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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 15, 1919, Lethbridge, Alberta _ermans Ready to Fight if Peace of Violence Enforced Canadian Labor Will Make New Demand of 40-Hour Week and a Minimum of a Day._ TORONTO, Feb. the around that it would be the most elleclive means of JOlvInQ the un- employment situation, repwienta- lives-o' the trades unions, vino met at the Labor Temple las' ev- enina, resolved thsf. the Dominion rjovernment should be requested Immediately upon the convening or par'.-inKnt to enact a law to Hie eftsct that the maximum work- Ing week should be 40 hours, with a minimum wage of a djy. The resolution was passed In the presence of Senator Gldton Robertson, minister of labor, and he responded by cautioning the fi-J-3 unions to use moderation, for he felt that If too strong di- mands arc made upon Industry at this tlmi their demands tre apt to return In the form of a boomerang. Senator Robertson came from Ottawa for the purposs of hearing the derr.sndj of llfcor and to ten- der Jdvlce to their know- Isdge. The senator wsnt Into the gov- ernment's program In a very dt- talled manner. The turn of It was 'hli statement that the government work under consideration. which will mean the early expen- diture cf which am. cunt, on the basis of a a day I miMmum wage, would mean fur- l nlsKlnfl' cjnployrnent for, men for 'six months. "In -my Senator Rob- ertson said, "four dollars a day t'hiuld be the minimum wage. WEIMAR, Feb. Phillpp Schlarfemann, the chancellor In the new German government to- day showed himself able to handle conflicting demonstrations in the new national assembly with no Blgn cf being Intimidated by Me wildest opposition cr moved by the most eavere heckling. No speaker since the meeting of the nalonal assembly was opened, has been so outspoVffi toward his opponents. One of the Incidents of his speech wag hla reference to Aus- tria's desire to Join Germany. He said: "We desire no reluctant adher- ents and by the same token no- body wishing to join us should be prevented." TlvJre was almost a threat m his warning: "The entente Is able to force any kind of ptwe in Germany, but if it is an unjust peace, persons in their hearts will never forgive or forget." Adolphe Croeber, Centrist, who followed the leader of the next strongest party and, like the -chancellor, emphasized "work" as the watchword of the new republic. Peace Conference Drafting Plans to Establish Equality of Trade Among the Nations Hon. J. R- Boyle Makes Rath- er Startling Statement in Discussing Enforcement of Liquor Act. to tho EDMONTON, Feb. I'louinE lite twisty-one t.liiiesEts.froin all sides of '.h? tin: icsoluilon on the speech from the throne was endorsed without tlU scnting voice in Hie legislature Fri.la: before tho house adjourned for tho wec-k No members of tile opposition tool; part during the debate in the af- ternoon, the -speaking brins confined VANCOUVER, Feb. ous protests against the Increases proposed by the express compan- ies ol Canada was entered at the session of the board cf railway commissioners on Friday after, noon by representatives of the fish- Ing and fruit Industries, these two being particularly affected by the new rates, end by the Vancouver board of trade. F. H. Phippen, K.C., of Toronto, addressing the commission on be half of the express companies o Canada, declared that the com panies only sought a sufficient re- turn on their business "to enable them to pay the just cost of oper- ation, while siving them some fair and reasonable return for the s-rvice they render the public, in addition to a fair return on the amount of capital necessarily and properly employed In their bu.l- British Hail New Covenant With Some Satisfaction, But French Papers Are Still Skeptical-American Comment PARIS PAIllb, subject trade conditions amrmg alHliona.inDB associating problem before tlie peace con- ference present-Is believes! to be Ihe readjustment ot the world's finan- cial srd economic relalions which have been torn to pieces by more than four years of war. Three different organizations been created lo deal with these sub- Jb'cta, and they have been EO hard t work while the conference l-.aa been IruggliilB with Ihe central idea of the etgtie of nations that, already some t Iheir conclusions are ready for onslderation as soon as the confer- nco Is willing to receive lho reports, Ithoiigb the last body, created In this iroctlon dates back only to February This body Is tlie supremo economic O'.mcil, and its work Is of the great- est Immediate importance. It has icen charged temporarily during the -irmlstico period to only such ircssing questions as the disposition- 10 }m made of shipping, tlie.nbatemciit of the blockade, which lias been holding not only, tlio enemy's' ri-hl of nations to discriminate be- IWIKII friends and foes in their trade relations and the propriety of continu- jr.i; llie many special Iradc treaties w'llli their ditfercntu.l tariffs which, In tl'O past, so often have jeopardized the peaceful relations of states. The fiu-incial drafting commission is dealing with anotlic-r subject of greatest moment to the business world It is this commission which will have to meet ihe insistent de- mand of some o; the European na- tions for tbe pooling of all their credits debts anil resources ot tbe nations a proposition which seems to be strongly resisted by the American WINNIPEG. Feb. 14-An announce uent by Premier Xorrta that ho ex- pecttd in the near future the Uttns- fw ot tho natural resources to tha provlnco nnd a review wha'. me iovornnient liad dono to encourage industrial development In Man tobi was tils contribution to tlio debate In the legislature' tills afternoon on mo- tion ot Lieut. .1. W. Hilton, calling for aggressive program on tho part ot the administration. Tlio motion was passed unanimously Public Utilities Resume Work Under Protection of Militia DUBLIN, Fob. and electric service, which been cut off tor threo weeks bocauso of strikes, was resumed to.my unior military prolec- tlon, tho troops having taken posses- sion ot lie gas works and tho electric power stations early In tho morning. Infantry stationed Inslilo the nlanta with machine guns command- ing the entrances. Most ot tho work- who had'heon ordered out by tho strikers woro back at work by noon. The sudden change In tlio situation passed off quietly. Tho aulhorllles will mnko an effort to restore street car scrvico Monday. tributlon of raw materials, and fin- ally, (hose financial quesnons that re- quire instant attention. This council which includes in its membership some of the ablest fi- nancial nnd business minds of America anil Europe, has firmly, hut quickly nnd without exciting nny attention, jeen supplanting the military officials who bad been dealing with the subjects. It was felt tlio handling ot thesrJ Questions by Ihe military was only incidental to the war, anil thai tbe time had como to place them in hands trained lo deal wilb them. It was .this opinion held by Uio supreme war council which caused tho eco nomic council lo ha crcale.l, as _It wa? desired hal they bo dealt with on (he safe and sound lines of civilian ex- perience. Economic Barriers Mosl important valuu is especteil ol the work ot other organizations creat- led by Ihe peace conference. These arc UK economic drafting commission and the financial drafting commission. They also include iiv their member- ship distinguished financiers from nil lho entente countries, Tho economic commission already has Its rtporl be- fore the peace conference awaiting action by that body. Its high im- portance may be Judged from the fact. Hint It has undertaken (o make a prac- tical application ot the Ihird of Presi- dent Wilson's 14 points; namely, that declaring ;for the removal as far as possible of all economic barriers and tho establishment ol an equality ot Secondly only to Ibis is the task hlch Is being eet before this com- to secure infonnaticn as to finance resources, present and rospt'ctive, ot the enemy countries, i order that the commission on re-, aratlon may complete its work, ,-hlch is based on the iilea, one of the ekgatea making tho y pay all that he can safely be to do. Next week the house will deftni'ely enter into the consideration of bills, estimates and otbei- Important ques- tions. The government's liauor policy was set forth in no faltering manner by i the attorney-general, lie faced the facts squarely ana in no uncertain terms plainly told the house that it was an Impossibility to entirely pre- vent illicit liquor pedaling In Ihls province or any other province wane distilleries are.allowed' to operate to full blast in portions of Canada. But j he diil assure the house that It was the I intention of to enforce lho liquor law' to the utmost and to I this end tho polliry with more effective vlggr.' Sorrfi'AmeTidments Besides'this there would be ctrtain amendments. W the liquor act submitt- ed with a view of making enforcement easier and more gei.erally.satisfaclory. Hon. Mr. Boyle stated.amphallcally that, the Post Office ami Telegraph Em ployccs are Latest to Join Ranks of Discontent LONDON. Feb. i3.-Tlie is marking time, pending the mee'iins today of tho consultative com Uee cf tho laborites' "triple aU miners' federation, th mlwavmen's union and the twnspor .workers' federation. At that it Is understood, there- will bo a di cussion o! the question of common fion The miners' federation a UHB ('far lho only union that is committed to !i definite course, negotiations re- garulng demands of the and tiio transport workers being still LONDON, Feb. covenant of the league cf nations is hailed by the British newspapers as a historic document, drafted in an atmos- phere of good faith, postulating and foreshadowing belter and wiser governments throughout ths world Though the personal tri- umph of President Wilson Is acknowledged, It Is pointed out in mortified form that trV cove- nint Indicates that he has learned a great deal since he came to Europe, and pride is expressed that so much of the work of Brit- ishers Is visible In the The recognition of the domin- ions Is welcomed as not tha least important of the covenant. NO FRENCH ENTHUSIASM PARIS, Feb. In representative French newspapers on the constitution of the leagus of nations >s presented at yester- day's plenary session of the peace conference reveals 'little enthusi- asm over the shape the project has taken. The Figarojiays: "The commission wisely decided not lo ravish, .tomor- row from the eternal and confined It- to making safe tha present. The tard national rccons tract Ion ana become a league ot the live great powers, which nrat Germany, and which, having conquered, mean to con- I bolb victory and.peace. A .i American Comment NEW YORK. Feb. press comment on the covenant ot the league ot nations show tor tbe most part approval, mlied with warn, ing not to expect too much from tha league at tho beiinning, but eipress- ing hope- that thn league wouli U'u; rnalely develop Into an international force making for world The New York World siys: Tba impossible will happen tomorrow.' uld Disrsell end the Impossible hn leneu. The constitution of tho leapis of nations is a living, organlo fact." The Times says: "The decision lo make the dratt public, hi ordsr that it might have full consideration, iru wholly taken; It Is In accord with Mr. Wilson's principle ot 'covenants open- ly arrived al.' "Tbe draft must undergo isrera re- vision, it must be reduced to statutory; precision; It is too wordy andMi clumsily put together. Artlcls XII, which contains tbe foundation cov- enant, should bav9 been put first to be followed by the provisions lor reter; ence to tho council or to arbitration and Ihe measures of enforcement." The Herald says: "Tha day pj large standing armies and general mil- itary conscription seems to be at an. end and apparently the freedom o! seas will bs safeguarding and main- tained mainly by the American and British nlTies." (By K. Playfair, Canadian Press Correspondent.) VLADIVOSTOK, fell. al- on. Mr. Boyle referred lo the great area ot Alberts which has to be ratrollcd by a forco ol only US pro constables was pointed out. Here was fl total of square miles of sparsely' settled country to cover wiih this force, yet in 19IS with each constable rcsponslbls for tho preservation of order in Iil3 square miles of territory there were J cases entered for prosecution, of. which were entered under pro- vincial statutes. Convictions obtained were 4580, lho convictions averaging 31 constable. A total of H0.370 wns collectad in fines of which sum was collected under the Liquor In Ihe apprehension and con- viction in all olher phases of law breaking and Ihe Shipbuilders and engineers at Mer- sey have voted by n big majority a-atast striking to enforce a reduc- tion in working hours. -The men favor remaining at work pending negotia- tions. rom ,nand of Ca lailivoslok under the com- I t. Dallyn. of Toronto. The train, which has been carefully out- fitted for tills sanitary work, will give special attention to cfntres where allied tvoops are loca'tccl, beginning at Xikolsk. There have been serious ly- yitius outbreaks nt many points, es- pecially Irkutsk. TlE'SIEPSIBfiE province during the year vlnclal police. There were viclions. This in Itself was of evidence as to the cnforc the law. Salute of Twenty-One Guns As He Land At Boston tne peace pro- the United Stales "be protected in Is prohibition by such traile agreements as will not embarass it when the law ,is put into effect." I.eaguo officials also announced that Clarcsholm. "When you have police arresting people for such large number ot crimes and law replied Mr. Boyle, "win the arrests arc being made by eiperienced police officers, the majbrity of whom wero former mem- rs of tho Mounlcil Police, and Ihese en find only 23 persons In the prov- ce appearing as drunk and disorder Allies Demand That Long-Range Gun lie Als6 Turned Over Feb. allies have Inken slops to gain possession ot one of lho long 'r.ingo guns which Ihe Germans used to fire upon I'arlp. Tho inlcr-allicil commission at Spa has made demands upon lho German liomc i....-' this way probably will dart Ww'.v the end of next month or in Intimallon ns I" ihe possibility of this course was given soreo weeks but It has now Iteca de'cldcrl deliuue- ]y The contingent has not been in any llto Vicinity otArclmnKOl. wh'ch lho Germans afo turning [o lho allies. All tho German officers who have been questioned regarding lho long ringo guns have assorted that all tho crews who were nsslgncil to the task ol handling lho guns were sworn lo rardlrc Ihe fate of these monster liHEST, Feb. Wilson letl Brest shortly after 11 o'clock this morning on his return voyage lo the United Slates on board the steamship George Washington. V.'iicn tho president loft here loday It was announced lie woulrl laud li Boston on Feb. 25. Mr. Wilson was received al tho lircst arsenal by Ad iniral llorau o! the French navy Oen Ilelmick, Ihe military commander o Tivesl anil civil officials. There was no ceremony except for slinking am a salulo of 31 guns as the preslden embarked on the gunboat. A French naval escort consisting o the cruiser Gomlo and several torpc.l bnats aclcil .is a guard of honor for Hi C.coreo Washington. This escort wil lho Ameri.-an balllesbip New Mcslc nnd four lorpedo boats will escort Hi president out lo sea nnd then rcturr In a farewell mefsaso to the Frenc people, President Wilson said ho hn been received nml Irealed ns a trion 1 KS he bail most desired to bo Ircalc Ho paid he would bo most hapny return to Franco lo assist in complc ing (he business of Ihe peace cc-nle cnco. n the province, nuu convictions nun- ormon.l ana v'cr, under Ilic liquor act showed evi-, Worlhlnglon. cnce of-considerable prosecution on Tno Disilngulsheil Service OrJer he part of police officers. and bsr M.-i the Mllllary Cross lo lion "Sir Iloyla eipbincd very clear- Lleul.-Col. Joseph Rogers. Distinguish y -wherein the lAiuor Act differed e appearn during a year, I think it Indicates e lessening ot the evil. 01 course e larger number ot those outside ol rger towns and cities are taken care by'munlcipal police." On a basis ot male adults n.thc province, 1700 convlcllons how LONDON, Feb. As- sociated notable decor- ations wcro bestowed by tho king al the invest'uro at Buckingham Palnce recenllv, including Companions 01 El. Michael and St. George lo Brlg.-Oen. M Ormon.l and Uciit.-Col. tdward hat naturally is as .yet'vague and nebulous." The Journal, one of the most-widely circulated newspapers here, says: "While all are speaking uf fraterni- zation and eternal peace, the French people can not lose-sight ot real Its', end reality is the vicinity o! liumillaled Germans shuddering under meriled junishment. H is halt of Kurope in chaos.' When we see evok ed amidst such perspeclives the seduc tlvo idea o[ disarmament, it is 'our duty to ask plainly where are the guarantees and what force which will shelter us from the .jeac- (lion o; tragic surprise. To these (lues- lions a caretul readlrfg pro- Jccled slatus of the society of nations and the eloquent speeches made at the conference bring but force.'" Pertiuax, in the Echo do Paris, ends a long article by saying: "We are forced to conclude that the 26 articles bring us no security. Until they are changed wo can sacrifice nothing of our means of deleuso to them." The Socialis.1 nowspaper Humanite i is even less pleased Iban the "bour- igeolso papers." Deputy Marcel Ca- chon writes in this publications: 'It is impossible lo cdnctal lho impres- sion ot disillusionment Ihal tho first constitution ot Ihe long convention makes on lia. It is clear to tho dullest mini! that we are far from President Wilson's first proposals. We in tho document neither the general spirit ofi President Wilson's messages lor the necessary clarification ot the imposition of the society and Ihe role it is to play. The project can lot In any way command Ihe support democrats and people's parties which placed such hopes In the Ideas of which Mr. Wilson constituted him- self an eloquent defender." Must Careful to Purchase as Many Commodities as Poss- ible in Canada Sen-Ice Order and bar lo tatutes of the province William Klppen, M.C. am Services Order and bar to Cart, Don whlcll chlallod Ihe fixing ol fines. UlsllnguisliaS Service early everything clsol prior to Coones e fin, Chaplain Cannon Kcoll. Majors w parties to obtain prosecution and con n, ap harles Hint, Arthur llihhort, John Konerer It was radlca ly dif- ar Pitman. 'SWHon and Chaplain onerer ferent wilh Ihe Liquor Act.- Violations of Hie oct were not exposed because lioss having knowledge cf violations wera very frequently a parly lo the violation In some way. (CONTINUED ON PADS SIX) REJECT PROPOSALS BELFAST. Ireland, Feb. toflay, by ballot, rejcctfirt In" proposals ot Ihe employers by more thati 3000 majorily. Alexander, the Cross lo Sister Lillian PRESIDENT GERMAN ASSEMBLY LONDON, Fub. 15r-Konslantine FehrenbaeK, Centrist, former prev Idenl of German rctchstag, has been etecled president of the German' national assembly, ac- cording to a Reuter dispatch from qu'otrng advices, The -robins have put In thelf appearance for tho summer, the wild ducks have never gone south' for the winter, tht whole winter j-ison is topsy-turvy, and just lo prove It, Mr. Daller, of Turin, north of tho city, did two days' teeding tho fast week, tccordlnj to word brouoht Into the city.to- day by neirjhbors, Plowing In De- cember and January hat .never been uncommon In sunny south- ern Alberta, but seeding before the middle of February the palm. California copy. OTTAWA. Feb. IB.-In reply to an, enquiry from a women', organization as to what can now done. H. B. Thompson, chairman M ti. Canadian, food board, states that th. cooperation of women In tho immediate peace re- adjustment-is, as Invaluable as It wal In tho numerous war activities. Now that the necessity for food con- servation 13 less urgent, tha. women ot Canada can perform a service- in, other directions ot national "miort- anco equal to thai accomplished .by them during Ihe past lot the present and tho IiitJre, there an obligation to see that their pur- chases shall be Canadian production for the following reasons: To givo employment In all linei national Industry ,and In all produclion to returned men and 1 occupied in war work.- To lessen lho financial pressurs) caused by the enormous burden re- sulting from the.war. Every dollar sent out cl ths country for comm on I- lies that can be produced here ,ls bound lo affect the situation Immed. lately and adversely. It Is that the women ot Canada purchaso, about SO per cent. o( the commodities used In domestic life. Therefore, the women who can accomplish In this direction as great a work as they d fl during-the war, it will Incomparably relievo the siUiallon; and safeguard our natural tufire. Vor every m IIion dollars retained hi Canada by theaa means, a year's continuous employ. msnt wlll.be given to at least 1000 people. For these reasons, W Thomson urges Ihe women of tho Dominion to give Ihe same force lo this national effort, personally nnrl through their organlzallons, ar gavo during Ihe war activity. SITUATION UNCHANGED ARCHANGEL, Feb. ciated situation In all sectors of the front in north- am unchanged, Ing lo statement nuartera. today. SHARP :i WASHINGTONrPeb, Ident Wilion hai accepted the re- signation ol William Onvea Shirp 11 Fnnee, to effect when a ;