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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 14, 1975, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD February 14, WS UHTOKIAIS The food situation at present Global starvation threatens. To be controlled at all, the danger calls for three measures: control. This would take 50 years to be effective, even if stringent programs were instituted and accepted in the fastest growing countries im- mediately. And of course they won't be instituted. distribution of food. How the fast growing countries with no money and few exports can buy food, or how its distribution can be financed, the world's economists will have to work out. The prospect is that it will not be done, at least not on a sufficiently massive scale. production of food. What are the prospects here? Rice is the main food commodity, wheat an important second. The Soviet Union is the world's major wheat producer, the United States the major exporter. Here are some notes on the situation as reported this week by the U.S. depart- ment of agriculture. U.S.S.R. wheat production was down 24 per cent last year, due mainly to drought in the spring wheat area. Canada's production was down 14 per cent (and quality was much Argentina's was down 27 per cent, Australia's three per cent, India's 10 per cent, China's somewhat. On the other hand Western Europe's was 10 per cent higher. The U.S. produced a record crop of 1.7 billion bushels in 1973, increased it to 1.8 billions in 1974, and will probably beat that figure this year. But the U.S. yield per acre was down last year, in some places to the lowest in eight years. The higher production was due to big acreage increases. The higher acreage comes in four ways from land previously "set kept out of production at government expense because of crop surpluses; from land that would have been fallowed; from .diversion from other crops; and from pastures being plowed up and seeded to wheat. Together these have increased wheat acreage 25 per cent in two years. Land now in winter wheat in the U.S. is up another six per cent, mainly because of the loss of some of the corn crop early last fall and the need to get quick revenue from that land. The winter wheat is said to be in good condition. At the same time a slight decline in spring wheat acreage this year is expected. The world shortage takes care'of the high U.S. production. Before the 1974 harvest the stocks on hand were down to 250 million bushels, enough to feed the American people for only six months. The carry-over this summer is expected to be equally low, dangerously low. The market is felt to be much more stable than a year previous, in spite of the current price decline. There will be fluctuations, but on balance a seasonally higher figure is expected. Just like our own By Doug Walker At the AOTS pancake dinner at our church we had a sort of guest with us: a young lady who seems like part of the family because she lived next door to us for eight of our years in Calgary: When introducing Carole Spreadbury to Gerry Wiebe, Elspeth said she had done her best to raise Carole to be a good girl. "Yeah, I said Gerry, "and she probably didn't turn out any better than your own." ART BUCHWALD Another Watergate break-in WASHINGTON "I'm getting said Plotkin, an unemployed friend of mine. "I think I'll break into the Watergate." "Are you I said. "Why would you want to break into the "I figure it's worth if it's worth a dime." "You can't get for breaking into the Watergate. They don't have that kind of money around there." "I don't expect to get it from the break-in, Plotkin said. "I plan to sell the literary rights to the robbery. I decided that for what they're paying for Watergate books I could get a Book of the Month out of it. You see, all the other Watergate books have to do with the old break-in. But my story would be about a fresh robbery, so it would be different." "Plotkin, nobody is going to pay you a for- tune to write a book about your break-in. You never worked for the White House." "What's that got to do with it? I'm a better writer than most of those guys." "Publishers are paying vast sums for Watergate books not because of the break-in but because so many people in power were in- volved in covering it up. If you broke into the Watergate, I doubt if it would get into the newspapers." Plotkin said, "You don't know that. All you have to do is say the word 'Watergate' to a publisher, and he'll write out a cheque. You know what a good thief needs these "A "No, a literary agent. I thought you might know someone who would handle the rights to my break-in. I think we should keep the paperback contract separate from the hard- back sale and put the movie rights up for auc- tion. If we can get Robert Redford to bid against Paul Newman, we could even get a piece of the picture." "You certainly have thought this out, Plotkin. But aren't you afraid to go to "For breaking into Plotkin laughed. "What could I get, six "You might get more than 1 warned. "Not if I turned state's evidence and saw the error of my ways." "But in order to turn state's evidence you'd have to implicate somebody else. Whom could you said Plotkin happily. 'How could you implicate Nixon? He would have nothing to do with your break-in." "So what? He has a pardon from Gerry Ford so they couldn't touch him. It isn't as if I was sending an innocent man to jail." "But, Plotkin, Nixon has had enough problems of his own without tying him in with a break-in he had nothing to do with. You have to be fair." "Yeah, but if Nixon hadn't spent so much time covering up the other Watergate break- in and had worked on the economy instead, I might not be out of a job now." "I don't like I said. "But I'll call a literary agent friend of mine and ask him for you." I placed the call. "How much are publishers paying for Watergate I asked my friend... "Yeah, it's the story of a break-in and it implicates Nixon.... Right, I'll get back to you." I told Plotkin, "You can get against 15 per cent royalties and 50 per cent of the paperback sale." "That's said Plotkin in disgust. "The hell with it. It isn't worth my time." Letters "Now, Olive, that's French I can understand." Malik's peace program By Norman Cousins, editor of Saturday Review BEIRUT In Lebanon, I had an opportunity to talk with one of the wisest men in the Middle East, Charles Malik, former president of the U.N. General Assembly and now dean of the graduate school of the American University in Beirut. I put three questions to Dr. Malik: (1) How did he assess the chances for peace in the present situation? (2) What did 'he see as the essentials of a durable peace? (3) How could these essen- tials be translated into a program for peace? Dr. Malik began his reply by saying he was apprehensive, even alarmed, about the pres- ent situation, but he regarded himself as a poor prophet. In September, 1973, in response to a question, he had express- ed his optimism. One month later, war broke out. So his credentials as a prophet were demonstrably poor, he said. But he hoped his present apprehensions might be as un- founded as was his earlier op- timism. Proceeding to the second question, he said he could speak here with considerable conviction. The biggest essen- tial for peace indeed, the one great quintessential was the need for the Arab world to accept Israel's ex- istence. He felt this was the ultimate issue. Unless and un- til the Arab peoples had a genuine change of heart on- this question, the Middle East would be vibrated from one crisis to the next. He repeated "change of heart" in order to emphasize his belief that what was required was not just a temporary accommodation or an expedient political manoeuvre, but a genuine acceptance of Israel as a state. Second, if such recognition could become a reality, he said Israel must be prepared to pay a steep price. What kind of price? To begin with, he said, Israel must return the entire Sinai to Egypt. Giving up the Sinai's mountain passes represents a risk. But even greater risks will result from the absence of genuine peace. In any event, the differences between Egypt and Israel are clearly negotiable in Dr. Malik's view. Certainly, they are not nearly so complex as the problems of Jerusalem, the Golan Heights and the Palestinians. Concerning Jerusalem, Dr. Malik' felt that the sen- sitivities of each of the religions about the Holy Land are far more basic than questions of political control. As for the future political complexion of Jerusalem, nothing has happened in the past quarter century to change Dr. Malik's view that internationalization offers the most functional and least fragile of any of the various proposals for a solution. As for the Golan Heights, Dr. Malik said it would be un- reasonable to expect Israel to give up the Heights without adequate guarantees against the use of the Heights for military purposes. The sheer vulnerability of the sur- rounding countryside to gun emplacements made it essen- tial to guarantee de- militarization. Yet it was equally un- reasonable, he said, to expect Syria to cede the territory to Israel. Taking all these factors into account, Dr. Malik felt that, as in the case of Jerusalem, internationalization offers the best chance. It was an im- perfect, even troublesome, answer. The only thing that could be said for it was that it was better than control by either Israel or Syria. Also, it might provide valuable time in which a permanent solution could be explored. Dr. Malik drew a deep breath, stood up, fingered some books on a library shelf and said he left the most dif- ficult problem for last. The Palestinians. Over the years, he said, some people made the mistake of thinking that the Palestinian question would recede with the passing of time. Not so. If anything, passions have been deepening. A whole new generation has come of age imbued with a mission to return to its homeland. People were able to sustain the hardships of life in the refugee camps only because of their. determina- tion to right what they con- sidered a great wrong. Yet, he said, what makes the problem so poignant and so baffling is that, after almost 30 years, the Israelis cannot be ex- pected either to move out of their homes or give up their state, which is what would be required to satisfy the most extreme of the Palestinian demands. As for the proposal that Israel should become a secular state in which all Palestinians would have full political rights, Dr. Malik saw no prospects that the Jews would risk becoming a minori- ty in their own country. To the extent that human reason can find a way .out of the impasse, he thought it might be in the direction of a separate Palestinian state carved out of the fertile area contiguous to Jordan. Some organic relationship between the new state and Jordan or Israel would probably have to be devised. Charles Malik is an ideal peacemaker. If only some, way could be found to con- vince both sides to delegate their vital interests to such a man for binding decision, thousands of lives might be saved. Appreciative reader I liked the story entitled Happiness is serving others, on Rev. A. T. King, very much. (People of the South series, The Herald, Feb. The whole tone of this man's devoted and spirit filled Christian living throughout the years cannot fail to inspire an appreciation of what is most worthwhile in our lives. I had met Mr..King for the first time some 20 years ago when he came to Lethbridge first. I much admired his devotion to Christian work and causes but had no idea of what hardships and sacrifices had been overcome, while following in His steps On other subjects, I would like to comment on the two very good letters recently from J. A. Spencer of Magrath. First of all his very positive and outspoken treat- ment of the absolute dignity and necessity of honest work in our present social system, (letter, The Herald, Feb. (This was more or less in re- ply to the whining of a selfish junior whose aim in life was to be entertained, rather than to work and be Secondly his positive and outspoken words regarding the necessity of the strict en- forcement of legal measures necessary to uphold law and order in our own country, (letter, The Herald, Feb. I want to cheer Lynne Van Luven for saying a mouthful that badly needed to be ex- pressed. (The Herald, Feb. 8, concerning the city's intention to use the Christmas decorations during the Winter (Mrs.) S. E. WARREN Vauxhall Promoting friendship It is with great pleasure to have the opportunity of writing to you in the expecta- tion that you would be pleased to accept my appeal regarding overseas pen pals for our students. I am an English teacher of a noted high school in Seoul, Korea that has about girl and boy students. I am eager- ly seeking for the foreign students who would like to correspond with our students here. There are lots of Korean students who want to ex- change letters and friendship with foreign pen friends, and they frequently request me to let them have the foreign pen friends. In view of teacher's stand who teaches foreign language and through my teaching career, I have noticed it would be of much help to not only making their English in im- provement and developing their emotional life, but also expanding their knowledge further about foreign lands and promoting worldwide friendship and mutual relationships as well as the true foundation of. world peace. I have felt it necessary to publish the worthy, simple and thirsty wish among the boys and girls all over the world, so 1 courteously re- quest you to run this letter in the corner of your valuable column, if possible, so that they can read it. All I need is the following in- formation of the students in Canada. Name, address, sex, age, hobbies and request for pen pals. My address is as follows: Miss Kim, Yeong-Nim, Kwang Hwa Moon P.O. Box 141, Seoul 110 KOREA I expect to receive the letters as many as possible from readers who would like to correspond with our students. I will be always pleased to combine them with our students. I would appreciate it very much if you let me have the chance to act for our students under your warm and thought- ful favor. MISS KIM, YEONG-NIM, Korea Berry's World S> U7S ty ll "Think positively! It's nice weather tor auto repair After many detours government leaders find the courage to speak candidly Hv Hfltfthlann If Arnlrl ananlnl By Bruce Hutchison, Herald special commentator As John Turner recently dis- covered, candor is a dangerous thing in politics. When he said that "the major driving force (of inflation) is coming from the rapid escala- tion of wage and salary he spoke the statistical truth. But he had no sooner spoken it than some of his loyal colleagues tried des- perately to reinterpret or ex- plain it away and he was con- signed to the political doghouse reserved for over- candid finance ministers. Though dangerous, at least in the short is fortunately contagious. Politicians of the better sort are catching it from Mr. Turner. Prime Minister Trudeau, for example, who was promising to wrestle the inflationary monster and other evils into the ground last spring now announces that 1975 will be a tough year, and he adds, rather wistfully, that "nobody trusts anybody any more in government." Even so, the believer in de- mocracy must be encouraged by this bold confession. After many detours we move nearer the simple truth and there may find the trust mislaid on a long march through the land of fantasy. Mr. Turner will not lack companions in the doghouse. It is becoming crowded. If not the most brilliant, surely the most candid demo- cratic politician is President Ford. Within three months he has reversed his entire eco- nomic and financial policy and now warns his people that their living standard must fall which, in politics, is equivalent to challenging the law of gravity or questioning the virtue of motherhood. But Mr. Ford's challenge is unanswerable since UK living standard of the United States, reckoned by its Gross National Product, has fallen a few percentage points already. The only question is how deep the fall will go and the answer depends on various international problems out- side any president's control. 'In Canada, however, there has been no fall, not yet any- how. Our standard, allowing for inflation, roughly doubled in the last two decades and, according to Mr. Turner, rose by nearly five per cent in 1974 an extraordinary record which the world's most for- tunate nation has often taken for granted as almost a divine right, a special arrangement of Providence. The collective North Ameri- can mind, long bemused, is not as dumb as it sometimes looks. While men like Messrs. Ford, Trudeau and Turner seem to be leading a return to the plain facts, these politicians are behind the public. It never really believ- ed the earlier official pro- phesies in Washington or Ot- tawa. It never counted on the business upturn promised for last autumn or the downturn in prices guaranteed to appear before the spring. Instead, the people as a whole saved their money against a rainy day, postponed the purchase of a new automobile and tried to get higher wages (a vain pursuit in average retail terms) because their hunch was more accurate than their gov- ernments' imaginary blueprints, their nose for weather more reliable than the computers. They smelled a change of climate, their an- cient folk memory telling them that no boom lasts .for- ever, that bad times follow good, as good follow bad, In the endless tidal motion of public and private life. Thus when Mr. Turner states the obvious, when Mr. Trudeau looks forward to an unexpectedly tough year, and when Mr. Ford admits a fall in the sacred American living standard, they do not surprise a majority of the people who recognize a familiar movie, re-run on the late night show. To the young it may seem new. To the old and middle- aged it is a deja vu. Still, democracy has an in- finite capacity to forgive the mistakes of its governors, if they are honest mistakes, hon- estly confessed. The common citizen realizes that his or her own mistakes, unpublished to the world, are just as frequent and stupid as those of the politicians who have no convenient hiding place. That is the lubricant and safety valve of the democratic system while other systems more efficient in appearance and more prodigal in promises, blow up under pres- sure. In the democracies the' meaning of contemporary events should be clear enough. The pressures rise as the liv- ing standard falls by a minor fraction, the boiler heats up, the safety valve hisses audibly. Or, in Mr. Trudeau's words, the changed economic prospects "create tensions in our society and already we are seeing these tensions at work." Certainly Mr. Turner sees them. His statistics show that for several years Canada has lost more lime through indus- trial strife than any other Western nation. The tensions are native, not imported, as we used to Imagine. Joe Morris, the candid president of the Canadian Labor Congress, has seen even further ahead and says that class warfare could "destroy the very social fabric of our country and other countries as radically and surely as violent revolution." He, too, may be consigned to the doghouse but who will say that he is wrong? The doghouse is an honorable residence now-a- days, a highly respectable address where the inmates can read, for comic relief, the following passage quoted In Forbes magazine of December IS, 1974: "Not in the lifetime of most men has there been so much grave and deep apprehension The domestic economic situation is in chaos. Our dollar is weak throughout the world. Prices are so high as to be utterly im- possible Of our troubles no man can see the end." These groans of despair were printed originally in Harper's Weekly for October, IK" The current yelps from the doghouse, though refreshingly candid and too long delayed, no doubt, will sound just as absurdly pessimistic to the next generation provided, of course, that in the meantime we have candidly faced our own facts. But we have not done it sufficiently yet. Can- dor, an essential instrument of politics, is only beginning to reappear, very late. The Lethbridge Herald i04 7lh Si. S. Leihbridge, Alberts LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD Proprietors and Publishes Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Editor and Publisher DON. H. PILLING Managing Editor ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUQLAS K, WALKER Editorial Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BAHNETT Buiiness Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;