Angela Davi-; has begun. Law- yers have filed motions asking that the murder, kidnapping and conspiracy charges against her be dropped for lack of evidence, and support is growing throughout Mack America for the former phil- osophy teacher. Moderates such as the Rev. Jesse Jack- son, heir to Martin Luther King, have proclaimed their beliet that she is the victim of a In b la c k neighborhoods across the country collection boxes are rattling for the "An- gela Davis Defence which has a target of Campus rallies to raise money have been addressed by a va- riety of academic liberals. Pro- fessor Herbert Marcuse, Miss Davis' former teacher, was main speaker at a meeting to mark her 27th birthday. Meanwhile, Miss Davis sits in a heavily-guarded, window- less, six feet by eight cell, two floors above the courtroom where a judge was slain and four other people taken hostage with guns she is accused of supplying. I talked with one of her legal defence team, Mr. Michael Tigar. "It's like living in an oversize he said. "Yellow tiles all the way up. Two paces in any direction. I. seatless toilet. Very aseptic." Miss Davis is isolated from all other prisoners "in case she corrupts them." She can only peer through a small glass aperture in the steel door. "It gives her a view of the matron across the hall." Mail is strictly censored. "Any bad language, threats or derogatory says jail commander Lieut. Newall Snyder, "we just don't let in, or out." Miss. Davis is allowed three pieces of reading matter at a time, restricted lo "suitable" paperbacks and magazines. Twice-weekly visits from rela- tives ere permitted, in a room with a thick glass partition. Conversation is by microphone, with guards listening. Her lawyers suspect their conversations with Miss Davis in an ordinary ce'.l oc- cupied by a metal table and two monitored. "No guard is present and they're r.ct suppcsed to listen." says Mr. Tigar. "But we indulge no illusions and act as if toe sher- iff were present." A clergyman who visited Miss Davis was later warned that he would not be allowed back because he had discussed matters besides relig'.on. The lawyers pass handwrit- ten messages to her across the table. "It makes a concerted defence pretty says Mr. Tigar. Lawyers also complain of harassment by prison officers. "The sheriff keeps us waiting half an hour while he shuffles papers and looks disapproving. Then an electrically operated steel door slides uri we wait at a counter for another ration of crap from another sheriff. "Whsn we gave Miss Davis a cumb for her Afro hair-style the steriff threatened to arrest us. He said we'd committed a crime." The lawyers asked what the rules were. "I've been here 14 replied the sheriff, "and I tell you what you can do, and can't." The defence team is led by veteran civil rights lawyer Howard Moore, who defended Stokely Carmichael and Julian Bond. They want Miss Davis to ac- as co-counsel, speaking ui her own defence and cross-ex- amining witnesses, while they handle points of law. If that is granted, Miss Davis would certainly turn the court- room into a speaker's platform for her revolutionary views, in a trial that says Mr. Tigar well last three months. The state has simplified the Berlin stalemate West German Chancellor Willy Brandt has lost most of the ebullient optimism he exhibited last year after the signing of trade agreement pacts with Poland and the Soviets. The agreements were hailed almost everywhere as signalling a final settlement on the Berlin question and a move to open up trade be- tween West Germany AND Eastern Europe. But the treaty must be ratified by the Bundestag and the Bundestag is in no great hurry to give its unquali- fied approval. Opposition to Brandt's Ostopolitik by those members of Par- liament who fear that the Chancellor is so anxious to open up relations with the East that he might back down on Berlin is growing more vociferous and Brandt needs every modicum of support he can get because he heads a coalition gov- ernment whose minority members could topple him from his job and bring about a national election. The East Germans are exacerbat- ing the issue with all the weapons at their because they dis- like the idea of a Berlin settlement. In fact, they do not consider Berlin to be a part of West Germany but a separate entity, and they believe that they, and only they, have jurisdiction over the access routes to the isolated city. In recent weeks, with monoton- ous regularity, they have held up all traffic on the roads leading into Ber- lin exhibiting their disapproval of visits and conferences by West Ger- man parliamentarians there. For five days traffic was almost completely stalled going in and out of Berlin. In the end, though, it is well known that no settlement can ever be reached over Berlin without the agreement of the four occupying powers, France, Russia, Great Brit- ain and the U.S. It is now beginning to appear as if Russia and the U.S. were dragging their feet in efforts to reach a settlement. Neither one trusts the other. Chancellor Brandt, so hopeful a few months ago, is caught in the middle, unable to force the disappointed, although not yet despairing, he still hopes to bring about an understand- ing with Eastern Europe as Konrad Adenauer did with France. It is his lifetime dream." Art Buchwald WASHINGTON "We regret that for security reasons an embargo has been imposed on this column today. Are there any "Can you give us a reason for the em- bargo on your I cannot. As a matter of fact, you are not authorized to reveal that I have placed an embargo on my column. Any- one violating this embargo will lose his newspaper reading privileges for three months." "Could you at least tell us what the sub- ject matter of the column was going to "It had to do with the war in Southeast Asia, but you may not say that." "What is the reason for the am trying to protect President Nixon's secret plan to get our boys out of South Vietnam. Anything I could say that might hurt that plan would raise a credibility gap with the American people. But none of you is authorized to say that is the reason I placed an embargo on this column." "Could we assume that the column, if it had been printed, would have had to do with the South Vietnamese invasion of Laos, which could possibly broaden the war at the time President Nixon is trying to short- en can assume whatever you want to, but you cannot tell anyone that is what I planned to write." "Would the column that you embargoed have had anything to do with (he Ho Chi Minn have to ask the White House about that. I am not at liberty to discuss the Ho Chi Minn Trail with my readers. That, by the is off the record." "Docs anybody in Congress know any- thing about the column you planned lo "Nobody in Congress knows anything about anything any more. I don't have lo consult Congress about what I plan to .do concerning the war in Vietnam and neither, by the way, does the President. What I have just said is not for attribu- tion." "Has Secretary of State Rogers been in- formed of the contents of the "He naturally has been informed about it, but ho doesn't make any of the deci- sions. Henry Kissinger and his staff are now making all policy decisions on a col- umn having to do with Southeast Asia." "Can we say "Not as long as the embargo is in effect. You can mention Rogers, but you may not mention Kissinger's name at this time." "Would the column have had anything to do with the use of U.S. air power as well as close troop support of our loyal South Vietnamese "H might have been mentioned. But I cannot tell you, for security reasons, how little or how much the use of American planes would have played in the overall theme of the piece." "Can you at least give us a hint as to the thrust of the column, and what you hoped to accomplish by "It is the hope of everyone, including the president of the United States, to get us cut of Indochina as quickly as possible. The column would have suggested how we could do that." "Don't you think the readers have a right (o know what your plan "Not as long as Hanoi has accei-s to American newspapers. It is perfectly clear Ihat any press comment on an operalion this magnitude would only prolong the war. Our political and military leaders know what they're doing or they wouldn't be there." "Can ue .say thai'.''1 "Good Cicd. X'O." (Toronto Telegram New; Si-men Supreme sacrifice By Dong INHERE is a strong probability that no ing of thr church should nol. be penalized i, i HUB ffiith .'iml tn earrv a (lis- fencc will be built at mil place tin.') year. I am making the .supreme sacrifice of taking Elspeth to the gold-plate dinner in support of First United Church and that puls thi! fence fund in an unhealthy slate. it is a {fncd can.se to ue I'.vinj; .support. We believe lha! the in- dividuals who loaned money for the huild- for their faith and made to carry a dis- proportionate share of the financial bur- den. No doubt there will be some who will he suspicious of my martyrdom even as Sulpiciu.s Severus was in :U10 about the martyrdoms of his that it may have been welcomed, 'the grounds for such a suspicion are undeniable, I admit. "We heard it was vacant most of the time so thought could make a deal lawyers' task by emphasizing the political aspects of the case. The conspiracy charges are based largely on "revolu- tionary" speeches made by Hiss Davis, urging the release of the "Soledad three blacks accused of killing a white prison warder. Miss Davis will argue that they are victims of racism, and claim that to reply to the charges she must explain her struggle against social injus- tice. Avciding the disruptive tactics of the Rubin-Hoffman militants, she hopes to make the trial one of the most poli- tically explosive in recent his- tory. "The outcome could depend on whether the politics of the prosecution or the defence are more persuasive to the says Mr. Tigar, "a challenge that Angela welcomes." The defence also wants to shift the trial venue from Mann County a rich "white ghetto" where black find hous- ing problems to a place which offers a fairer cross-sec- tion of races and incomes. The lawyers say that Miss Davis is "deeply concerned" about her fellow defendant, RucheU Magee, 31, who feels he is the forgotten man of the case. Magee is one of the three convicts to whom guns were thrown in the courthouse shoot- ing. The other two were kilted by guards. the age of 16, Magee was jailed by an all-white jury in Louisiana for raping a white had Img been secret friends. He served four years. Later, in California, he was ar- rested for forcing a man with whom he had quarrelled into a car, driving him a few miles and relieving him of Magee says it was a debt. For this "kidnapping" he re- ceived a life sentence under the "little Lindbergh" law. By studying law books in jail, Magee won a retrial, but was reconvicted. Convinced he was a victim of racial prejudice, be was repeatedly disciplined in San Quentin for refusing to work. Magree's disruptive court ap- psarances in the Davis case have caused him to be gagged and hands, feet and neck to his chair. He now' accuses a court-ap- pointed attorney of threatening him with the gas chamber un- less he gives false testimony against Miss Davis, and prom- ising him an amnesty in return fcr helping to convict her. "Angela feels he must be de- says Mr. Tigar. "He's burnt up with the injustices _of his case." Conviction for him would bring a mandatory death sentence. (Written for The Herald, and The Observer, London) Record straightened regarding Bertrand Russell By Flora Lewis, in The Winnipeg Free Press TVEW YORK: One last post- humous clash between Bertrand Russell and an Amer- ican has emerged, and it straightens the record of a man who was a genius in his youth but in nearly a century of life never considered himself too old to learn. The great English philoso- pher, whose Insights shaped much of 20th-century thought, was 97 when he died last Feb- ruary 2. He had at .many times over the long years run into peevish arguments with righteous Americans. They were usually enlightening for America, one way or an- other, and never dimmed his own delight in what he did like Learnin right TJOBERT L. McGee, who teaches English in Rome, supplied The International Her- ald Tribune with the following rules for aspiring writers. 1. Don't use no double nega- tives. 2. Make each pronoun agree with tlicir antecedent. Join clauses good, like a conjunction should. 4. About them sentence frag- 5. When dangling, watch your participles. B. Verbs has to agree with their subjects. 7. Just between you and I. case is important too. 8. Don't write run on sen- tences they are hard to read. 9. Don't use commas, which aren't needed. Id. Try not to ever split in- 11. It's important lo use apos- trophe's right. 12. Proofread your writing to see if you any words out. 13. Correct spelling is cscn- tial. I-! A proposition is a bad v.m'd lo end a si'iltonee i.i. Ail arc usually (also all the time. here. (His devoted wife Edith is American The first quarrel that hap- pened to affect me was in the late 1930s. Bertrand Russell had consented to be a guest professor in New York. He was a towering figure and most American academies consider- ed it a tremendous coup to catch him. On the grounds that he preached free love, which he didn't, the Hearst newspa- pers hounded Urn out of his chair. As a result, he came to UCLA and I had the luck to take a course from him. But Mr. Hearst drove him away from California too, after a year. The fearful majority, deliber- ately aroused by Mr. Hearst to fight the unfamiliar and the challenging, wasn't so silent then either. Of course, chasing away Bertrand Russell did not pre- vent a change in American at- titudes toward sex. He reject- ed prudery but disliked pru- rience as much, understanding they are two faces of but one weak mind. I imagine he would be quite as disdainful of the sorry way sex is publicly ex- ploited nowadays as he was tit the thin-lipped (ig-lcaf mental- ity prevailing then. Times changed. His love of grace and good manners never did. Lord Russell's last fight, ccme to light just recently, was in a sense the other way round. It was with his former secretary Ralph S'choenman, a wildly ambitious young Ameri- can who attached himself to Lord Russell during the cam- paign for unilaterial nuclear disarmamcnl. Russell didn't get. the bomb banned, but the campaign did help pre- pare the way for the test-ban treaty. His life-long dedication to the cause of peace led Lord Rus- sell lo oppose the Vietnam war early on, and as lv> grew older he iefl more and more of Ihc organizing effort lo Mr. Schocn- innn. Tho young man somehow managed to interpose himself between Lord Russell and the world, appearing at once both to speak fcr one of the most lucid minds of the century and to he its guardian, keeper of the keys to his presence. In 1SG7, Mr. Schoenman put together what he planned as a spectacular war crimes trial in Eivope of President Johnson, Secretary of State Rusk and other U.S. leaders, using Lord Russell's prestige, and money, to mount the show. There were cynical undertones, devious twists, in the way Lord Russell, as relayed by Mr. Schoenman seemed to be proceeding. So I set out to find what I could a! out Ihe extravangtly brash young secretary and the aged philosopher. After all those years, had the lively mind, the witty tongue, the very embodiment of mod- ern reason adorned with hu- mane warmth and civilized sparkle, turned sour and dark with hate? Or, as I suspected, Mr. Schoenman p e r p e- trated a virtual fraud of mis- representation, darkening a re- putation Ihat belongs lo the ages with his own unpleasant shadow? Mr. Schoenman received me, surly, aggressive, and peremp- lorily forbarde me to go and talk to Lord Russell. He almost made it impossible. Still I man- Eged to slip by the controls he never avowed to Lord Russell himself. The philosopher was 9-1 then, fragile and weary, but his tongue was a sprightly as ever. He defendec! Mr. Schocn- man and would hear no tales of his secretary's antics in Lon- don and Paris, though oddly So They Say It's a little bit like selling heroin. You say everybody's selling it, so we might as well gel in on it. ourselves. A. Bowles, former undersecretary of state, on U.S. weapons sales to foreign nations. when I saw Mr. Schoenman again he was so e'nraged at Lord Russell's talking to me and seemed about to attack me physically. It was depressing. It seemed that Lord Russell, with all his brilliance, had failed to see though an arrogant young flat- terer who was using, and abus- ing, him. After all, it wasn't true. Lon- don's New Statesman recently published a long memorandum left by Lord Russell, meticu- lously noting his growing dis- approval of Mr. Schoenman over the years of their ship and recording the final break. Characteristically, he still gives generous credit for what he considered Mr. Schoen- man's qualities of determina- tion and energy, but does not spare the badness. Mr. School- man has sought to defend him- self by proclaiming that Lord Russell was senile, but it just adds to the list of betrayals which Lord Russell has reveal- ed. It Is worthwhile getting the record straight. It is worth more to see that at the end of nearly a century of life, a great mind can still perceive and correct its own mistakes of judgment, and in a calm and reasoned way. Bertrand Rus- sell admired passionate con- viction, but he never took it as justification for anyone's being sinister or vicious. F r o m be- yond the grave, he shows that life-long rebel though he was, he never accepted that dishon- est and injurious acts could serve good causes. Looking backward Through the Herald Lethbridge fell back in its place in the province in the matter of theatre atten- dance. Lethbridge had at- tendance figures of this year as against lait year and dropped to fourth place from third. 19.11 Gasoline prices will he cut one cent bringing the price to 32 cents a gallon for regular and 33 for anti-knock. inn The United States flag flew over Newfoundland soil for the first time in the history of the colony at Argentia, where Britain has leased the defence base to US troops. 1951 Efforts to develop an even more diversified economy for southern Alberta's irrigated areas'will continue again this season ns experiments with saf- flower arc carried on at the Experimental Station here. Mfil The Blood Reserve at Cardston is to be the subject of a pilot project in industrial de- velopment for Canada's re- serves. The lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA Managing Editor ROY' F. MILES Advertising Manager WILLIAM HAY DOUGLAS K. WALK I: R tdilorial Patio Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;